Essay: Western Sahara Mission Statement

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Western Sahara

Mission Statement- To provide effective and efficient humanities aid to the refugees and others effected by the conflict within Northern Africa. By doing so surrounding nations hope to relieve undue hardship and complications forced upon the people of North Africa. The aid is designed to help relieve drought and unemployment that has crippled the regions of Morocco, Algeria, and Western Sahara. In addition, we aim to strength the overall quality of life for these individuals as by helping relieve the stronghold of an oppressive military regime. The people of Northern Africa, Algeria, Morocco, Refugees are of particular concern as their plight has been exacerbated by the conflict of northern Africa. As such, the principle aim of this program is to provide humanitarian aid to the people of northern Africa, while also helping them obtain their independence. Coalition forces must also provide food water and transportation to refuges as they continue their march across the Berm. This should occur before major conflict arises within Northern Africa that could cause massive casualties to civilians. Ultimately, the purpose of this aid is to strengthen country ties from internal and external constituents. To relieve the stronghold of an oppressive government and to improve the quality of life for the refugees. This aid will be administered through the use of land logistics, aerial drones, and internet correspondence.

2) Commanders Intent

Purpose- The campaigns intent is to provide reasonable accommodation and aid to the constituents of the refugee march across the berm. In addition, the campaign wants to provide economic security to those in Northern Africa who have suffered from low economic growth within the occupied refugee camps. Traditionally, crisis situations similar to that of the "Green March" have resulted in massive casualties and economic harm. Currently, reports indicate many are dying from dehydration, lack of food, and shelter. In many instances families using vehicles have run completely out of gas to travel (Jacob, 2006). Hopeless, the refugee population will undoubtedly need humanitarian aid to help recover from their journey. An enduring drought and extensive crop failures have aggravated the existing humanitarian crisis created by decades of conflict. In fact, it is difficult for aid to reach refugee camps as the conditions for doing so do not warrant the risk. Refugees are therefore being forced to relocate to areas with better economic conditions and overall stability. The additional influx of displaced people into cities and refugee camps has increased the burden on social services and worsened the housing and unemployment situation (Cordell, 1985). This exacerbates an already complicated economic system predicated on the use of oil exportation. The intent of this humanitarian aid is thus twofold. First, the intent is to provide refugees with basic living necessities that will allow them to remain productive. Second, the intent is to provide a stable and more durable economic foundation by which refugees can earn an adequate living wage.

This problem is further exacerbated by the unwillingness of the Northern African government to allow foreign aid and assistance, as it will make them weaker politically. From a public relations perspective, the government has allowed peaceful demonstrations by the refugees as they march across the Berm. Internally however, conflict between rival nations threatens the well-being of the refugee population. Therefore the intent of this campaign is to provide assistance to those heavily affected by the conflict in northern Africa. In addition, the campaign will allow refugees to reduce the strength of the military government by becoming more independent in regards to economic activity.

The Method- The manner in which the coalition forces will administer aid is through a combination of land, air, and cyber power. Land logistics and supply chain management will allow supplies, food, and shelter to arrive when most needed by refugees. Aerial drones will survey the land to anticipate opposition movement within the area. The drone will also be able to ascertain the best method in which to deliver supplies as they have a wider range of view. Finally, the coalition will use the internet and other forms of cyber power to communicate directly with refugee leaders to better ascertain the overall health of the situation.

The End State- The end state for this operation will be achieved when the immediate humanitarian crisis is stabilized and northern Africa, supported by NGOs and PVOs, can provide adequate assistance to the victims of the conflict. This can also be achieved by properly addressing the hosing, medical care, and food issues prevalent in the refugee population today (Hodges, 1983).

3) Center of Gravity

The operational center of gravity for the humanitarian coalition is fairly straight forward. The friendly coalition from an operational perspective would like to efficiently provide aid to the refugee constituency in an orderly and timely manner. In addition, they would like to provide immediate Foreign Humanitarian Assistance support through in order to alleviate the immediate loss of life and stabilize the humanitarian crisis. Finally, the coalition would like to provide economic security within the region by abating many of the conflicts that characterize the northern region of Africa. These conflicts have caused unnecessary deaths to many within the refugee population. By providing aid, the coalition is better able to alleviate much of the food, water and transportation shortages which have plagued both Algeria and Morocco. Transportation and logistics controls are therefore paramount in regards to the operational center of gravity. The infrastructure within Morocco and Algeria is fairly adequate.

Strategically, the friendly coalition must properly address the delivery of aid in the face of infrastructure damage and communication degradations. Particularly as refugees continue their migration, the proper use of delivery techniques is critical. By having a majority of the refugees traveling together, aid can also be more efficient as many individuals can receive aid through similar means. The coalition must also protect and ensure the safety of U.S. citizens, and allied forces within the area while also planning for contingencies. This is particularly true as refugee camps are known to have terrorist groups within their ranks. By protecting friendly coalition forces, humanitarian aid can be bother more effective and efficient. This is particularly complicated as these individuals must use non-military means within a military driven environment.

In regards to the opposition, governments within Northern Africa would potentially like to neglect and otherwise discourage foreign aid. Therefore, terrorist organizations could use military force to enact action within the confines of its own territory. This could ultimately endanger humanitarian efforts as coalition forces may become fearful of attack. In addition, refugees may also become fearful of attack and abandon their matriculation into my secure locations. Border surveillance and customs control could potentially be used. The government wants to fully maintain their power and stronghold over the country.

4) Courses of Action

My friendly course of action proposal will be a viable option in protecting the well-being of participants of northern Africa and the surrounding community. To begin, air operations will rely heavily on the use of drone to provide aid to the refugee population. First, the cost associated with the use of drones is far superior to that of the manned aerial support. This is particularly helpful as refugees travel together in groups. As such, as they continue to migrate across the berm, drones could strategically place aid in pivotal areas. As studies indicate, drones are, in many instances, only 1/7 the cost of helicopters and other manned aircraft. This cost saving is particularly important within the context of the overall grant and limited financial support the overall coalition has. Often, pilots are exposed to the overall conflict within the region they operate in. With drones, joint forces could mitigate the threat of military action that would result in the loss of life. This is due to the unique ability of drones to be operated from a distance as oppose to in the air. This ultimately lowers cost, but also reduces human error associate with operating an aircraft in a dangerous territory. As resources are limited, savings are critical as the overall safety of participants is not compromised. As drones are significantly cheaper than their human counterparts, the savings can be allocated to still further humanitarian measures on the ground (Janos, 2009). Aspects such as electronic detection systems for logistics purposes, the coalition distribution network, and other forms of aid could be increased. These aspects, without the cost savings garnered from the drones, would not be realized (Martin, 2011).

Drones can also serve a critical surveillance function for joint forces. Drones can be used to take pictures, provide medical aid, and even help pinpoint the quickest rout for refugees to travel. Aspects such as tracking opposition movements, monitoring individual activity, or even spotting suspicious behavior will be much more effective with drones In fact, drones are particularly adept at providing "real time" data that can used to make critical decisions on the ground level. Aspects such as hostage control and terrorist attack prevention are phases in which real time data is heavily relied upon (Klein, 1998).

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