Woman in the Military Term Paper

Pages: 4 (1435 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Military

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] and, the physical weakness of women is overstated. Studies show that women with correct training, seventy-five percent of the women could perform traditional male duties in the military. and, with regards to lower performance on the field, a test by the Army concluded that women do not deteriorate unit performance. "Women are proving to be good soldiers. They are also much brighter, better educated...and much less likely to become a disciplinary problem" Evidence from World War II studies shows that women are very capable in combat. For example, the Soviet Union deployed women in almost every combat capacity, from infantry to fighter pilots and discovered that the women performed as well as the men.

Assigning women to direct combat would increase military effectiveness. Legal restrictions on assignability creating confusion in times of war, when commanders aren't sure if their units could legally be deployed and units leaving behind women often find themselves short-handed. Removing artificial barriers to assignability will increase flexibility for the military to ensure that every job is filled with the best person. The presence of women in a unit does not undermine cohesion. Both experience and research has demonstrated that cohesion is found in mixed-gender units as well as male-only units. In fact, evidence suggests that mixed-gender units may actually communicate and work better than single gender units.

The argument of women's role as mothers has also been used to limit women's roles in the military. However, women have lower absenteeism than do men, even when lost time due to pregnancy is included. This is because men lose more time to disciplinary issues such as drug or alcohol abuse and fighting. With regards to parenting, the largest numbers of single parents in the military are fathers and more male personnel than women have children at home. Less than one-half of one percent of deployed or activated personnel request deferments for family reasons.

The need for physical strength in direct combat is decreasing and women have not been given enough credit for their ability. Female participation in direct combat doesn't interrupt the cohesion of a military unit; it strengthens it. Although women have children, they miss less time from military service than do their male counterparts. Today, women serve with distinction in every service and this should be expanded to women service with distinction in every service position.

Bibliography

Active Duty Servicewomen by Branch of Service and Rank, 2001." Infoplease. 23 May 2003. http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0004600.html.

Hoar, William P. "Case Against Women in Combat." The New American. 8 Feb. 1993. Vol. 9,

No. 03. 23 May 2003. http://www.thenewamerican.com/tna/1993/vo09no03/vo09no03_women_combat.htm.

Jones, Rebecca. "Women in the Face of War." Oak Park and River Forest. 23 May 2003. http://216.239.57.100/search?q=cache:QX4Uem6XEmsJ:oprfhs.org/division/history/inter pretations/2000interp/Jones, Rebecca.doc+military+and+%22combat+exclusion%22+and repeal&hl=en&ie=UTF-8

Lauer, Nancy Cook. "Women in Military at Crossroads without Signposts." Women's eNews 8

Aug. 2002. 23 May 2003. http://www.womensenews.org/article.cfm/dyn/aid/1001/context/archive.

Sagawa, Shirley, and Campbell, Nancy Duff. 30 Oct. 1992.. "Women in the Military Issue

Paper." National Women's Law Center. 23 May 2003. http://216.239.57.100/search?q=cache:0XPxy2uqhkkJ:www.nwlc.org/pdf/Combat.pdf+ military+and+%22combat+exclusion%22+and+repeal&hl=en&ie=UTF-8>.

Sagawa, Shirley, and Campbell, Nancy Duff. 30 Oct. 1992.. "Women in the Military Issue Paper." National Women's Law Center. 23 May 2003. http://216.239.57.100/search?q=cache:0XPxy2uqhkkJ:www.nwlc.org/pdf/Combat.pdf+military+and+%22combat+exclusion%22+and+repeal&hl=en&ie=UTF-8.

Active Duty Servicewomen by Branch of Service and Rank, 2001." Infoplease. 23 May 2003. http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0004600.html.

Lauer, Nancy Cook. "Women in Military at Crossroads without Signposts." Women's eNews 8 Aug. 2002. 23 May 2003. http://www.womensenews.org/article.cfm/dyn/aid/1001/context/archive.

Hoar, William P. "Case Against Women in Combat." The New American. 8 Feb. 1993. Vol. 9, No. 03. 23 May 2003. http://www.thenewamerican.com/tna/1993/vo09no03/vo09no03_women_combat.htm.

Jones, Rebecca. "Women in the Face of War." Oak Park and River Forest. 23 May 2003. http://216.239.57.100/search?q=cache:QX4Uem6XEmsJ:oprfhs.org/division/history/interpretations/2000interp/Jones, Rebecca.doc+military+and+%22combat+exclusion%22+and+repeal&hl=en&ie=UTF-8

Sagawa, Shirley, and Campbell, Nancy Duff. 30 Oct. 1992.. "Women in the Military Issue Paper." National Women's Law Center. 23 May 2003. [END OF PREVIEW]

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