From Time Immemorial Term Paper

Pages: 8 (3045 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Economics  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] Umpteen cities, counties, land attributes and other landscapes mirror the significance of salt. Salt, as a matter of fact, has many applications. Some intricacies applying salt such as generation of "salt prints" in 19th Century photography have been surpassed by new technologies- while others have not. Innumerous salt prints are accessible in the Internet. As such, not every American "salt history" is as timeworn. Salt glazed pottery is still in limelight. Salt is even related to the tussle for women's rights in the U.S. (The salt industry)

The U.S. salt industry was initiated in 1614 when the Jamestown colonists on Smith's Island, VA hoisted the first different-locale solar salt works. (The salt industry) Salt generations have been significant in Michigan and West Virginia as old as a century. Salt had a vital part played on the U.S. borders, comprehensive of vicinities like Illinois and Nebraska which do not any longer have commercial salt generation. Reports arising from Onondaga, New York in 1654 pinpointed that the Onondaga Indians generated salt by boiling brine from salt springs.2 Colonial Americans were generating salt by boiling the brine in iron kettles. This was during the phase when the U.S. Constitution was forwarded. With the turn of events in Civil War, 3000 toilers generated over 225,000 short tons of salt via boiling. Settlers gave a report that Native Americans generated salt at Kanawha, West Virginia well before 1755 by boiling brine from salt springs. Vast generation of salt from brine springs was going ahead in 1800, and the procedure of drilling for more concentrated brine initiated within a few years. The Kanawha was the supplier for the Confederacy during the Civil War, when production arose. A semblance of the events had occurrence at Avery Island, Louisiana. (History of Salt)

Historians have a belief that Native Americans generated salt from salt springs for more than 500 years before the Europeans reached the place. Salt generated by boiling brine was the supplier of salt at the time of the tussle of 1812. Full fledged generation in open pits or quarries initiated in 1862, at the time of Civil War, and the initial underground salt mine was initiated in 1869 with the sinking of a boat. Solar salt was generated during the early 1800s in least favorable climates, by building mobilizing, entrenched sheds over the evaporating pans, saving the salt and brine from precipitation.

Solar salt generation initiated on San Francisco Bay, California during the juncture of 1770 and at the Great Salt Lake in Utah at the juncture of 1847. At the time of 1830s on Cape Cod there were as much as 442 salt works. Mechanical evaporation in a variety of effect open "grainer" pans initiated in about 1833, along with intricacies to purify the brine before the evaporation. Slat generators were able to produce a clean, white, conducive salt product. Further enhancements during the 1800s at Silver Springs, New York, generated the theory of crystallizing salt in enclosed vacuum pans. Salt was generated between the time of 1790 and 1860 in Louisiana, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Indian, Illinois, and Missouri by boiling brine in salt furnaces. Waste wood products arising from the lumber industry was the supplier of economical fuel to generate salt from salt springs at Saginaw and St. Clair, Michigan during the phase of 1800s. Drillers explored a rock salt deposit at St. Clair, Michigan in 1882, giving nearly saturated brine to give food to the evaporators. (History of Salt)

Solution mining of rock salt deposits found a rapid spread throughout the salt producing states. When rock salt deposits were given a hand by drilling, orthodox underground mining was in consequence. Salt mining is in continuance nowadays throughout North America in Kansas, Louisiana, Ohio, Now York, Texas, Ontario, New Brunswick (potash and salt), Quebec, and Nova Scotia. Salt generation in Kansas, Utah, Louisiana, New York, Ohio and Michigan in the U.S. has augmented local history and culture. Labeling by Morton has made it a highly acknowledgeable name in American commercial industry. Salt mining coming under the locales of City of Detroit, Michigan has been an enduring activity. (History of Salt) Salt was of vast significance in the economic sphere. A full fledged trade in ancient Greece that involved trading of salt for slaves gave arousal to the expression that is not worth his salt. Special salt rations were given at an early stage.

