Research Paper: Technology and Social Responsibility

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[. . .] " (Fukuyama, 2002) Fukuyama states that this type of technology should be regulated by governmental bodies and although "biotechnology is clearly unlike nuclear technology, whose destructive potential was immediately clear and war from the outset tightly rigged with political controls." (Fukuyama, 2002)

Eugenics, or the testing of babies for genetic predispositions is becoming increasingly popular and this is stated to be particularly true for individuals in the Jewish communities. This is stated to be due to the fact that so many people wish to avoid carrying on genetically caused diseases and disorders into their offspring which makes sense and will serve to better the health of future generations. However, with every good thing also is the potential for misuse. Fringe medicine has proposed the use of Eugenics in producing siblings for children who need organ transplantation procedures conducted.

The same Eugenics that can be used to produce disease-free offspring can also be used to choose hair and eye color as well as a plethora of individual DNA-information specific outcomes. Adding to the complexity of the issue is that there is practically no regulation by governments in the field of reprogenetics. It is reported that an inquiry by the government and specifically the President's Council on Bioethics conducted a major inquiry into the "state of public policy in areas of biotechnology that touch the beginnings of human life and states findings as follows:

"…there is presently no governmental body (state or federal) exercising monitoring or regulatory authority over the use of PGD," nor is there regulation or oversight of the long-term health effects of PGD on children born using the procedure. Worse, the Council observed, "there are also no governmental or nongovernmental guidelines regarding the boundary between using PGD for producing a disease-free child and using it for so-called enhancement purposes or to produce siblings for children needing transplant donors." (Fukuyama, 2002)

Summary and Conclusion

Corporate social responsibility is about doing what is right for the population as a whole rather than focusing on the wants, needs, and demands of one specific group or school of thought. There are increasingly ethical dilemmas which present as technology serves to change the world as well as the daily existence of the man, woman, or child.

Technology has presented humankind with great potential and the wants, needs or demands of the population on earth serve to drive the direction of technology growth. While it is natural and understandable that organizations desire to realize growth and become more profitable in meeting these wants, needs and demands, at the same time the organization must continuously examine and reexamine ethical considerations that surround making provisions of the services, products, or treatments that meet the demands of consumers in today's marketplace.

Corporate Social Responsibility is the tool used for gauging the organization's stance on such matters. This tool is one that today's consumers value highly and one that will serve the organization to realize growth and profitability in the future without having something that the organization must necessarily be ashamed of in terms of the outcomes of such provisions. Any technology that can be used for positive and ethically responsible purposes can also be misused for negative purposes and the organization must use CSR to ensure that it aligns with ethical principles of the world community.

References

Summers, Lawrence, H. (2010) Technologies Opportunities, Job Creation and Economic Growth. 28 June, 2010. National Economic Council. Retrieved from: http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/nec/speeches/technological-opportunities-job-creation-economic-growth

Pohle, George and Hittner, Jeff (2011) Attaining Sustainable Growth Through Corporate social responsibility (2011 ) IBM Global Business Services. Retrieved from: http://www-935.ibm.com/services/us/gbs/bus/pdf/gbe03019-usen-02.pdf

Rosen, Christine (2003) Eugenic: Sacred and Profane. The New Atlantis. Summer, Retrieved from: http://www.thenewatlantis.com/publications/eugenics-sacred-and-profane

Grad, Frank P. (2011) The Debate on Human Cloning and Legislative Morality: Notes on Eugenics for An Age of Affluence. Legislation and Public Policy. 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.law.nyu.edu/ecm_dlv/groups/public/@nyu_law_website__journals__journal_of_legislation_and_public_policy/documents/documents/ecm_pro_060631.pdf

Fukuyama, Francis (2002) Gene Regime. Apr 2002. Foreign Policy NO. 129. Washington Post Newsweek Interactive LLC. Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org/pss/3183390 [END OF PREVIEW]

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