Research Paper: Sustainable Community in Arena

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Sustainable Community in Arena and Velodrome of Glasgow

Approach and uncertainty

General approach to reduce carbon emissions

Important Sources of Uncertainty

Specific actions and cost-benefit analysis

Specific actions that you could be implemented

Cost and effectiveness of the actions

Cost-benefit analysis of carbon reduction actions

Benchmarking

Benchmark of the performance

Levels of performance are achieved and why

Interdependencies

Choices and actions affect or are influenced by the activities

The 2014 commonwealth games are announced to be held in Glasgow. It is noted that the government and game partners are focused to create awareness as well as practical efforts for the community to achieve sustainability. The use of renewable energy, waste reduction, lowering carbon emissions, and biodiversity is sought in the area of sports arena and Velodrome. The following research is focused to highlight the options for sustainability in Glasgow as well as performing cost benefit analysis, setting up benchmarks, and Key performance indicators for measurement.

Introduction:

Sustainability for communities, businesses, and areas is derived through efforts of waste reduction, use of renewable energy, and eliminating greenhouse gases emissions. The land use for settlements without incorporating sustainable designs, developments, and implantation also plays a significant role in creating air pollution and high energy consumption. The commonwealth games of 2014 in Glasgow require developments for Arena and Velodrome in the area. It is a major event that can help in creating awareness for community in Scotland and beyond for sustainable and healthy living. The following sections are focused to identify the sustainability objectives, cost benefit analysis of the options, benchmarking, and impact on community of Glasgow.

Approach and uncertainty:

The United Kingdom city of architecture and design was awarded to Glasgow in 1999 which later lead to development of Glasgow center of contemporary arts and Glasgow science center. The development incurred a cost of €84 million. These attractions are visited by almost half a million paid visitors. The largest European indoor sports arena and Velodrome was planned with a budget of €31.1 Million in 2004 to 2006. The plan to refurbish Kelvin-grove art gallery and museum is extended to host 2014 commonwealth games with an estimated cost of €130 million. These investments are expected to turnaround Glasgow city as one of the modern European cities (Heeley 2011).

General approach to reduce carbon emissions:

The carbon emissions in communities can be reduced using the principles of sustainable development. The sustainable development includes all the aspects of community settlement planning and environment. The settlements are developed using minerals extracted from earth. Furthermore it also causes the land utilization which is used for other purposes prior to these developments. The use of land, water resources, landfill waste, and modernization in lifestyles of community is required to be considered while taking into consideration reduction of carbon emissions (Higgins 2012). The case of Glasgow as a sustainable community as well as the target to reduce carbon emissions during commonwealth games in 2014 is also similar to other developments. There are various developments taking place in Glasgow for preparation of 2014 commonwealth games especially indoor sports arena and Velodrome (Matheson 2010). It is required to undertake the recommendations of academia and professional organizations to reduce carbon emissions.

The use of alternative energy sources is one of the major developments that can help in reduction of greenhouse gases emissions in Glasgow. According to Dimitrijevi? (2013) the building designs and refurbishment of the existing building in particularly in Glasgow and overall in Scotland is required to attain a lower carbon emissions. The research further signifies the use of hybrid solar thermal mass system (HSTM) for use in new housing facilities across the area. The communal functions and enhancement to the master plan of existing housing developments. The proposals of Glasgow school of art have proposed these changes and it is also relevant in terms of developments taking place for the 2014 commonwealth games. It is also significant to consider the proposals of Edinburgh Napier University in relation to the installation of Photo Volts (PVs) for existing housing facilities in the area.

The carbon emission in Glasgow is 8% of the total emissions in Scotland. The city council of Glasgow is also particular in reducing the carbon emissions in the area by 30% in next 10 years. The use of low carbon transport during the 2014 commonwealth games is also likely to have an impact on the environmental initiative. The government is also focused to create a low carbon footprint of the event during and after the completion of games. The use of renewable energy transportation will have a propound impact on the activities. It is important to highlight that the National Indoor Sports Arena (NISA) and Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome are designed to reduce carbon emissions and energy use. The climate change impact is also considered for buildings through implementing sustainable urban drainage systems, reduced energy usage, landscaping, and water efficiency methods.

Important Sources of Uncertainty:

The minerals extractions and reduction in the agricultural land, changing ecological habits, biodiversity, landscape quality, road stone, and sand are the major causes of increasing pollution in the communities within United Kingdom. The road stone extraction has increased almost 33% during 1985 and 1995. The use of the stone is mostly observed in settlements. All these indicators are mostly highlighting the unsustainable developments taking place in the country. These changes impact the environment and result into causing issues for health of the communities (Barton 2005).

The other sources of unsustainability are based on rapid settlements and maintenance of the already established places. The large quantities of sand are also required to develop new settlements and as a result it is causing the changes in the ecological systems. The environmental pollution is measured using indicators including carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen oxide (NOX), and particulates. The environmental impacts of these are described as carbon dioxide causes global pollution to increase and it also creates greenhouse effect. The nitrogen oxides are mostly impact the environment at local, national, and transnational levels. It also plays a role in formulation of local pollutants and increases acid disposition. The local pollution is also increased through particulates and increases the air quality pollution. The staining of developed environment is also caused through particulates (Barton 2005).

According to Barton (2005) the CO2 emissions are of most significance while considering the factors that are influential as sources of uncertainty. The CO2 emissions in UK were considerably constant during 1985 to 1995. However, the transportation increase has escalated per capita emissions. The three major hurdles in reduction of CO2 emissions within UK are mainly industry, commerce, transportation, and domestic use of energy. These uncertainty factors are of paramount importance while developing mechanism to reduce emissions. The unsustainable land use is also a considerable source of uncertainty. The growth in transport and use of energy during the commonwealth games in 2014 are also a factors contributing towards increasing uncertainty.

Specific actions and cost-benefit analysis:

The cost benefit analysis provides a relative ground for the feasibility of the projects and the economic benefits of the developments. It is not only confined to the business cases but environmental initiatives are also likely to be considerate of benefits and the cost associated with the recommendations. The road developments, refurbishment of housing, and other ecological initiatives are also calculated using the cost benefit approach. The professionals develop a present a business case format based on the analysis in order to seek recommendations of the stakeholders (Puttaswamaiah 2002).

Specific actions that you could be implemented:

The actions recommend includes the refurbishment of the existing housing associations in Scotland particularly Glasgow and Edinburgh. It is also noted that the new developments in the area especially the developments of NISA and Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome are expected to take into consideration the sustainability requirements. The aims of the city council are to reduce the impact of games on the environment and promote awareness among the communities for climate change. The impact of humanly activities on the game site as well as the related Velodrome will also be impacted through design, development, and management of the facilities.

The changes in the sports site will include the usage of sustainable water and drainage urban developments. The use of renewable energy for the Velodrome will not only create awareness but also provide an opportunity for the city to demonstrate its commitment for environmental initiatives. The business, transport, and domestic sectors will also be catered using the sustainable energy sources. The use of low carbon emissions transportation for games is also creating a profound impact on the community. The long-term view of the developments is to develop a sustainable community in Glasgow. The developments will encourage the private and government developers to include sustainability as a primary objective for later projects.

The new housing and refurbishment of existing societies is also likely to impact Glasgow as proposed by the academic institutes. The proposals for installation of HSTM and PVs in the area can also provide extended benefits for community. The initial upgrade of existing housing associations… [END OF PREVIEW]

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