In Vitro Fertilization Term Paper

Pages: 10 (3067 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Biology

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] In vitro takes away that which is human and replaces it with greed, abuse of power and the potential for devastation.

In Vitro and the Destruction of Human Life

In vitro fertilization can also be utilized to help people pre-select their child's gender

. This means that life can be destroyed before it has even begun. This is a perfect example of how IVF and the potential for the creation of life can be abused to suit man's personal needs, whimsies and preferences. One can merely decide whether a person has the right to life or not based on purely subjective, emotional and other insignificant factors. In a Petri dish, one's destiny might be determined, and a life may be 'snuffed' out merely on the basis of gender. Such practice is not only morally but also ethically and spiritually unforgivable.

The Vatican actually has "predicted the potential for such experimentation and abuse of human embryos, and condemned in vitro" suggesting that it allows human beings "to set themselves us as givers of life and death.

" Specifically the Vatican claims that the process "divorces reproduction from the sexual union of married men and women" and also results in spare embryos, which opens the door for objectionable practices including destruction or cloning

In vitro is a technical action resulting in fertilization; it is not according to Pope John Paul II a fact achieved or willed "as the expression and fruit of a specific act of the conjugal union" and the generation of the human resulting is deprived of proper spiritual perfection which would result from the fruit of a conjugal act in which a spouse becomes "Cooperators with God for giving life to a new person"

. Conjugal love is a condition of marriage and a right of God as established by the Church, thus is the "only setting worthy of human creation

In vitro is indignant because it deprives the human creation that results from a technical process of the dignity associated with proper conjugal relations and creation

. Generally the Church has established that life and procreation should occur in a proper setting, and has defined that setting as resulting from the union of marriage and under the premise of family. The techniques required to acquire sperm constitute a setting that is morally illicit and ethically negative.

The conjugal act by nature should be ones that is personal and simultaneous, involving "the immediate cooperation on the part of husband and wife, which by the very nature of the agents and the proper nature of the act is the expression of the metal gift, which according to the Scripture brings about the union of one flesh.

" This is not the case with IVF. Further, those embryos that aren't needed are often disposed us, resulting in unnecessary and unjustified loss of life rather than creation of life.

Supporters of the process may claim that life need not be unnecessarily wasted. Instead the suggestion has been made that unused embryos be implanted in other people wanting children, or that the embryos be used for biotechnological processes. Again however, as argued previously this supposes that man should have the power to create, a power that was bestowed and meant to be a gift not a technical process.

Embryos that are donated to science have no choice in their destiny. They may be sorted, weeded or destroyed based on the whims of a particular researcher, potential parent or even mishap. There are even hundreds of embryos that simply expire because they are never utilized to begin with . These lives never have the opportunity to experience the gifts that God intended for them. Their destiny lies not in their own hands, and they have no power to rule over the kingdom that has been afforded the rest of man.

Conclusions

By nature the process of in vitro fertilization is one that is technical rather than spiritual; one that is inhuman vs. human and humane. It takes away all element of the spiritual, and prevents the creation of man as was originally intended, as a miraculous and spiritual process. Instead it allows man to create life and potentially abuse using rather random methods and justifications.

In vitro fertilization is morally objectionable because it deprives man of the right to life by the power of divine law. From a spiritual perspective IVF allows man to create or destroy human life based on personal whims, preferences and perceived needs ... which may or may not be valid.

The church does not support the process of in vitro fertilization, and instead argues that the gift of life is one that should be bestowed upon man as a result of a conjugal union only. Be taking the process into his own hands, man has opened the door for abuse and needless destruction of human life.

Man is not absolute in his power or judgment, yet IVF supposes that man is infinite in his knowledge and wisdom. Thus when one embryo is selected over another for life as is typically the case with bio-engineering, a life that might have been may be destroyed without morally dignified reason. In addition, the process of in vitro opens the door to excessive temptation and the potential for abuse, as evidenced by the current practices of gender selection and cloning.

Human life also has the potential to be needlessly destroyed as a result of in vitro. In vitro fertilization at its very core is morally, ethically and spiritually objectionable, and goes against everything that by natural law should be considered just and human. It takes humanity and turns it into a scientific experiment. One cannot justify the conversion of a natural and spiritual process into a technical and scientific one without harsh repercussions or severe consequences.

