Research Paper: U.S. Intelligence

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[. . .] After all, espionage is not just about collecting secrets but also keeping them" (Galbraith, 2013).


Satellites are yet another entity that the U.S. has utilized for the past few decades as a means of gathering intelligence about nations and leaders overseas. Satellites, however, are becoming increasing controversial. "The nation's spies and its military commanders are at odds over the future of America's spy satellites, a divide that could determine whether the United States government will increasingly rely on its own eyes in the sky or on less costly commercial technology" (Risen, 2012). Experts defend the use of satellites as a practice which goes back to ancient times of surveying battlefields for information as something that military leaders have always done (such as looking down at a battlefield from the top of a mountain; this was definitely something America did in the civil war and has done in some manner with every subsequent war ( regardless, nations all over the world still continue to criticize the use of American satellites. For example, North Korea's Minju Joson newspaper recently waged verbal attacks on the new spy satellite debuted by the American National Reconnaissance Office, according to a report on the state-run Korea Central News Agency ( This criticism is no doubt being waged against America as the use of such satellites will help it better spy on North Korea.

Double Agents

Double agents have long been immortalized by Hollywood and represent a form of counterintelligence where a spy for one nation joins an organization of another nation, solely to gain their trust and to spy on them in an internal fashion. The United States has indeed engaged in such actions, however, in the news right now is the concern that "An ongoing government shutdown heightens the risk that American intelligence officers could be flipped as double agents, Director of National Intelligence James Clapper said Wednesday" (Nicks, 2013). This is extremely problematic as double agents have long demonstrated their skills and abilities in disrupting strategic violence and harm and it would be unfortunate if they were ultimately used against the forces that trained them (Munoz, 2013). Last year, a suicide bomber engaged in the Yemen branch of Al Qaeda was going to blow up an airplane bound for America, was actually a double agent: This agent left Yemen last month via the United Arab Emirates, and gave the bomb along with insider information on the group's leaders, locations, methods and plans to the CIA (Shane & Schmitt, 2012). This is an example of how a classic intelligence tactic has still proven to be relevant and reliable today and completely instrumental in gathering information about our enemies and in keeping civilians safe.

References (2013, October). U.S. 'drone strike' kills senior Shabab members. Retrieved from

BBC. (2013, October). Pakistan says drones killed 67 civilians since 2008. Retrieved from (n.d.). Military Intelligence Satellites. Retrieved from

Galbraith, P. (2013, October). NSA spying on Europe gives the U.S. more intelligence, but not better. Retrieved from

Mardell, M. (2013, October). U.S. intelligence chief Clapper defends spying policy. Retrieved from

Munoz, C. (2013, October). Intelligence director warns shutdown could help enemies recruit U.S. spies. Retrieved from

Nicks, D. (2013, October 12). Official Warns Shutdown Could Make Spies Double Agents. Retrieved from (2013). Minju Joson criticizes U.S. spy satellite launch. Retrieved from

Risen, J. (2012, April 19). A Military and Intelligence Clash Over Spy Satellites. Retrieved from

Shane, S. & . (2012, May 8). Double Agent Disrupted Bombing Plot, U.S. Says. Retrieved from

Simmons, K., & Neubert, M. (2013, October). Everyone spies: Intelligence insiders shrug amid outrage over U.S. snooping allegations. Retrieved from

Taylor, G. & . (2013, October). Drone strikes plummet as U.S. seeks more human intelligence. Retrieved from [END OF PREVIEW]

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APA Format

U.S. Intelligence.  (2013, October 30).  Retrieved August 26, 2019, from

MLA Format

"U.S. Intelligence."  30 October 2013.  Web.  26 August 2019. <>.

Chicago Format

"U.S. Intelligence."  October 30, 2013.  Accessed August 26, 2019.