Terrorism and the Military (Apa) Thesis

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Colleagues of the Muslim Army officer said that he had expressed outrage that the United States was involved in a war against Muslims, and that Muslims should rise up and attack Americans in retaliation. (Sherwell, 2009) Hasan was extremely upset at the United States' war in Iraq, didn't feel that the U.S. should be there, and actually expressed happiness at the Little Rock Army Recruitment Center shooting carried out by another Muslim member of the military. Major Hasan had also told other military officers that "maybe people should strap bombs on themselves and go to Times Square" (Sherwell, 2009) in retaliation for the actions of the U.S. In Iraq.

Despite these obvious signs, those in the government that were supposed to monitor this kind of activity were not convinced of Major Hasan's authenticity. They were also fearful of giving the impression that the U.S. Army discriminated against Muslims. Because of this apparent "political correctness," Major Hasan was able to murder 13 people and wound 30 more. And even with all the evidence facing them, the "politically correct" media still was unable to bring themselves to accept that the man's fixation on his interpretation of the Islamic Faith was the cause of his attack. Instead, on November 6th, 2009 one newspaper, the Roanoke Times, stated in its headline that "social awkwardness," and not religion or politics, was the cause of Major Hasan's deadly attack.Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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Dissertation or Thesis complete on Terrorism and the Military (Apa). Assignment

Major Hasan was born and raised in America and wanted to patriotically serve his country. But when a conflict arose between his patriotism and his religion, major Hasan chose his religion over his country. Carlos Bledsoe was also a patriotic American who served his country and practice the religion of his choice. Again, however, when he was faced with a choice between his country and his faith, he too chose his faith over his country. Most Muslim soldiers serve in the military with loyalty and distinction, but a small percentage of these soldiers, like the small percentage of Muslims in general, interpret the teaching of Islam in a violent and intolerant manner. These people feel the actions of the United States are an attack on the Islamic faith, and on all Muslims. They also feel that violence against the United States, its military and its citizens, are perfectly legitimate acts of Jihad. When these people serve in the U.S. military they receive the best military training available, and if they then use these skills against the very country that has given them everything it becomes a serious problem.

Sociologist define terrorism as "Self-help by organized civilians who covertly inflict mass violence on other civilians." (Black, 2004) When terrorists have military training, this gives them a great advantage, especially when inflicting violence on civilians who are not trained to react to violent situations. And since studies have concluded that terrorist groups often make more gains after attacks, like suicide attacks, than before the attacks, the incentive to carry out violent attacks against civilian targets only increases. (Pape, 2003)

Since the United States has involved itself in wars against countries that are predominately Muslim, the animosity demonstrated by Muslims toward the United States has increased. This includes those among the military who are faced with the choice of fighting against other Muslims. While the majority of these are patriotic Americans who realize that the United States is not fighting a war against the religion of Islam, only those Muslims who interpret Islam to support terrorist activities; like the killing of non-Muslims, the bombing of airplanes and airports, or other such things. Unfortunately, the nature of American society leaves it open to the predations of terrorist, particularly those from inside America.

Terrorism performed by former members of the military is not without precedent in the United States. The most famous homegrown American terrorist group, the Ku Klux Klan, was started by a group of disgruntled ex-Confederate soldiers. While these men were technically not members of the military of the United States of America, they were American military members. This group attacked the Union soldiers occupying the South, attacked freed blacks, attacked any Southerner who supported Reconstruction, and attacked Republican politicians. And even though this group petered out soon after Reconstruction ended, it was resurrected in the 20th century. Throughout the 20th century the Klan's membership has been supplemented by U.S. military veterans who shared their racist and anti-government ideology.

During times of social unrest, like in the 1960's, domestic terrorists once again became an everyday occurrence. Both right-wing and left-wing Americans were involved in terrorist activities, and both were aided by military veterans who shared their views. The training and discipline taught in the armed forces can easily be transferred to terrorist activities. In other words, those who leave the military do not forget their training and sometimes get involved with terror groups. While the government had been concentrating on right-wing terror groups like the Klan, and other white supremacist groups in the 1990's, there were other, less notable terrorists being cultivated.

