Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication Research Paper

Pages: 6 (2173 words)  ·  Style: MLA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Communication

A Japanese person points a finger to his face in referring to himself while a Chinese, to his nose, and a North American to his chest. A person of a given culture looks at the eyes or face of the person spoken to. Another person only gazes while another does not even gaze at all. One hugs a friend or family member when greeting according to his culture. But others of a different culture avoid touching when speaking (Ciubatoru).

Keeping a distance from the person spoken with differs among cultures too (Ciubatoru 2012). Increasing the space from the other person can be construed as coldness, condescension or interest. That person who wants distance is likely to interpret the effort of the other person to get closer as pushiness, disrespect or aggression. This is proxemics (Ciubatoru).

The speaker's vocal cues used when speaking all constitute paralanguage (Ciubatoru 2012). These cues include pitch, speed, volume, pauses and silences. They contribute to or heighten the emotional and intellectual message. The Chinese give more importance to silence than to speech. They believe in the power of silence to produce inner peace and wisdom. But North Americans see a lack of communication in silence. They see it as a sign of uncertainty in the silent person (Ciubatoru).

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Chronemics refers to the time valuation among cultures in the way they do things. Western cultures quantify time and measure it in the pursuit of progress (Ciubatoru 2012). They deal with it logically, sequentially and moving away from the past and the present towards the future. In Eastern cultures, time is something continuous and unlimited. India sees time as going in circles of becoming and vanishing. It goes beyond human lifetime (Ciubatoru).

Research Paper on Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication Among Assignment

. Non-verbal communication occupies a key position in high-context cultures (Ciubatoru 2012). It performs many functions complementary to verbal communication. It repeats, emphasizes, complements and contradicts what is verbal. At the same time, it regulates interactions, such as signaling when someone should speak or stop speaking. Lastly, non-verbal communication can even take the place of a verbal message when the speakers do not share a common language. Each of the foregoing possesses characteristics, which influence intercultural communication. They either enhance the communication or create conflict and misinterpretation, which often lead to poor communication (Ciubatoru).

Cultural Difference in Non-Verbal Communication

Nonverbal communication can be as loud and clear or louder and clearer than verbal communication (JanetB 2012). Simply watching or observing a speaker can tell if he or she is bored, telling a lie, romantically attuned or showing any other emotion or inclination. The American culture gives less importance to the nonverbal aspects of communication than do other cultures, especially Asian culture. One more aspect that has not been briefly discussed is posture. Interpretations of posture during communication differ widely. Turks take offense when one's hands are in his pockets or when crossing one's legs. Thais consider showing the soles of the feet disgraceful. South Americans tend to stand close to the person speaking. On the other hand, a North American will instinctively seek much space from the other speaker (JanetB). #


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Cox, Charlotte Anne. Cultural Influences on Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication,

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Ciubotaru, Maria. Non-Verbal Intercultural Communication. eHow: Demand Media,

Inc., 2012. Retrieved on July 16, 2012 from

Fernandez, Itziar. et al. . Differences between Cultures in Emotional Verbal and Non- Verbal Reactions. Vol 12 Supt Psicotherma: University of Baroque Country,

2000. Retrieved on July 16, 2012 from

JanetB (2012). Cultural Differences in Nonverbal Communication. eHow: Demand

Media, Inc., 2012. Retrieved on July 16, 2012 from

Sarfin, Rachel Levy. Cultural Differences in Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication.

eHow: Demand Media, Inc., 2012. Retrieved on July 16, 2012 from [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication" Research Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication.  (2012, July 17).  Retrieved September 20, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication."  17 July 2012.  Web.  20 September 2020. <>.

Chicago Style

"Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication."  July 17, 2012.  Accessed September 20, 2020.