Teenagers Addiction to Prescription DrugsResearch Paper

Pages: 8 (2536 words)   |  Style: n/a  |  Bibliography Sources: 6

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] The study was carried out using web-based surveys in 2005. The surveys were self-administered, and 1086 secondary school students participated. The participants were in grades seven to twelve. There were 54% female, 52% White, 5% African-American, and 3% were other racial groups. The results of the study demonstrated that 3.3% of the participants had used prescription drugs without a prescription, 17.5% had used the drugs for both medical and nonmedical, and 31.5% had used for medical reasons. The researchers resolved that it was most likely for medical drug users to abuse the drugs given due to their ease of availability. The contributors to prescription drug abuse amongst the secondary school students was established to be the difficulty in accessing other drugs.

Summary

From the reviewed literature, it is clear there is huge problem especially of teenagers abusing prescription drugs. The teenagers acquire the drugs from their family members or friends without their knowledge, which does show they are aware what they are doing is wrong. There are many contributors to this vice, and many of them lean towards family bonds. Strong family bonds have been discovered to be effective in reducing and eliminating prescription drug abuse amongst teenagers. Having experienced violence would result in some of the teenagers opting ot partake in the drugs to avoid the pain. Stimulants are believed to increase mental alertness, which some teenagers use to improve their concentration in class. The side effects of these drugs is similar to that of hard drugs and some researchers have demonstrated that the potential of delinquency increases with increased drug usage. All the researchers have pointed out that there is need for preventive methodologies. There are different methods that the researchers have proposed. The use of messages and video simulations would be most effective in preventing the usage of prescription drugs. Education plays a significant role, as was established by Jennifer R. Havens. A majority of the teenagers who abused prescription drugs were not enrolled to school, but the teenagers in school indicated lower rates of drug abuse. The researchers used terms like non-medical use of prescription medications, excessive medical use of prescription medications, and non-medical prescription drug use.

The non-medical usage of prescription medications is the theoretical term for teenage prescription drug usage. The studies have indicated that most of the teenagers will use the prescription medications on a regular basis. Observational analysis and use of longitudinal studies have indicated that the teenagers will use the drugs continuously, which is an indication that they have become addicted. The effects of addiction have far-reaching consequences since the teenagers will opt for stronger drugs when they become young adults. The prevalence of non-medical prescription abuse is increasing with each passing day. The side effects of prescription drug abuse have been demonstrated in the literature, and it is clear that it could lead to devastating effects. There is a possibility of death or health problems if the problem is not controlled or prevented.

Using self-administering reporting, questionnaires, and longitudinal studies have been effective in monitoring the teenagers for over a year, and this has offered the researchers ample data. Longitudinal studies have allowed the researchers to analyze the effects of prescription drug use. The study would ensure that the researchers can monitor the participants over time and could easily identify changes. Self-administering provided the participant with confidence the information they provide would not identify them in any way. This boosts confidence of the participants, and they are most likely to offer accurate information. Web-surveys were also employed, and they were effective, as the respondents would fill the reports in their comfort zones.

To monitor the effects of prescription drug abuse, it is vital that the researcher interacts with the respondents over time. This monitoring and data collection ensures that the participant's information can be mapped to establish if they are increasing or reducing their usage. Patterns could be discovered since all participant information is captured and analyzed. The analysis would allow the researchers to predict a person's behavior or usages in the coming month or year. This data could be helpful to authorities since they could manage to create and focus messages to the target areas. Teenager addiction to prescription medication is mostly due to the belief that the medicines are not harmful as other street drugs, which should be changed completely.

Conclusion

Teenage addiction to prescription drugs is a growing concern for health professionals in the United States. Various studies have demonstrated that the teenagers are increasingly opting for prescription drugs with a belief they are least harmful. Studies conducted in urban and rural areas have found that the ease of availability of the drugs is making it easy for the teenagers' access and use the drugs. There is need to strengthen the family setting and encourage parents to monitor the children usage of prescribed drugs. Over reliance to prescription medication, could result in seeking of other street drugs. The possibility of the teenager's body becoming immune to the drug forces the teenagers to increase their dosages over time. There is need for interventions and public messages to discourage the abuse of prescription medications. The messages should not make the medical users of the drugs feel like they are addicts. Focusing the messages to non-medical users is vital, as this would discourage abuse.

References

Cranford, J.A., McCabe, S.E., & Boyd, C.J. (2013). Adolescents' nonmedical use and excessive medical use of prescription medications and the identification of substance use subgroups. Addictive Behaviors, 38(11), 2768-2771.

Drazdowski, T.K., Jaggi, L., Borre, A., & Kliewer, W.L. (2014). Use of Prescription Drugs and Futur e Delinquency among Adolescent Offenders. Journal of substance abuse treatment.

Havens, J.R., Young, A.M., & Havens, C.E. (2011). Nonmedical prescription drug use in a nationally representative sample of adolescents: Evidence of greater use among rural adolescents. Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine, 165(3), 250-255.

McCabe, S.E., Boyd, C.J., & Young, A. (2007). Medical and nonmedical use of prescription drugs among secondary school students. Journal of Adolescent Health, 40(1), 76-83.

Sussman, S., Rohrbach, L.A., Spruijt-Metz, D., Barnett, E., Lisha, N., & Sun, P. (2012). One-year prediction of pain killer use among at-risk older teens and emerging adults. Journal of drug education,… [END OF PREVIEW]

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