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Sony Camera Functionalism Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,039 words)
Style: Chicago  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


Sony Cybershot digital camera exhibits a blend of form and function. Formal elements convey function, and function is communicated via form. The features that the Sony Cybershot shares with pre-digital cameras include all the elements that make a camera what it is: a lens; some kind of viewfinder; and a trigger to take shots. However, the digital camera possess several features that demonstrate the different functions between a digital and film camera. The Sony Cybershot in particular offers user-friendly functions specific to the art, hobby, and science of photography. Moreover, many of the Sony Cybershot functions are hidden, embedded in the camera's hardware and firmware or simply invisible.

For example, image stabilization is a feature the Sony Cybershot boasts. The feature enhances the ability of the digital camera to withstand shaking or any other instability that might affect picture quality. Image stabilization is a function that is not necessarily conveyed through form; the feature is built into the camera's hardware and firmware. Similarly, many of the camera's features are not apparent functions; the user needs to become familiar with the links between form and function on this particular model.

The circular dial is the form used to alert the user to the various photographic functions for the Sony Cybershot. Auto record mode is a function that makes the Sony Cybershot easy to use for novices. The setting is accessed via the mode dial, and auto record essentially transforms the Sony Cybershot into a point-and-shoot camera. The function of a point-and-shoot is to simplify the act of taking pictures. The user simply turns on the camera, points the lens at the desired object, and "shoots" by pressing what used to be known as a shutter button on a non-digital camera. The regular program mode is also accessible via the mode dial. On the regular program mode, the user has access to the full range of functions that the Sony Cybershot has to offer. All of the programmed functions are embedded into camera firmware or software. They are not visible and are accessible only via the digital menu. The form that menu takes is projected on the LCD screen. That same screen is used when taking photographs: whatever item is within the camera's lens range is viewable in the LCD monitor. The monitor is the form; its function is to show the viewer what the lens is picking up.

As with all cameras, the lens is its eye. Its form is a small piece of convex glass. When the camera is on, a lens cover is removed and light enters the lens. Its primary function is to let in light and capture visual reality the same way the human eye does. In addition to a lens, the Sony Cybershot also has a built-in microphone. Its form is a tiny, barely noticeable aperture that lets in sound. Just as the lens is the necessary form for letting in light to accurately capture visual reality, the microphone is the necessary form by which the… [read more]

Red Light Cameras Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (1,994 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 6


Red Lights Camera


Red-Light Cameras

Department of Transportation reported that more than 92,000 crashes have resulted in 900 deaths every year by drivers beating red traffic lights (Harvey 2005). Red light running or beating the red light has been identified as a significant cause of accidents at signalized intersections (Hakkert 2004). Studies on accidents at such intersections… [read more]

Speedy Harold Lloyd's 1928 Film Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,083 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2



Harold Lloyd's 1928 film "Speedy" -- a study of its cinematography, lighting and characters

The 1928 film "Speedy" starring Harold Lloyd at first seems like a curiosity piece for a 21st century viewer. The black-and-white film starring the silent film comedian, the bespectacled Harold Lloyd, is about the conflict between progress and the values of an older age, embodied in the grandfather of the film's heroine Jane Dillon and a group of Civil War veterans who take Pop Dillon's side as he fights to get a fair price for his horse and buggy route from the city transportation syndicate. The film upholds the glory of American technological progress, even while it shows respect to Pop. It emphasizes the joyous, rollicking life of the title character, played by Lloyd, who is often at the wheel of an automobile, and is always in motion, as he bounces from job to job. Speedy's zest for life and his flapper girlfriend command the viewer's laughter and love. To contemporary viewers, the film is silent, and its visual humor and cartoon-like motions and plot make it look like something from the past, but the theme and style of the film is brash, action-packed, and sees modernity and glory of the automobile as benign, not dangerous.

One of the notable features of the cinematography of the silent era is the way that it emphasizes physical action, rather than sustained close-ups. Lloyd's features command the viewer's attention because of the stark black glasses he wears, which are a sharp contrast against his white face. He looks almost like a cartoon character, and the camera usually focuses on large, exciting images and movements throughout the film, rather than on detailed close-ups. This is especially true during the final series of car chases and fights. The action scenes make use of frequent jump cuts, but most of the shots focus on 'wide' action, rather than on small details, unless a close-up is necessary to illustrate a sight gag.

The first job the audience sees Speedy performing is that of a soda jerk. The scene is filled with comic machinations about serving his various customers. The title character is also a Yankee fan. In a wonderful touch of old New York Americana Speedy uses the soda fountain telephone to get updates of the Yankees-White Sox game (which was apparently just as contentious a baseball rivalry then as it is today). Speedy keeps the customers updated on the score by taking bites in various pastries in a display case, in another striking visual. During his next job, he is a taxi driver, and gets to take Babe Ruth in his cab on a high-speed chase, terrifying even the famous baseball player. Then, the Babe himself is seen slugging it out in Coney Island at Yankee stadium, in a shot taken from a stadium-dweller's vantage point. Whether driving a cab or running the gamut of strange-looking rides at Coney Island, Speedy is always one of 'us,' the viewers, as the film… [read more]

Shadow Collective Archetypes Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (4,409 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 10


¶ … Collective Cultural Shadow and Confrontation with the Archetypal

During the 1960s, a musical group called Jefferson Airplane created a popular song called White Rabbit, based on the Lewis Carroll children's fantasy Alice in Wonderland. In the book, Alice follows a white rabbit down a rabbit hole into a world that is bizarre, where she has an adventure of… [read more]

Nursing Religion and Nursing How Did God Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,186 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0




How did God become real in your life?

My family instilled my Christian values ever since I can remember. I was always taught that all of my actions are visible to God and that I should conduct myself in ways that would make God proud of me even if no other people knew what I was doing. This realization has always helped me do the right thing, especially when there would have been no negative consequences (on Earth) of doing the wrong thing.

In several instances, I believe God has helped me avoid the consequences of my own mistakes, in particular, where those mistakes would have caused my family undeserved grief and sorrow, and possibly also because God intended my life to accomplish something meaningful later. One example that comes to mind was the day that I was driving inattentively. I was not paying close enough attention to the road and accidentally drove right through a very busy intersection through a red traffic light. As I entered the four-way intersection at approximately 30 MPH, vehicles with the right of way did the same in both directions perpendicular to my direction of travel. A large tractor trailer passed within inches of my front bumper from the left side and at least three other vehicles did the same from the other direction just behind me, all at approximately the same speed as my car.

By the time I realized what I had done, I was already safely through the entire intersection and I had to stop for a few minutes to compose myself. As I sat there thinking about how lucky I was, I realized that I had stopped directly opposite a church of God. I took this as a sign from God that there is no such thing as "blind luck" but that my salvation on Earth on that occasion was an act of God's mercy. I believe God revealed himself to me in this manner to remind me that He is always with me as well as to remind me that my continued good fortune on Earth is a joint venture with God doing His part to motivate me and me doing my part to conduct my life responsibly, both to myself as well as where others are concerned, since my carelessness could have caused tremendous harm and grief to others through no fault of their own.

2. How has being a Christian affected your life?

Being a Christian has given my life meaning in the sense that I know that my life has a much larger purpose than my personal happiness. My religious faith in God's expectations of me (as I understand them) has helped me persist through difficult situations as well as to conduct myself in a manner consistent with my commitment to Christian ideals when my natural impulse might have been less consistent with those values.

For example, as a human being, I cannot help but to experience impulses that might cause me… [read more]

Tragedy and Comedy Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,496 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


Tragedy and Comedy

The theater can be considered as a reproduction of the fundamental conditions of human existence. The theater can be seen as a set of symbols reconstructing the conditio humana as a basic theater representation contains all the trials and tribulations of life. Acting can be deciphered as the attempt to assume a different identity. In this sense,… [read more]

Fiber Optics Technologies Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (2,207 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Fiber optic technologies are typically used within local (LAN) and wide-area networks (WANS) as this specific type of cabling is capable of very high transfer rates while at the same time not requiring repeaters to strengthen signals as they go across the cable from one location to another on a network. Fiber optic cabling is typically used for those networks… [read more]

Culturally Relevant Metaphors From My Culture Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (726 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … Culturally relevant metaphors

Metaphors from my culture rule of thumb" is a common metaphor for an inexact measurement. It is a means of estimation made according to a rough and ready practical rule, not based in science or exact requirements. Although, apocryphally it was supposed to refer to an old English law that "allowed a man to beat his wife with a stick so long as it is was no thicker than his thumb" the real origin is unclear, and likely "refers to one of the numerous ways that thumbs have been used to estimate things," in England such as "judging the alignment or distance of an object by holding the thumb in one's eye-line, the temperature of brews of beer, [and] measurement using the estimated inch from the joint to the nail" ("Rule of Thumb," 2007, the Phrase Finder).

This phrase actually reinforces how so many of our current measurements, like the foot, are historically based upon the human body, and actually only became a standardized measurement later on in our culture. It also illustrates our belief that it is sometimes acceptable and good to use our own judgment as a rough, reliable guide, and to obey intuitive common sense, and the common sense of others when measuring things.

Another, more recent phrase; "cut to the chase," which means to get to the point and leave out unnecessary things, has purely American origins. It has roots in the film industry, reflecting hidden impact of cinema on American life. "Many early silent films ended in chase sequences preceded by obligatory romantic storylines" ("Cut to the Chase," 2007, the Phrase Finder). It is even noted in early silent screenplays: "Jannings escapes... Cut to chase,' is a common direction. The phrase was included in a manual on screenwriting and then got picked up by newspaper editorial writers as a metaphor for other issues ("Cut to the Chase," 2007, the Phrase Finder). It became popular because it satisfies the American demand for speed, and also plain-spokenness and action.

A metaphor from another culture

In her essay "The difficulty of adjusting to American culture for Japanese business executives, Diane Choi explains a common metaphor in…… [read more]

Shakespeare Land of Enchantment Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,360 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1



Land of enchantment

From the very beginning the play imposes a visual spectacle. The actual representation of the storm and of the shipwreck comes as a challenge.Even if it is possible on paper, its incarnation on the stage requires a lot of effort. For the time when it was written, it stands as remarkably experimental. Shakespeare forces the limits… [read more]

Sales and Sales Management Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (947 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Sales and Sales Management

Article Summary
In the article, Avoid the Four Perils of CRM[1], authors Darrell K. Rigby,
Frederick F. Reichheld and Phil Schefter provide insightful analysis and
guidance from their collective experience advising companies on how to
augment their marketing, selling and service strategies more effectively
using Customer Relationship Management (CRM) software. Collectively the
authors concur that the need for companies to first define their strategies
and the processes required to accomplish their goals is the first step to
effectively layering in CRM as an IT investment.
The four perils the authors mention include implementing CRM before
creating a customer strategy, rolling out CRM before changing your
organization to match, assuming the more CRM technology the better, and
stalking, not wooing your customers. These four perils all either directly
or indirectly relate to change management, a key lesson the authors expand
upon in their examples of how CRM implementations can typically fail. An
excellent insight from the article is that the mere automating of customer-
facing processes does not guarantee success of a strategy; in fact this is
another point of failure. Instead, the authors contend, it is better to
focus on the entire series of systems and their integration together, all
aligned with customer-driven strategies for CRM to be successful. The
mentioning of order fulfillment, a core process of ERP systems and
manufacturing processes, exemplifies this point of the authors as well.
Relating this article to the textbook, there are many supporting points
made by the authors that in turn illustrate the need to first have a solid
market and customer segmentation strategy in place, and this includes a
consistent prospecting and selling strategy as well. Simply applying Sales
Force Automation (SFA) applications to a sales force can just speed up the
alienation and even anger of prospects, unless time has been taken to
device sales strategies that approach these critical groups as they want to
be communicated with. For example if a prospect opts into an online
newsletter out of interest in its content, or decides to download a white
paper on a subject of interest, CRM systems must be used to provide the
customer information and content that aligns with their interests first.
Just because a prospect opts into a newsletter or white paper download
doesn't not give the marketing department a license to spam them with
everything the company can think of sending. That is a key lesson learned
from this article when considered in light of the books' many excellent
insights into selling. Prospects have specific ways they choose to gather
information, learn about and evaluate alternative products, and finally,
have widely divergent approaches to how they specifically want to purchase
products. The book makes many excellent recommendations of how to create
lasting and value-driven relationships for customers, and the point of the
article in light…… [read more]

Security Vulnerability Assessment Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (935 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Facial recognition technology has improved drastically in recent years, and is becoming a viable method for augmenting traditional security measures. It has been implemented and tested (although with varying degrees of success) by a variety of government agencies and private institutions in an effort to provide more reliable security and identity confirmation, as it is not as prone to fraud like traditional, non-biometric identification. Facial recognition is a type of biometric that relies on recording "the spatial geometry of distinguishing features of the face" (John D. Woodward, Horn, Gatune, & Thomas, 2003, p. 3). In terms of security, biometric authentication affords the strongest method of identity verification, since ID cards and/or passwords can be transferable between persons, or forged by malicious third parties.

