Traumatic Long-Term Memory and Related Term Paper

Pages: 8 (2263 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 18  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Psychology

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[. . .] Once you find an effective strategy, keep working on it. Think of memory like a muscle. The more you use it, the stronger it gets.

We learn better if we are organized. After a head injury, though, the ability to organize gets really messed up. If you organize information, it tends to help you recall it. For example, if you are constantly losing your car keys or constantly forgetting where you put your wallet, there's one simple technique to use. Put things in the same place. Always put your car keys in one spot on the dresser. Always put your purse in one spot in the house and nowhere else. Being organized helps your memory and you will be less likely to lose things.

Another thing that we can do to help memory is to break it into small bits. If you have something really tough to learn, try to break it down into small bits and then learn each one little bit at a time. Some people call this "chunking;" you are memorizing little "chunks" of information. For example, your brand new VCR has a remote control with fifty buttons on it. Reading the entire manual in one sitting to learn what all of the fifty buttons do is very hard. So, learn one function and then play with that feature for a while. Once you've learned that, go on to the next button. This technique has been used for years to learn simple information like a phone number (Tevid, 2001). Bell Labs (they invented the phone) figured out that people will learn a seven digit phone number if you group three digits together and then group four digits together - a "chunk" of three numbers and a "chunk" of four numbers (Tevid, 2001).

Association is really important for retrieving important information. For example, you are taking a literature course and you need to remember a famous essayist - Francis Bacon. You might associate the image of a piece of bacon with the name of this person. So if you're trying to think of this explorer, an image of a piece of bacon will come to you. This approach is particularly helpful with learning names. Remembering names is a difficult task for most people in the world; it is especially hard for most people with a head injury (Mondon, 1998).

Probably one of the best things you can do to help your memory is to use a daily planner. For example, you go to your doctor's office and you are asked to return for another appointment. Many people have a calendar stuck on their refrigerator or on a wall at home. By the time you get back home, you've forgotten the date or lost the appointment card. Next time, bring a planner to the doctor's office and write your appointment in it just after the doctor tells you the date. Get a medium size planner or something called an organizer. Don't get something that's too small - you're going to be doing a lot of writing. Write complete notes. Some people make notes so short that they later can't figure out what the note means (Mondon, 1998).

In addition to a planner, make a "to do" list. For example, you may have a number of chores to do around the house but none of them in any particular order. What you can do is get a small pad of paper and write down the things that they have to do. Once you have this list, decide which task to do first, second, third, and so on. This will work if your list doesn't get too long. If the list gets too long, you're going to run into problems (Mondon, 1998). When you get organized and use the Planner/To Do List, you'll feel better about yourself because you will be getting things accomplished.

Bibliography

Anderson. (1995). In Pettijohn, T. (1998). Psychology: A Connectext. (4th Ed.). USA:

Dushkin / McGraw-Hill.

Bjork & Bjork. (1992). In Pettijohn, T. (1998). Psychology: A Connectext. (4th Ed.). USA:

Dushkin / McGraw-Hill.

Brown, J. (Ed.). (1976). Recall & Recognition. London: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Long, C. (1996). Neuropsychology & Behavioral Neuroscience. Retrieved December 8, 2003, at http://www.neuropsych.memphis.edu

Mondon, L. (1998). Forgetting. (Internet). Retrieved December 7, 2003 at http://www.garysturt.free-online.co.uk.htm

Parkin. (1993). In Pettijohn, T. (1998). Psychology: A Connectext. (4th Ed.). USA:

Dushkin / McGraw-Hill.

Pettijohn, T. (1998). Psychology: A Connectext. (4th Ed.). USA: Dushkin / McGraw-Hill.

Schmidt, S. (2000, October 24). Theories of Forgetting. Retrieved December 7, 2003, at http://www.mtsu.edu

Tevid, T. (2001, Spring). "Why People Forget?"… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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