Essay: Technological Advancement the Evolution

Pages: 5 (1450 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: American History  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] First, the settlement of the Oregon boundary had just been settled in 1846 and the U.S. had just acquired some territory for Mexico. Second, in addition to stressing the need for exploration, Whitney was able to whet Congress' appetite for gold, literally, for in 1849, gold was discovered in California. By 1853, Congress had already appropriated enough funds to begin construction. Yet building such an extensive connection between East and West came at a very high price. Work was difficult, and there was a lot of rivalry over the route between high powered, wealthy individuals. To make matters worse, even though this project had been proposed before the war, the ensuing conflict between North and South impeded progress (Columbia Encyclopedia, 2011, p. 1).

, and even though this had first been proposed before the war, conflict between North and South over which route it would follow had prevented construction from beginning. Both Eventually, the Homestead Act and federal funding for the transcontinental railroad were first passed in 1862, not coincidentally when the Southern states were out of the Union, and the railroad was finished in 1869 (Adas, 2006, p. 81). By 1900, the U.S. had over 200,000 miles of railroads, more than the rest of the world combined. And tThese fast modes of transportation were also the largest employer in the country, and a significant means of wealth for many. They Most importantly, however, they linked the U.S. together in a single national market for the first time, and also stimulated many other industries such as steel and coal mining.

In the period after the Civil War and before the start of the Great War, another invention surfaced. Alexander Graham Bell was the first to invent a successful telephone, which was first demonstrated in 1876, although it took many years for the phone network to expand nationwide, especially in the rural areas. Bell was only able to make the first transcontinental phone call in 1915, thanks to the invention of new vacuum tube technology (Gref, p. 72), but he was also yet another individual who had contributed to the eventual end of the country's physical and intellectual isolationism by connecting people together through communication. Furthermore, Aalthough the first phones were primitive and calls could not be made directly, their influence led to radical change on many levels, from the obvious military and business communications uses, to the ability to relay news and information immediately and make instant contact with friends and relatives.

Part Two

This next section concerns another very important invention without which our world today would be drastically different. This is, thus, the beginning of the era of mass production of the automobile. Prior to Henry Ford and his mass production methods in 1913, automobiles were only for the elite, but on Ford entered the figurative picture, even the working class could afford the Model T's and Model A's. This was the most revolutionary development in transportation during the whole of the 20th Century, bar the airplane, and truly ended the isolation of rural areas of the country -- which had been Ford's intention (Gref, 2010, p. 81). In the 1930s, ether there were 200 cars and trucks for every 1,000 Americans, far more than in any other country, and the sheer numbers of motor vehicles it America could produce overwhelmed Germany and Japan in World War II.

The era between the First and Second Wars was very important because of cars, and perhaps they brought on the Second War, but it was also important because of other technologies. For example, weaponry became much more sophisticated. Not only had the U.S. proven it could successfully intervene to stop a war, but it began also to have a role (though it would minimize this role in the betwee-wars period) in foreign policy in Europe. The United States, with its inventions during this era proved that, Aabove all else, it was thisit was an "economic and military power the United States[and] was able to project [this fact] on a global scale that was so […] devastating to its industrial rivals" (Adas, p. 226).

During this period, the moving image and the radio also had a very important role in the development of [END OF PREVIEW]

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Technological Advancement the Evolution.  (2011, October 25).  Retrieved March 23, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/technological-advancement-evolution/4210849

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