Facial recognition relies on the capturing of facial images, which are then referenced and compared against an existing database of images. It is in this regard that facial recognition has an advantage, since it can effectively utilize legacy image databases, and does not need, for the most part, a new infrastructure. This type of biometric security can be helpful in supplementing traditional surveillance measures, as it can reliably and quickly locate criminals or terrorists with more accuracy and speed than even the most highly trained security personnel. The advantage of facial recognition technology over other forms of biometric authentication are that facial recognition surveillance relies on public images, the capturing of which is a non-intrusive and contact-free process, and integrates with existing camera surveillance equipment (John D. Woodward et al., 2003, p. 7).

II. Past Uses

Biometric-based surveillance relying on facial recognition technology has been employed in the past, with varying degrees of success. In 2002, the NIST conducted a large-scale test of the accuracy of facial recognition technology at the U.S. Naval facility in Dahlgren, VA. The test was primary used to gauge the reliability of facial recognition technology for access control, with successful results. In an NIST brief, it was noted that the probability of correct verification with a sample of 33,000 individuals was roughly 89%, with a false alarm rate of 1%. The difficultly in interpreting this result to support the viability of wide-scale surveillance, however, arises from the controlled nature of the test. When facial recognition technology was used to test the viability of biometric access control with no ambient light control, such as outdoor conditions, the accuracy for facial recognition is only 47% (Summary of NIST Standards for Biometric Accuracy, Tamper Resistance, and Interoperability, 2002, pp. 15-16).

Another recent field test assessing the viability of facial recognition technology was conducted by the German government, to determine the accuracy for photo identification at points of entry. This test was started in April 2003, and ended in July 2003 at the BKA (Federal Criminal Police Office) in Wiesbaden, Germany. The results…… [read more]

Intercity or Intercontinental Rail System Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,369 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


St. Petersburg, Russia Metro

What would St. Petersburg Russia be without its metro system?

Rail travel is of incredible importance in today's world. Around for
200 years, recent 20th century develops have contributed to this importance
as in numerous metropolitan areas throughout the world, travel on high
speed railways are critical to functioning. Contributing greatly to
urbanization and increased growth of existing metropolitan areas, urban
metro or subway systems are preferable means of transportation. Recognized
for their convenience, energy efficiency, safety, and low cost (even self
sustaining financially at times), railways within metropolitan cities will
continue to be of great importance to transporting people (Japan Fact
Sheet). Daily life would be incredibly inefficient in countless cities
throughout the world without the benefits of high speed travel within a
city, which is often located underground for extra convenience and
contributing to their practical functioning as a primary means of
transportation. This is particular evident in St. Petersburg, Russia,
where the metros are continuously in use and both cost and time efficient,
yet still packed and often people's primary means of travel throughout the
city. According to recent articles on the St. Petersburg Metro, primarily
a 2004 article by Irina Titova, the St. Petersburg Metro, despite its
incredible high rate of usage, still can and needs to be expanding.
Because of this, a case study of the St. Petersburg Metro illustrates the
importance and long-term viability of underground railway systems within
metropolitan areas. The St. Petersburg Metro exemplifies the importance of
rail travel within a metropolitan area, as St. Petersburg, Russia would be
unable to function properly without an adequate and extensive metro system
that is of paramount importance in moving people throughout the city.
The St. Petersburg metro is an adequate system that is used
extensively by most of the inhabitants of St. Petersburg because it offers
numerous benefits. The St. Petersburg Metro is the easiest, cost friendly,
and most effective way to get around the metropolitan area (Bennett 1993).
Any guide of the city for a foreigner illustrates this point emphasizing
the need for the Metro to see the city. In an August 8th, 1993 article
entitled "The Daily Drama of St. Petersburg," author Philip Bennett makes
very clear the importance and necessity of traveling on the metro in a fast
paced and large city such as St. Petersburg. Constructed in the 1950s and
one of the deepest in the world, this metro is usually packed as it is
necessary for many of the residents of St. Petersburg. Rush hour in the
metro, as busy as it may be, is important for the movement of people, as
without it there would be an incredible overabundance of people traveling
above ground, so much so that the city could not function properly. This
trend is showing no signs of declining, and the St. Petersburg Metro's
availability and benefits contribute to it being an adequate system that is
an integral aspect of transportation in the 300 year old city.
In fact, a more… [read more]

Greek Drama Represented a Melding of Art Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,517 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Greek Drama represented a melding of art, religion, and philosophy, and the form of the drama evolved as the playwrights of the time expressed themselves in this medium. In examining drama, Aristotle considers the most successful dramas of his time and decides what it is that they have in common. It is this analysis that leads to his concept of… [read more]

Oceanography Identifying the Current Location New York Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,030 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1



Identifying the current location

New York belongs to the state bearing the same name and is situated on the north-eastern coast of the U.S.A., at the point where the Hudson River flows into the Atlantic Ocean. The city's geographical coordinates are latitude 40047'N and longitude 73058' W. The city is renown for its cultural aura, but also for its… [read more]

Cell Phone Radiation Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,758 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Cell Phone Radiation

The Silent Enemy



Concerns for All Ages

In Light on Concerns

The Big Question

The Privilege to Listen


The Silent Enemy


Cover-up? Conspiracy? Cancer? These three words, according to Brown (59) conceivably could denote concerns not loudly proclaimed due to.".. major government cover-ups and big business hush-ups, with the poor, innocent… [read more]

Radiation Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (567 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Beta and alpha particles both move at very high speeds, however, and though the lower mass of beta particles gives them less total energy at any given speed they can reach energy levels comparable to those seen in alpha radiation (BCS 2011). Their much smaller size also gives beta particles greater penetrative abilities, however; they can persist through several feet of air and even thin layers of certain light metals (BCS 2011). Still, it does not take significant barriers to stop beta particles, and the greatest danger is again presented when beta-emitting substances are ingested (Nave 2011).

Gamma radiation is the third primary type of atomic radiation, and is also the most dangerous as well as the most useful type of radiation for a variety of purposes (Nave 2011). Gamma particles are essentially the same as photons, or particles of light, and similarly gamma rays can be seen as waves instead of particles (Nave 2011). Both light and gamma radiation are electromagnetic -- either particles of electromagnetism or waves of electromagnetism -- but gamma particles/rays have much higher energy levels than visible light and so are much more penetrative (BCS 2011). Depending on the energy of the gamma radiation, it can be stopped by a thin layer of aluminum or penetrate several inches of lead (BCS 2011). This type of radiation can thus cause great damage, but can also tell us a great deal about the universe and ourselves.


BCS. (2011). Three types of radiation. Accessed 8 June 2011. http://www.blackcatsystems.com/GM/experiments/ex7.html

Nave, C. (2011). Radioactivity.…… [read more]

Explosives Detect Me Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (651 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


New procedures less physically intrusive, such as Near Infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. NIR can ferret out hidden hazardous chemicals even when they are hidden behind clothing without body searches (Nolan-Neelan 2010). NIT technology is especially useful because it allows for detection at a remote distance. A light transmits through the passenger's clothing and signals are reflected by the chemical and back through the clothing to a NIR detector. "The signal was then passed into a spectrometer, which analyzed the intensity of the light at each wavelength. By comparing the intensities of light diffused by the clothing material and the hidden chemicals, the group was able to work out a 'fingerprint' for the chemical" (Nolan-Neelan 2010).

The TSA has also tested the use of bomb-detection equipment which requires screeners to swab a traveler's hand or bag for chemicals used in making bombs by sounding alarms. "The machines are so sensitive that alarms can sound for passengers who have recently taken heart pills containing nitroglycerin, or if they have recently fired guns" (Frank 2010). Although terrorists are creating new forms of detonation all of the time, the diversity as well as the thoroughness of new screening procedures can hopefully prevent future attacks.


Chapter 12: Military explosives. (2011). Navy Documents.

Retrieved August 16, 2011 at http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/navy/docs/fun/part12.htm

Frank, Thomas. (2010). TSA takes explosive screening to bags. USA Today.

Retrieved August 16, 2011 at http://www.usatoday.com/travel/flights/2010-02-16-TSA-swabs_N.htm

Make your trip better using 3-1-1. (2011). Transportation Safety Authority (TSA).

Retrieved August 16, 2011 at http://www.tsa.gov/311

Moorcraft, Lucy. (2001). Kinetics. University of Bristol.

Retrieved August 16, 2011 at http://www.chm.bris.ac.uk/webprojects2001/moorcraft/Kinetics.htm

Nolan-Neelan, Fay. (2010). Detective explosives within clothing. Highlights in Chemical Technology. Retrieved August 16, 2011 at http://www.rsc.org/Publishing/ChemTech/Volume/2010/12/detecting_explosives.asp

Walter, Katie (1996). High explosives detonation. Science and Technology Review.

Retrieved August 16, 2011 at https://www.llnl.gov/str/Simpson99.html… [read more]

Q:1 What Is the Accurate Speed Book Report

Book Report  |  2 pages (896 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Q:1 what is the accurate speed of light in km/sec? calculate the time required from the sun light to come to earth from the sun. how long would it take the light to travel from one end of the milky wave to the other end that is 10,000 light years long? Compute the sun's angular diameter as seen from the earth. why the modern astronomers, physicist and engineers are always trying to determine the true nature of the sun?

The speed of light is 299,728,377 km/sec.

The average distance of the sun from earth is 146,000,000 km.

Light travels 17.98 million minute.

Therefore, the light from the sun reaches earth in approximately


By definition, lights travels 10,000 light years in 10,000 years.

Therefore, light would travel from one end to the other in 10,000 years.

The diameter of the sun is 1,390, 000 km.

The angular size of the sun is its diameter divided by its distance from the reference point.

1,390,000km/149,000km = 0.009 radians = 0.5 degrees (assuming 1

radian = 57 degrees).

The sun is important for many reasons. It is fueled by the same process of nuclear fusion that coverts hydrogen into helium that was initially responsible for the creation of all matter. This process could be crucial for future methods of synthetic energy production to replace fossil fuels. The sun is the nearest star to earth and provides the best opportunity to study the manner in which all stars evolve and change.

The sun is the source of solar flares and solar winds and directly affect climactic conditions on the earth.

Q:2 Describe characteristics of the sun's photosphere. what are sun spots, describe their properties. how do sun spots effect the earth? what is the solar wind and is it related to sun spots?

The sun's surface features faculae, granules, supergranules, and sunspots. Sunspots are the most important feature from our perspective because they produce the solar wind that is responsible for heating the earth's upper atmosphere by virtue of ultraviolet light and x-rays. Sunspots are dark regions on the sun's surface that represent comparatively cooler areas. They represent powerful magnetic fields that generate a magnetic solar "wind" that force solar gases past the earth at high speed, disruption power systems and the orbits of satellites.

Q:3 what is meant by the helium flash? when does it accrue in the evolution of the stars? what are variable stars? what are the cepheid variables, describe their behavior and how are they used in astronomy?

