Term Paper: Vygotsky Theory

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Lev Vygotsky

One of the major themes of Lev Vygotsky's theoretical framework is that children are at different levels academically. Children are not mentally the same age, and the subsequent course of their learning should therefore be different. This difference is called the zone of proximal development, or the distance between the actual developmental level and the level of potential development under adult guidance or in collaboration with more capable peers (1978, pp79-91).

Based on this theory is the concept of scaffolding, or a change in the social support over the course of a teaching session that alters the child's mastery level of performance on a particular task. (Hartman, 2002). This scaffolding needs to be incorporated right into the class management system devised by the teacher at the beginning of school along with the students input.

One essential element of helping students learn is determining what level each student is at and altering the curriculum accordingly. The objective of the teacher when incorporating scaffolding into the coursework is to assess each students' educational… [END OF PREVIEW]

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