Young Diverse Children Living Term Paper

Pages: 9 (2600 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Children  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] The Casey Foundation was formed based on the supposition that children "do best when their families do well, and families do better when they live in supportive neighborhoods." (AECF, 2004). Officially titled the Annie E. Casey Foundation, the community organization was founded to help disadvantaged children and their families realize better futures and better opportunities within the United States. The primary mission of the organization is to help foster "public policies, human service reforms, and community supports that more effectively meet the needs of today's vulnerable children and families."

Their initiatives and projects include help promoting education reform to address critical issues children face in big cities, programs to ensure familial economic success and juvenile detention alternatives initiatives, which are targeted toward keeping youths out of jail. The juvenile program specifically promotes the idea that effective and efficient systems can be developed to help reduce the number of children that end up detained due to crimes and to minimize the number of youths that do not successfully meet reform strategies.

ANALYSIS OF LITERATURE/ACTION PLAN

From the literature reviews examined, the highlights of which the major reviews were discussed, I can conclude that youths are in fact negatively impacted by the influences presented by living in big cities. Children growing up in major metropolitan areas are often forced to go to school in overcrowded environments. They face belittlement and increased violence in school environments where teachers are not able to handle the large number of students and the increased likelihood of poor behavior and violence among students. Additionally, many children growing up in big cities are more likely to grow up in broken households. Many are born to teen mothers that lack the skills necessary to adequately raise them. Others face increased drop out rates, which further promote the incidence of drop out later in life, such as in the workplace. Many of these children are not afforded the opportunities to learn the skills necessary to achieve in a bourgeoning workforce.

There are many community programs currently being formed that are attempting to mitigate the effects living in big cities have on youths, however these programs need a great deal more support in order to succeed.

From the literature review, it seems that among the major problems prevalent within urban communities include issues of teen pregnancy, inadequate education and lack of role models for urban youths. Currently government agencies are working on educational reform targeted toward allowing more equal educational representation for culturally diverse youths living in urban areas.

For true reform to be successful however, more attention need be paid to teaching children and their families coping skills that will help them address the unique conditions they face living in poor socio-economic populations. A good deal of attention is currently being paid toward educational programs that will ensure equal opportunity for urban youths; Not enough attention is being directed toward teaching children the skills necessary to be successful in the workforce and later in life. Among the skills that need to be taught to urban youths include topics such as negotiation, compromise and collaboration.

Children growing up in urban environments face unique challenges. A large percentage of children growing up in big cities such as New York, Newark, Baltimore and Detroit face every increasing poverty and cultural related discrimination. With the help of community foundations however and appropriately timed and targeted interventions, these children may possibly face a more positive outcome and chance for success.

EMPOWERMENT REFLECTION:

This study has empowered me to act based on many different levels. Theoretically, studies have demonstrated that decreased socio-economic conditions do indeed lead to a decreased likelihood for positive outcome later in life. The studies examined in this report affirm the notion that reform is needed in urban cities to ensure appropriate raising of children. Children growing up in major urban cities are much more likely to face poverty, violence and poor role models. Big cities also foster populations that are largely comprised of minorities that face unique challenges, including an increased likelihood for criminal activity early in life, teen pregnancy, increased drop out rates and increased overall violence that affects children.

The overall experience of this paper and the class have empowered me to react in the following ways: (1) raise awareness of the devastating impacting big city conditions can have on raising children, (2) promote community awareness of the challenges that youths face growing up in urban environments, (3) support community programs that foster diversity and encourage self-esteem and empowerment among urban youths.

It seems that the biggest challenge urban youths face is neglect, poverty and lack of exposure to the resources necessary to enact a positive reform. Many children growing up in big cities are already faced with extraordinary odds that decrease the likelihood that they will succeed and/or realize a positive outcome. Among the many factors facing urban youths include poverty, poor educational facilities, and lack of adequate role models. Community programs need to focus on these factors and raise the self-awareness and self-esteem among urban youths in order to increase their chances for a positive outcome and experience later in life.

Youths growing up in big cities would benefit from more comprehensive community programs; these programs must address the unique challenges that urban youths face. They must help children growing up in these environments realize the unique challenges they face, and then address the means through which students and children can overcome these difficulties. Only then will children truly be afforded the opportunity to succeed when growing up in big city environments.

Bibliography

Achtyes, Eric. (1998). "Big Problem, Small Band Aid." The Daily. Available: http://archives.thedaily.washington.edu/1998/110298/O5.i-.html

Casey Foundation. (2004). Available: http://www.aecf.org

Casey Foundation. Child Trends.

Child Trends. (2004). "Raising Children in Big Cities." Right Start City Trends. Child Trends Kids Count Special Report. The Annie E. Casey Foundation. Available:

http://www.aecf.org/kidscount/rightstart2/docs/city_pdfs/city_foreword.pdf

Husock, Howard. "Let's Break Up the Big Cities." City Journal. Winter, 1998. Available:

http://www.city-journal.org/html/8_1_a2.html

Lieberman, Robert. (2000). "Welfare Policy Urban Impact Statement." School of International Affairs, Columbia University. February, 2000. Available:

http://www.columbia.edu/cu/pr/00/02/urbanImpact/welfare.html

Paige, Roderick Dr. (2001). "The Back Page, No Child Left Behind." U.S. Secretary of Education. Carnegie Reporter, Vol. 1/No. 2, Spring 2001. Carnegie Corporation of New York. http://www.carnegie.org/reporter/02/backpage/

Stewart, Nikita. (2001). "Survey finds Newark a bad city to raise kids." August, 1999. Star-Ledger Staff. Available:

http://www.networknewark.org/StarLedgerarticleRaisingKidsinNewark16pt.htm [END OF PREVIEW]

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