Sustainable Development Compatible With Human Term Paper

Pages: 10 (3067 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Transportation - Environmental Issues  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] Issue 7: Is Limiting Population Growth a Key Factor in Protecting the Global Environment?

YES: Paul Harrison, from "Sex and the Single Planet: Need, Greed and Earthly Limits," The Amicus Journal (Winter 1994)

YES: Author and Population Institute medal winner Paul Harrison argues for family planning programs that take into account women's rights and socioeconomic concerns in order to prevent world population from exceeding carrying capacity

NO: Betsy Hartmann, from "Population Fictions: The Malthusians Are Back in Town," Dollars and Sense (September/October 1994)

NO: Betsy Hartmann, director of Hampshire College Population and Development Program, counters that the "real problems is not human numbers but undemocratic human system of labor and resource exploitation, often backed by military repression."

Student's point-of-view / Justification

It seems everyone is point the finger at each other. You better control the population or else. There are many factors to consider when it comes to the global environment aspect concerning environment degradation, legal ethnic cleansing (Wars) and atmosphere depletion. Harrison and Hartmann both target the obvious but fail to realize the intentions of our own government. Hartmann does discuss the impact of military repression and resource depletion. Yes, the government does deplete and cause degradation to our environment. What else do they do that we do not know about? Are they creating biological agents to control population? How about the Acquired immune deficiency disease (Aids) or just recently the Sars virus (Severe acute respiratory syndrome)? Not to mention, the cry for democracy in foreign lands to create Wars. Consequently, killing innocent women, children and the so-called bad guys. Is this not legal ethnic cleansing by super powers of the world to eliminate nations or third world countries into nonexistence or extinction. However, is that how we control population instead of looking at the way the government handles our surroundings and its inhabitants. We can no longer sit back and trust the government when it comes to protecting the environment. We do not know all of their motives or their so-called acts of utilitarianism as they see it. Yes, we can provide more health service programs for women, family planning counseling programs and birth control for women in less developed countries but does that actually control population. However, they might not even take the birth control pills. Then, do we insert IUD's in women to reduce the number of births? I agree with Harrison and praise Thailand's population control program with its great success. In addition to the programs listed, we need to provide more educational programs for women in less developed countries.

The answer is not an easy one but limiting the population is part of the whole problem. Nevertheless, this will continue to have success and have a great impact on limiting population growth.

There are many pieces to the pie, which include consumption, waste disposal and technology. In developing countries, the amount each person consumes matters too and so does technology used in production and waste disposal. The advancement of technology raises the standard of living in developed countries and consumption increases. How do we then dispose of the waste products? We can use incinerators to burn the waste products, dispose of waste products in landfills or recycle the waste products. There are some waste sites that depend on getting tons of waste each day. It employs many people in their communities. Our increased consumption level is due to more yield income in our pockets. Yes, we have more money to spend on anything we want or we think we need and that goes for the consumption of food too. Do we really need to hoard food and eat until we are gorged? I think not. There is more than enough food to go around. For example, when the government pays farmers not to plant crops for harvest, and the land is just dormant and is not being used for any purpose while people in third world countries are starving. I postulate that is an alternative way the government is reducing the world population so we can have what ever we want. Is that utilitarianism, the greatest good for all? Or is it democracy life, liberty, freedom and happiness?

Are we really at our carrying capacity? Can that really be measured accurately? Anyone can manipulate the numbers to answer their own questions or the question of carrying capacity. The question is do we really want to do something about our government's actions in the environment and its surroundings and to preserve what we have left of our planet? We need to take a stand and fight for the human race and our existence in this world. Are you going to let the government get away with ethnic cleansing of our own people in United States? If you don't believe it, just think about the Vietnam War and the current war going in Iraq. The economy is recovering and U.S. soldiers are dying as we speak. Each one that dies puts money in everyone's pocket in the U.S. Believe or not this is an act of ethnic cleansing. Most of the Armed Forces are both African-American's and Hispanic's. It is all legal and humane in the eyes of the United States government. As they see it, it is an act of good against evil. Limiting population growth is a selfish act of the government to further its mission and place values on society as they see fit in order to control the world to meet their desires.

Consequently, there are many key factors in limiting population growth. There are many other pieces to the pie, which include consumption, waste disposal and technology. The advancement of technology raises the standard of living in developed countries and consumption increases. How do we then dispose of the waste products? We can use incinerators to burn the waste products, dispose of waste products in landfills or recycle the waste products. We can provide more health service programs for women, family planning programs, counseling programs and birth control for women in developed less developed countries. I agree with Harrison and praise Thailand's population control program with its great success. In addition to the programs listed, we need to provide more educational programs for women in less developed countries. We need more government accountability in the areas of environmental degradation, legal ethnic cleansing (Wars) and atmosphere depletion. Nevertheless, this will continue to have success and have a great impact on limiting population growth protecting the global environment and is a pleasant way of controlling population rather than legal ethnic cleansing. Do you know your government?

In some matters, yes, and in many matters, no; government does take a mandate from the general public at times of elections, but at time of doing something constructive or destructive, the government relies on its self proclaimed gurus or experts' opinions. The prior government points fingers at the precedent government and the show goes on without thinking about the root cause of the situation at hand and how does a situation must be tackled. In the present scenario, immense population growth is seen as the greatest obstacle in countering the environmental hazards. Population growth means reduction in resources that fulfill human needs and wants and demands. Resources, as we all know are scarce and in economics we learn that allocation of the scarce resources needs to be dealt with great care as even a slight imbalance would in many ways hamper the economic development of a country and in turn effect the over all world development. In my view, Hartmann is correct that the scarce economic resources and proper allocation of these resources and "undemocratic human system of labor and resource exploitation, often backed by military repression" are the true cause of much phrased about population explosion and the solution does not only lie with educating women of how to use programs that intend to put a stop to population growth, but in the ways where in the human labor system and the allocation of resources meet an equilibrium. Population control programs are not the only key to solve the problem of population growth and it can never be the only alternative left. These programs are there to make the public aware of what could be done to reduce the level of population growth. Yet, the real answer lies in the balance of resource allocation by the government, which is not backed by a military repression but a democratic notion and the appropriate division of the labor. The "carrying capacity" needs to be understood beyond and irrespective of the "political carrying capacity" if in the true sense we want to achieve at a solution to the issue of the exceeding population growth. U.S. does have resources and this is the reason that people come to U.S. For opportunities and as is said, "to give birth" to babies, but this occurs because back at their home they do not get the resources that are available here in the U.S., and this again points us towards… [END OF PREVIEW]

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