Strategic Multidimensional Analysis Research Proposal

Pages: 10 (3194 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 15  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Doctorate  ·  Topic: Economics

¶ … Strategic Multidimensional Analysis of the impact of the World Food

Crisis and World Financial Crisis on vulnerable economies on the Developing world."

Increase in variability and strong upwards trends in global food and financial crisis over the past 5 years have led to hunger and poverty across the world. Nearly one billion people globally are living in poverty with additional 115 million people living with hunger due to the impact of combined global economic recession and rising food prices. Between 2007 and 2008, the food prices doubled across the world making the number of people living in hunger to increase to one billion. However, the food riot is particularly noticeable in developing countries where billions of people in developing countries are living in the abject poverty. The global financial crisis that started in 2008 further deepened the world food crisis where approximately 98% of world's undernourished people are living in the developing countries. The prevalence of undernourishment is particularly significant in the sub-Saharan Africa with 30% of the population living in poverty.

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The global food crisis emerged in 2008 in the United States following the collapse of housing prices that triggered the global financial crisis. Although, many developed countries are affected by the impact of financial turmoil, however the developing countries are significantly being affected. The capital inflow into the developing countries has declined significantly and dried up in many developing countries. The impact of the global financial crisis has led to the decline in the FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) inflow into the developing countries, which consequently leads to the decline in bank lending.

Research Proposal on Strategic Multidimensional Analysis of the Impact of Assignment

"Towards the end of 2008 (around October) the global recession started to manifest itself in international trade. The fall in global demand and the slowing-down in economic growth translated into a substantial reduction in international trade that has affected the cross-border trade of virtually all countries and economic sectors." (Trade and Development Board, 2009 P. 7).

The global economic crisis has led to increase in the prices of the staple food, and the price volatility in food is likely to remain in the future. Recent poverty updates published by World Bank (2010) shows that more than 1.4 billion people in developing country live on less than U.S.$1.25 per day. Christian (2009) also points out that the present global financial crisis has significant effect on the food prices leading to the widespread impact on the health and nutritional status of population in the developing countries.

Despite the vulnerable impact of the World Food Crisis and World Financial Crisis on the developing world, there are still scanty of literatures investigating the strategic multidimensional analysis on the impact of world food crisis and world financial crisis on developing countries. This study will fill the gap created with scanty of literatures on the research study. Typically, this study will use the strategic multidimensional analytical method to explore the research topic from different dimension. The technique will assist in providing the greater insight into the research study and the findings will provide the greater picture on the impact of the world financial crisis and world food crisis on the developing economy. Following the research findings, this study will provide the following contribution:

First, the study will provide greater understanding on the impact of the world food crisis and world financial crisis on developing countries. Since 2008, the global financial crisis has escalated into the global food crisis where there is a galloping increase in the global food prices. The most vulnerable are people in developing countries where billion of people in developing countries are living below $1.5 per day. Typically,

"Developing countries are currently seriously hurt through falling commodity prices, demand-driven drops in exports exacerbated by the deficit of credit and trade finance, capital outflows, declining remittances, and contracting investment." (Trade and Development Board, 2009 P. 7).

The crisis has also been accompanied by serious increase in unemployment rate in developing countries where 1 out 4 people is unemployed.

Moreover, the study will enhance greater understanding on the method the global financial crisis has escalated into the unemployment problem in the developing countries. Since the issue of the global financial crisis started in 2008, many firms have disinvested from the developing. There is also a decline in the FDI inflow into the developing countries leaving billion of people unemployed and underemployed. Report by Aykut (2010) reveals that the FDI outflow from the developing countries reached $208 billion in 2008. Although, the FDI declined in 2009, however, FDI increased again in 2010. However, FDI outflow continues increase in Africa. As being revealed in Fig 1, the FDI outflow from developing countries increased significant following the occurrence of global financial crisis in 2008. Large number of firms disinvested from the developing countries leading to the increase in the unemployment rate. Based on the data collected, this study will provide the correlation between the FDI outflow from the developing countries and the unemployment rate.

Fig 1: FDI Outflow from Developing Countries

The proposal will also enhance the greater understanding of policy makers in developing countries the risks they are facing by continuing depending on the advanced countries. While the globalization has led to the economic interdependence among countries around the world, the developing countries continue to depend on developed countries for loans and products and services with little export to developed countries. The developing countries have still not benefited from the globalization where many developing countries still rely on the traditional method of conducting business. Developing countries need to desist from overdependence on developed countries and engage in mutual business relations with developed countries in order to create win-win business relationships. The report will show that overdependence of developing countries on developed countries is risky and could further deepen the food and financial crisis in developing countries.

The study will also enhance greater understanding of the academic community on the impact of the World Food Crisis and World Financial Crisis on vulnerable economies in the Developing world. This study will provide the strategic multidimensional analysis on the impact on the world food crisis and world food financial on developing. The study will analyze from different dimensions on the impact of both world food crisis and world financial crisis on developing countries. The findings of this research will fill the gap created with the lack of research study on the "Strategic Multidimensional Analysis of the impact of the World Food Crisis and World Financial Crisis on vulnerable economies in the Developing world."

The study develops the research questions to achieve the research objectives.

3. Research Questions

1. What are the impacts of the World Food Crisis on vulnerable economies on the Developing world?

1.1: What are multidimensional impacts of the World Food Crisis on the economies on the Developing world?

2. What are the impacts of the World Financial Crisis on vulnerable economies on the Developing world?

2.1: What are multidimensional impacts of the World Financial Crisis on the economies in the Developing world?

3: To what extent 2008 global financial crisis affect the economies of developing countries?

4. To what extent the 2008 global financial crisis translates to the world food crisis?

5. To what extent the 2008 global financial crisis lead to the food crisis in developing countries?

The study collects primary and secondary data to answer the research questions as well as achieving the research objectives. The data collection method will assist the researcher to provide valid and reliable research findings.

4. Methods

The section discusses the method that the proposal will employ in carrying out the data collection. The study will also provide details of the proposed samples of primary and secondary and justification for the choice.

4.1: Data Collection Method

The study will collect data using primary and secondary research. The study will use both quantitative and qualitative (mixed) methods as a method of collecting primary data. The study provides the rational of using the mixed methods in the next section.

Primary Data Collection

This section discusses both quantitative and quantitative research to enhance greater understanding of the mixed methods that the study intends to employ in the data collection and analysis. Mixed method embraces both qualitative and quantitative research. While both quantitative and quantitative research methods have their both strengths and weakness, combining both methods will assist the study to present high quality research findings. Both qualitative and quantitative research is underpinned by a philosophical approach. While positivism is the foundation of quantitative research, post- positivism underpins quantitative research. The positivist philosophical paradigm became apparent in the 19th century, which shaped the development of research approach, and based on the scientific method data are collected, the approach was called quantitative research. (Al-Hamdan & Anthony 2010).

However, Wisdom et al. (2012) argue that the philosophical assumption of both quantitative and qualitative research is based on the research strategies that a researcher employs to collect data. While quantitative research employs deductive approach in the data collection, qualitative research uses inductive approach in the data collection. The quantitative research is… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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