Toward the end of the life of relatively small stars of about 2.25 solar masses, when the core no longer has enough hydrogen to maintain fusion to resist the inward…… [read more]

Definitions Memo Computer Engineering and Information Systems Case Study

Case Study  |  2 pages (854 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Computer Engineering and Information Systems Case Study

Memo to Construction Company to Upgrade their High Speed LAN

Colin Tangeman

Choosing Between Wireless and Wired LAN Configurations

As your construction business continues to expand, your network traffic on the Local Area Network (LAN) you are running on is continuing to grow exponentially. You will need to expand your High Seed LAN using either of two options, each which has specific technology-based strengths and weaknesses associated with each. Your two options are a wireless LAN or wired LANs. You may have hard about wireless LANs or Wi-Fi, which is a technology that encodes your information into a radio wave, much the same used for sending music and new information to car stereos across broad distances. The greater the frequency of the radio wave, the more data it can carry from a broadcasting device to a receiver or router, which is what many laptops, tablet PCs and smartphones have in them today (Varshney, Vetter, 2000). Just like the units of measure in your construction business, radio waves that are the foundation of Wi-Fi communication have a very clear set of standards and also linearly scale in KHz levels. Think of the kHz as power measures in your business; they are similar. For example if you are building a new production plant and are wiring it for 220V, there will be much greater breadth of power for devices using that outlet. A 10 kHz wireless router will do the same; it will take 10 times the amount of data than its 1 kHz counterpart. And just as 220V lines are often designed for a very specific production purpose, the kHz ranges of wireless or Wi-Fi networks can do the same. Think of a Wi-Fi LAN technology as a very customized radio you can tune to deliver songs either as quickly or as slowly as you'd like, and at whatever level of sound fidelity you choose as well. For the 10 kHz Wi-Fi networks the songs would be arriving at your car or portable radio at 10 times that of a 1 kHz radio. To understanding how modulation works in a Wi-Fi network. Consider if you can encode up to four segments of a song in a single wave; this is comparable to how modulating methods work.

And just like each type of radio-controlled device, from a hi-fi stereo to a radio-frequency (RF) controlled plane respond to entirely different frequencies, the same holds true with the different standards and frequencies for Wi-Fi networks as well. And just like RF-controlled planes, a change…… [read more]

Romeo and Juliet: Act II Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (869 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


One cannot really see clearly in a night lit by lightening. Juliet notes that as soon as one says that the lightening has provided a bit of light by which to see clearly, the light is gone. Thus, we are told, will be the light giving love of the two lovers -- it will be nothing like the love of the day, of sunlight. Again, this underlines the theme that is a love of quick light, like the stars, and love of the night, like the stars or a lightening storm, not of a nourishing, life-generating light.

Juliet's sense of foreboding is so strong, she admits she does not even delight in the verbal contract or betrothal of the two lovers that night, although she delights in Romeo's nearby presence. Because their love is forbidden, even the contract must be formed by night, in secret. The stress upon "good night" expresses gratefulness for night's ability to give her love, and of how the night alters the appearance of Romeo, giving him cover in her family's orchard. Still, it also suggests that night is, unlike the love of the day, the star-crossed romance of Juliet and Romeo exists outside of the day-by-day social institutions that can provide a stable framework for a permanent romantic alliance.

Juliet briefly compares their love to a flower as well, first budding then in bloom. It will become fully open when the two of them next meet. The sexual implications are clear -- these two young buds will be ripened and mature and ready for marriage and physical enjoyment, when they meet next. But the quick, verbal bud to flower progression also suggests the theme of a star-crossed, hasty speed once again, a kind of speeded-up film of romance, to use an anachronistic metaphor borrowed from time-stop film frequently employed in documentaries about flowers coming to maturity.

Even the way that Juliet says good-bye to Romeo suggests foreboding on the part of this astute yet rash young woman -- she wishes his heart good rest, as if he is already heading to a sweet and final resting place. Her reference to her own rest in her breast will later take on a terrible foreshadowing of its own, as the young woman, awakening in her own tomb, uses her beloved's dagger to commit suicide and bring her to a final rest, through death, next to Romeo.

Work Cited

Shakespeare, William. "Romeo and Juliet." Text available online at The Literature Network. . http://www.online-literature.com/shakespeare/romeo_and_juliet/10//… [read more]

Sarah Bakewell Montaigne How to Live or a Life Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,896 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Letter to Friend: Imparting the Advice of Montaigne

Sussex, England

Haverfordshire Estate

Dear Katharine:

It's been too long since our last meeting, though it was good to see you then and how quickly the afternoon passed. You were indeed a generous host; the ginger tea cakes you made were divine and the orange pekoe tea was a delightful treat. However,… [read more]

Beachcraft 1900d and Gulfstream 4: Detailed Aircraft Comparison Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (2,821 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Beachcraft 1900D/Gulfstream IV

L. Jones

The Beachcraft 1900D and the Gulfstream IV:

Characteristics and Utility

Whenever one examines the features, capabilities, and functions of a particular aircraft, be it designed for commercial or private use, it is important to consider several factors. Of course, high among those are the particular "specs" of the aircraft or aircrafts in question, the performance… [read more]

Royal Navy and German Navy in 1904 and the Dreadnought Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,909 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Royal Navy and the German Navy in 1904 and the Dreadnought

By 1904, Great Britain was so concerned about German naval capabilities that it began to devote more and more of its national budget to military preparedness in general and expansion of its naval fleet in particular. What is the significance of the word 'Dreadnought' in this context?… [read more]

Global Positioning System GPS Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,286 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The receiver resets its own clock to synchronize with the satellite clock. Thus the latitudinal and longitudinal position coordinates are easily calculated. [Marshall Brain]. These receivers are available in different forms and shapes and are typically hand held devices that can be mounted on planes, ships, automobiles, etc.

Errors and Corrections

Errors in GPS signals may be of different types like noise errors, Bias errors, clock errors and signal transmission errors due to atmospheric interference. Noise errors may result from the PRN code noise and the noise surrounding the receiver. The PRN code noise is an inherent problem in wireless devices using spread spectrum technique of signal dissemination. The GPS transmitters transmit the GPS data along with PRN code as one big spectrum and hence at the receiver's end the PRN code needs to be generated and synchronized. (locked) Each satellite has its own unique PRN code and the receiver has to uniquely identify these satellites from these PRN codes. [Eurofix] Other errors include SV clock errors and other atmospheric interactions on the signal propagation. Also, at the receiver's end signals may get reflected off big structures creating interference and consequent delays. (Multipath errors) For high precision navigation aids differential positioning GPS can be used which gives an accuracy of around 1 to 10 meters. [Peter H. Dana]

GPS Applications

GPS finds newer and newer applications everyday. The most standard uses for GPS include surveying and mapping of land and water regions and providing accurate details for airborne geophysical surveys for resources locations. GPS is an accurate and precise navigational tool for sailors, ships, cargo movers, aircrafts and also for land-based transportation vehicles. Vehicles fitted with GPS receivers can be accurately traced for location. GPS offers an easy means of hunting down vehicle thieves and serves as a deterrent. GPS is an indispensable tool in the hands of rescue operators particularly those engaged in rescuing mountaineers who are trapped in inaccessible areas. Researchers doing archeological surveys find GPS to be an indispensable tool. From military perspective GPS is immensely useful for 'Photo reconnaissance' and 'military intelligence purposes'. Modern Spy planes and unmanned vehicles use GPS signals for automatic navigation purposes. GPS is at the heart of 'Automatic Weapon guidance' system using which missiles navigate and strike the target with accuracy.[ Chris Rizos] Recreational applications include monitoring of gliders, parachuters and lighter aircraft fliers. However, as mentioned above the fields of application of GPS is literally unlimited as more and more new application areas are emerging. For example GPS currently finds application in the field of distributed computing in calculating the delays in network analyzers and in synchronous optical networks.


GPS is a revolutionary breakthrough in the field of navigation making every possible position on the planet to be traced with accuracy. An indispensable navigational aid for aircrafts, ships and for those traveling in remote locations of the earth, the GPS also finds numerous applications in diverse fields. From the simple surveying, and transport applications to the more important military… [read more]

Security Issues in IEEE Wlan's 802.11 Term Paper

Term Paper  |  20 pages (6,613 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Security Issues in IEEE WLAN 802.11

In geek speak, the IEEE 802.11b standard is the family of specifications created by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. For wireless, Ethernet local area networks in 2.4 gigahertz bandwidth space. The rest of us English-language users should think of IEEE 802.11b as a way to connect our computers and… [read more]

Older Adults and Physical Disabilities Motor Impairment Wheel Chair Bound Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,355 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Older Adults With Disabilities

Life expectancy is the number of years a person or given group can expect to live from a given period until death (Osir 1999). Life expectancy in the U.S. At birth was 25 years for men and 30 for women in 1900 and grew to 72.5 for men and 78.9 for women in 1995. This was first attributed to decreasing infant mortality, improved sanitation and living conditions, more effective treatment of disease and then to better medical management of chronic disease, lifestyle changes and improved nutrition. Life expectancy figures among older people have been projected at 18.5% of the U.S. population in the 2025 from 12.8% in 1996, with the 85 and above bracket as the fastest growing sector. This trend has posed important quality-of-life issues, such as whether this increase in longevity will be active or disability-free expectancy.

Research findings provide sufficient evidence that people are now living longer but there is no sufficient evidence that longevity, among all ethnic groups, will be matched by future increases in health delivery (Ostir 1999). Medical advances in early detection and prevention of chronic disease, especially heart disease, and the increasing awareness on how to maintain a healthy lifestyle have combined to enhance longevity. Moderate physical exercise, such as aerobic conditioning, improves flexibility, strength and balance and reduces or prevents disability. The findings noted ethnic or racial disability differences according to socioeconomic status, health care awareness and access to health care. Some studies trace a genetic component to the predisposition of certain ethnic groups to certain diseases, such as diabetes mellitus among Mexican-Americans, and, in turn, predict an increase in future disability among them..

Another study examined the relationship between environmental factors and community mobility in older adults and the environmental problems that affect their access to goods and services (Cook 2002), which health care professionals concerned with these older adults' mobility training. The study said that older adults, with or without disabilities, walk an average of 300 meters in shopping or visiting a health care practitioner. The current standard of independent walking at 45.7 meters without assistance seriously undermines the distance walked by older adults with and without disability in obtaining goods and services within the community. Temporal factors include the ability to cross the street according to the time allotted by traffic light or density and the maintenance of an appropriate speed in walking. Trips to the community were associated with only a few street crossings. People who walk very slowly put themselves and others at risk for collision. Some tasks also require a reasonable time for which a minimum walking speed is needed. According to the Three-Minute Walk Test, the gait speed in older adults with disabilities was half that of those without disabilities and should explain why those with disabilities performed only one activity in each trip.

Visual defects and other problems also lead the older community to prefer daytime trips (Cook 2002). Their ability to detect edges, size of objects and surface properties… [read more]

Impact of Modern Telecommunications on Diplomacy Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (2,980 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Telecommunications and Diplomacy

Telecommunications is the science and technology of communications at a distance by electronic transmission of impulses, as by telegraph, cable, telephone, radio or television (Lexico Publishing Group 2005). Up to the 1800s, information was sent through pigeons and horse-driving couriers and visual systems, based on observation of flags, lanterns, heliographs and semaphore signals (Caslon 2005). But these… [read more]

Anatomy and Function of Vision Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,729 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Anatomy and Function of Vision

This report is about the human sensory system and perception function of seeing or vision. The report delves into the physical anatomy of the specific areas involved for a person to see and therefore appreciate his or her immediate external environment. We humans often take vision for granted but it is truly a crucial aspect… [read more]

Historical Underdogs as Demonstrated in Malcolm X And Seabiscuit Films and Books Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,320 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … traditional story of the underdog in American culture is of an individual who is continually underestimated, yet eventually comes out on top because of his or her pluck and determination. America is a nation where, the ideology of one of its Founding Fathers suggested, every citizen is entitled to the right to the pursuit of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The advent of modern capitalism further conspired to create a culture where the ideology of the self-made entrepreneur held sway, the individual who could fashion his or her self out of whole cloth, guts, tenacity, and ingenuity -- and make a handsome profit off of these qualities, as well as making 'good' as a person.

Of course, there are many fissures in this ideology, the most notable of which was the 3/5ths compromise. This early part of the Constitution suggested that every enslaved Black man was only worth 3/5ths of a white man on American soil -- it enshrined the perpetuation of the institution of slavery into the Constitution until the end of the Civil War nearly a century later. But even after the Civil War, institutionalized and non-institutionalized racism limited the social and economic advancement of African-Americans. For example, the memory of being terrorized by the Klan was a searing image in the mind and memory of the young Malcolm X

Malcolm X stated that he hated, even in his own face, seeing the heritage and parentage of the white slave owners who raped his maternal relations, in the form of his red hair and paler skin tone than some of his fellow Black brothers. When Malcolm X (then called Malcolm Little) was six years old, his father Earl Little was killed by a group of white supremacists that opposed his father's work for Black Nationalist groups. After Earl's life insurance company refuses to pay what it legally owed the family, by claiming that Earl's death was a suicide, the Little family was split apart. Malcolm, at an early age, was cast upon the mercy of a world that valued him, in the prophetic words of his first given surname, very little.

