Term Paper: Vatican Council II -1965)

Pages: 8 (2540 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Mythology - Religion  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] "

Moreover, during the final days of the council, a major event took place, that of Pope Paul and Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras "joint expression of regret for many of the past actions that had lead up to the Great Schism between the western and eastern churches."

The official sixteen documents of the Second Vatican Council are:

1) "Constitution on Sacred Liturgy (Sacrosanctum Concilium) (Palm DOC)

2) Decree on Means of Social Communication (Inter Mirifica) (Palm DOC)

3) Dogmatic Constitution on the Church (Lumen Gentium) (Palm DOC)

4) Decree on the Churches of the Eastern Rite (Orientalium Ecclesiarum) (Palm

DOC) 11/21/1964

5) Decree on Ecumenism (Unitatis Redintegratio) 11/21/1965

6) Decree on the Pastoral Office of Bishops (Christus Dominus) 10/28/1965

7) Decree on Renewal of Religious Life (Perfectae Caritatis) 10/28/1965

8) Decree on Priestly Training (Optatum Totius) 10/28/1965

9) Declaration on Christian Education (Gravissum Educationis) 10/28/1965

10) Declaration on the Relation to Non-Christian Religions (Nostra Aetate)

11) Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation (Dei Verbum) 11/18/1965

12) Decree on Apostolate of Laity (Apostolicam Actuositatem) 11/18/1965

13) Declaration on Religious Freedom (Dignitatis Humanae) 12/7/1965

14) Decree on Mission Activity of the Church (Ad Gentes Divinus), 12/7/1965

15) Decree on Ministry of Priests (Presbyterorum Ordinis) 12/7/1965

Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World (Gaudium et Spes)

The Second Vatican Council, Vatican II, has been regarded as the most significant event in Catholicism in the Twentieth Century. Pope John XXIII is regarded as the best pope the Church has ever had. "One of the best known images is of Pope John, when asked why the Council was needed, opened a window and reportedly said 'I want to throw open the windows of the Church so that we can see out and the people can see in.'"

He said the "idea of a council came to him like a 'flash of heavenly light'...and 'it is important that I start the process,'" as if he knew he would not see its completion.

Many feel the spirit of the council was dampened when he died and was replaced with Pope Paul, whom most considered more dour and cautious. Moreover, Pope Paul took the question of birth control away from the council, who were prepared to relax the rules, thereby, perpetuating one of the major controversies in modern Catholicism.

Furthermore, many feel none of Pope John's successors have lived up to his visionary standard. However, the reality is that the church is still divided. One side accepts the council documents minimally, the others see them as simply the first steps of Pope John's vision.

Although, many feel Vatican II fell short of its mission, it is nonetheless responsible for many radical changes within the Catholic Church. If not for the Second Vatican Council, worship would still be in Latin, rather than national languages. "Catholics would not be talking with Jews and Protestants, and the laity would not hold church leadership," moreover, black people would still be receiving communion behind white people.

Furthermore, many credit the Second Vatican Council's stance on human rights for Pope Paul II's visit to Poland in 1989. However, theologian Richard McBrien, who believes in ending the all-male, celibate priesthood, says "John Paul II betrayed the spirit of Vatican II."

Thomas Reese, who had entered the novitiate of the Society of Jesus when the Second Vatican Council began, believes that No event since the Reformation has had such profound impact on the life of the church as has Vatican II. It changed the way we celebrate the Eucharist, the way we relate to Protestants and Jews, the way we think about church, and the way we see the vocation of Christians in the world. It is impossible to imagine what the church and the world would be like today if John XXIII had not called a council."

There is little doubt that Vatican II has changed the lives of every Catholic and has extended beyond the church itself. Although, many feel it lost much of its spirit with the death of Pope John, the reforms of council have brought the Catholic Church into the lives of its people. The issues of Vatican II will continue to be debated and will undoubtedly continue to divide the church for decades to come.

Bibliography

Maceion, Gary. "History of Vatican II. National Catholic Reporter. October 09, 1998. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1141/n43_v34/21278562/p1/article.jhtml?term=vatican+council+II

McConnell, Frank. "Documenting a Revolution: Vatican Council of 1962-1965."

September 11, 1998. Commonweal. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1252/n15_v125/21148207/p1/article.jhtml?term=vatican+council+II

Reese, Thomas. "Of Many Things." America. September 19, 1998. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1321/n7_v179/21152488/p1/article.jhtml?term=vatican+council+II

Second Vatican Council." Wikipedia. http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Vatican_Council

Vatican Council." The World Book Encyclopedia. Volume 20. World Book, Inc. 1985.

Vatican II Documents. http://www.cin.org/vatiidoc.html

Witham, Larry. "Film takes a catholic look at Vatican II." The Washington Times.

Introduction

II. Background of Council

III. Sessions

First Period

Second Period

Third Period

Fourth Period

IV. Issues

Church

Liturgy

Scripture

Bishops

V. Documents

VI. Conclusions

Witham, Larry. "Film takes a catholic look at Vatican II." The Washington Times.

September 16, 1998; pp C16.

Vatican Council." The World Book Encyclopedia. Volume 20. World Book, Inc. 1985;

Maceion, Gary. "History of Vatican II. National Catholic Reporter. October 09, 1998. Cited 28 February 2003. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1141/n43_v34/21278562/p1/article.jhtml?term=vatican+council+II

McConnell, Frank. "Documenting a Revolution: Vatican Council of 1962-1965."

September 11, 1998. Commonweal. Cited 28 February 2003. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1252/n15_v125/21148207/p1/article.jhtml?term=vatican+council+II

Second Vatican Council." Wikipedia. Cited 28 February 2003. http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Vatican_Council

Vatican II Documents. http://www.cin.org/vatiidoc.html. Cited 28 February 2003.

Second Vatican Council." Wikipedia. Cited 28 February 2003. http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Vatican_Council

Witham, Larry. "Film takes a catholic look at Vatican II." The Washington Times.

September 16, 1998; pp C16.

McConnell, Frank. "Documenting a Revolution: Vatican Council of 1962-1965."

September 11, 1998. Commonweal. Cited 28 February 2003. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1252/n15_v125/21148207/p1/article.jhtml?term=vatican+council+II

Maceion, Gary. "History of Vatican II. National Catholic Reporter. October 09, 1998. Cited 28 February 2003. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1141/n43_v34/21278562/p1/article.jhtml?term=vatican+council+II

Witham, Larry. "Film takes a catholic look at Vatican II." The Washington Times.

September 16, 1998; pp C16.

Reese, Thomas. "Of Many Things." America. September 19, 1998. Cited 28 February 2003. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1321/n7_v179/21152488/p1/article.jhtml?term=vatican+council+II [END OF PREVIEW]

Second Vatican Council Research Paper


Catholic Religion Second Vatican Council Roles for Women Research Paper


Vatican Council Essay


Vatican Declaration the Vatican's Declaration on Procured Term Paper


Vatican II and the Jewish People Term Paper


View 1,000+ other related papers  >>

Cite This Term Paper:

APA Format

Vatican Council II -1965).  (2003, March 1).  Retrieved October 16, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/vatican-council-ii-1962-1965-seven/9885907

MLA Format

"Vatican Council II -1965)."  1 March 2003.  Web.  16 October 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/vatican-council-ii-1962-1965-seven/9885907>.

Chicago Format

"Vatican Council II -1965)."  Essaytown.com.  March 1, 2003.  Accessed October 16, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/vatican-council-ii-1962-1965-seven/9885907.