Research Paper: Women Depression

Pages: 7 (2214 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 10  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Psychology  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] The diagnosis is a result of a combination of the factors being present.

Treatment

Two primary methods of treatment exist in the world of depression at the present time. Patients receive either some form of medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of the two. Some patients do receive electro-convulsive therapies for their depressive symptoms, which has some efficacy according to research (Zalaquett & Stens, 2006), but it only used in very severe cases of the disorder. The issue among researchers has been which method of the two is the most effective, or is it better to use a combination.

Findings suggest that this depends on the type of depression being experienced. While researchers found that "antidepressants alone are as effective as counseling alone for the majority of adults with non-severe or chronic depression" (Hagen, et al., 2010), they also discovered (in the same meta-analysis) that "persons with chronic or severe depression, [require] a combination of antidepressants and counseling appears to be more effective than either treatment alone" (Hagen, et al., 2010). Despite these different findings among the many studies conducted "A great body of data exists to support the notion that treatment of depression can shorten the time to recovery; such data justify the use of antidepressant medication and several psychosocial therapies" (Zalaquett & Stens, 2006). So, some treatment is needed regardless of type.

Many researchers question the use of antidepressants though because drugs are more physically harmful than therapy, and there is not real indication that one works better than the other. One researcher said that "a serious drawback of conventional medical-psychiatric approaches to treatment of depression is that opportunities for personal empowerment are precluded" (Stoppard & Gammel, 1999). The thinking is that if a physician becomes too enamored with the strengths of medicine as a curative they will overlook the equally effective (and in some instances more effective) treatment option of therapy. Since the dictum doctors live under is to "first do no harm" it seems that there would be a greater reliance on the research that shows that medication is less effective than previously believed.

Conclusion

The many causes of depression are less a means of selecting treatment than a person's symptoms, but causation is a very important factor. A person cannot be said to be experiencing the disorder if it is event-dictated. The therapist or doctor must be careful to fully assess the cause prior to the diagnosis. In women especially, over-prescription of medications can be a significant problem. Other therapies should be used since this is seen as a major health issue for women.

References

American Psychiatric Association (APA). (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th Edition). Washington, DC: Author

Cirakoglu, O.C., Kokdemir, D., & Demirutku, K. (2003). Lay theories of causes and cures for depression in a Turkish university sample. Social Behavior & Personality, 31(8), 795-799.

Craig, C.D. (2009). Depression, sociocultural factors, and African-American women. Journal of Multicultural Counseling & Development, 37(2), 83-91.

Grote, N.K., Bledsoe, S.E., Larkin, J., Lemay, E.P., Jr., & Brown, C. (2007). Stress exposure and depression in disadvantaged women: The protective effects of optimism and perceived control. Social Work Research, 31(1), 19-35.

Hagen, B., Wong-Wylie, G., & Pijl-Zieber, E. (2010). Tablets or talk? A critical review of the literature comparing antidepressants and counseling for treatment of depression. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 32(2), 102-130.

Hernandez, R.L., Aranda, B.E., & Ramirez, M.T.G. (2009). Depression and quality of life for women in single-parent and nuclear families. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 12(1), 171-183.

Hurt, N.E. (2007). Disciplining through depression: An analysis of contemporary discourse on women and depression. Women's Studies in Communication, 30(3), 284-299.

Sides-Moore, L., & Tochkov, K. (2011). The thinner the better? Competitiveness, depression and body image among college student women. College Student Journal, 45(2), 439-46.

Stoppard, J.M. (1999). New perspectives are needed for understanding depression in women. Canadian Psychology, 40(2), 79-94.

Stoppard, J.M. & Gammel, D. (1999). Women's experiences of treatment… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Women Depression.  (2012, May 8).  Retrieved September 16, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/women-depression/1719272

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https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/women-depression/1719272.