Malcolm did not give up on himself, at first. But one searing event nearly destroyed his confidence. When Malcolm was thirteen years old, then temporarily living with a white foster family and going to a white school, Malcolm was elected president of his class, and had top grades in all of his subjects. However, the principal of his school mocked Malcolm's desire to be a lawyer when Malcolm grew up. The principal said it was unrealistic for a Black man to dream of such an accomplishment. Later, Malcolm X was to trace that event as one of the events that precipitated into his eventual life of drugs, crime, and prison. The most democratic of American institutions, the school, which was supposed to provide every American child with the tools to better him or herself in mind and spirit, cut Malcolm rather than cured… [read more]

Fiber Optics New Advances Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,398 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Fiber Optics

History of Fibre Optics

Advantages and Disadvantages)

Advancement of Fiber Optic Technology

Fiber Optics

The later half of the twentieth century has witnessed dramatic developments in the field of data communication. The tremendous growth in telephone traffic as well as the ever-increasing demands for radio and television transmissions, forced the search for alternative and more efficient data transmission systems. The idea of using light as a carrier of data created a paradigm shift to the telecommunications domain. Simply, the higher frequency of light waves implied that more data could be packed. Being a digital transmission technology, fiber optics became the much preferred communication technique in today's digital world. Fiber optic networks are fast replacing the traditional copper wires in telecommunication networks throughout the world. Let us have a brief overview of the history, the science, the advancements and the application areas for this new age technology.

History of Fibre Optics

John Tyndal, the famous British physicist, discovered the phenomenon of total internal reflection of light in 1870. This discovery is widely regarded as the key to the science of fiber optics. But Alexander Graham Bell's Photophone was the first practical application of light as a medium for carrying data. Graham Bell's photophone transmitted sound waves using light up to a distance of 200 meters. Then in the early fifties the development of the fiberscope, and the introduction of cladding technique to minimize loss of signal made optical transmission a more promising possibility. However, the discovery of laser technology in 1960 was the first major breakthrough in fiber optics. [David R. Goff]. The high power and precision of the laser diode enabled the possibility of focusing a minute area with intense light energy. Gradually in the 1970's the improvement in glass purification process made it possible to limit optical signal loss to less than 20db/km making fiber optics telecommunication systems a practical possibility. Further improvements in the technology of light emitters, as well as fiber production, gradually lessened the signal attenuation below 2db/km and present day optical fibers reach a theoretical minimum optical loss of.2db/km, making optical fibers the most efficient signal transmission medium. [Jeff Hecht]


Optical fibres are nothing but thin strands of highly purified glass that transmit data in the form of light. These individual glass strands have a diameter of around 120 micrometers and are bundled together as optical cables that can transmit data upto 50 Km without the need for repeaters. Each optic fiber can be divided into three distinct layers namely the innermost layer or the core, the cladding layer that immediately covers the core and the outermost buffer coating made of plastic that is designed to protect the fiber from weather and other external damages. While the core is the glass medium on which light travels the cladding layer is used to reflect the escaping light back into the core and thus minimize the optical signal loss. The lower refractive index of the cladding material facilitates reflection of light back into the… [read more]

Video Surveillance Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,715 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Video Surveillance

In today's highly technical post 9/11 society, a new industry is developing, particularly in more developed nations such as the United States, China, Japan, and across Europe. This industry, commonly known as the video surveillance industry, has developed dramatically over the course of the last ten years, and with this development has come many obstacles, including technological, governmental,… [read more]

Nanotechnology Development and Uses Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (806 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+



The objective of this work is to research and examine the development and uses of Nanotechnology.

The basic definition of 'nanotechnology' is: "Engineering of functional systems at the molecular scale." (Center for Responsible Nanotechnology, 2006) According to the Center for the Responsible Nanotechnology "Molecular manufacturing means the ability to build devices, machines, and eventually whole products with every atom in its specified place." (2006) In 1959 an after-dinner talk described molecular use of machine building thorough means that were atomically precise. Nanotechnology was referred to again in 1974 by Taniquichi in a paper relating to the ion-machining process. In 1977 concepts of molecular nanotechnology are formed by Drexler at MIT. In 1982 the first technical paper on molecular engineering was presented. The first 'Think Tank' report was published and the first nanotechnology company 'Zyvex' was founded. The first nanotech industry report was released in 2001 jut one year after President Clinton had announced the U.S. National Nanotechnology Initiative. Congressional hearings on the societal implications took place during the year 2003.


According to the article entitled: "Small Wonders" (2004) published in The Economist: "Nanotechnology does not derive from a single scientific discipline. Although it probably has most in common with materials science, the properties of atoms and molecules underpin many areas of science, so the field attracts scientists of different disciplines." (Ibid) Some of the developments and uses of nanotechnology are manufacture of burn bandages which are made antimicrobial through an "addition of the nanoparticiles of silver." (Ibid) further stated is that."..fabrics have been stain- and odor-proofed by attaching molecules to cotton fibres that create a protective barrier. Tennis rackets have been strengthened by adding tiny particles that improve torsion and flex resistance. Other applications include coatings for the hulls of boats, sunscreen, car parts and refrigerators. In the longer term nanotechnology may produce much bigger innovations, such as new kinds of computer memory, improved medical technology and better energy-production methods such as solar cells." (Ibid)


Those who support nanotechnology state a claim that."..it will lead to clean energy, zero-waste manufacturing and cheap space travel, if not immortality..." while those opposed state a fear that it."..will bring universal surveillance and harm to the poor, the environmental and human health through self-replicating 'grey goo'." (Ibid) Nanotechnology is in its infancy but promises to all areas of life because it."..cuts across many scientific disciplines…… [read more]

Willa Cather Lost Lady Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,226 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Willa Cather

Lost Lady" was written by Willa Cather as the fruit of her pondering the changes brought in by the extinction of the old society when facing the rise a of new order.

The action is taking place in a small and peaceful town in Virginia, named Sweet Water. We are introduced to the main characters in an almost heavenly set up of a property consisting of a house built on a hill in a lane. The owners are the Forresters, husband and wife: Marian Forrester and Captain Forrester.

The captain is the character who impersonates the old world with its old fashioned cavalry and sense of duty and honor. To this character, present during the whole story, the author opposes another type, representing the triumph of the new order: Ivy Peters. This is the new man who has all it takes in order to succeed in the new society where the sense of duty and the love for fair play are replaced by greed, lack of scruples, the will to win by any means. There is a single character caught up between these two worlds, struggling to survive by the means she had at the time. This woman-character is the best impersonation of the relationship between change and loss. Usually, change means evolution and is seen in a positive light. In this case, change meant loosing identity and commonsense.

The story unfolds little by little and the keys are given only by the end of the story. There are hints all over it, but only the explanations given in the last ten pages bring some light into the readers mind when it comes to understanding the meanings of the actions and the very existence of the characters. There is no doubt left when in chapter seven of part two, Captain Forrester's widow, by then, Mrs. Forrester is brought in the merciless light by the author's blade cutting all the way, sharply, handled with the precision of a surgeon, unveiling the plain truth: "It was Mrs. Forrester herself who had changed. Since her husband's death she seemed to have become another woman. For years, Neil and his uncle, the Dalzells and all her friends, had thought of the captain as a drag upon his wife; a care that drained her and dimmed her and kept her from being all that she might be. But without him she was like a ship without ballast, driven hither and thither by every wind. She was flighty and perverse. She seemed to have lost her faculty of discrimination; her power of easily and graciously keeping everyone in his proper place."(A Lost lady, pag. 56) These words are describing not only the main woman character, but also the society suffering big changes at the beginning of the 20th Century.

This book is all about changes. Mrs. Forrester's husband, the captain, the railroad contractor, the character who saves from death a stranger who letter becomes his wife, the man who chooses to loose his fortune… [read more]

Peary Cook Controversy Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (4,078 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+



Peary and Cook: The 100-year battle for the North Pole

In 1891, polar explorer Robert E. Peary was on one of the many failed attempts to reach the North Pole that defined his early career when disaster struck. He injured his leg, which could have been a life-threatening condition in the severe arctic cold. Fortunately, a young doctor on… [read more]

Measure Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (572 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Years ago, when employed as a pizza maker in a chain restaurant, I came across a number of performance measures that always seemed to be off target in a number of ways. One of these was the time between an order coming in and when the pizza came out of the oven -- a time that was supposed to be kept under a certain amount in all circumstances. This measure was supposed to reflect both the quality of service provided to the customers and the work efficiency in the kitchen, yet this measure failed on both counts. During extremely busy periods it was truly impossible to keep the allotted time interval between receiving an order and getting the pizza out of the oven, sometimes because the number of workers in the kitchen simply couldn't move fast enough to keep up with the orders, and sometimes because the oven did not physically have space for all of the pizzas that needed to cook. Customers were actually very understanding and very rarely complained about any wait, but the manager would constantly harangue the kitchen staff about speed and the fact that "customers were waiting." When it came to worker efficiency the measure was equally poor for the reasons stated above; pizzas could only come out at a certain maximum speed, and thus if more orders came in worker efficiency would seem to go down when truly it had simply plateaued at the maximum. This led to a lot of unnecessary stress for all involved.

Properly measuring performance is only more important as the stakes become higher. A minimum wage job at a pizza restaurant can bear some ongoing mismanagement and mis-measurment. The financial realm often cannot.… [read more]

Fire Protection Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,677 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Fire Science - Firefighting Equipment


Firefighting in organized form began in New Amsterdam in 1648, sixteen years before the colony was renamed New York. In those days, firefighting equipment consisted of nothing more than leather buckets, hooks, and ladders all transported by hand and horse-drawn carriage. At that time, the primary duty of the… [read more]

Red Lights Running Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,039 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


The FHWA also finds that improper signal design and/or operation might also be a contributing factor to some red light running.

There are considerable consequences to running a red light. As noted, there are three main crash types and these types result in a high level of injury, death and economic damage. These incidents will also result in psychological trauma to the victims, particularly where death and grievous injury are involved. For the person who was running the red light, it can be difficult to live with the consequences of having killed or maimed someone for something as stupid as a red light. While the law lets these people off without a manslaughter charge, this does not erase the feelings of guilt that they may have the rest of their days.

In addition, there are legal and financial consequences. As the FHWA (2003) notes, red light running in any form is a traffic violation. A common violation could result in a fine or other small sanction. If speed and/or alcohol are factors, the sanctions could be significantly stronger. Further, it is worth noting that the perpetrator could face increased insurance rates as a non-legal form of punishment for being a high-risk driver. Drivers who run red lights are likely to face civil action, even if there is no criminal legal action taken against them. In civil court, even a minor red light accident can lead to significant damages awards (Pines, 2012).

While many drivers seem to feel nonchalant about running red lights, the reality is that running red lights has deadly consequences. Whatever the cause, and whatever the accident type, people could be killed or seriously injured. Even a relatively minor accident can result in an expensive civil suit. This is not to speak of the consequences to the economy as a whole, which amount to some $14 billion in damages, lost wages and other trauma. If you kill or injure someone while running a red light, you are likely to have to live with that guilt for the rest of your life. To ruin your life and somebody else's over a 30-second stop makes no sense at all, and for that reason one really needs to take the consequences of running red lights into consideration when driving. It is simply better to obey the lights, stop even if abruptly, and be safe. Running red lights is dangerous and the consequences are too severe for it to even be remotely worth it.

Works Cited

FHWA (2003). Making intersections safer -- A toolbox of engineering. Federal Highways Administration. Retrieved November 30, 2012 from http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/intersection/resources/fhwasa09027/resources/Making%20Intersections%20Safer%20-%20A%20Toolbox%20of%20Engineering%20Count.pdf

Pines, M. (2012). Running red lights. Law Offices of Michael Pines. Retrieved November 30, 2012 from http://seriousaccidents.com/legal-advice/top-causes-of-car-accidents/running-a-red-light/

Radzi, N. (2011). Effects of traffic volume on red-light running at fixed-time traffic signal system. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Retrieved November 30, 2012 from http://www.efka.utm.my/thesis/IMAGES/4MASTER/2011/TRANS/norsyaziana.pdf

Oberhauser, P & Oberhauser, S. (2012). Tragic consequences of running red light. Daily Herald. Retrieved November 30, 2012 from http://www.dailyherald.com/article/20120130/discuss/701309970/… [read more]

Apollo Program on Technology Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,749 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Clearly, the Apollo program has led to technological innovation in a wide range of fields. While most people may have realized that the space program contributed to R&D in computer science, they may not have realized the role that such R&D played in developing products in multiple other areas. One of the concerns about the modern U.S. space program, which no longer has any missions that are comparable to the Apollo program, is that it will not provide sufficient incentive for the type of R&D programs that enabled these major technological changes.


