Women's Working Conditions and Suffrage Research Paper

Pages: 9 (2681 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 9  ·  Level: College Sophomore  ·  Topic: Sports - Women

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] While not all women were interested in working outside the home, voting, or having other rights, the importance of suffrage was that women could do those things if they chose to.

That allowed them to make more choices, and focus on the kinds of things that mattered to them as people, not just to their place in the family

. Additionally, the advancement of a capitalistic system was working to replace a patriarchal one that was used as a system of domination. The domestication and institutionalization of women into the resulting system of a mesh of patriarchy and capitalism is a system that persists today to a lesser extent and is argued to be so powerful that resistance to it often can seem futile

. Still, there are many women who feel as though standing up to that system is well worth any trouble that may come to them. They want to see the same pay and treatment as men are given, but that is something that has still not taken place. It is also something over which women are still speaking out, so they have the opportunity to be heard. The hope is that, eventually, enough change will be made that women will no longer have to fight for rights.

Some of the areas of patriarchal social control faced by women crisscross the public and private spheres, and they can be categorized into different areas: (1) the "domestic," (2) the workplace, (3) the criminal justice complex, and (4) (residential) schools as other historical-social forms of oppression, which intersect with racism and colonialism

. In other words, the way women are treated by society is seen not only in how they are treated in public, but also how they are treated at home

. Their families see them in specific types of roles, and society also plans roles for women. They are not treated equally, no matter how much they may ask for equality. There is a difference between being treated equally and being treated the same, though. Equality means fair and just treatment, while being treated the same does not always provide fairness because of extenuating circumstances (including gender).

Still others take a more scientific and materialistic approach to the causes of the suffrage movements. Another line of reasoning uses the advancement of public health to attempt to explain some of the factors responsible for the advancement of suffrage. Women's choices appear to emphasize child welfare more than the choices of men, and suffrage rights for American women helped children to benefit from the scientific breakthroughs of the bacteriological revolution

. Consistent with standard models of electoral competition, suffrage laws were also followed by immediate shifts in legislative behavior and large, sudden increases in local public health spending

. That is not to say that men do not care about children, but that women, as mothers, are generally more protective of the rights that children have and the ways in which those children are treated. Because of that, women have advanced the rights of children, which is significant in the history of societal development.

This growth in public health spending fueled large-scale, door-to-door hygiene campaigns which directly influenced the decreases in child mortality, as cause-specific reductions occurred exclusively among infectious childhood killers sensitive to hygienic conditions

. Thus, by considering the welfare of children from a mother's perspective, this could be used as an argument for the provision of public goods that increase the likelihood of their offspring's chances of survival. In turn, this gives them more of a motivation and dedication toward gaining political representation to this end. This perspective, as well as others presented, are all fascinating examples of how complex the suffrage movements were. They did not focus on one specific thing, and there were many factors that contributed to them. The workforce was only a part of the women's suffrage movement and only one of the catalysts toward making it happen.

Conclusion

From examining the issue in several different ways, it is easy to see that there is quite a bit more to the women's suffrage movement than may have been assumed in the past. Those who only skim through history today may feel as though women's suffrage was all about the right to vote. That was a very important component of it, but there was more that women were fighting for. They wanted to be treated equally, and they wanted the opportunity to go to work outside of the home and get involved with more of life than they had previously been allowed to. In doing that, they also helped children gain rights and protections, by making sure they were recognized and valued more than they previously had been. While there are still problems with suffrage and the ways in which women and children are treated, there is much more equal treatment -- or at least treatment that is fair and just -- than there used to be. That is progress, and would not have happened without women's dedication to their cause.

The problems that plagued women before the suffrage movement have not been completely eradicated. There are still people in the United States and other developed countries today who do not feel as though women are or ever should be anything more than property or domestic servants. Those people are in the minority, but they do still exist. It is against those kinds of attitudes that women are fighting. They continue to gain ground, even though some of their gains are slow and hard-fought. Clearly, women have taken much more control in the workplace. However, They are still paid less than men who do the same jobs and have the same qualifications. That is something that needs to be remedied, and which is slowly improving. The number of rights women have now is much higher than what they had when they began their fight, and that progress has helped countless women and children over the years since the desire for progress was felt.

References

Dodd, L. (2013). The rhetoric of gender upheaval during the campaign for the nineteenth amendment. Boston University Law Review, 709-728.

Gabrielson, T. (2006). Woman-thought, social capital, and the generative state: Mary Austin and the integrative civic ideal in progressive thought. American Journal of Political Science, 650-664.

Louis Roesch Co., Lith. And Print., S.F. (1911). Political Poster. California.

Miller, G. (2008). Women's suffrage, political responsiveness, and child survival in american history. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1287-1327.

Nagel, M. (2013). Patriarchal ideologies and women's domestication. Value Inquiry Book Series, 147-167.

Palm, T. (2013). Embedded in social cleavages: An explanation of the variation in timing of women's suffrage. Scandinavian Political Studies, 1-22.

Risk, S. (2012). Against women's suffrage: The case of Maine and New Brunswick. American Review of Canadian Studies, 384-400.

Schmidt, S. (2012). Am I a woman? The normalisation of woman in U.S. History. Gender and Education, 707-724.

Seigel, P. (2006). Winning the vote in Fort Wayne, Indiana. Indiana Magazine of History, 220-257.

Stockemer, D.… [END OF PREVIEW]

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