On September 11, 2001, the United States was attacked by a Muslim terrorist group called Al Qaeda. While those who staged the attacks of that day were not in the U.S. military, and not even U.S. citizens, their actions began a series of events which would create a great deal of animosity toward the United States and its subsequent actions. The American invasion of Afghanistan, while initially receiving a great deal of public support, was not supported by those who shared the views of Al Qaeda. The American invasion of Iraq and the ouster of Saddam Hussein further exacerbated the situation. As time went by, and the United States continued its intervention in these places, the reaction of the Muslim World continued to turn against the U.S.

While the World's Muslim community were angered by the actions of the United States, some Muslims inside America, and even some within the U.S. military, became disillusioned with their country. These radical Muslims felt that the United States was involved in a war against the Muslim religion, and those attacking the Americans were Muslim patriots. Because of this ideology, some Muslims in the military have acted against their nation and their fellow soldiers, injuring and even murdering American soldiers. While domestic terrorism performed by military veterans has been a problem in the United States for some time, only recently has it become a serious problem. The continued American presence in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as its support of the state of Israel, will continue to earn America further reprisals from Muslim terrorists, both foreign and domestic.

References

"Army: U.S. Soldier Acted out of Resentment in Grenade Attack" (2003) Foxnews.com. Retrieved from http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,81898,00.html

"Arrest of military man in Pentagon bomb scare: Spotlight turns on serving Muslims." International Business Times. Retrieved from http://www.ibtimes.com/articles/165360/20110618/arrest-of-military-man-in-pentagon-bomb-scare-spotlight-turns-on-serving-muslims-yonathan-melaku-res.htm

Black, Donald. (2004) "The Geometry of Terrorism." Sociological Theory. 22:1. Retrieved from http://74.125.155.132/scholar?q=cache:jpyECYKN9SwJ:scholar.

google.com/&hl=en&as_sdt=0,14

Dao, James. (2010, Jan. 21) "Man Claims Terror Ties in Little Rock Shooting." The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/22/us/22littlerock.html

Emert, Rick. (2004). "Muslim GI Gets 14 Months For Avoiding Duties in Iraq." Stars and Stripes: European Edition. Retrieved from http://www.military.com/NewContent/0,13190,SS_060404_Army,00.html

Muhlhausen, David, and Jena Baker McNeill. (2011) "Terror Trends: 40 Years' Data on International and Domestic Terrorism." The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2011/05/terror-trends-40-years-data-on-international-and-domestic-terrorism

Pape, Robert. (2003). "The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism." American Political Science Review, 97:3. Retrieved from http://74.125.155.132/scholar?q=cache:YjNVC8x5mScJ:scholar.google.com/&hl

=en&as_sdt=0,14

Presley, Steven. "Rise of Domestic Terrorism and its relation to United States Armed Forces." Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/irp/eprint/presley.htm

"Rightwing Extremism: Current Economic and Political Climate Fueling Resurgence in Radicalization and Recruitment" (2009) Office of Intelligence and Analysis. Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/irp/eprint/rightwing.pdf

Sherwell, Philip. (2009, 6 Nov.). "Fort Hood Shooting: Nidal Malik Hasan said 'Muslims should rise up." The Telegraph. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/6511591/Fort-Hood-shooting-Nidal-Malik-Hasan-said-Muslims-should-rise-up.html

"Suspect arrested in Arkansas recruiting center shooting" (2009). CNN Justice. Retrieved from http://articles.cnn.com/2009-06-01/justice/arkansas.recruiter.shooting

_1_abdulhakim-mujahid-muhammad-soldier-recruiting?_s=PM:CRIME

Thornton, Maggie. (2009). "Homeland Security RightWing Extremism: Domestic Terrorism. Retrieved from http://www.rightpundits.com/?p=3732 [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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