Virtual PCR and DNA Sequencing Experiment Lab Report

Pages: 2 (758 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: Genetics

PCR-DNA Experiment

Abstract- Science and Biology have not been the same since the discovery and subsequent research on the mechanisms of DNA, the gene, and the way that chemicals combine to form traits. Numerous projects have stemmed from the original work, among which the Human Genome Project is possibly the most famous. For our purposes, using a virtual laboratory simulation, DNA samples were extracted and amplified for analysis. Computer analysis found the samples to be pure enough to allow for a strong statistical probability that they were Bartonella henselae, a common animal vector bacterial transfer.Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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Lab Report on Virtual PCR and DNA Sequencing Experiment Assignment

Introduction- DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is a fascinating modern subject that has implications far beyond science and technology. Since 1953, when the double helix was discovered by James Watson and Francis Crick, science has never been the same. In fact, Crick is known to have remarked shortly after they confirmed their findings, "We have found the secret of life!" (Nobel). DNA is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms and some viruses. The main role of DNA molecules is the long-term storage of information. DNA is often compared to a set of blueprints or a recipe, or a code, since it contains the instructions needed to construct other components of cells, such as proteins and RNA molecules. The DNA segments that carry this genetic information are called genes, but other DNA sequences have structural purposes, or are involved in regulating the use of this genetic information. Chemically, DNA consists of two long polymers of simple units called nucleotides, with backbones made of sugars and phosphate groups joined by ester bonds. These two strands run in opposite directions to each other and are therefore anti-parallel. Attached to each sugar is one of four types of molecules called bases. It is the sequence of these four bases along the backbone that encodes information. This information is read using the genetic code, which specifies the sequence of the amino acids within proteins. The code is read by copying stretches of DNA into the related nucleic acid RNA, in a process called transcription (Walker and Jones).

Materials and Methods - In this simulation, all laboratory materials were virtual, but the technique and methods were appropriate techniques… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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