Bravo Technical Resources, Inc. (2010). Tales from IT history: The Apollo missions and tech innovation. Retrieved December 2, 2012 from Bravo Tech website: http://www.bravotech.com/news-amp-events/industry-news/tales-from-it-history-how-the-apollo-missions-helped-change-the-world/

Gaudin, S. (2009, July 20). NASA's Apollo technology has changed history. Retrieved December 2, 2012 from Computerworld website: http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9135690/NASA_s_Apollo_technology_has_changed_history

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. (2007). Benefits from Apollo: Giant leaps in technology. Retrieved December 2, 2012 from NASA website: http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/466723main_NasaFacts_508c.pdf.

Sadeh, E. (Unk.). Societal impacts of the Apollo program. Retrieved December 2, 2012 from Astrosociology.com website: http://www.astrosociology.com/Library/PDF/Impacts_Sadeh.pdf

Stine, D. (2009, June 30). The Manhattan Project, the Apollo Program, and federal energy technology R&D programs: A comparative analysis. Retrieved December 2, 2012 from Federation of American Scientists website: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL34645.pdf… [read more]

Aircraft Purchasing Plan Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (2,578 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


This will prove to be advantageous since the company will increase the efficiency of the planes. By increasing the number of jets they operate, the company will maximize the performance of each plane.

The company uses its planes to conduct flight demonstrations. These demonstrations show potential customers the outstanding performance and uniqueness of the planes. The demo flights are a… [read more]

Zygmut Bauman Markets Without Edges Book Report

Book Report  |  2 pages (634 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Zygmut Bauman

Markets without edges within the modern concept of capitalism and globalization take into account the fact that borders (edges) are no longer political boundaries. Secondly, in the developing world, many businesses operate outside the legal system, or outside the edges of what the developed world would call strict edged.

The term Unsicherheit means uncertainty, insecurity and lack of safety, and according to Bauman means the loss of livelihood, social entitlements, and place in society and human dignity.

The invidious paradox is the manner in which rabid patriotism comes into play based on a fear factor (e.g. terrorism).

The three strategies humans have used to overcome their temporality are an obsession with technology, with speed, and in the change between productive time and consumptive time.

A "peg-style" community is the formation of a group coming together as if finding a "peg" or cause that brings people together -- usually out of fear of something, designed to alleviate and make the individual feel more comfortable.

6. Bauman believes that market forces can cause some of these fears that engender pet-style communities; like asking for astrology to predict the future or purchasing lottery tickets as an investment. Instead, he believes that instead of cutting ourselves off from the social aspect of humanity (computers, inside activities) we should live more in a society in which we interact with people and form support networks. The idea may be sound, but the application is more theoretical -- as in Marx's idea that workers would band together in all countries. Once the technological bug has it, it is difficult to stop it.

7. Hospitality to critique -- a way to look at a new sense of critical invention in accommodation (the Way We Think, p. 100). Insecure to security -- the dichotomy of a lack of safety net (Public space, p.19).

8. Liquid modernity is Bauman's belief that we have moved away…… [read more]

High Speed Rail Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,637 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


HS2: National Boost or Overzealous Spending?

When it comes to massively altering the transportational infrastructure of a city, it's important to examine all proposed changes with a fine-toothed comb. Luckily, this is exactly what has transpired in the case of HS2, the high speed rail proposed for Britain. As the authors of "Better than HS2" have pointed out, the very… [read more]

Expectations Customers Have With Regard to Responsiveness Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (643 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … expectations customers have with regard to responsiveness and thoroughness of support changing as a result of social networks and the continual adoption of them by companies and marketing platforms?

Greenberg, P. (2009). CRM at the Speed of Light, Fourth Edition: Social CRM 2.0 Strategies, Tools, and Techniques for Engaging Your Customers. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Osborne Media Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/CRM-Speed-Light-Fourth-Strategies/dp/0071590455

The premise of CRM at the Speed of Light, Fourth Edition: Social CRM 2.0 Strategies, Tools, and Techniques for Engaging Your Customers (Greenberg, 2009) is that enterprises have greater opportunities and potential for listening, understanding and aligning their enterprises to the preferences, needs and wants of customers. The foundation of this book is based on over a dozen case studies that the author has gathered through personal interviews and contacts throughout the CRM industry. The challenges of change management and clarity of customer relationships also pervade this book, which at over 400 pages, provides an exceptional level of depth and insight into how companies are re-evaluating and redesigning their value chains today. As Mr. Greenberg has subsequently written, the role of CRM systems is to establish a level of communication, collaboration and trust with customers to ensure congruity of customer expectations over time (Greenberg, 2010). The conclusions that the author reaches in the book and his subsequent articles also points to early adopters of integrated social media and CRM systems being able to track the level of adoption and long-term customer satisfaction as a result. Researchers across manufacturing and services industries continue to evaluate these specific aspects of customer relationships and have devices approaches to measuring customer satisfaction using a variety of service-based techniques. The inclusion of Service Quality (SERVQUAL) metrics in the measurement of social media-driven responses is now occurring in the hospitality industry as well (Luck, Lancaster, 2013). What emerges from this area of analysis is an aggregated set of expectations surrounding the customer experience, with specific…… [read more]

Development and Plasticity of the Brain Vision and Other Sensory Systems Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,082 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1



Biologists can develop antibodies against nerve growth factor (i.e., molecules that inactivate nerve growth factor). What would happen if someone injected such antibodies into a developing nervous system?

The nerve growth factor is a neurotrophin that promotes the survival and growth of neurons. If antibodies to that growth factor were to be injected into an organism that had a… [read more]

Medical Diagnostic Tools Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,560 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


However, it seems likely that a more careful analysis of the risks associated with irradiation might not be worth the relative benefits in other situations (such as in diagnostic uses in which other modalities provide comparable results but with lower radiation-related risks), especially to certain patient populations that have been identified as being more susceptible to radiation-related harm in that context.


Bleise, A., Danesi, P.R., and Burkart, W. (2003). Depleted uranium: Properties, use and health effects of depleted uranium (DU): a general overview. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 64(2/3): 93-112.

Brenner, D.J. And Hall, E.J. (2007). Computed Tomography -- An Increasing Source of Radiation Exposure. New England Journal of Medicine, 357:2277-2284.

Retrieved May 30, 2013, from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmra072149

Cirincione, J. (2007). Bomb Scare: The History & Future of Nuclear Weapons. Columbia University Publishing: New York.

Einstein, A.J., Henzlova, M.J., and Rajagopalan, S. (2007). Estimating Risk of Cancer

Associated With Radiation Exposure From 64-Slice Computed Tomography

Coronary Angiography. JAMA, 298(3): 317-323. Retrieved May 30, 2013, from http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=208021

Harbron, W.R. (2012). Cancer risks from low dose exposure to ionising radiation -- Is the linear no-threshold model still relevant. Radiography, 18(1), 28-33. Retrieved

May 19, 2013, from http://www.sciencedirect.com.vlib.excelsior.edu/science/article/pii/S1078817411


Schanz, S., Schuler, N., Lorat, Y., Fan, L., Kaestner, L., Wennemuth, G., and Rube, C.E.

(2012). Accumulation of DNA damage in complex normal tissues after protracted low-dose radiation. DNA Repair, 11(10), 823-832. Retrieved May

19, 2013, from http://www.sciencedirect.com.vlib.excelsior.edu/science/article/pii/S1568786412… [read more]

Stuxnet Worm Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (483 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Stuxnet Threat

Cyber security appears to be more and more important as time marches forward. There are many vulnerable soft spots for a virus to attack and weaken any community, city, state or nation. This essay will evaluate some of these vulnerable areas that are susceptible to infrastructure attacking virus's such as Stuxnet. This essay will also present some ideas on how to best protect against these types of attacks.

Marks (2011) suggested that the Stuxnet worm that did some much damage is different. He wrote "it is the first piece of malware so far able to break into the types of computer that control machinery at the heart of industry, allowing an attacker to assume control of critical systems like pumps, motors, alarms and valves in an industrial plant. In the worst case scenarios, safety systems could be switched off at a nuclear power plant; fresh water contaminated with effluent at a sewage treatment plant, or the valves in an oil pipeline opened, contaminating the land or sea." This situation that governments and institutions are faced with presents some real dangers as the entire energy grid that supports and maintains civilization is at risk from a quiet digital virus that can take control from the inside out.

In order to protect these systems it is best to develop some contingency plans that allows the functioning of mandatory system in case of such attacks. If possible it may be wise to…… [read more]

Psychoacoustics on the Music Production and Engineer Field Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,043 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Psychoacoustics on the Music Production and Engineer Field

The objective of this study is to describe what this course taught about the human auditory system and its relationship to sound. This work will additionally describe how this knowledge can be put to practical use in the chosen area of study or expertise. Psychoacoustics is the study of how one perceives sound. This is in terms of the psychological and physiological effects of sound on the human being's nervous system. (Leeds, 2013) Psychoacoustics is a reported as another "realm" where vibration, frequency, music, sound…all of these are "interchangeable" and according to Leeds (2013) this is because "…they are different approximations of the same essence."

Defining Psychoacoustics

Indeed, the inquiry of psychoacoustics is focused on the experience of listening. The focus of this field is on the use of music for therapy and this pertains to the response psychologically-based either on physiological or neurological reactions to sound. Sounds may be "filtered or gated" and when "tones are slightly detuned" the result is that the brainwaves either speed up or slow down in what is termed as a "sophisticated engineering process" resulting in a "random sonic event." (2013) Leeds states that this "triggers an active listening response and thus tonifies the auditory mechanism, including the tiny muscles of the middle ear. As a result, sounds are perceived more accurately, and speech and communication skills improve." (Leeds, 2013)

III. The Application of Psychoacoustics

The important of psychoacoustics is an important one in today's society. It is important to understand what types of experiences are best for a perceived specific group of individuals as playing music that invoked rage would not be the chosen projection. Rather, in a large crowd, a listening experience that invoked calmness and a relaxed atmosphere would be a likely aim of psychoacoustics applied. The application of psychoacoustics could be used in the treatment of various disorders and treatment by using tone is becoming recognized as effective therapy across many specialties in the field of medicine.

IV. The Many Variables in Psychoacoustic Research

Psychoacoustics takes into account the experience of listening and the fact that the brain is always working to disseminate among incoming stimuli. As well understanding that music and speech are more alike than different and psychoacoustics factors in the visual stimuli and the assignation of these into units that make the incoming stimuli meaningful. Psychoacoustics also factors in the impact of cognition on individual perception of incoming stimuli. It is possible to study psychoacoustics through observation and testing of hypotheses as well as though measurements and analysis and upon solid findings undergoing peer review. Psychoacoustics is very much still in the research stages with the field of many yet undiscovered treasures it is certain.

V. Advanced Psychoacoustics

Advanced uses of psychoacoustics include those related to psychophysics, which shows that sounds begin with a vibration resulting from energy that is mechanically driven. When sound is immersed in air or water the variations in energy are transferred to the space… [read more]

Digital Capture Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (610 words)
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"Photographs are perceived to represent reality in their reference to a subject in time," ("Analog to Digital"). Yet "digital photography challenges the historical belief that photography is representative of reality," ("Analog to Digital," p. 21). A whole new art form has been created, due to changes in the medium itself. Just as other visual arts, and also music, have changed in response to advancements in media, the meaning, form, function, and perception photography has also changed.

The photographer is more of an artist who can capture subjective experience than in the days of analog image capture. Creativity unleashed, the photographer can "edit and create images of objects that never existed in reality," ("Analog to Digital," p. 21). The manipulation of reality using digital tools is not limited to the outlandish or hyperbolic. Photographers can maximize the potential of their basic tools, representing reality in ways that are easier, more straightforward, and often more visually appealing than without digital tools. For example, rendering images in low light settings is relatively easy using even the most primitive digital camera. Analog cameras offered few options for manipulating light and color.

