Research Paper: Teenage Pregnancy and Popular Media

Pages: 7 (2790 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 10  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Children  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] Prymface asserts that the pop culture that is today promoting the idea of having babies later on also seems to be working really well in declining the rate of teen pregnancies. However, Marcotte also talks about a few approaches that are not working, such as the abstinence-only programs. In fact, researches have shown that the places in which these programs have stopped being followed have lower rates of teen pregnancies as compared to the places which are still following them.

Decline in the Teen Pregnancies

Another recurrent theme had been reduction in rates of Teen Pregnancy in a few articles. For instance, according to an article by Rebecca Klein (2013), a very positive reduction has been noticed in the amount of the teen pregnancies in the recent years especially in California where the pregnancy rates have decreased by 60%. This trend clearly shows that the efforts which are being made to stop or reduce the occurrence of teenage pregnancies seem to be working really well. There are quite a few important factors that have played their part in this decline. Some of these are:stronger teen pregnancy prevention education, higher rates of contraceptive use by teens that are sexually active and the choice by many teens to delay sex. Today more and more teenagers are becoming aware of the risks of unprotected sex and teenage pregnancies. Similarly, Howard Koh 2013) asserts that the teenagers today want to wait to have children as they understand that the quality of their life as well as that of their child will be greatly affected if they have them at such a young age.

Use of contraception

One theme from the 10 articles had been pregnancy prevention via artificial means. For instance, Michael Gonchar (2013) mentioned that in the December of 2012 it was officially declared by American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists that birth control pills should be sold over the counter so that the people could have better access to them and they could make use of them in a better way. Many researchers support the decision made by Obama administration regarding the availability of contraception to the people without age limit as, this will help in reducing the pregnancy rates in teens. Polly Toynbee (2013) and Prymface (2013) also attribute the decline in teen pregnancy to common use of contraception.

Reaching out to the hard-to-reach teens

Catherine Abate (2013) discussed the difficulties of teenage life and how best to reach them. She stated that teenage is a difficult period for many and the feelings of mistrust are very common amongst the teenagers, specially towards their parents and guardians. They often feel that they are not being understood or that since their parents belong to another generation they can't understand what they are going through. In another article, Prymface (2013) focuses on educational programs and how they have helped these teens share their own experiences and how they have dealt with their problems. She states that these educational programs have proved to be very effective in communicating with the introvert teenagers. Rebecca Klein (2013) in her article also discusses these out-reach programs and how they have contributed to a decline in teen pregnancy in California.

Use of influence

Using influence to reduce teen pregnancy is another recurrent theme in the chosen articles. For instance, Catherine Abate (2013) discussed that in New York a number of advertisements have been made which have made use of shame and guilt to deal with this issue of teen pregnancies. Although there are many who agree with this form of enforcement but then there are also those who don't feel comfortable with the use of shame and guilt in order to make the teens see the dangers of teenage pregnancies. The ads show children in disheveled clothes and teary faces saying that they won't be able to go to high schools since they were born to such young parents who could hardly support themselves. Even with all the opposition, these advertisements do seem to be having an impact on the teenagers who are becoming more and more aware of the problems of such young pregnancies. The article further goes on to say that it has been noticed that today with the help of all these awareness programs a number of teens have decided themselves to delay sex or be very responsible with the use of contraception. However, even with all these efforts and the positive results that they are bearing we still have a long way to go. Liz Henry (2013) additionally discusses how teenagers are being influenced by their peers and the society, in general, by citing her own experience of teenage pregnancy. Natasha Burton (2013) highlights how one girl's photograph was removed from the school's year book as she was holding her newborn baby.

Section 3: Explain how a therapist may use this information to help a client define healthy sexuality and how having that understanding can help the client make wise decisions in their relationships.

In the light of all the articles that I have read and mentioned above regarding the teenage pregnancy, I have come to a conclusion that is slightly different from the one that I was expecting to write. I assumed that when it came to the unwanted teen pregnancies, the sex education programs being given in the schools were very effective weapons in dealing with this problem. The authors whose views I have used in this paper have clearly mentioned the factors which are important in dealing with the issue of teen pregnancy in an efficient and effective manner. After reading all the aforementioned articles it is clear that to avoid the unintentional pregnancy in teenagers there are 2 conditions which need to be met. The first one is capacity and second is reason to want to have a control on their fertility. Therefore, the therapist needs to focus on programs that are there to prevent the teenage pregnancies via birth control services as well as the family life education.

Another important issue that has been identified in the articles discussed above is of the parent not being very communicative with the children when it comes to sexual matters. This can have a negative effect on the teen pregnancy issue. While peer influence is necessary for reducing teenage pregnancies; family influence, especially parental pressure can play a pivotal role in reducing teenage pregnancy. In my opinion as well as in the light of the above mentioned articles, the therapists need to highlight the importance of parents to be communicative with their children as, no one knows their kids better than they do and no matter what the circumstances the children do look up to their parents.

References

Amanda Marcotte. (2013). The MTV Effect: Tackling Teen Pregnancy. Accessed from: http://www.thedailybeast.com/witw/articles/2013/09/17/what-works-and-what-doesn-t-when-it-comes-to-lowering-the-teen-birth-rate.html

Catherine Abate. (2013). Fighting Teen Pregnancy With Peer Influence. Accessed from: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/catherine-m-abate/teen-pregnancy-new-york_b_2971063.html

Howard K. Koh. (2013). Prevention Delivers for Teens in the U.S. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/dr-howard-k-koh/prevention-delivers-for-t_b_3326122.html

Liz Henry. (2013). I Got Pregnant at 14. Ask Me About Plan B. Accessed from: http://parenting.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/06/11/i-got-pregnant-at-14-ask-me-about-plan-b/

Michael Gonchar. (2013). Should Birth Control Pills Be Available to Teenage Girls Without a Prescription? Accessed from: http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/05/03/should-birth-control-pills-be-available-to-teenage-girls-without-a-prescription/

Natasha Burton. (2013). Should This Photo of Caitlin Tiller Be Banned? Accessed from: http://www.cosmopolitan.com/celebrity/news/caitlin-tiller

Polly Toynbee. (2013). The drop in teenage pregnancies is the success story of our time. Accessed from: http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/dec/13/drop-teenage-pregnancies-success-story-children

Prymface. (2013). Don't panic, the teenage pregnancy epidemic is over. Accessed from: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/mother-tongue/9899809/Dont-panic-the-teenage-pregnancy-epidemic-is-over.html

Rebecca Klein. (2013). California Teen Birth Rates Drop 60% Thanks To Sex Education. Accessed from: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/07/19/california-teen-pregnancy-rates-drop_n_3625090.html

Richard Reeves. (2013). Shame Is Not a Four-Letter Word. Accessed from: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/16/opinion/a-case-for-shaming-teenage-pregnancy.html [END OF PREVIEW]

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Teenage Pregnancy and Popular Media.  (2014, April 29).  Retrieved August 17, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/teenage-pregnancy-popular-media/7747301

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"Teenage Pregnancy and Popular Media."  Essaytown.com.  April 29, 2014.  Accessed August 17, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/teenage-pregnancy-popular-media/7747301.