Type 2 Diabetes Research Paper

Pages: 3 (990 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 2  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Biology

Diabetes mellitus is a disease that results from body's cells inability to absorb glucose once it has entered the body (American Diabetes Association, 2013). There are multiple types of diabetes: Diabetes Type 1, Diabetes Type 2, and Gestational Diabetes. Although the overarching idea behind each of these types of diabetes is the build-up of glucose in the blood, the way that each type affects the body is different from one another. Type 1 diabetes was once known as juvenile diabetes because it was thought to be an autoimmune disorder that occurred in only children (American Diabetes Association, 2013). However, type 1 diabetes could also develop in adults. This type is characterized as insulin-dependent because it requires that the individual inject multiple dosages of insulin in order for glucose to be absorbed by the cells. With type 1, the beta cells in the pancreas have become dysfunctional and therefore do not produce the insulin that an individual needs to absorb the glucose once it enters the body; this is a life-long condition (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 2011). Type 2 diabetes is known as non-insulin dependent because the beta cells are still producing the insulin necessary for an individual, but the problem lies in the cells ability to respond to the insulin; it does not know how to absorb it (American Diabetes Association, 2013). This type of diabetes is heavily correlated to diet and can therefore be reversed with proper nutrition and exercise. Gestational diabetes develops during a woman's pregnancy. As the influx of hormones flow through women during pregnancy, insulin receptors could start to malfunction (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 2011). A shift in nutrition and diet can also have the same result. However, with proper diet and once a woman gives birth, gestational diabetes goes away on its own (American Diabetes Association, 2013).

Research Paper on Type 2 Diabetes Assignment

Type 2 diabetes stems from the cell's inability to intake the insulin that is secreted from the beta cells in the pancreas (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 2011). With every meal that an individual has, they are consuming sufficient amounts of carbohydrates and sugars that eventually get converted into glucose and travel through the blood system. These glucose molecules are used by the body's cells to complete the glycolysis step in cellular respiration and metabolism; it provides the body with quick energy (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 2011). However, it is because of the insulin receptors that glucose is able to enter the cell and make all that possible. In type 2 diabetes these insulin receptors are damaged and therefore the glucose that is in your blood system cannot get into the cell (Martini, Nath, & Bartholomew, 2011). This is caused by improper diet and lack of exercise. These receptors stop working and the build-up of glucose starts to cause damage to the body.

As the body gets overwhelmed with glucose, signs and symptoms start to appear. These consist of an increase in thirst levels and urination caused by the increase in osmolarity in the… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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Type 2 Diabetes.  (2013, March 21).  Retrieved October 31, 2020, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/type-2-diabetes/8629838

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"Type 2 Diabetes."  21 March 2013.  Web.  31 October 2020. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/type-2-diabetes/8629838>.

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"Type 2 Diabetes."  Essaytown.com.  March 21, 2013.  Accessed October 31, 2020.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/type-2-diabetes/8629838.