Vietnamese Domination by Other Countries Term Paper

Pages: 8 (2501 words)  ·  Style: Chicago  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: History - Asian

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
56). The Catholics had benefited from the French takeover in Vietnam, because they were largely white or elite Vietnamese, the group who benefited the most from French intervention. It is not surprising that the peasants supported the Viet Minh, because they received little benefit from the French, and were generally outcasts in the elite French society.

Yet another group that supported French rule were the working class elite that managed to thrive in the colonial environment. Another author states, "National' capitalist development was restricted to money lending and the landlord class. This class tended to take out French citizenship and send their children to French schools. They were loyal supporters of colonial rule" (Hensmen 1986). All of this proves that there was at least some support of the French after World War II ended.

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The arguments for and against Vietnamese independence in 1945 were many and varied. One of the reasons the country did not become independent was the division of the country into north and south. There were different leaders in the two areas, and they were split on what they wanted to accomplish. In the north, Ho Chi Minh took Hanoi and declared he was the leader of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV), but the south was still in turmoil. Peasants were revolting, there were political power struggles, and when British troops arrived, they ousted the people attempting to create the Vietnamese government in the south. All of these foundations led to dissent about Vietnamese independence.

Term Paper on Vietnamese Domination by Other Countries. Assignment

When World War II ended, so did European colonialism for all intents and purposes. However, France failed to understand this, and continued to lobby for control of Vietnam. Their finances were ruined after the war, and they felt they could build them up again with the help of Vietnamese rubber and rice. Clearly, a majority of the Vietnamese people, the peasant population, disenfranchised by the French, supported independence. Many of them supported the Viet Minh, who in 1945 still insisted they were a "nationalist" movement rather than a Communist movement. In fact, Ho, when declaring the Democratic Republic, cited direct quotes from the American Constitution in his speech for independence (Hensmen 1986). However, the Viet Minh and their taking of control, setting up a government, and declaring their independence showed they were capable of leading the country, and hopefully in a new direction.

Another strong argument was the end of colonialism around the world. Britain was pulling out of India, America was giving the Philippines independence, and there was a general public view that colonialism was dead. France was the last holdout, and much of it had to do with money and funding. Vietnam was a rich source of revenue, such as rubber. Michelin, a French company, had huge holdings there, and they wanted that revenue stream to continue. At the first, the French government was probably the only strong advocate against Vietnamese independence, but that began to change.

In Vietnam, their arguments were strong. The country had been under someone else's control for literally thousands of years, and the people were tired of being exploited and dominated. They wanted to take matters into their own hands, and control their own destinies. While some people might think the Vietnamese were not capable of governing themselves, they had managed before France came into the country, and they were determined to do it again. Around the world, most people agreed, and when they met to determine how the world would be governed after the war, they actually gave very little thought to Vietnam and Indochina, assuming that France would not take control again after the war. In short, most people felt Vietnam would become independent after the war, so it was more of an afterthought than anything else. There were more pressing problems in the world in 1945, and Vietnam was extremely low on the list.

As it became clear that Ho's Viet Minh was actually a Communist organization, there were more arguments against Vietnamese independence. American President Harry Truman opposed the new government in Hanoi, in fact; no country recognized it. (By 1949, China and Russia had recognized the Republic, which led to even more widespread disapproval). As the Indo-China War dragged on, even the people of France began to argue against the war, especially the high cost in terms of lives lost and francs funding the war. Another problem was the division of the country, and the infighting between political groups in power. The groups could not agree or get together in a unified fashion, which would have helped their bid for independence, and so, France capitalized on that weakness and took over the country.

When the British and Chinese entered the country to "control" it and hand it over to the French, there was wide scale looting, rape, and violence in the north, which added to the confusion. In addition, it seems the Treaty at Potsdam, which determined these troops would enter the country, had no intention of supporting Vietnamese independence, or they would not have issued these decrees. Immediately, the British troops freed French soldiers that were jailed by the Japanese, and turned the country over to them, rather than recognizing the new independent government, so there was veiled support for French colonialism even before the war ended.

In conclusion, the history of Vietnam has been one of aggression, domination, and colonialism for thousands of years. The Chinese dominated the country for over 1000 years, and help build a strong foundation of rebellion and distrust of foreign control. The French controlled the country for over 100 years, and created an environment of colonial exploitation and power, ultimately leading to the failed Indo-Chinese War, when French rule finally came to an end. Then the Vietnam War began, and another infamous age in Vietnam's history unfolded. Today, Vietnam is a Communist country, which could be just another form of aggression, domination, and control.

References

Hensmen, J. 1986. Vietnam 1945:… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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