War Crimes Rewards and the Expansion Act Essay

Pages: 3 (1348 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  Level: College Sophomore  ·  Topic: War

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] However, Birkenfeld is no typical whistleblower as he himself was implicated for his contribution to this scheme and was awarded a jail sentence. In spite of this, he remained entitled to receive a substantial whistleblower bounty as per the IRS’s Whistleblower Program; according to program regulations, only those individuals who are charged with the planning and initiation of an unlawful action are not entitled to be rewarded.

At this point, one must call to mind the following wise saying by Martin Luther King Jr.: “He who passively accepts evil is as much involved in it as he who helps to perpetrate it. He who accepts evil without protesting against it is really cooperating with it” (Pacella 396). The above words confirm the fact that remaining silent indicates support; consequently, a person who attempts to take no action when he witnesses a wrongdoing might be considered just as guilty as a participant who later reveals the offense. Thus, a blameworthy whistleblower ought to be acknowledged as well as rewarded for providing inside information, though cautiously. Not awarding whistleblower bounties to the individual found guilty of the offense will likely prove to be a sensible resolution of the conflict between the incentivizing of partially guilty individuals to whistle-blow on such criminals and eliminating the possibility of them only being motivated by the potential promise of several million dollars.

Annotated Bibliography

deGuzman, Margaret M. ""War Time" In International Criminal Law." Human Rights Quarterly 35.1 (2013): 232-238. Web. 10 Feb. 2018.

This article addresses the origins and essence of the international tribunal and law in the present day. It describes the way the ambiguous nature of its basic idea of gravity allows for this expansion, highlighting a few problematical consequences of this expansionist trend when it comes to individual rights and state sovereignty. Lastly, it recommends a solution which transcends ambiguous gravity and questions interests at issue in the area of international crime adjudication decisions.

Gegout, Catherine. "The International Criminal Court: Limits, Potential And Conditions For The Promotion Of Justice And Peace." Third World Quarterly 34.5 (2013): 800-818. Web. 10 Feb. 2018.

This article looks into challenges encountered by the ICC when prosecuting war crime. ICC attempts at promoting both peace and justice. It has had to bear the brunt of widespread criticism for failing to do both, besides criticism for apparently being selective in its justice dispensation pricedure. But one must not overlook the many acute political and structural challenges it encounters, which include: scant resources, institutional restrictions, and manipulation by states.

"H.R. 3851, War Crimes Rewards Expansion Act." Republican Policy Committee. N.p., 2018. Web. 10 Feb. 2018.

This article sums up the H.R.3851 War Crimes Rewards Expansion Act. The 1956 State Department Basic Authorities Act (SDBAA) authorizes the Secretary of State to confer rewards amounting to up to five million dollars for the communication of information that results in drug traffickers’, organized criminals’ and international terrorists’ apprehension or conviction.

Kissinger, Henry. "The Pitfalls of Universal Jurisdiction." Foreign Affairs. N.p., 2018. Web. 10 Feb. 2018.

This article assesses the challenges faced by judiciaries and their legal capacity when prosecuting war crime. Infringement of human rights, torture, war crimes, and genocide are so rampant in various areas all over the world, in the present era, that attempts at interposing legal norms for their prevention or punishment does some credit to those who endeavour. The threat lies in extreme efforts which risk substitution of judicial tyranny for governmental tyranny. Traditionally, virtuous entities’ dictatorship has typically resulted in witch-hunts and inquisitions.

Pacella, Jennifer M. "Bounties for Bad Behavior: Rewarding Culpable Whistleblowers Under the Dodd-Frank Act and Internal Revenue Code." SSRN Electronic Journal (2014): n. pag. Web. 10 Feb. 2018.

This article deals with the ethical implications linked to the Dodd-Frank Act’s enactment. The writer has reviewed a 2012 case which may be summed up as follows: Bradley Birkenfeld was awarded 104 million dollars as bounty reward by the IRS (Internal Revenue Service) for… [END OF PREVIEW]

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