Research Paper: Substance Abuse Upon a Fetus

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SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] (Curet et al., 2002)

Drug abuse during pregnancy is completely avoidable. The damage that is done to the fetus during pregnancy as a result of drug abuse is again, completely avoidable. When women become pregnant unexpectedly, they still have power over their bodies and their babies. Education and healthy living are key to keeping the fetus safe during pregnancy. Women who are already addicts when they become pregnant have a much harder challenge than their non-addicted counterparts. There are programs that outreach into communities where women who are junkies, from legal or illegal substances are sought out and given assistance; of course it is always easier to help women when they come into a health care facility of their own volition. If a mother cares enough about herself and her fetus, then there is no reason why she would knowingly and willfully ingest substances such as drugs, which will very likely guarantee adverse effects in her baby once born, if born at all.

Knowledge, Enquiry, & Communication: EP2 Draft Model

Studies adding to this idea (citations)

Points made on this theme

Type of evidence in these studies

Limitations of evidence

Strengths of evidence

Theme One

It is guaranteed that the fetus will be affected by the mother's substance abuse

Curet, L.B., & Hsi, A.C. (2002). Drug abuse during pregnancy. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, 45(1), 73-88.

Everything that goes into the mother, goes into the fetus.

Clinical trials.

More drugs could have been included.

Based on literature review of old research and new research technique.

Theme Two

Drug abuse is more than illegal drugs.

Bondi, P. (2013).

Statewide Task Force on Prescription Drug Abuse & Newborns. Florida State Attorney General, Web.

Caffeine, alcohol, nicotine, and pharmaceuticals are also dangerous.

Long history of data gathered and analyzed by the government.

Does not include data from private institutions.

It is a formal report from the Attorney General.

Theme Three

Drug abuse has many kinds of affects.

National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2013). Prenatal Exposure to Drugs of Abuse. NIH, Web, Available from: http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/topics-in-brief/prenatal-exposure-to-drugs-abuse. 2013 May 19.

There are long-term and short-term affects; there are physical and behavioral affects.

Large, reputable government sponsored facility.

Does not include data from private institutions.

NIH is a leader in this field.

References:

Bondi, P. (2013). Statewide Task Force on Prescription Drug Abuse & Newborns. Florida State Attorney General, Web, Available from: http://myfloridalegal.com/webfiles.nsf/WF/RMAS-94LJPF/$file/Statewide_Task_Force_on_Prescription_Drug_Abuse_and_Newborns_Final_Report.pdf. 2013 May 19.

Chasnoff, I.J., Burns, K.A., & Burns, W.J. (1987). Cocaine use in pregnancy: Perinatal morbidity and mortality. Neurotoxicology and teratology, 9(4), 291-293.

Curet, L.B., & Hsi, A.C. (2002). Drug abuse during pregnancy. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, 45(1), 73-88.

Ebrahim, S.H., & Gfroerer, J. (2003). Pregnancy-related substance use in the United States during 1996-1998. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 101(2), 374-379.

Economidoy, E., Klimi, A., & Vivilaki, V.G. (2012). Caring for substance abuse pregnant women: The role of the midwife. Health Science Journal, 6(1), Web, Available from: http://www.hsj.gr/volume6/issue1/6114.pdf. 2013 May 19.

Guttmacher Institute. (2013). Substance Abuse During Pregnancy. Web, Available from: http://www.guttmacher.org/statecenter/spibs/spib_SADP.pdf. 2013 May 19.

Kuczkowski, K.M. (2003). Anesthetic implications of drug abuse in pregnancy. Journal of clinical anesthesia, 15(5), 382-394.

National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2013). Prenatal Exposure to Drugs of Abuse. NIH, Web, Available from: http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/topics-in-brief/prenatal-exposure-to-drugs-abuse. 2013 May 19.

Ryan, L., Ehrlich, S., & Finnegan, L. (1987). Cocaine abuse in pregnancy: effects on the fetus and newborn. Neurotoxicology and teratology, 9(4), 295-299.

Strano-Rossi, S. (1999). Methods used to detect drug abuse in pregnancy: a brief review. Drug and alcohol dependence, 53(3), 257-271.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2012). Substance Abusing Pregnant Women, Substance Expose Children and Their Families. SAMHSA, Web, Available from: http://www.doh.state.fl.us/family/mch/hs/StandardsGuidelines/final_chap12.pdf. 2013 May 19.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2013). Characteristics of Pregnant Teen Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions. SAMHSA, Web, Available from: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2K13/TEDS121/SR121-pregnant-teen-treatment.pdf. 2013 May 19.

Wiss, D.A. (2012). Pregnancy and Substance Abuse. California State University, Northridge, Web, Available from: http://bhndpg.org/students/documents/WissD2012PregnancyandSubstanceAbuse.pdf. 2013 May 19. [END OF PREVIEW]

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Substance Abuse Upon a Fetus.  (2013, May 21).  Retrieved April 26, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/substance-abuse-fetus/5232065

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"Substance Abuse Upon a Fetus."  21 May 2013.  Web.  26 April 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/substance-abuse-fetus/5232065>.

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"Substance Abuse Upon a Fetus."  Essaytown.com.  May 21, 2013.  Accessed April 26, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/substance-abuse-fetus/5232065.