Term Paper: Transformation About Litertura

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Transformations of Literature:

This focus of this article is to provide a discussion on transformations of literature based on William Shakespeare's a Midsummer Night's Dream. The literature is a play that is widely believed to have been written between 1590 and 1596 to show the events surrounding the marriage of Hippolyta and Theseus, the Duke of Athens. The description of these events incorporates the adventures of four young lovers in Athens and a set of six different amateur actors. The adventures of these people were included in the play because of their significance in the setting of the play. Actually, six amateur actors are significant because they were controlled and influenced by the fairies dwelling in the forest where most of the play is set. In addition to being classified as a comedy, a Midsummer Night's Dream is one of the most famous works produced by Shakespeare for the stage to an extent that it's widely performed across the globe. This discussion basically shows how the play is particularly suitable for students since its main theme is love, a common topic in the minds of many teenagers.

Summary of the Play:

Since it's centered on portraying the themes of love, friendship, and illusion vs. reality, a Midsummer Night's Dream incorporates three intertwined schemes that are linked by the wedding celebration between the Duke of Athens, Theseus and the Amazon queen, Hippolyta. The celebration of this wedding is set under the light of the moon and concurrently in the woodland and Fairyland (Loutro & Shurin, 1985).

The play begins with a scene where Hermia declines to adhere to the instructions of her father, Egeus, to marry Demetrius. While Demetrius was chosen by Egeus, Hermia turns down the offer because she would like to marry a different person i.e. Lysander. After Egeus invokes the Athenian law in which a daughter is required to marry the partner selected by her father or face death, Hermia is offered another option by Theseus. The choice of lifelong chastity for Hermia comes with the requirement to worship the goddess Diana as a nun.

During this period, Peter Quince and his acting counterparts come together to produce a stage play regarding the most grieving comedy and brutal demise of Pyramus and Thisbe for Theseus and Hippolyta. Besides the king of the fairies, Oberon and his queen, Titania, have arrived from the forest in the outskirts of Athens. The queen notifies the king of her intention to stay in Athens until attending the wedding between the Duke and the Duchess. In an interesting twist, Hermia and Lysander disappear to the same forest in hopes of eloping. Demetrius is notified of the plans by Helena in her attempts to reclaim Demetrius love. While Demetrius follows them in order to kill Lysander, Helena constantly makes advances towards him as she promises to love him more than Hermia. However, Demetrius turns down Helena's advances by insulting her cruelly (Loutro & Shurin, 1985).

This period is followed by a series of events that culminate in Lysander returning to love Hernia whereas Demetrius' love for Helena continues after Lysander had fallen in love with Helena. In the meantime, Quince and his band of actors have prepared to perform their play during the wedding and go to the forest for rehearsals. Moreover, everything is planned in a manner that Helena, Hermia, Demetrius, and Lysander will believe they were dreaming when woken up. During an early morning hunt, Theseus and Hippolyta arrive on the stage after the fairies have disappeared. As the lovers are awaken, Demetrius no longer loves Hermia, which forces Theseus to overrule the demands of Egeus and plan for a group wedding. Consequently, the lovers mutually concur that the previous night's events must have been a dream. Then, they leave the stage and suggest to the audience that the play might have been a dream, which contributes to the name of the play.

Review of the Play:

As previously mentioned, a Midsummer Night's Dream is a suitable piece of literature for high school and college students because it centered on a theme, which is a major subject among young people. The play is focused on the subject of love but can still entice people who are not interested in the subject through the plenty of comedy it contains. The significance and suitability of the play to high school and college students can be understood through examining the central themes in the literature. The main themes in this play include & #8230;.


Love is the major theme portrayed in the play since it characterized nearly every event that takes place among the different characters within it. The theme of love also dominates the setting of the play because it shows the events surrounding Theseus and Hippolyta's wedding and marriage. The subject of love is demonstrated in the wedding preparations between the Duke and the Duchess, which is to occur in four days. This subject is also evident in the play about Pyramus and Thisby that the six band of laborers decide to act in Theseus's wedding while directed by Peter Quince. Notably, the three pairs of lovers provide several comments in the entire play through the play. These comments are mainly directed towards the actors and the audience to demonstrate the stupidity of the two tragic lovers (Davis, Ellis & Reed, n.d.).

While the play is centered on the topic of love, which is a major subject for students in high school and college, it is widely criticized for representing the negative side of love. During the play, the fairies make light of love through mistaking lovers and using a love portion to force Titania to love someone else. Nonetheless, the play presents some of the challenges that lovers experience through showing the problems these couples had in the forest. By the conclusion of the play, the Duke and the Duchess are happily married and watch the drama of the unfortunate lovers. In contrast, Demetrius and Helena are clueless about the dark side of their love for each other and completely unaware of events that take place in the forest.


The second major theme demonstrated in the play is friendship, which is closely connected to the subject of love. Actually, love cannot occur and develop if it is not based and established on friendship. This is also a major subject among young people, especially high school and college students because of the value these people place on what their friends think, say, and do (Davis, Ellis & Reed, n.d.).

The play portrays some of the major experiences that high school and college students are likely to experience in friendship. Actually, most of them are likely to face an incident where two friends like the same person of the opposite sex and the resultant difficulties arising from the incident. As a major example of such incidents, Shakespeare shows such events in the events surrounding Helena's lover for Demetrius, Hermia's love for Lysander, Demetrius love for Hermia. The play also portrays the extent that young people are likely to reach in attempts to fight for their love and protect or destroy their friendships.

Illusion v. Reality:

One of the most astounding themes in the play is that of illusion vs. reality in terms of what extent can a person believe what he/she sees. A Midsummer Night's Dream contributes to some major questions regarding illusion vs. reality including the nature of reality and ways with which illusion is important. The play also helps in examining the reasons for the need of illusions in our lives and the significance of imagination or illusion in romance.

The concept of illusion vs. reality is evident in a Midsummer Night's Dream by William Shakespeare because it contains a play within a play. While it features awful acting, ridiculous clumsy writing, cheap costumers, and cheap costumes, the play provides an opportunity for the audience to laugh at human nature through the comic interactions between the actors and actresses. The play can be regarded as a magic of illusion because it's not only funny but also silly ("Study Guide," n.d.). The illusion occurs when Helena, Lysander, Hermia, and Demetrius displayed a sense of confusion and wonder in their recent experience.

The play provokes the thought of illusion vs. reality in its conclusion when Puck suggests to the audience that what they are experiencing might simply be a dream rather than a play. Actually, this piece of literature derives its name from the fact that it provokes considerable thought on the concept of reality vs. illusion. Actually, the series of events occurring in the six actors who are preparing for Theseus' wedding are concluded as a mere dream. These actors leave the stage in the realization that their experiences were illusion occurring in a dream and they now wake up to reality. Similar to the other themes presented in the play, illusion vs. reality is an issue that students should enjoy examining. Generally, teenagers believe that things are not usually as… [END OF PREVIEW]

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