Torts Fred and Anna Ivan and Rosina Term Paper

Pages: 4 (1273 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 18  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Business - Law


Fred and Anna

Ivan and Rosina went out with friends to celebrate their engagement at Bar Roma. Trespass to the person in Australia is dependent on the directness of the act that has interfered with the plaintiff's right of autonomy. Australian law does not require the perpetrator to have intent to trespass (Williams v Milotin).1 Therefore, though Fred was intoxicated and may not have had conscious intent to violate Rosina's right of autonomy, he is still liable to suit in court. Fred's act was direct but unintentional. Fred's act of leering at Rosina and taking her picture without her consent caused her to be uncomfortable and to not to able to enjoy the ambience of the restaurant. This gives Rosina as a plaintiff in Australia the option to pursue a tort action based upon either negligent trespass or negligence. Rosina as the plaintiff has the onus of proof, for trespass 'on the highway' is always on the plaintiff at all times to prove (see Venning v Chin).2Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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TOPIC: Term Paper on Torts Fred and Anna Ivan and Rosina Assignment

In Brisbane Authority v Taylor, Judge Michael McHugh elucidated the rationale of limitation periods.3 The Limitation of Actions Acts prescribe time limits within in which litigation must be commenced and the extinguishing of the cause of action (the legal basis for the claim) happens after the period lapses. This is because as time goes by, relevant evidence may be lost. Additionally, it is oppressive to a defendant to allow an action to be brought long after the act has passed. Such limitation periods give certainty to people (especially businesses and insurers) in arranging their affairs and provisioning for their liabilities within a definite period. Also, public interest requires that disputes be settled as quickly as possible. However, it is now possible for a person who claims to have a cause of action to apply to a court for leave to extend a limitation period to allow the issuance of court proceedings. This applies to such cases whether the cause of action arose before or after the commencement of the Act. In considering such applications, the courts are required to take into account a number of different factors. These include factors such as the length of and reasons for the plaintiff's delay (intaking action). However, the Act adds further provides that a court to mitigating factors take into account, such as whether the passage of time has prejudiced a fair trial of the claim.4 There might also be an issue with the unauthorized photography that Fred took of Anna. While the taking of the photo itself is not illegal, if he uses it for unauthorized purposes, this could be the case.5

Ivan and Fred

Fred would likely have a claim against Ivan for threats and assault. Since Iran directly threatened him with physical harm. Such torts usually depend on the directness of trespass, which in this case would have been direct as Ivan stuck his hand in Fred's pockets. Australian tort law regarding nuisance is based upon the Scottish case of Rylands v Fletcher. Both Ivan and Fred could be considered to have violated "quiet enjoyment" of the premises that night. Fred would have violated Anna's quiet enjoyment of the evening, while Ivan would have done the same by assaulting Fred and deleting the pictures and threatening him, even though he was drunk and may not have had intent. This also opens the issue of the right of privacy.6 While Australian law has been slow to recognize this, the British House of Lords and the New Zealand Court of Appeal have recognised forms of personal privacy. However, this tort has been in development and is not fully formed.

State Immigration and Claudio and Ricardo and the other Restaurant Patrons

There would be a possible tort by either or both Claudio and Ricardo against the State Immigration Department for illegal… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Torts Fred and Anna Ivan and Rosina" Term Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Torts Fred and Anna Ivan and Rosina.  (2011, September 6).  Retrieved September 28, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Torts Fred and Anna Ivan and Rosina."  6 September 2011.  Web.  28 September 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Torts Fred and Anna Ivan and Rosina."  September 6, 2011.  Accessed September 28, 2021.