As the author of "Analog to Digital" points out, the fact that the medium has changed does not negate its value. "Just because a photograph is created or distributed with digital technology does not negate its indexical function," (p. 21). Digital photography can still capture objective reality as well as analog photography; and digital photography can also impart a sense of wonder, awe, and respect for the physical world. Photography has been and always will be an art form, made better with improvements to the media. Few would argue that the electric guitar diminished the talent of musicians or the quality of the musical product.

In "How to Do Things with Pictures," the author uses ironically cryptic…… [read more]

Bluetooth Technology in Detail. It Puts Light Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,727 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … Bluetooth technology in detail. It puts light on the frequency range, topologies, security considerations, advantages and disadvantages of Bluetooth networking. It also discusses the Bluetooth networking devices as well. This paper aims to define Bluetooth technology and the ways in which it fits in the world of networking.

From the beginning of the computers to their evolution and… [read more]

Neurological Disorder Epilepsy Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,610 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7


In some particular complicated cases, the lack of full standardization (devices, methods, etc.) also make difficult confrontation of two or more different cases, methods, devices, which ultimately reduces the extent of efficacy of this treatment for epilepsy.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for the treatment of epilepsy tends to be a treatment which involves no side effects. It can work even… [read more]

Streamlining Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (961 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


The fact that it is one vehicle also means that the two components of the vehicle and the transportation section are less likely to come apart on the roadway, thus making the design superior. Streamlining's focus on speed is manifested in my integrated camper's greater resistance to wind. Also, nothing about the construction of the camper is immediately apparent from the streamlined design -- there are no seams suggesting attachment and the windows are too small to suggest what the camper is concealing. This shows how streamlining was designed to convey forward progress. "Speed was the essence of the modern age and the shape which was most conducive to speed was the ovoid, or tear-drop."[footnoteRef:2] [2: Lisle]

A lamp is a relatively simple device, usually mainly consisting of a bulb, a shade, and something to hold both, but designs for lamps have grown increasingly ornate through the years. The bottom of the original lamp is almost rococo in design, with swirls of fake gold. The shade is so large and heavy it obscures the full illumination of the bulb. In seeking to add more, the designer actually adds less to the overall design, and makes the appearance of the furniture fairly pedestrian in nature. The streamlined lamp in contrast, has a relatively minimalist shade, extending out just enough to shade rather than obscure the light from the bulb. This allows considerably more illumination to extend from the lamp, fulfilling its overall function far better. Even the on and off switch is easier to reach on the streamlined lamp.

Rather than concealed beneath the shade, the hanging chain is prominently displayed, making it easier for the user to access the lamp. But although it is streamlined, my modernist incarnation of the lamp is not completely without aesthetic appeal. It has a cup-and-plate like stem holding up the bulb and the shade. And even this ornamentation has a functional purpose. The lamp is very sturdy as a result, and does not tip over easily. The form adds to the eye appeal of the lamp in the streamlined version, while still honoring the device's core functions.

The traditional stereo has many buttons and knobs to enable the user to operate it. It is clunky and often difficult to operate, given the confusion about which buttons fulfill which functions, and some of the circular knobs appear to be more ornamental than functional. My streamlined radio has the classic teardrop shape, and the buttons are greatly reduced and there is only one knob for tuning. The station number is more prominently displayed for ease of reading, and the viewing box is rounded in shape, rather than square.


Lisle, Ben. "Modern design and the machine aesthetic." References:

http://xroads.virginia.edu/~ma01/lisle/30home/modern/modern.html… [read more]

Cognitive Effects of Brain Injury Essay

Essay  |  10 pages (3,403 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


The type of information processed by these declarative memory networks is relatively lateralized, with verbal information mediated by the dominant hemisphere and visuospatial information mediated by the non-dominant hemisphere (Cozzarelli, 2010). Remembering (retrieval of) declarative information requires the activation of the selected neural networks that originally encoded it. Volitional recall is initiated by prefrontal structures; for a relatively limited period… [read more]

Microwave Ovens -- Construction Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  2 pages (664 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Some waves go directly toward the food, others bounce off the metal walls and flooring; and, still others may reflect off the microwave door [2]. In this way, microwave energy reaches all surfaces of the food from every direction.

More than 60% of American households now have microwave ovens due to the speed and efficiency they offer [1]. Total cooking times are much shorter than traditional methods of food preparation and a greater number of food nutrients are retained. Microwaves do most of their work on the water held within food. Water molecules constitute dipoles which are akin to a bar magnet with both a positive pole and a negative pole. The microwave ovens electromagnetic field oscillates as it passes through the water molecules in the food, changing the polarity of the field and causing the dipole/water molecules to flip themselves in order to be aligned with the new polarity. Heat is created by the resulting friction of the water molecules reversing direction millions of times a second.

Conventional ovens rely on conduction to slowly spread the heat from the outside of the food to the inside. This is why over-cooked meals may sometimes be over-cooked only on the outside and nearly raw on the inside [1]. In microwave cooking, the energy reaches everywhere simultaneously which results in much more even heating [3]. Protein, fat, and starch molecules also absorb microwave energy but at much lesser degree. The presence of salt in foods can have a large influence on microwave heating. Salt molecules have a tendency to break apart in water. As a result sodium and chlorine ions create heat by colliding in the rapidly oscillating electromagnetic field, leaving less microwave energy available to heat the center of the food.


1. "60 Seconds to Safer Food." Prevention 64.6 (2012): 14. Academic Search Premier. Web. 19 July 2012.

2. Gibbs, W. Wayt, and Nathan Myhrvold. "Microwaves and the Speed of Light." Scientific American vol. 305,…… [read more]

Aluminum Shoes Introduction Animal Rights Introduction Chapter

Introduction Chapter  |  1 pages (326 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Performance racehorses have been shod with horseshoes made of aluminum for some time, as this metal is extremely lightweight, malleable, and also durable. Being such a light material, aluminum thus allows for faster speed of movement by the horses; they can run faster with less weight holding them down. The question then becomes whether or not aluminum horseshoes would prove a viable replacement for traditional steel horseshoes in other avenues than just racing. It is also imperative to take into consideration the fact that not all horses are physiologically similar and this may have an important impact on the way in which certain materials impact the particular breed of horse. Research into the use of aluminum horseshoes needs to take material and the breed into consideration before they can reach a conclusion. After examining all of these components, it can be stated unequivocally that aluminum horseshoes are at least superior to their steel counterparts.… [read more]

Science Misconception First Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (355 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


b. Condensation and evaporation is another form of energy transformation. Water falls to the earth from the clouds in the form of rain, sleet, hail or snow. It falls or leads to bodies of water where the drops are mixed with the other water content. The sun comes out and changes the energy in the water droplets so that the particles rise back up into the sky and form clouds. From there, the process repeats itself over and over again. The water molecules that constitute rain or rivers do not get created or destroyed. Instead the drops change form as their energy profile changes.

3. Also describe a mathematical equation that relates to this misconception and explain how the equation can help student understanding.

Formula for velocity: Velocity = distance divided by time or V = (d/t)

What this means is that velocity (speed) will increase over time as it crosses a greater distance. It is a means of measuring how kinetic energy in an object becomes working energy when the object is…… [read more]

E-Cards Health Promotion Settings Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (551 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


However, the other messages in the card are not reinforced. There is no instruction on how to test the brakes of a bicycle. The woman is shown alone, not riding with a friend. And although the colors are bright in terms of the palette of the card, card, she is not wearing the orange or yellow fluorescent colors that are really necessary to be detected when riding at night. Having a bike light is also advised, which the card does not even mention. I would send this card to someone I wanted to encourage to ride a bike for his or her health and entertainment, not to someone who I felt needed a reminder or information about bike safety.

Q5. Which of the 3 strategies for promoting health does it address?

The primary focus of the card is preventative medicine -- preventing bike injuries through appropriate safety measures, and preventing other forms of ill health through exercise.

Q6. How can health educators help assure the messages that health professionals convey to consumers are appropriate?

Greater detail -- such as explaining how to check bike brakes or providing a specific rather than a general link to a how-to website -- is essential when conveying messages to the public. Short but relevant statistics that show how bike helmets save lives would also be useful. Consumers must be convinced with the persuasive tools of logic as well as emotions.


Let's bike. (2012). e-Cards. Retrieved:

http://www.healthfinder.gov/ecards/cards.aspx?jscript=1.… [read more]

Strategic Analysis -- Fire Research Paper

Research Paper  |  10 pages (2,783 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Funding sources. The Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergence Response Grants (SAFER) was created to provide funding directly to fire departments and volunteer firefighter interest organizations in order to help them increase the number of trained, "front line" firefighters available in their communities. The goal of SAFER is to enhance the local fire departments' abilities to comply with staffing, response… [read more]

HS2 Proposal Is a Government Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,447 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 8


3). The report then goes on to spell out in detail a much different report than those issued by the pro-side of the argument. One interesting point that A Better Railway makes in its report is that there is a need to avoid the "expensive disasters that many of our competitors have faced in their high speed rail projects and… [read more]

<Customer Inserts Instructor's Name Here Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,904 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


On the other hand, operational design refers to groundwork that lays all the moves in front of fellow team members who then add detail into the design. The biggest advantage of design is that it takes the forces step-by-step through the entire plan and makes them experience the scene unfold in front of them so that any loopholes in it can be caught and addressed. The design enables channeling of resources, skills and men in a timely and structured fashion, and makes the other team members aware on what their specific roles are. Moreover, it allows for a good evaluation of the execution and the plan so that variations can be noted, rectified and learnt from, to be borne in mind for the next level of progress.

Design; therefore, is like a blueprint detailing all the moves and assigning responsibility for each task in the process. However art is more of the vision that directs what the tools are going to be and in that scenario, the tools is also the design which exemplifies how things are going to work and which team will be responsible where.

To understand how art is important than design consider the following layman example. For instance the goal of a battalion is to capture an enemy fortress. Now there is one design that shows how the battalion is going to ration its food, and another design that details the action plan for the capture of the fort. It is only common sense to see that if the goal is set, a relevant design can help achieve it, but the goal cannot be changed. And this is what happens; goals are primary aims while design is a tertiary objective and if the design is not correct it can be easily changed. The goal however cannot be changed as it defines the strategic direction of the team.

Therefore, art is preferred as compared to design, as art sets the overall focus of the team while design merely pinpoints the details and is a tool for materializing operational art. Therefore, the thesis in light of the arguments is true and lends meaning to military actions which are seen in light of the overall art of operations and then tools are employed to convert the intangible thought to tangible art from. In that art is more important while design is relatively less important.… [read more]

CSR Corporate Social Responsibility Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,051 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


This framework is illustrated by Figure 1. This framework may be able to provide further insights into the debate surrounding CSR and if it has financial ramifications for CFP. It is reasonable to suspect that it could also provide companies that have an organizational dedication to CSR insights into how to leverage this dedication to create a competitive advantage.

It is reasonable to suspect that CSR will not create a competitive advantage in all industries until consumers place higher value on CSR criteria. However CSR initiatives have proven successful in many individual case studies in which the activities received publicity or were properly marketed. Theoretically a company could have the most remarkable dedication to social responsibility internally but never receive consumer recognition for their efforts. Thus for CSR to translate into monetary rewards for an organization there must also be some element of marketing that it employed in conjunction to CSR to promote its responsibility.

Other CSR Aspects

CSR must be embedded deep within the organizational fabric for it to be successful. This includes outlining a CSR code into the corporate charter as well as in the mission and vision statements. Since the establishment of Sarbanes-Oxley regulations this is actually required by publically owned companies however for CSR to be effective it must go far beyond just compliance. Employees must be trained so that they can integrate ethics into decision making processes and this training must also be ongoing to maintain salience at all times. The corporate culture must also foster a climate in which CSR can flourish. If the corporate culture isn't consistent with CSR practices then even with codes of conducts and training programs then often CSR considerations are often dismissed or ignored in practice.


If the considerations the rights of future generations as well as an extended set of stakeholders are integrated into corporate culture and ethical codes of conduct then this represents a method of operating that is alien to many people. The layer of complexity that this adds to decision making can be overwhelming. However, if society is to overcome the obstacles that are blocking the path toward a sustainable future then new ways of conducting business must be facilitated. Better stewardship of environmental resources is an absolute necessity if future generations are going to have the same opportunities as previous ones. The scientific evidence for negative anthropogenic ecological impacts are mounting exponentially and industry is one of the primary drivers for this activity. In addition, since inequality is also rising in many societies then social concerns will become increasingly important as well. CSR may actually prove to be the last hope for the future of capitalism.

