Research Paper: Weapons of Mass Destruction

Pages: 13 (5067 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 15  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Military  ·  Buy This Paper


[. . .] Chemical weapons comprised liquids as well as gases that suffocate the victims, upset the central nervous system, blister the skin, and poison the blood. Biological weapons include infectious agents such as fungi, viruses and bacteria. Bursting the Biological weapons over a populated area might eventually result in the outbreak of deadly diseases such as plague, anthrax, or smallpox. A study conducted by the U.S. Department of Defense indicates a strong correlation between the country's participation on international relations and terrorist assault on it

The assessment might involve a range of states including states with stakes as well as those without interests. Even though countries would work toward realizing peace and stability of their neighbors, it is important for every nation to come on board during the process of charting the destiny of such countries. The short-term as well as long-term effects of terrorism affects both the innocent as well as culprits of terror. The Hiroshima incident is a typical case of how destructive an act of terrorist can be to states, countries or a continent at large . Preliminary results indicated that only about 66,000 people lost their lives due to the atomic bomb. However, the number shot up to a whopping 144,000 as thousands other residents of the city succumbed to the harsh effects of the weapon. It is high time countries corporate in the fight against terrorism in entirety

Terror attacks have devastating and overwhelming effects socially, political, and economically. From the social viewpoint, it is clear that outcomes of terror attack are dire to the physical and psychological development of affected individuals. Apparently, incidents of terror might impair their vision and hearing ability of the victims. The biological, chemical and nuclear weapons have the ability to inflict pain and further damage to the eyesight and the ear thus making it much difficult for the victim to see or comprehend whatever that happens thereafter . The assessment of attack by the terrorist weapon of mass destruction as conducted by the Non-State Actors Perpetrators is a critical as well as significant move. According to researchers in the field of terrorist, any acts of terror require sobriety among the affected states and countries involved in the rescue operations alike

. Many countries might end up using terrorist attack as a way of lodging a retaliatory attack against a neighboring state. Economic sanctions bestowed upon such countries together with short-term and long-term plans to forestall their economies might trigger a retaliatory attack in attempt to redeem its image from imminent collapse.

Several countries have faced countless challenges touching on their future prospects and corporation with their neighbors. The Threats that affect economic, political and social well-being of such countries might prompt leaders to initiate new strategies to ensure it redeem the respective economies from immense collapse. Collapse of such economies might further complicate lives of ordinary citizens. Acts of terror and violence among opposing camps are also responsible for the growth in the level of animosity between nations, especially those allied to the U.S. As well as the non-allies. The Korean Peninsula is a typical example of how the growing discontent and suspicion among manufacturers of weapons of mass destruction as well as countries that do not manufacture such weapons have further created differences. Such differences have substantial implications economically, socially, and politically. The U.S. together with its allies has discouraged North Korea from making weapons of Mass Destruction. However, the North Korean nation had not been willing to corporate towards shunning its plans to increase the volume of nuclear weapons

Although South Korea, a neighboring country has welcomed U.S. move, this has further split the Korean Peninsula. In essence, it has become clear North Korea and South Korea have gone ahead to declare war against each other in a move that would further create another impasse. Other reports indicate a looming crisis in the Middle East as Iran is alleged to engage in the manufacture of the Weapons of Mass Destruction. This has further split the Middle East along political and territorial lines

. The debate is pitting proponents of the move by Americans to discourage Iran from manufacturing such weapons against Iran supporters and sympathizers. According to many of its sympathizers, plans to manufacture Weapons of Mass Destruction are just a security measure against possible ambush by the neighbors and countries from everywhere. American allies however argue that such efforts as propagated by Iran only serve to create discontent, suspicion and confusion in the Middle East. Some nations may also read mischief and bias in the efforts thus abandoning their plans to provide support to America and its allies in their campaigns.

According to Wirtz and Croddy (2005), the option for the use of weapons of mass destruction can be linked to works of theorists, whose propositions issue the potentiality of WMD in causing assured destruction, deterrence (extended) and credible threats. In addition, game theorists inculcate mathematical assumptions in deriving to their assertions, an interesting cover up in the assessment of my research study. Prediction on the next terror is significantly based on the behavioral equilibrium depicted by the terror groups following the resultant implications of previous counter-intuitive.

The U.S. department of defense in conjunction with other law enforcement agencies is curbed by an enormous task of applying defensive mechanisms. These mechanisms ought to be critical in issuing critical assessments on the development of deterrence strategy from the defense forces. According to the game theory, the concept of off-the-equilibrium-path behavior capture the imperative trait of establishing the disparity in security studies especially in deterrence in the utility of weapons of mass destruction and the threats they pose.

The utility of WMD has interested terror groups especially from the intermittent emphasis on their abolishment by the international community. However, as Joyner (2009) asserts in his preliminary study on the proliferation of WMD, treaties by the weapons manufactures in ensuring unnecessary proliferation of the weapons. However, the terror groups have experienced intervention from several western powers, which has adversely led to disagreements to the contents on the treaties. Similarly, destabilization has been felt in states such as Iraq and Afghanistan due to the engagement of foreign policy issues that instigated the change of international and organizational decisions. It is due to this effect that evidence -- based research on the material highly on the use, target areas and forms of attack with weapons of mass destruction are determined in the assessment of the conduction of a WMD terror attack

b) Materials used

According to many scholars, terror groups are not equipped to acquire the required material essential in making the most lethal weapons i.e. nuclear bombs, which fit to be most destructive and feared universally. A lot of time, scientific personnel, expertise and material technology is highly regarded. According to Porterfield, the former Al Qaeda leader released a press statement through the communication cable of the terror group that he had a nuclear weapon, a sentiment that was disregarded by the U.S. state authorities in 2001. For the terror group, the acquisition of WMD is from buying fissionable materials that are used in the manufacturing of the weapons.

The science behind the pertinent materials is crude. The materials brought together in the manufacture of such goods are uranium, fuel rods and plutonium. Terrorists experience hardships in trying to seek and build the nuclear weapons using these materials. The development of the nuclear bombs involves chemical reactions involving radioactive reactions that pose risky to the terrorist prior hitting their targets.

In addition to the nuclear bombs, other weapons are also highly regarded as WMD and are also applicable in terror activities. The equality within the WMD status is due to the futuristic characteristic of large-scale destruction and indiscrimination of their natural effects. In relation to a research program on global security studies by Reed, chemical and biological warfare agents, missile technology, aircraft and ballistic delivery systems are other materials of mass destruction. These materials are an unprecedented constellation that terrorists use in destructing the process of global security. Response towards the usage by the United Stets and other nations has seen the increment of fear over the use of WMDs by terrorists, since the attack in 2001

c) Potential targets

The recent attacks together with the follow-up information from the U.S. department of defense and terror groups provides a vivid clue that the United States and its embassies all over other economies are the potential targets of terror attacks. This is due to the declaration of war on the host countries of the terror groups by U.S. militia

. In addition, the marginalization of Islamic religion in the United States is a perception that has reclaimed revenge from Islam faithful, who claim that it is in accordance with the ill of Allah to fight for their religion through the Jihad war. The possibility of the occurrence of another major terror attack ought to be within the U.S. territories or interests. Following the killing of Osama Bin Laden by the United States… [END OF PREVIEW]

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