Term Paper: Women of Today

Pages: 5 (1494 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 0  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Sports - Women  ·  Buy This Paper


[. . .] This year for the first time the Federation of Cuban Women (FMC) uttered the word "prostitution" in their Congress, debating this and other urgent problems created in a world turned topsy-turvy (Cuba).

However, in India, discrimination against women does not end with childhood, nor is it confined to the countryside. Although India has had a woman as prime minister, the percentage of women serving in political or administrative office still remains very low. Some women are major leaders of grassroots movements, and women play an active role in India's vigorous press. Yet women are rare in senior business positions and in the legal and medical professions. Women's movements to combat violence against women have had considerable success in raising awareness of the issue and stimulating government action (India).

Even though women had to struggle in India, there is Pandit, Vijaya Lakshmi, Indian diplomat, who was active in the Indian struggle for independence. She was born in Allahabad, the sister of the statesman Jawaharlal Nehru, and educated at the University of Allahabad. In 1921 she married the Indian lawyer and nationalist leader Ranjit Sitaram Pandit. In the early 1920s, as a strong partisan of Mohandas Gandhi, she joined the civil disobedience movement against British rule and subsequently served four terms in prison for her nationalist activities. In 1937 Pandit was elected to the provincial legislature of the United Provinces and designated minister of local self-government and public health. She held the latter post until 1939 and again from 1946 to 1947, the first woman in India to become a minister. She was Indian ambassador to the U.S.S.R. And to the U.S. She also headed the Indian delegation to the United Nation and presided over the UN General Assembly. A member of the Indian parliament, she later served as Indian high commissioner to Britain and ambassador to Ireland and to Spain. From 1962 to 1964 she was governor of Maharashtra State and then again won a seat in the Indian parliament. In 1977 Pandit joined the Janata coalition party and campaigned against her niece, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi (India).

Along with India, South Korea has build up support for women so that they can be equal. The Korean Women's Development Institute or KWDI was established in 1983 to promote women's social participation and welfare by carrying out research and studies on women, by providing education and training for women, and by assisting women's activities. A law passed by the Korean National Assembly in 1982 mandates the KWDI to assist government in popularizing gender consciousness, as well as in promoting gender equality in policy formulation and implementation. Originally under the auspices of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, and then under the Ministry of Political Affairs, KWDI is now being coordinated by the Special Committee on Women's Affairs directly under the Office of the President (South Korea).

KWDI has three anchor programs, namely; the Research Center, the Lifelong Education Center, and the Women's Information Center. The Research Center carries out basic research and policy studies to promote gender consciousness in various fields of society and life as well as to formulate and implement policies that supports gender equality. The Lifelong Education Center provides gender consciousness education, women's leadership training, women's capacity development, and training of international experts. It also hosts international activities, and acts as a comprehensive assistance center for women's non-formal education. Last but not the least, the Women's Information Center produces and distributes information about the research and projects of the KWDI, as well as information about women's issues and concerns. It systematizes and computerizes various kinds of women's information through databases, and provides information service through its library, various publications, and its nation-wide electronic information network (South Korea). Therefore, women in South Korea have become very strong and determined without the help with men which only means they are growing more powerful every day.

In that case, women in most societies were denied some of the legal and political rights accorded to men. Although women in much of the world have gained significant legal rights, many people believe that women still do not have complete political, economic, and social equality with men. In South Korea, through AWORC, the KWDI hopes to share its resource and library holdings to women outside of South Korea, and to make resource and information generated by women's organizations and institutes accessible to the communities it serves. Throughout each countrywomen are becoming more self-made… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Women of Today.  (2002, May 20).  Retrieved June 16, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/women-today-come/4416684

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"Women of Today."  Essaytown.com.  May 20, 2002.  Accessed June 16, 2019.