Term Paper: Workplace Violence

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[. . .] This is because they know that s/he was not acting as prescribed, and is being punished for it through humiliation. This is indeed an effective process due to the fact that it involves a supervisor being reminded and refreshed about his or her duties and limitations. It is an embarrassing experience for one because of the fact that the rehabilitation process is one in which there are multiple points tat which the supervisor of manager is openly reminded about where s/he fell short or took granted his or her authority. (Braithwaite, 1989)

So far in this paper, mild bullying has largely been discussed, but simple bullying is not always the case. There are several individuals especially in smaller organization that have suffered at the hands of bullies. These sufferings range from deprivation of just dues to physical abuse. In the case of these, security managers are allowed to take strict action against the perpetrators. This is because these are in fact serious crimes. Deprival of income and bonuses is a violation of a worker's rights, while physical abuse not just crosses but leaps the boundary of acceptable action on the part of a supervisor. (Hornstien, 1996)

Individuals commit crimes for various reasons. The reasons for which crimes are committed may be explained on the basis of the circumstances in which criminals have been in prior to breaking the law, biological factors (genes), etc. However, it must also be remembered that this kind of action cannot be excused because of the fact that it also includes the abuse of power, which is serious.

Security managers in this case have to deal appropriately and firmly in order to bring these kinds of employees and supervisors to justice. In accordance with the governing laws of an organization, the criminal may be fined, suspended or even terminated. In extreme cases the criminals may be taken to court. However, if things are not so serious they are handled in the organization itself and those affected by the violent actions are sometimes allowed to speak to ask for compensation. This compensation may be financial, in which case the security manager and the upper management would have to decide on an appropriate amount. (Braithwaite, 1999)

In addition to financial compensation, the management would have to do something about this supervisor so that s/he does not indulge in this kind of activity in future. A desirable form of action to be taken should be one that would set an example for the rest of the supervising and managerial staff, so that a crime may not be repeated.

Individuals are thought to commit crimes because they need to or because of pressure. Sometimes it is the circumstances that an individual may be in that causes him or her to break the law. These circumstances might economic related ones or might be a matter of survival for an individual. This in fact might be the case due in organizations that consist of factories, etc., where a large number of employees work together. Often group formation takes place and results in conflict where one group might dominate the rest.

Some of these individuals may not commit crime because they are in need to do so. They may simply have to prove themselves to others in a particular group, e.g. A gang. Individuals in these kinds of groups may begin by proving themselves through committing petty crimes. These are the acts that eventually lead such individuals to gain confidence for committing more serious crimes. (Cloward, 1960)

It should also be considered that some individuals may be caught in awkward situations which have occurred through no fault of their own, as in gang formation in organizations where they have to belong somewhere in order to be safe. As a result of this they might not have any means of escape besides breaking the law to prove themselves in a gang. These kinds of cases are the most difficult to judge, and a security manager would have immense problem dealing with them.

Aside from such cases, most other cases ranging from voluntary petty crime to homicide, may be judged or explained by the Classical theory, Interactionist theory, Sociological theory and the Psychobiological theories. These theories are worth implementing because of the fact that they take into account the various factors involved that cause an individual to break the law.

The classical theory is one that emphasizes on the free will of the individual. It holds that the individual is responsible at all costs to refrain from crime. It stresses that if one is moral in thought then the chances of committing crime are mitigated. This is what is expected of supervisors as well as employees by the upper management and the security division.

By understanding that crime is an immoral behavior that can weaken the organization and that there are consequences to breaking the law these individuals would rather not do it. However, when individuals are caught in difficult situations or simply have the desire to commit crime that is the time when their ability to rationalize positively or negatively. Whichever way one wishes to choose, the Classical theory holds that punishment is a vital ingredient to preventing crime in an organization in future. This is because the criminal is punished for violating the law and those that intend to break the law in future get to witness the consequences of lawbreaking and punishment thereafter. This is a mechanism believed to deter the chances of crime being committed in society. Why Do People Commit Crime? (2003)

In reducing the rate of crime, the biological theory has had significant influence, and in is the reason why it is implemented in some organizations effectively. During the 1950s this theory was implemented and the Eugenics movement appeared. It was during this time that the drive to sterilize the "feeble minded persons" in British Columbia and Alberta began. This drive began because of the fact that it is believed that the determinants of human behavior are dependent on genetics. However, this is not applied widely in organizations, as the Classical theory is more fitting with treatment/rehabilitation as the solution to crime.

Conclusion:

Solutions against criminal behavior include opportunities for positive interaction. Negative influences are ones that should be reduced as they are contributing factors to criminal behavior. Indeed, it could be asserted that the factors that influence criminal behavior may not lie with the criminal him or herself. The criminal behavior may result due to influence and pressure around one, which may be due to the formation of groups in an organization.

Aside from the formation of groups that leads to employees at the lower level of the organization indulging in criminal behavior, supervisors and managers too may indulge in criminal behavior. This may be for various reasons. Some of them may do it to create a fear through which they expect employees to work better. However, it is just the opposite that takes place, as employee output is mitigated.

It appears that each of the theories and applications discussed above are useful in order to understand why employees, supervisors, etc. commit crimes. There are so many influencing factors today that it might be said that pin pointing any one factor as being the cause of criminal behavior would be wrong. Whether or not an individual is guilty for his or her crime there may be influencing factors in the individual's history that could result in criminal behavior. However, there are also cases in which only an individual may be blamed, and these are cases in which employees or managerial staff take unfair advantage of their employs and indulge in physical abuse, rape, etc.

Quite obviously if these crimes are serious then the organization cannot handle it independently, and the law deals with the criminals. However, as long as the organization itself can deal wit these criminals they manage to retain their services while enforcing a treatment/rehabilitation process for their remedial. This kind of treatment is handy and employees are effectively dealt with, after which they can return to their duties.

The process itself may be humiliating to some, and in this way they learn to curb their weaknesses and demonstrate more of their strengths. Individuals who undergo this rehabilitation will naturally feel guilty for whatever they have done, and since the same employees will be working in the organization, the individual would have to exemplify better demeanor. The fact that the individual now has to prove himself makes him keener to correct his behavior every time s/he steps out of line. The difference between stepping out of line in the past and now is that the individual would recognize and correct his or her faults now.

Similar to the way that managers or supervisors are treated in any of these rehabilitation programs, employees too are exposed to remedial action.

References

Workplace Bullying: An Employers Guide.' Queensland (AU) Division of Workplace Health… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Workplace Violence.  (2004, February 24).  Retrieved March 26, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/workplace-violence/7706979

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