Research Paper: Supervision in the Criminal Justice

Pages: 10 (2908 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: Criminal Justice  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] The other challenge involves offender punishment.The issue of what form of punishment be given to criminal offenders is paramount. Different groups of people and especially the human rights activists differ with the kind of punishment given saying that some are inhumane. Another main challenge faced by the criminal justice organizations is the provision of services to demeanor offenders. There has been raising concern on how the criminal justice combats crime. For instance, it is always said that the police take a lot of time to respond when alerted in times of crime. This is mainly fueled by deficiency of tools and machinery that facilitate war against crime, for example, inadequate police vehicles and lack of good communication systems in the force (Raine, 1993)

The other challenge faced by many organizations of criminal justice is the kind of charges filed in courts and decisions arrived at in trivial offences which are regarded to be of poor value and usually not rational or well argued. The courts also are widely criticized for applying mutual punishment that does not allocate individual accountability and thus the criminals and the offenders are not properly charged. There is also the challenge of protecting the witnesses and the issue of intimidation of the witness. According to latest findings, the relevant systems of justice should embark upon deficiencies in the application of the existing law to make sure that witnesses are fully protected prior to, in, and after the trials.

There is also an issue of investigation by the criminal justice organization. This implies that the investigators involved should be highly equipped with skills, training, and knowledge that will help them in their investigation and hence come up with desired and best methods of investigation that will be able to identify criminals. The use of technologies in curbing criminal activities is of prime importance but also with other technologies criminals can use them in fostering their criminal activities and protecting themselves from being apprehended by the law enforcers. So law enforcers have to be equipped with unique technologies that will help them track the criminal activities without much difficulty (Wilson, 1985)

Another challenge faced by the criminal justice organizations is the constant delays of hearing criminal cases. There is a lot of bureaucracy in judicial systems which have contributed to a lot of inefficiencies in hearing cases related to crime. There is a big challenge in terms of scheduling hearings which is constantly affected by for example by the absence of one defense team and especially the state representatives. This issue is mostly attributed to multiple accused persons thus delaying the courts hearings procedures. So the criminal judicial organizations have to curb such delays by using methods such as hearing of cases of single accused persons in order to increase the pace of court hearings.

There is also another challenge of sentence whereby the judicial systems lack appropriate sentencing thus there is presence of unfair and illegitimate sentencing of individuals. The judges are faced with the challenge of providing uniformity and justice when they are giving out their opinions. The issue of focusing on severity of the crime, the height of participation of the offenders, and other justifying factors should be of priority to judges.

The other title challenge faced by the criminal justice organization is the issue of states cooperation. In essence the respective states or governments play an important role in ensuring that the rule of law is uphold. But usually states are found to be the one encouraging the violations of laws and thus leaving the criminals free because they influence the responsibilities of criminal justice organizations. The senior officials in the governments are found to be contradicting the rule of law through their various undertakings because they are normally feared by the law offenders. However, this is common in third world countries where the officials of the governments are regarded to be mighty and law enforcers fear to hold them accountable. (Eysenck, 1996)

Recommendations

All correctional facilities should adopt the guidelines developed by the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) in 2001 for use by jail administrators as well as their staff in effectively supervising the inmates in their facilities. The most effective method of supervising inmates is the direct and active supervision. The role of prison therefore shifts towards maintaining as well as appropriately controlling the behavior of inmates. One of the main benefits of inmate supervision is the reduction in the level of liability (Keller,2002). The active as well as continuous inmate supervision ensures that the ability of the jail to provide adequate safety of the inmates, visitors and staff is maintained. The supervision should be documented. The active supervision can be made more efficient by increasing the level of officer presence. The staff should also be given the responsibility as well as the authority of conducting regular and even impromptu inspections and be able to make decisions based on their findings. There should be recognition as well as rewarding of the staff behaviors that support the improved roles of both the inmates and staff.

Conclusion

There are many challenges that the criminal justice organizations face and we cannot exhaust them in this paper. These challenges cannot be solved within a short a period and appropriate strategies should be applied in order to ensure smooth transition. Criminal justice administrators should be highly trained to cope with the ever changing world which will help them in carrying out their duties well. The states on the other hand should play a major role in ensuring that the criminal justice organizations enjoy a favorable environment of solving such challenges (Eysenck, 1996).

References

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http://www.who.int/mental_health/media/en/60.pdf [END OF PREVIEW]

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Supervision in the Criminal Justice.  (2011, June 19).  Retrieved April 25, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/supervision-criminal-justice/168058

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"Supervision in the Criminal Justice."  Essaytown.com.  June 19, 2011.  Accessed April 25, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/supervision-criminal-justice/168058.