Outline:

In Vitro Fertilization

I. Introduction

a. In vitro Defined

b. Thesis: Moral Objection to In Vitro

i. In Vitro allows man to overstep boundaries

ii. Opens the door to temptation iii. Results in needless destruction of human life

II. Man and Authority

a. Life is a gift from god

i. Spiritual obligations of man

b. Divine law and man

i. Arguments for in vitro based on man as ruler of his kingdom

ii. Morally objectionable practices

III. In Vitro and Temptation

a. Process of in vitro and man's temptation

i. Morally objectionable practices to acquire sperm

b. Biotechnology

c. Improper use of embryos

IV. In Vitro and Destruction of Human Life

a. Death of embryos resulting from procedure

V. Conclusions

a. In vitro fertilization by nature is morally wrong and objectionable

Bibliography:

Andrews, Lori B. (1999). The Clone Age: Adventures in the New World of Reproductive Technology,

Henry Holt; from Schaeffer, P. (1999). "In Vitro Fertilization Widely Used." NCR Online.

"Instruction on respect for human life." Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. Available:

http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/documents/rc_con_cfaith_doc_19870222_respect-for-human-life_en.html

Kass, Leon. (1998). The Ethics of Human Cloning. American Enterprise Institute; from Schaeffer

(1999).

Kevin O'Rourke, O.P. And Philip Boyle, (1999). Medical Ethics: Sources of Catholic Teaching.

Georgetown: Georgetown University Press.

Pope Pius XII, Discourse to the Italian Catholic Union of Midwives, 29 October 1951: AAS 43 (1951) 850.

Available from: http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/documents/rc_con_cfaith_doc_19870222_respect-for-human-life_en.html

POPE JOHN PAUL II, Apostolic Exhortation Familiaris Consortio. 14: AAS 74 (1982) 96. Available

from: http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/documents/rc_con_cfaith_doc_19870222_respect-for-human-life_en.html

Silver, Lee M. (1998). Remaking Eden: How Genetic Engineering and Cloning Will Transform the American Family. Avon. Retrieved from Schaeffer, 1999.

Schaeffer, P. (1999). "In Vitro Fertilization Widely Used." NCR Online. 10, November,

2004: http://www.natcath.com/NCR_Online/archives/101599/101599i.htm

Schaeffer, P. (1999). "In Vitro Fertilization Widely Used." NCR Online. 10, November, 2004: http://www.natcath.com/NCR_Online/archives/101599/101599i.htm

Op. cit. ibid.

"Instruction on respect for human life." Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/documents/rc_con_cfaith_doc_19870222_respect-for-human-life_en.html

Op. cit. ibid.

Ibid.

"Instruction on respect for human life." Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith

Ibid.

Schaeffer, P. (1999). "In Vitro Fertilization Widely Used." NCR Online. 10, November, 2004: http://www.natcath.com/NCR_Online/archives/101599/101599i.htm

Remaking Eden: How Genetic Engineering and Cloning Will Transform the American Family, Lee M. Silver (Avon, 1998)

"Instruction on respect for human life." Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith

Schaeffer, P. (1999). "In Vitro Fertilization Widely Used." NCR Online. 10, November, 2004: http://www.natcath.com/NCR_Online/archives/101599/101599i.htm

Ibid.

The Clone Age: Adventures in the New World of Reproductive Technology, Lori. B. Andrews (Henry Holt, 1999)

The Ethics of Human Cloning, Leon Kass (American Enterprise Institute, 1998)

Schaeffer, P. (1999). "In Vitro Fertilization Widely Used." NCR Online. 10, November, 2004: http://www.natcath.com/NCR_Online/archives/101599/101599i.htm

Schaeffer, P. (1999). "In Vitro Fertilization Widely Used." NCR Online. 10, November, 2004: http://www.natcath.com/NCR_Online/archives/101599/101599i.htm; Medical Ethics: Sources of Catholic Teaching, Kevin O'Rourke, O.P. And Philip Boyle, editors (Georgetown University Press, 1999)

POPE JOHN PAUL II, Apostolic Exhortation Familiaris Consortio. 14: AAS 74 (1982) 96; "Instruction on respect for human life." Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith

"Instruction on respect for human life." Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith

"Instruction on respect for human life." Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

Pope Pius… [END OF PREVIEW]

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