Translating Evidence Into Practice Research Paper

Pages: 3 (1099 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Medicine

Nursing Research

PICO Question -- Are Guided Imagery techniques effective in the management of pain?

The objective of this research study was to investigate the effects guided imagery sessions have on the management of pain. Nursing theory is both carative and pushing towards increased advocacy for the patient. Guided imagery is controversial, but the idea of using this as a relaxation technique within a nursing environment is quite common. Nurses, however, are beginning to use GI to assist in pain management, to promote relaxation, to accelerate wound healing, and to diminish depression.

Pain is quite individualized. Some people can tolerate extreme pain, for others, slight pain is agonizing. This is particularly frustrating in the post-surgical wards in which patients have a rather large continuum of procedures and resultant pain. Nursing research continues to look for non-invasive ways to improve or even augment pain management techniques, particularly if they can be put into place and require no pharmaceutical support (Bresler, 2010).

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The challenge when working with GI as part of a pain or anxiety control program is the lack of available controls. When one gives a certain medication, there is a dosage amount and a way to determine cause and effect. With GI, the client brings different past knowledge and emotions to the situation, which it is difficult to determine a specific therapeutic approach that can be quantified. Within the articles surveyed, most of the research found that GI did have a positive therapeutic approach to most situations involving stress, pain, and/or anxiety. In many ways, this makes a great deal of sense from a basic psychological model. When one is anxious, in pain, nervous, or feeling lonely or out of sorts, relaxation connects them back to the world, in particular if someone is expressing empathy for them.

Research Paper on Translating Evidence Into Practice Assignment

Literature Review Summary -- Guided imagery is simply self-visualization and control of thoughts for a specific time. Research shows that patients not only receive systematic relief from pain using GI techniques, they actually receive physiologic healing. Incorporating these techniques, typically that involve sending the client home with a guided imagery tape or utilizing such tapes in post-surgical wards, are far less expensive and dangerous than pharmaceutical solutions (Bresler). Pain may be debilitating or irritating, chronic or occasional. The use of GI, though, may help in all types of situations; from discomfort from a mild headache to the intense pain of cancer, and everything in between. These techniques work well with patients of all ages -- even the elderly report an increase in quality of life and well-being (Ferrell, B., et al., 1994). Further, the technique can easily be adapted to children even as young as five. Using breathing exercises and GI techniques, children had a significantly lower amount of days with pain and less missed activities (Weydert, J., et al., 2006)

Using GI techniques at home 1-2 times per day for weeks shows a marked improvement in the ability to relax, manage pain, and perceive ways to work through the pain. Further, patients reported cutting back on pain medication, and feeling more empowered in managing their own pain control (Menzies, V., et al., 2006). GI, like massage, accupressure or accupuncture, yoga or other non-standard techniques is sometimes subjective due to the extensive number of variables involved with individual patients. Dose is one… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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