Terrorism Linked to Religion Essay

Pages: 7 (2306 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 12  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Terrorism

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] The earlier terrorism caused by the military wing of HAMAS was used as a tool to gain political power to achieve their objectives of saving Muslims from oppression and devastation at the hands on Non-Muslims.

The constant evolution of the purposes and actions of such organizations must lead to the question that if Radical Islam and religious domination is not the cause of these attacks then what is the political agenda of terrorists?

Brzezinski presents a simple political explanation in this regard that, "it is the emotional context of felt, observed or historically recounted grievances that shape the fanatic pathology of terrorists and eventually triggers their murderous actions" (Brzezinski 2002). In relation to 9/11 and other attacks against the U.S., he argues, "American involvement in the Middle East is clearly the main impulse of hatred that has been directed against America" (Brzezinski 2002).

Reverend Springbett, a London Vicar, comments that, "Political leaders use differences in faith as a way of mobilizing support for political wars. The list of 51 victims on the 7/7 contained names from every part of the world and probably represented every faith. Exactly who were the bombers targeting?" (Mackay 2006).

Since the start of recorded history, Man has sought to acquire as much political power and as much land as he can lay his hands on and in the 21st century, he's running out of excuses to invade new lands and seize more power. So, basically terrorism is linked to religion so much in modern times because they are both tactics to attain political objectives and power. Religion provides terrorism the perfect excuse as one cannot question the lengths to which a man would go to, to safeguard his religious morals and values. So, sometimes religious zealots are used as pawns in a power play that is not even imaginable by them as they believe to be "fighting for religious freedom."

Professor Mark Juergensmeyer wrote, "..religion is not innocent. But it does not ordinarily lead to violence. That happens only with the coalescence of a peculiar set of circumstances -- political, social, and ideological -- when religion becomes fused with violent expressions of social aspirations, personal pride, and movements for political charge" (Juergensmayer 2004 p. 10)

Work Cited

Adas, J., 2010. Mazin Qumsiyeh on the History and Practice Of Nonviolent Palestinian Resistance, s.l.: s.n.

Akram, M., 2008. Pakistan, Terrorism and Drugs. [Online]

Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/19/opinion/lweb22pakistan.html?_r=1&ref=opinion [Accessed 17 October 2009].

Anon., 1988. Hamas Charter. [Online]

Available at: http://www.mideastweb.org/hamas.htm

[Accessed 10th January 2012].

Anon., 2006. After the Hamas Earthquake. [Online]

Available at: www.guardian.co.uk/world/2006/jan/27/israel.guardianleaders [Accessed 12 January 2012].

Anon., n.d. Pakistan Assessment 2011. [Online].

Anon., n.d.. The Covenant of the Hamas: Main Points. [Online]

Available at: http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/docs/880818a.htm

[Accessed 11th January 2012].

BBC News, 2004. Al-Qaeda's origins and links. [Online]

Available at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/1670089.stm [Accessed 8 January 2012].

BBC News, 2006. Who are Hamas. [Online]

Available at: www.news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/1654510.stm [Accessed 10 January 2012].

Bergen, P., 2001. Holy War, Inc.: Inside the Secret World of Osama bin Laden. New York: Free Press.

Brzezinski, Z., 2002. Focus on the Political Roots of September 11. [Online]

[Accessed 11 January 2012].

Dawkins, R., 2001. Religion's misguided missiles. [Online]

Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2001/sep/15/september11.politicsphilosophyandsociety1

[Accessed 10 January 2012].

Dobrot, L.A., 2007. The Global War on Terrorism: A religious War?, s.l.: Strategic Studies Institute.

Hoffman, D.B., 1993. "Holy Terror": The Implications of Terrorism Motivated by a Religious Imperative. RAND Paper.

Jenkins, B., 1988. Future Trends in International Terrorism. In: Current Perspectives on International Terrorism. New York: St. Martin's Press, p. 249.

Juergensmayer, 2004. Terror in the Mind of God: The Global Rise of Religious Violence. s.l.:University of California Press.

Lee Ferran, J.S.M.C., 2011. Al Qaeda Names Osama Bin Laden Successor. [Online]

Available at: http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/osama-bin-laden-successor-ayman-al-zawahiri-named/story?id=13854173#.Tw5b2aXzug5

[Accessed 02 January 2012].

Mackay, M., 2006. Terrorism 'Has No Link with Religion', says London Vicar. [Online]

Available at: http://www.christiantoday.com/article/terrorism.has.no.link.with.religion.says.london.vicar/7386.htm

[Accessed 09 January 2012].

Richard Sosis, C.S.A., 2008. Militants and Martyrs: Evolutionary Perspectives on Religion and Terrorism. In T.T. Rafe Sagarin, ed. Natural Security: A Darwinian Approach to a Dangerous World. s.l.:University of California Press.

Richardson, L., 2006. What Terrorists Want: Understanding the Enemy, Containing the Threat. New York: Random House.

Sedgwick, M., 2004. Al-Qaeda and the Nature of Religious Terrorism. Terrorism and Political Violence, Vol. 16 (4), pp. 795-814.

U.S. Department of Justice, F.B.I, 1999. Counterterrorism Threat Assessment and Warning Unit, s.l.: Counterterrorism Division.

U.S. Department of State, 2005. Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs). [Online]

Available at: http://merln.ndu.edu/archivepdf/terrorism/state/37191.pdf

[Accessed 8th January 2012].

US Department of State, n.d.. Office of Counterterrorism. [Online]

Available at: http://www.state.gov/www/global/terrorism/index.html

[Accessed 10th January 2012]. [END OF PREVIEW]

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