Stress Each of Us Term Paper

Pages: 5 (1475 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 16  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Disease


The most common sign indicating that stress affects the cardiovascular system is the fast beating of the heart.

Researches indicate that relaxation is an effective remedy on the effects of stress on cardiovascular system. One of which is breathing exercises. This serves as a preventive measure that helps the cardiovascular system control high blood pressure and the effects of stress.

Effects of Stress on the Immune System

The immune system of the body acts as fighters and defenders against negative elements such as stress. Scientific studies suggest that part of our body that helps the immune system fight stress is a component of our brain that controls the stress response, the hypothalamus. Our brain releases stress hormones through the pituitary and adrenal glands. The immune system's molecules activate the hypothalamus that causes the blood level of stress-fighter

Cortisol to rise. However, during prolonged stress, the immune system becomes unable to defend the body against invaders. Thus, may cause disease and illnesses such as colds, infections, etc. From Harrison Wein's Stress and Disease: New Perspectives, the stress and immune system process during chronic stress was explained by Dr. Esther Sternberg, director of the Integrative Neural Immune Program at National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), as follows.

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A if you're chronically stressed, the part of the brain that controls the stress response is going to be constantly pumping out a lot of stress hormones. The immune cells are being bathed in molecules that are essentially telling them to stop fighting. And so in situations of chronic stress your immune cells are less able to respond to an invader like a bacteria or a virus."

Stress and Related Diseases

TOPIC: Term Paper on Stress Each of Us Has Assignment

The connection between illnesses and emotions has been studied by scientists that specialize in medical and psychological sciences. From recent research and studies, scientists have discovered the relation of emotions and behaviors with a number of diseases. Particular to this research, findings from related studies show that stress and diseases are medically linked and related.

Stress has been identified as a risk factor to physical and psychological illnesses such as depression, heart problems, cancer, chronic muscle tension, impaired digestive functions, and high blood pressures. According to studies, 75-90% of hospital visits are associated to stress-related disorders (Body Bulletin, 2003).

Normally, stress promotes unhealthy behaviors due to mood swings it causes. Such behaviors include unhealthy eating habits, alcoholism, smoking, etc. These behaviors, in turn, become risk factors to diseases. Cancer, heart disorders, and high blood pressures, are among the fatal illnesses that stress can largely affect. For heart disease, stress is not directly linked as the main cause should a stroke occurs. Other factors such as smoking and unhealthy eating habits are also considered.

Some studies associate stress with cancer. However, it is not yet scientifically and medically proven whether stress is a risk factor to cancer. 50th Health suggests that The suggestion that stress is linked to cancer is scientifically difficult to prove, as the disease is so complex. Many cancers take years to develop and it is not easy to ascertain exactly when the cancer started, making it difficult to establish whether stress played a role in its initiation. No clear link has been established

For other mild diseases and disorders, stress is medically recognized as a risk factor. Stress can cause psychological disorders such as depression and mood swings. Moreover, stress is a factor to gastrointestinal tracts such as ulcer and constipation.


Danielson, R.R. (2000). The Body's Response to Stress.

Retrieved on Jan 22, 2004, from Homepage of R.R. Danielson.

Web site:

Tebbe, M.H., et. al. (2001). Role of Stress in Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. Evidence for Stress-Induced Alterations in Gastrointestinal Motility and Sensitivity.

Retrieved on Jan 23, 2004, from National Library of Medicine. Web site:

Wein, H. (2000). Stress and Disease: New Perspectives

Retrieved on Jan 24, 2004, from The NIH Word on Health.

Web site:

2003). Chronic Stress can Lead to Heart Disease and Stroke.

Retrieved on Jan 23, 2004, from Stress and Health.

Web site:

2001). The Effects of Stress.

Body Bulletin, 4(10).

2003). Stress Weakens Disease Resistance, Scientists Say.

Retrieved on Jan 23, 2004, from

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How to Cite "Stress Each of Us" Term Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Stress Each of Us.  (2004, January 25).  Retrieved July 27, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Stress Each of Us."  25 January 2004.  Web.  27 July 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Stress Each of Us."  January 25, 2004.  Accessed July 27, 2021.