Substance Problem Dash for Survival Substance Abuse Term Paper

Pages: 5 (1454 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 2  ·  Level: College Sophomore  ·  Topic: Sports - Drugs

Substance Problem

DASH for SURVIVAL

Substance Abuse Among Women and Its Treatment

Recent studies say that 10% of the population abuses drugs or alcohol and that 20% of patients who consult physicians have Substance Abuse problems, which exclude tobacco use (Mersy 2003). Substance abuse has been defined as the problematic use of alcohol, tobacco or illicit drugs. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism estimates that this number-one health problem costs society as much as $100 billion a year. It is also accountable for 100,000 deaths annually. Furthermore, those who abuse drugs and alcohol are likelier to develop medical problems than any other sector in the entire population. Women constitute a risk population for substance abuse (Mersy).

Treatment Programming and Health Services for Women

There is no defined and widely accepted program but it includes social and medical ancillary services, services for special needs, programs and services for women only and modalities adapted to those special needs (Ashley et al. 2003). Social and medical ancillary services can provide them with child care and transportation assistance. Special needs services can be in the form of prenatal care, psychosocial education, HIV prevention or mental health assistance. Women-only services create a setting where they can discuss sensitive problem issues. And special need modalities can create a nurturing and supportive group therapy environment or treatment, which suits women's multiple roles (Ashley et al.).

A group of 38 studies was conducted to determine the effectiveness of current substance abuse treatment program for women (Ashley et al. 2003). Findings suggested that the components offered by the program could benefit the women. However, services that only narrowly define women face in their substance problems do not substantially improve outcomes. The review provides evidence of the need to improve the future health pf women and their children (Ashley et al.).

Another study on health services extended to this risk population revealed that referral networks for services, particularly reproductive services, did not seem adequate (Campbell and Alexander 2005). Market pressures tend to make private non-profit units more innovative in offering specialized services to meet clients' needs. They are also likelier to have more paying clients to justify the offer. On the other hand, public units would be constrained by government supervision and budget, thus limit their ability to offer a wider range of services to the women clients (Campbell and Alexander).

Substance Use Treatment Needs of Women Prisoners

The 1994 event in the prison for women in Kingston, Ontario teaches the important lesson that women offenders cannot be treated as men in correctional facilities (Van Den Broek 2006). Women offenders specifically with substance abuse problems confront different issues from those of men. There was a lack of appropriate services for women offenders. They are more likely addicted to prescription drugs than street drugs. They are also likelier to be victims of violence and trauma without family support and their children taken away from them. These basic realities point to the need that female offenders need gender-specific treatment for substance abuse. There are other facts and figures to contend with. More than half of the charges of convicted women are for non-violent property and drug offenses. Of their total, 82% of those federally sentenced had been sexually abused. Aboriginal women who had been abused comprised 90%. Only 5% of all convicts serving sentences of two years or more were women. The majority are first-time inmates. More importantly, the fastest-growing prison population in the world consists of women. Most of them are racial, young, poor and mentally defective or cognitively disabled. And two-thirds of these female convicts are mothers and likelier than men to have primary child care responsibilities (Van Den Broek).

Behavior Models for Substance Abuse Treatment

Findings of recent reviews strongly suggest that religious belief or spirituality plays a major role in the reform of a person with substance problems ((Neft and MacMaster 2005). It can protect one from developing such problems. The lack of spirituality has also been identified as a factor in developing the problems. And spiritually-based interventions can be effective in reforming one who is spiritually inclined (Neft and MacMasters). These insights should be incorporated into, or considered as part of, medical and paramedical interventions. The drawbacks on these insights from being more fully applied are the inadequate attention it has received or has been given and inadequate information on its mechanisms… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Substance Problem Dash for Survival Substance Abuse.  (2007, October 22).  Retrieved December 17, 2018, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/substance-problem-dash-survival/951818

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"Substance Problem Dash for Survival Substance Abuse."  22 October 2007.  Web.  17 December 2018. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/substance-problem-dash-survival/951818>.

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"Substance Problem Dash for Survival Substance Abuse."  Essaytown.com.  October 22, 2007.  Accessed December 17, 2018.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/substance-problem-dash-survival/951818.