Roman soldiers were labeled as salarium, argentums, and the model of the English word salary. References to salt are found in plenty in languages across the globe, significantly associated to the salt applied for food. Arising from the Latin word sal, for instance, are the derived words as "sauce and sausage. Salt was a prominent trading item implemented by explorers. Salt's primary application, by length, is constituted in snow fighting in America. Salt was first attempted for melting snowy roads in this country in 1930, and nowadays, its application is all over the country. It is assumed to be the most economical and the most cautious melting preference and this country applied 15 million tons of it last winter. The U.S. is the world's hugest salt generator, with several umpteen generation locales generating 45 million tons per year, approximately half of that in the form of brines generated by captive brine wells supplying U.S. chloral kali chemical companies is states like Michigan, Texas and West Virginia. (The salt industry)

The remnant is dry salt generated using three fundamental technological intricacies: solar evaporation of seawater or saline lake water, solution mining and vacuum pan evaporation and orthodox deep-shaft (rock salt) mining. There are three varieties of salt, each generated by its own generation technological intricacy: rock salt, solar salt, and evaporated salt. Rock salt exchanges are volatile, majority of the rock salt is applied for winter highway upgrading. Higher amount of purity, packaged (often evaporated salt) products demand extreme prices. During current times, the U.S. salt industry functions are carried out in 48 salt production plants with chief production locales in Louisiana, Ohio, New York, Kansas, Michigan, Utah and California. All chief U.S. salt generators are enrollers of the Salt Institute. U.S. salt generation is also followed by the U.S. Geological Survey. Michigan State University constitutes an enthralling review of salt generation in Michigan. (The salt industry) Of the United States' ultimate salt generation, approximately half, that is, 21.1 million tones is in the attire of brine generated by captive brine wells which are the suppliers to the chloral kali chemical companies of the U.S. The remnant of 20 million tones is in the attire of dry salt generated via three main technological intricacies - solar evaporation of seawater or saline lake water, solution mining and vacuum pan evaporation and, the orthodox deep shaft (rock salt) mining.(Salt's trail down centuries)

Appliers of salt are split into four chief groups: 70% taken by chemical and other industries, 20% used for food processing and human take-in and 10% in other applications. 95% of chemical industry consumption generates three chief constituents - caustic soda, soda ash and chlorine which are then applied in the processing and manufacturing of other main constituents. The major application is the melting of snow in the roads, significantly in North America and Europe. Extra uses are comprehensive of physiological and medicinal uses and for nourishing animals. This constitutes salt blocks and feed formulations. (Salt and Its Uses)

Salt has drawn inspiration in public policy in America also. After the occurrence of American Revolution, an English stoppage of trade with the rival led to salt deficiencies in the United States. As retaliation, when the U.S. Government boosted domestic production by giving a surplus of 33 cents for every bushel, the Atlantic Coast soon turned marked with private salt companies. Years after this, the building of the Erie Canal was financed with a levy of tax as far as 12.5 cents per bushel. Nowadays, two U.S. companies, Cargill and Morton, rule over the salt market. Over course of time, they have got independent organizations across the globe and enticed them into coming up to both separate and industrial requirements. Of more recent times, small initiators have redeemed specialty salt works to come up to the requirements of cooks and gourmands. (Salt: A World History: Although common and inexpensive today, salt has been one of the most sought-after commodities in human history.) Thus Salt plays a predominant role in the American economic history.

References

Bhatnagar, Jyotsna. "Salt's trail down centuries" Wednesday, March 8, 2000. Retrieved at http://www.financialexpress.com/fe/daily/20000308/ffe07097.html. Accessed on 12/07/2003

History: Salt through the Ages" Retrieved at http://www.mortonsalt.com/consumer/about_us/history/. Accessed on 12/07/2003

History of Salt" Retrieved at http://www.saltworks.us/index.asp. Accessed on 12/07/2003

Salt and Its Uses" Retrieved at http://www.dampiersalt.com.au/tnpn002785/prod/dsl/dslweb.nsf/Details/DSL_Salt_Salt+and+it's+Uses?OpenDocument. Accessed on 12/07/2003

Schnetzer, Amanda Watson. "Salt: A World History: Although common and inexpensive today, salt has been one of the most sought-after commodities in human history." (Books: the world in a grain of salt).… [END OF PREVIEW]

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