Works Cited

Drucker, P. "What is Business Ethics?" The Public Interest (1981): 18-36.

Friedman, M. "The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase its Profits." The New York Times Magazine 13 September 1970.

Hui, L. "Combining faith and CSR: a paradigm of corporate sustainability." International Journal of Social Economics (2008): 449-465. Web.

Peloza, J. And L. Papania.… [read more]

Ken Kesey One Flew Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (2,096 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


It was a natural step for Matthews to believe that a more advanced version of this machine had been invented, one capable of producing the sequence of strange sensations he was experiencing. & #8230;Matthews believed that a machine was responsible. He called the machine an "Air Loom," reflecting his fascination with the textile machinery of the times. (Siegel 74)

Perhaps because Siegel is a psychiatrist and not a literary critic, he misses in his account of Matthews the strange fact that the device persecuting him also seems to have been a pun; the Oxford English Dictionary records pronunciation and usage of the word "heirloom" in the late 1700s that would make it indistinguishable from Matthews' "Air-Loom," and even if the wordplay is nothing more than one of the characteristic manifestations of pseudo-poetry (usually termed "clanging" or "word salad") in paranoid schizophrenia, it nonetheless asks us to interpret the Chief and his "Combine" a little differently. We need to hear the word for what it is: it is a type of farming equipment, which must invoke our sense of the Chief as a Native American. Where his people once roamed free, factory farming now mows with giant petroleum-powered combine harvesters. It seems like a metaphor for the soullessness of modern life.

More than that, it seems like Kesey clearly intends it as a sort of metaphor for society itself -- the combined interests of individuals en masse, combining to suppress signs of individuality in others, are clearly the origin of the Chief's sense. As the Combine recurs in his narration, it becomes clear that this is the purpose Kesey intends. For example, the Chief will define McMurphy in terms of his relations to the Combine: "McMurphy wasn't like that. He hadn't let what he looked like run his life one way or the other, any more than he'd let the Combine mill him into fitting where they wanted him to fit." (140) Later in the book the resistance of Murphy to the Combine takes on a messianic and grandiose dimension: "I still had my own notions -- how McMurphy was a giant come out of the sky to save us from the Combine that was networking the land with copper wire and crystal" (224). The earlier description in which the hospital, which reproduces the action of the Combine, is "like the inside of a tremendous dam" (83) seems to then take on additional meaning. It suggests that Kesey, if not the Chief, is intending us to understand the dynamic here as one of repression: the dam's ability to restrain inevitable pressures sounds like a critique of societal conformism. In other words, the Combine of the Chief's madness is meant to be a metaphor for the conformism of the 1950s and early 1960s, when American society had failed to de-mobilize completely from World War Two and maintained the military draft -- it seems like the Chief's backstory, his half-Native American origins (meant to suggest he should be free rather than confined), begins… [read more]

Rockstein and Sussman ) Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,410 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


However, when elderly people have been accustomed to rapid or fine movements in certain tasks (such as playing a piano from an early age) or the task does not represent a novel experience for them, any decreased mental processing speed is less perceptible and does not affect functional abilities to the same extent.

The reduced speed of mental processing observed… [read more]

Honolulu Rail Honolulu's Impeding Research Paper

Research Paper  |  12 pages (3,651 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Therefore, the project must make financial sense to all stakeholders involved; both internally and externally. Another broad criterion that was identified deals with ease of use or usability. The system cannot be so complex that the steep learning curve eliminates users from navigating the system freely and effortlessly.

The final of the criterion, can be thought of in terms of… [read more]

Hip Muscle Strength &amp Knee Literature Review Chapter

Literature Review Chapter  |  5 pages (2,064 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


The claim that hip strength/flexibility is directly related to knee valgus pain is supported by Christopher Powers et al. MRI measurements during a single-leg squat, as outlined in the paper entitled "Patellar Kinematics during Weight-Bearing and Non-Weight-Bearing Movements in Persons with Patellar Subluxation" (2003). This study involved six female participants diagnosed with PFPS. Pain was measured during non-weight-bearing knee extensions and weight-bearing single-leg squats. Just as the Nicholas et al. study found a correlation in experienced pain during exercise with patella/femur rotation -- as allowed by poor hip strength -- so also did the Powers et al. study suggest:

that the patellofemoral joint kinematics during non-weight-bearing [exercise] could be characterized as the patella rotating on the femur, while the patellofemoral joint kinematics during the weight-bearing condition could be characterized as the femur rotating underneath the patella. [POWERS et al. 2003]

In other words, patella/femur rotation as allowed by hip muscle weakness directly correlates with knee valgus pain during non-weight-bearing exercises, such as knee extensions, and weight- bearing exercises such as the single-leg squat.

This correlation is further supported by a study conducted by Catherine Mascal et al., entitled "Management of Patellofemoral Pain Targeting Hip, Pelvis, and Trunk Muscle Function: 2 Case Reports" (2003). In the Mascal et al. study, two PFPS participants experienced a significant decrease in knee valgus pain as coinciding with a marked increase hip muscle strength. Specifically, pain reduction coincided with a 50% increase in strength in patient A, and a 55% increase in strength in patient B, leading Mascal et al. To arrive at the same conclusion as Nicholas et al.; namely that "Assessment and treatment of the hip, pelvis, and trunk musculature should be considered in rehabilitation of patients who present with patellofemoral pain and demonstrate lower-extremity kinematics" [MASCAL et al. 2003].

Several additional studies lend further support to the correlation of hip muscle strength and knee valgus pain, to include the recent Hollman et al. study of frontal plane hip and knee angle measurements in 20 female test subjects between the ages of 20 and 30. The results of this study were that "Hip-adduction angles (r = .755, P = .001), gluteus maximus EMG (r = -.451, P = .026), and hip-abduction strength (r = .455, P = .022) correlated with frontal-plane projections of the knee valgus" [HOLLMAN et al. 2009]. Hollman et al. suggested that the correlation of hip muscle strength and knee valgus flexion could be stronger in women than it is in men, however no men were included in the study and this suggestion is therefore open-ended. What is clear from the five studies examined is that hip muscle strength directly affects the knee valgus, particularly during exercises such as squatting, stair climbing, and non-weight-bearing knee extensions.


Cowan, S.M., Bennell, K.L., Crossley, K.M., Hodges, P.W., McConnell, J. (2002). Physical Therapy Alters Recruitment of the Vasti in Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 1879-1885.

Hollman, J.H., Ginos, B.E., Kozuchowski, J., Vaughn, A.S., Krause, D.A., Youdas, J.W. (2009).… [read more]

1931, the Empire State Building Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,711 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


It was after World War II that the Empire State Building became ?an economic force in New York City, one large enough to throw its weight around with both bankers and tax collectors. (Lemire and Flowers 60) It has received a lot of interest and it is regarded, as Smith anticipated, as the landmark of New York City. It is important to notice that renovation work that has been conducted throughout time revealed some of the features that created the building in 1931. A restoration of the lobby revealed an ornate ceiling mural that had been covered in 1960. Likewise, the marble in the lobby had deteriorated in time and was not always substituted to resemble the original.

The efficiency of the working model was an innovative process that allowed a tall building to be built on the technical requirements of a regular edifice with adaptations in size. The materials and the equipment were not necessarily innovative but the manner in which they were used standardized a model. With the various repair works and restorations, the structure remains as majestic as it was in the 1930s.

Works Cited

Lemire, Elise, and Flowers, Benjamin. Skyscraper: The Politics and Power of Building New York City in the Twentieth Century. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania:…… [read more]

Patriot Act and Current Developments Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,539 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5



Bier, William C.S.J. Privacy: A Vanishing Value? New York: Fordham University Press, 1980.

Electronic Communications Privacy Act. Cornell University Law School. N.d. 2008 http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/18/usc_sec_18_00002516-000-.html

Kim Zetter, "Few Companies Fight Patriot Act Gag Orders, FBI Admits" Wired Online, 2012, http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2012/05/nsl-challenges/

Privacy Rights Clearinghouse. Fact sheet no18: online privacy. 2007. http://www.privacyrights.org/fs/fs18-cyb.htm#Email

Slater, Derek. FBI's abuse of Patriot Act even worse than we thought. Electronic Frontier Foundation. 2007.

Bier, William C.S.J. Privacy: A Vanishing Value? New York: Fordham University Press, 1980


Privacy Rights Clearinghouse. Fact sheet no18: online privacy. 2008 ?


Electronic Communications Privacy Act. Cornell University Law School. N.d. 2008 http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/18/usc_sec_18_00002516-000-.html

Slater, Derek. "FBI's abuse of Patriot Act even worse than we thought." Electronic Frontier Foundation. 2007.

Kim Zetter, "Few Companies Fight Patriot Act Gag Orders, FBI Admits" Wired Online, 2012, http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2012/05/nsl-challenges/… [read more]

System Book Report

Book Report  |  6 pages (1,962 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … System Overview

The focus of this project is to design an EPUA (Electrically Powered Ultra-Light Aircraft) for a farmer in the Australia. The problem is to address the problem of tracking the feral animals on the properties. The challenging problems facing the farmers are inability:

to identify and finding stocks,

To monitor the presence of feral animals.

The… [read more]

Familiar-Unfamiliar Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,199 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


It is my most private self. And this I give to you. Don't be afraid. It is a desire to destroy and to see things destroyed and to see the inside of them. It's my nature (Fornes 82).

Here, again, the playwright brings together the familiar and the unfamiliar, the public and the private, showing them to be manifestations of the same impulses.

Sally Porterfield describes Fornes and her work as follows: "Fornes loathes what she considers fakery, anything that lacks the authenticity that propels her, the thing without which she cannot accept her own or anyone else's efforts" (Porterfield 204). The authenticity to which this refers is the authenticity of the characters and their situation, not the realism of the set, though the familiar elements in the set do draw in the viewer and make him or her recognize the authenticity of the playwright's view of the world. This is true even with a minimal set such as exists for this play. It evokes a duality, the same duality affecting Orlando, the combination of domestic life and his public life, which intersects for him in the basement where he keeps Nena and carries out different forms of torture than he does in his military life, but torture just the same. What he says above suggests that this is just part of his nature, something he cannot control even when he does not like it, just as his nature leads to the insults directed at his wife, the ambition that propels him forward, and the way he hides different parts of his life from his wife and servant. These different parts of his life are seen in the play only feet from one another, yet they are walled off by his conduct. The home is familiar, but it is made unfamiliar as what takes place there is heightened and emphasized, made more real than reality by being shaped and isolated. It is the nature of drama to do this, just as Arthur Miller isolated moments from the life of Willy Loman, or Henrik Ibsen isolated moments in the domestic life of Nora and her husband in A Doll's House.

In this regard, while Orlando is pressured by the political realities of his job and the pressures put on him by his country, the effect is seen in his home, in the kitchen and the bedroom and the basement. Fornes brings this out in the series of short scenes that make up this play, as if moving the audience from one rom to another, one time to another, and giving each viewer only a dose of the larger reality she is depicting. The home life is familiar, but it is also unfamiliar. It is the gap between the familiar and the unfamiliar that gives the action added meaning and that makes the viewer stop and take notice. The set suggests what it is rather than recreating it -- it suggests a home but is not a home. It is not a… [read more]

Posters Have Always Carried Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,441 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Although the subject matter doesn't seem to "match" the images or colors used, it is still a powerful poster because it causes the viewer to stop and think. Both methods are successful in attracting the attention of the viewer and prompting him or her to think about the poster's message.

A graphic element that works along with the colors of… [read more]

Dreams Deferred Trafficking and Prostitution Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,266 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Linda Smith, a former congresswoman and now a leading activist in Shared Hope, has opened nineteen homes for trafficked women in Jamaica, India, and Nepal. Testifying before the House International Relations Committee on June 14th of this year, she had the following to say:

In the three countries where Shared Hope is working, we have seen no significant evidence of… [read more]

Chaucer's "Retraction" and Its Meaning Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,776 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


It reeks of false modesty, as Byron remarked of Augustine's Confessions: "Augustin in his fine Confessions makes the reader envy his transgressions" (quoted by Nourisson). Chaucer refers to the Tales as a "litel tretys or rede," and refers slightingly to his own "unkonnynge" (Chaucer, Retraccioun). He lists all his most accomplished works in order to denounce them a "many a… [read more]

Modernity- New Changes and Their Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,000 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Race and gender are no longer considered impediments to growth and success and self has experienced major changes. Despite rapid technological growth and more materialism, self is now studied in the light of its relation to soul and spirit. In other world, spirituality has also grown enormous in new-modernity era with people from all walks of life turning to people like Deepak Chopra and Dr. Phil for spiritual guidance.

