Treatment of Obesity Literature Review

Pages: 6 (2126 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 6  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Health - Nutrition

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An increasingly moderate protein intake with exercise can generate similar health benefits to a high protein diet with exercise (Arciero, 2008, p.762). However, the effectiveness of the moderate protein intake with exercise requires high-intensity exercise training in order to result in improved body composition and insulin sensitivity. As compared to moderate protein intake with no exercise, a modest protein intake with exercise contributes to major decreases in hip and waist circumference that result in reduced abdominal obesity and lesser risk of insulin resistance and other metabolic syndrome (Meckling and Sherfey, 2007, p.751).

High Protein Diet with Exercise

Arciero (2008) states that previous research findings have reported that high-protein diets with exercise mitigate the decrease in lean body mass that is usually linked to dietary weight loss (p.763). A high protein diet and high-intensity exercise regimen contributes to greater decrease in abdominal and total body fat and other disease risk factors as compared to moderate protein and moderate-intensity exercise program. The high-intensity exercise program either provides extra energy deficit resulting in weight loss or prevent increase in resting metabolic rate that is always associated with hypocaloric diets (Meckling and Sherfey, 2007, p.750). Wycherley et al. (2012), argues that high protein diet with exercise contributes to indicators of strength and aerobic capacity in obese and overweight men (p.322).

Possible Benefits of Consuming High Protein Diet

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These research articles demonstrate some possible benefits of consuming high protein data including greater reductions in total and abdominal body fat as well as some disease risk factors. The other benefits include improvements in body composition and insulin sensitivity, reduced lean body mass, and metabolic changes that generate clinical benefits.

Possible Adverse Effects of High Protein Diet

Literature Review on Treatment of Obesity Assignment

One of the probable adverse effects of high protein diet is significant lean mass loss and compromised resting metabolic rate, which may enhance risk factors for other medical problems. Secondly, individuals may find it difficult to sustain energy reduction and dietary fiber intakes, which may hinder weight loss and other clinical benefits associated with high protein intake.

Conclusion

Overweight and obesity has developed to become major health issue attributed to various factors such as the imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. While various treatment programs have been developed to address these risk factors, lifestyle programs are considered as the most effective because of the role of physiological and behavioral factors in contributing to obesity. Studies have demonstrated that exercise and diet are the main components of these programs since they contribute to significant weight loss, improved body composition, and preserved lean mass. While different protein intakes contribute to different results when combined with different exercise programs, a high-protein diet combined with moderate-intensity exercise training program is regarded as the ideal treatment approach.

References

Arciero et. al. (2008). Moderate Protein Intake Improves Total and Regional Body Composition

and Insulin Sensitivity in Overweight Adults. Metabolism Clinical and Experimental, 57, 757-765.

Layman et. al. (2005, May 7). Dietary Protein and Exercise Have Additive Effects on Body

Composition during Weight Loss in Adult Women. The Journal of Nutrition, 1903-1910.

Meckling, K.A. & Sherfey, R. (2007, June 22). A Randomized Trial of a Hypocaloric High-protein Diet with and without Exercise, on Weight Loss, Fitness, and Markers of the Metabolic Syndrome in Overweight and Obese Women. Applied Physiological Nursing Metabolism, 32, 743-752.

Morenga, L.T., Williams, S., Brown, R. & Mann, J. (2010). Effect of a Relatively High-protein,

High-fiber Diet on Body Composition and Metabolic Risk Factors in Overweight Women. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 64, 1323-1331.

Wilborn et. al. (2005, September 28). Obesity: Prevalence, Theories, Medical Consequences,

Management, and Research Directions. Journal of the International Society… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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