Suicide and Society Term Paper

Pages: 4 (1242 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Sociology

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
Anomie is defined as the state of individual alienation from society, which tends to result in unsocial behaviors. This social isolation can originate from either an excess or a lack of social integration, occurring more in urban societies where displays of increased social and professional specialization are seen, allowing for more heterogeneity and thus a loss of common culture. It is a paradoxical situation where the rate of suicides tends to increase when choices and freedoms increase, allowing individuals more control over their own lives. The resulting anomic condition is more likely seen during periods of prosperity and poverty, primarily affecting the mobile, professional, educated, and divorced people in the social group. This trend demonstrates that people need limits, and limits are set by a normative system where the norms inhibit chaos. When the norms are valued more successfully, suicide rates drop. Thus, prosperity, urbanism, education, and other highly promoted social factors may actually erode traditional limits and impact the occurrence of suicides.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Term Paper on Suicide and Society Suicide: An Assignment

Durkheim was highly interested in this category, and elaborated on its definition by sub-classifying anomie according to economics and domestic situations, to include acute and chronic economic anomie, and acute and chronic domestic anomie. With acute economic anomie, the group fails to meet the immediate traditional needs of the individual (i.e. religion), while chronic economic anomie factors in a long-term lack of social and moral guidelines. Durkheim noted the existence of this form of anomie during the period of the Industrial Revolution where the increased achievement of financial wealth failed to provide stable happiness, resulting in an increase in suicides among the wealthy class. The two forms of domestic anomie involve microsocial factors, such as family influences. For instance, in acute domestic anomie, widowhood is cited as an example as sudden changes in social life, and the inability to effectively and quickly adapt, influence the suicide rates. Chronic domestic anomie pertains to groups like married women where the institution of marriage has the tendency to overregulate their lives and restrict their opportunities for social and emotional growth. These associated forms of anomie present more evidence that social stimuli can impact the predisposition to suicidal tendencies.

Fatalism is the converse of anomie where the condition is that there is too much normative integration. It is more relevant to groups with high levels of commitments where the individuals have overregulated, unrewarding lives, but is rarely seen in modern society, which has a greater tendency to be anomic, suffering from too little normative integration. Examples of fatalistic groups where suicide rates apply include slaves, Waco, Jonestown, and the Islamic Jihad group. Childless, married women fall into this group as a result of the combination of marriage and lack of reward (children) influencing their social suffering.

Conclusion

One of the more interesting theories in Durkheim's functional approach to evaluating societal impact on suicide rates is that he demonstrated the social aspects pertaining to all individuals, where every social class was accounted for and categorized according to social influences. The sociological analysis of the social problem of suicide demonstrates an assimilation of a person's abnormal social and moral integration with his predisposition to kill himself. This implicates society's role in the alienation, deviation, or normative breakdown of its citizens, influencing the likelihood of suicide. Suicide is thus the result of more than an individual, psychological disturbance; it is the cumulative and predictable action of a disintegrated public.

Bibliography

Dunman LJ. "Suicide." The Emile Durkheim Archive. 2003. The Bettmann Archive. 18 Mar. 2004. http://durkheim.itgo.com/suicide.html

Henslin JM. Down to Earth Sociology, 12th Edition. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 2003.

Knapp P. "The Functionalist Analysis of Deviance." Peter Knapp Homepage. 1994. Villanova

University. 18 Mar. 2004. www94.homepage.villanova.edu/peter.knapp/Intro1-24.ppt [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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