This shows that modern self is not as shallow or materialistic as it is made out to be; instead it is interested in introspection and reflection. A through self-analysis on regular basis has become a common habit that satisfies the inner quest for a more secure self. (See reference 3)

Modern man is thus also an experiencing more confusion and chaos than his older counterparts. This confusion arises from the dizzying speed at which his world is moving and his desire to make sense of all this. Charles R. Walker (1962) in his book Modern Technology and Civilization: An Introduction to Human Problems in the Machine Age almost the situation of today's modern man. He was of the view that man required "both more knowledge and more rigorous thinking" (399) to understand the phenomenon of new-modernity and make sense of it. he compared modern man to a confused adolescent whose world is suddenly very much larger. The "life space" of the individual, as Kurt Lewin would call it, is expanding at a dizzying --and gratifying -- rate. He is able to move farther and faster -- by motorcycle or sports car, for example, and with enormously enhanced ego satisfaction." (399)

All this has resulted in greater expectation of success and growth while at the same time new changes have shaken the roots of old definitions. modern man in the 21st century is thus reformulating and redefining various concepts to make this transition easier for him and to minimize the confusion resulting from massive technological modernization. Changes have man is experiencing today have also exposed him to the vulnerabilities of old myths and ideas. He is no longer interested in social or cultural restrictions and is actively looking for better definitions to suit his changing lifestyle. Modernity, as we see and feel it today, has had a profound impact on our lives, which is both negative and positive in nature. While it has helped us discard old myths and redefine various concepts, it has also given rise to new kind of imperialism, which is the result of globalization. This imperialism in turn has led to exponential growth in terrorism worldwide. Modern man is thus not free of its fair share of troubles and while he reaps benefits of technological advancement, he will have to counter its negative effects too.


Charles R. Walker, Modern Technology and Civilization: An Introduction to Human Problems in the Machine Age, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1962: 399

Norman F. Cantor, Twentieth-Century Culture: Modernism to Deconstruction, Peter Lang: New York, 1988 (337-338)

Shyness and Late Modernity

http://www.cf.ac.uk/socsi/shyness/shysoc6latemod.html… [read more]

Tank Warfare in World Term Paper

Term Paper  |  19 pages (5,332 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


7 mm gun, while the front hull had an immobile, but larger, 7.5 mm gun (Tank Encyclopedia). The tank was also too high off the ground, and unstable in rolling terrain. The first of these tanks saw action against Germany's "Desert Fox," Rommel, in Africa (The War in the Desert). These tanks immediately fell prey to the German Panzers and… [read more]

Ring of Time Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,198 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


The theme of the circle of time is constant throughout the essay. Each day is a circle, and each day brings us closer to the end of our own circle. The ring in the circus is a metaphor for this circle, and so is the circle of days the writer spends in Florida. These things seem to slow down time because they are enjoyable and a little bit unreal or surreal, but the ultimate theme of the essay is that time does not stand still for anyone, and the circle is never unbroken. White says, "Time has not stood still for anybody but the dead, and even the dead must be able to hear the acceleration of little sports care and know that things have changed" (White 149).

Change is the other theme that White uses in this essay. Just as time cannot stand still, time always brings change, as the end of the essay clearly shows. The area of Sarasota where White spends his summers changes, the policies on integration change, and the circus changes, and does not stay in Sarasota. Change is just as constant as time passing, and this essay shows this, because everything changes by the end of the essay, even the fiddler crab changes from morning to evening, and continues to change in the laboratory, even when it does not know what time it is outside. Change and time are interwoven, and you cannot have one without the other.

It is funny how an essay that starts out about the circus turns into an article about time. It does not seem as if these two things have much in common at first, but White makes it quite clear how time is common in everything that happens around us. Time, and the passing of time, changes our perceptions as well as our bodies. When we are young, like the girl on the horse, time seems to stretch out in front of us forever, but as we get older, we realize that time does not go on forever for us. Time might be infinite, but our time is not, and as we get older, this becomes more real, and the passing of time seems to speed up, just as the girl in the ring speeded up on the horse as she went around and around. Time is constant, and that is the only thing that cannot be affected by change. We cannot add years to our life, or hours in a day, because they are constant and do not change. We see everything around us change except time, and this essay really makes that seem more real and more understandable.

At first, this essay seems light and not very deep, but as it continues, it is clear White had some important things to say, and chose a simple setting to make them even more important. The circus is where we go to forget about the real world for a little while. However, the real world is always… [read more]

Bluetooth Wireless Technology Has Developed Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,011 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


This however involves synchronizing with the different piconets. Similarly a master can relinquish control of the piconet and join in another piconet as a slave. A link manager manages all individual devices within the bluetooth network. The Link Manager Protocol on the different devices enables communication between them. The Link managers in turn depend on the link controller which is responsible for setting up the connection, authenticating and setting the devices into particular modes. (Hold mode, Park mode, and Sniff mode)

Industrial experts are still working on the possibility of arriving at a uniform communication standard for different communication devices. Bluetooth is fast gaining acceptance as the standard mode of wireless communication with more than 1300 companies already accepting it as the standard. According the Mr. Michael Hentschel, the Managing Director of TechVest Ventures there is a great scope bluetooth technology. He opines, "There are a myriad applications for wireless personal area networks, and there could easily be 1.5 billion Bluetooth devices by 2005,." [Jeff Strip].


The basic difference that exists between these two wireless protocols is that IEEE802.11 is an infrastructure-based network wherein communication is effected between two nodes by means of an access point within the network. That is there is no direct communication between any two wireless nodes. Bluetooth on the other hand is an Ad Hoc network protocol that facilitates direct communication between wireless nodes without the need for infrastructure. Bluetooth is a well-known example of an ad hoc wireless network. [Jochen Schiller, 167]. Another major difference is that the problem of power management is a lot simpler in infrastructure-based networks. This is because the access points (AP) in these networks buffer up all the data for any station, which is operating in the power save mode. Presently IEEE 802.11 is much faster than bluetooth and has a wide range of applications but in future the these differences may subside. [Jyrki Oraskari]


Communication technology is evolving continuously with new standards appearing with marked advantages over the existing ones. For example bluetooth offers a new dimension of wireless communication overcoming the need for infrastructural support and interlinking devices eliminating system tethers. However in the communication industry there is no marked preference for one technology over the other, and products are coming out supporting these different technologies. It transpires that bluetooth and IEEE 802.11 are technologies that complement each other. The distinction and the choice between these different protocols is an issue that needs to be addressed by the industry but there is no question of doubt that the integration of these different technologies have bought a paradigm shift to our world of communication.


Daniel L. Lough, T. Keith Blankenship and Kevin J. Krizman, "A Short tutorial on Wireless LANS and IEEE 802.11," Accessed on September 4th, 2003, http://www.computer.org/students/looking/summer97/ieee802.htm

2) Bluetooth Solutions, "What is Bluetooth," Accessed on September 4th, 2003, http://www.siliconwave.com/what_is_bluetooth.html

Jeff Strip, "Bluetooth: Value ADDS and Opportunities," Accessed on September 4th 2003, http://www.palowireless.com/bluearticles/docs/bluetooth_value_adds.pdf

Jochen Schiller, "Mobile Communications," Published by Pearson Education, 2000.

Raymond P.… [read more]

Ice and Rain Affect Normal Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,763 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


But using each of them can be time consuming. Thompson et al. (1997a) states: "in the real atmosphere, icing cannot exist in sub-saturated environments (RH<100%), except within precipitation or a decaying cloud." This was followed by another study, which had the purpose of locating regions of cloud using NOVA-AVHRR satellite data. (Thompson; Bruintjes, Brown and Hage, Thompson, G., R.T. Bruintjes,… [read more]

Radiation Safety in Industrial Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,388 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


By changing the wire configuration, or the phasing or other line characteristics to lower the resultant magnetic field will cause minor changes in the limited economic costs for the utilities or ratepayers. The Commission did this so that limited cost increments would cut down the warranted potential hazard of magnetic field exposures.

Those areas with the highest magnetic fields, receive… [read more]

Taoism Smehra Yin and Yang Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (492 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


People would become depressed and lack certain vitamins if they were to live in darkness for the rest of their lives, while the same could ring true for an imbalance in constant daylight as everything on this planet needs time to rest and experience their 'dark' half.

Another example is the dichotomy of the seasons as they traverse through hot and cold, hot and cold stages in the year. Winter is cold, but Spring is warm/hot - one does not need the other to survive (as seen in climates that are always hot and always cold) but they complement each other in balancing the extremes in nature that allow for the passage of time and the progression (and decomposition) of nature.

A third example is that which is much simpler in terms; left and right. Each is required for the other to be balanced and we use left and right in a multitude of things through out our lives. Left would be considered Yin, while right is yang and though each complement each other; and could exist without the other, it is necessary to have both in order to maintain a balance. Take for example typing on the keyboard using both your hands. The speed is much faster than with one hand, and there is a balance in the amount of work each hand is doing in order to progress through, say, this essay.… [read more]

Information Technology 1985 Hacking Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (922 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


As a response to the increasing awareness of the destructive effects of fuel energy in the environment, electric vehicles were manufactured, which uses and runs on low emission fuels by consuming electric energy.

1997 The Internet emerged as the most prevalent form of multimedia technology for this period, integrating the audio and visual elements found in print and broadcast technologies.

Cloning followed after gene therapy, providing opportunities for further improvement of 'correcting' and developing cures and treatments for ailments and genetic disorders among humans.

1999 Medical transplantation replaced cloning and gene therapy as efficient forms of medical procedures in curing and treating certain ailments, primarily because of ethical issues regarding the practice of cloning and gene therapy. Thus, kidneys, eyes, and other organs of an ill or injured patient are transferred into another patient who needs an organ in order to live and survive the operation.

2000-2001 Marked as the period of Information Technology, this period is characterized by the introduction of MP3 and digital piracy, which focused centered on two important aspects of digital communications" information and the Internet. Internet communications and technology are gradually replacing other media forms, providing as an effective alternative where media users can enjoy the multi-media features and accessibility of the Internet.


Evidently, an analyses of the three period enumerated above illustrates how technology has become a lucrative and useful phenomenon for human society for many years already. Through the Internet, humans have learned to create and destroy, to establish ties and produce conflicts among others. Noticeably, over these three periods, medicine, the automobile industry, and computer technology have been the most productive sectors that utilized technology optimally. However, over time, medicine and computers took precedence as the top priorities wherein technologies are to be applied. Furthermore, two important factors of today's technology are emerging to be crucial in the development of these two sectors: information and the Internet. Society's need for more information about all issues involving humans, society, and the present and future civilizations are provided by the Internet. In effect, the Internet is considered the primary medium that acts as a source and receiver of information and provides for human interaction among people from all over the world. The accessibility and profound information obtained from the Internet makes it an ideal venue for the development of the future of technology in the coming years. Thus, the Information Technology age is just beginning for the 21st century, and has a long way to go in further improving human civilization, making way for more information to proliferate and be shared and better interaction among people (users) in the Internet.


Daniel, C. (Ed.). (1993). Chronicle of the 20th Century. NY: JL International Publishing.

McNeil, I. (2002). An Encyclopedia of the History…… [read more]

Computer Vision Syndrome Term Paper

Term Paper  |  11 pages (3,073 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The continual refocusing sets off a chain of effects that ultimately leads to CVS:

While using a computer, the average person blinks about four to six times per minute. The normal rate is 22 blinks per minute that keeps eyes naturally moistened.

Reduced blinking leads to a "dry eye" condition caused by excessive evaporation of eye moisture. The condition devolves… [read more]

Controversy Is of Zylon&reg Term Paper

Term Paper  |  16 pages (5,957 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


1% fault rate).

Kevlar gave way to Zylon as the standard because Zylon appeared to be not only much stronger, but also far lighter which made the vests more comfortable to wear. Many officers chose to leave their vests behind when they are on patrol simply because they downplay the risk and because the vests are so uncomfortable. By making… [read more]

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