World War II Economical Term Paper

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Soviet Union grew and developed without any international cooperation, trade and had to produce everything itself. Joseph Stalin proclaimed program of Industrialization which had to turn agricultural state into highly developed industrial country with strong and independent economics and mighty armed forces. This program succeeded and Soviet Union became one of the most industrialized European countries and if analyze its industrial production - he was 3rd after the U.S.A. And Germany in the world.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Term Paper on World War II Economical and Assignment

But Soviet economics and industry didn't stop own development and continued increasing and improving. Stalin knew that German aggression is inevitable and tried to prepare the country to the great war. He also knew that France and Britain would try not to participate in the war and let Hitler whatever he wanted. That's why Soviet leader ordered to reorganize Red Army and start producing absolutely new kinds of military techniques. For 5 years before 1939 182 trillion Soviet Roubles were invested in industry. USSR the same as Germany expected a big war. Military production was the main sphere of national economics and everything and everybody worked to strengthen the army. Soviet plants produced thousands of tanks, planes and cannons, but unfortunately many of them were outdated as George Zhukov (Soviet Marshall) noticed. He wrote: -- Many new infantry divisions were not equipped and didn't have enough soldiers... Commanders did their best to increase the number of soldiers in infantry division up to 8 thousands... -- . Zhukov wrote that Red Army received in 1939 about 3 thousand of tanks but there were very few modern ones among them. Some historians admit that Red Army was not ready to resist such strong enemy as Wehrmacht, and it was good only at artillery. It was true. Soviets had various and the main - numerous artillery which was represented by modern and good systems. But there was one problem - artillery was not mobile because there was shortage of trucks in the army and cannons were transported by horses. What about air forces, Soviets produce about 6 thousands planes in 1939 and only thousand of them were modern planes. Also there was shortage of experienced pilots. But the main problem was that Red Army didn't have highly educated commanders. It is well-known that Stalin was very cruel man and he killed thousands of talented generals, colonels and other officers. Army was not ready to fight because there were very few real officers able to command. Sometimes captains received colonel's posts and sure they were not able to do what was expected from them. German general Sepp Dietrich who fought in Russia said: -- They are excellent soldiers but they have stupid commanders who lead them straight to absurd death -- (Hitler's Gladiator, p. 235). Dietrich was right and both German and Russian historians admit this terrible fact of killing millions of people because of inability to command.

These reasons influenced Hitler's self-confidence: he was sure that Russia would be defeated during few weeks. Another reason was put forward by German general and later - historian - Kurt von Tippelskirch in his book -- The history of World War II -- . He noticed that -- Soviet failure in Finland made Hitler sure in inability of Russians to win a modern war and supply troops -- . Anyway everyone in the world was sure that Soviet Union being in isolation could not produce something worth and thought that Russians had no chance to resist German aggression.

France:

France was strong enough to fight against Germany: it had modern army which was well equipped and soldiers who were well trained and ready to stop German aggression. But France didn't have strong economical potential as Germany had. France still suffered from terrible casualties and destructions of WWI and didn't have any ability to improve the situation. But if we analyze French army in 1939 we'll see that it was practically the same as German and even in 1940 when Germany occupied France it could fight against Wehrmacht successfully. According to the geographical position and sizes of France and Germany France was able to wage modern war using that army it had in 1939. French techniques were quite modern and effective and Germany didn't have any superiority. Any superiority but one and the main one - political will and wish to wage a war to win. French government was sure that there won't be a new war between France and Germany and they didn't need to fight and be ready to defend their country from aggressor. When talking to the military students of an artillery academy in Moscow Joseph Stalin warned students: -- French people are too self-reliant. Their military theories stopped at the level of 1918 and since that time never moved forward. Nobody supported army and officers were considered losers who didn't find more profitable job. French government forgot about producing new kinds of military techniques being sure they'd live in peace. They are wrong. Future will show them their stupid mistakes

Great Britain:

British empire was not a serious enemy for Germany on the land but was a dangerous opponent on the sea. Britain according to its geographical position never had large army and kept all troops in colonies. But Britain had strong navy which was the largest and strongest in the world. Sure, British leaders wanted to preserve this position and protect own colonies. Again, the same as in 1914 Britain had own interests in Europe and was ready to use France (closest ally) in own interests. British industry produced different goods but they were not able to be competitors of German and American production. That's why Britain wanted not to loose colonies anyway because British goods were sold mostly there. But colonial system was outdated in 1918 already and nothing could stop its collapse. If we analyze figures of producing military techniques we'll see that Czech Skoda plants captured by Germans produced more techniques than the whole British industry.

British troops were well-equipped but they were not real strength able to stop German invasion. Even British navy was threatened by German navy building program. British army was increased before 1939 and some units were transported from colonies to the British Isles. But Britain had too few tanks and aviation, also their quality and reliability were very low. Britain as usually hoped to avoid serious battles and use France and other allies (this idea was proved by hundreds of years of British diplomacy). Also Britain wished Germany fighting against the more dangerous as Britons thought enemy - Soviet Union. History proved their mistake - as soon as the real (not -- strange -- ) war began British industry was not able to supply army and air force, so they needed support. United States helped Britain and started sending convoys with military production to Britain. That was very dangerous and many Americans died helping British nation. All this could be avoided if Britain really wanted peace and did own best to stop the conflict and defeat the aggressor before it became too powerful.

Other countries were not able to influence the situation in Europe and were more victims than real participants. So, the war in 1939 was already inevitable. It was inevitable even before - after the Munich agreement when France and Britain being afraid of Germany let Hitler separate and capture absolute innocent state - Czechoslovakia. Doing this French and British leaders made Hitler sure that any German action would be unpunished. After that Hitler told his encirclement: -- western leaders are worms - I saw them in Munich! -- 5 The war which could be stopped by calming Hitler down when there was such a chance began.

September 1st 1939 2 thousands bombers of Luftwaffe dropped their bombs on Polish cities, troops, airfields and main infrastructure centers. At the same time 54 Wehrmacht divisions including 4 tank divisions moved to Poland from Eastern Prussia and Slovakia. Britain and France declared war on Germany but didn't start it. Hitler said about this fact the following: -- It doesn't mean the will fight -- 6 Polish army was very small and badly equipped. -- Polish army had only 24 infantry divisions, 8 cavalry divisions, 1 mechanized and several battalions of national guard. Their weapons were outdated and ineffective against German new tanks and new tactics -- 7. Though soldiers and officers were brave they didn't have enough knowledge and techniques to resist German troops. But the fights were very bloody. Germany waged first war with real battles and serious casualties, but Polish casualties were much more serious.

On September 17th Germans captured the largest part of Poland and only several Polish units were still fighting but on 27-28th they surrendered. At the same time Soviet leader decided to adopt and agreement with Germany and get some Polish territories which Russia had lost several centuries ago. September 17th Russian troops crossed Polish border and occupied eastern territories of this country. September 28th this decision was… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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