"Race / Ethnic Studies / Racism" Essays

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White Supremacists in the US Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (424 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+



White Supremacy

This is a paper on the Ku Klux Klan. There are four references used for this paper.

There are a number of groups across the country which weld political power. It is important to look at the while supremacy group, the Ku Klux Klan, and determine its political power.

Political Power

The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was "established in 1867 and its main objective was to maintain white supremacy in the South, which they felt was under threat after their defeat in the Civil War (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAlynching.htm)." When the organization was formed, "their activities served for the Democratic party and attacked Republicans (www.learntoquestion.com/vclass/seevak/groups/2001/sites/dees/back)."

The Klan was a strong political power during the 1920s. They "successfully elected three U.S. senators, eleven governors and half of the 1924 Indiana state legislature. Its focus on Americanism, patriotism and Protestant morality appealed to thousands of mainstream Americans, and it suggested that President Warren G. Harding had been inducted into the Klan. The Klan pushed anti-alien legislation, worked to demand more federal aid to public schools and sought to reform municipalities in order to rid them of vice and corruption (mcel.pacificu.edu/history/dept/students/Theses2003/mclain/mclain)."

Over the years, the Klan has been destroyed a number of times, such as in when white Republicans broke up the Klan in the…… [read more]

Egoism/Ethics an Egoist Looks Out Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (348 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0



An egoist looks out for his or her own self-interests. In fact, an ethical egoist stance assumes that the morally correct choice must be based on self-interest. Maximizing self-interest may or may not benefit others indirectly. However, an egoist knows that selfless service does not always lead to beneficial results and that the only individual whose life we can control is the actor -- the self.

Egoists' stance on affirmative action would therefore depend on self-interest alone. A black woman egoist may support affirmative action knowing that she would benefit personally. Likewise, a white man egoist would likely oppose affirmative action knowing that his self-interest depended on the status quo.

Interestingly, however, the egoist may support that which benefits others is -- and only if -- that action also benefits the self-directly or indirectly. Therefore, an egoist black politician might oppose affirmative action if the stance would earn him support in an upcoming election. An egoist white politician might support affirmative action for similar reasons. In either case, the egoist does not take…… [read more]

Canarsie Away From Liberalism in His Book Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (503 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0



Away From Liberalism

In his book Canarsie: The Jews and Italians of Brooklyn Against Liberalism, author Jonathan Rider provides an impressively simple understanding of the complex issues that drove the Jewish and Italian inhabitants of Canarsie, a neighborhood in Brooklyn, away from liberalism and towards an overtly racist conservativism. According to his explanation, the most important factors in this shift were the strength of the intra-community bonds and a cultural mistrust of outsiders, combined with the increasing presence of African-Americans drawn to the neighborhood. As long as liberalism remained local to the community in terms of people (and not geography), it was an ideal concept, but conservative policies were more in keeping with protecting an established neighborhood from perceived negative or simply altering influences from a group of outsiders.

There were many concrete and abstract threats that the Canarsians perceived in the encroaching color line, including immorality, poverty and crime. What seems to have been the biggest fear, however, was intervention in community affairs by outside agencies in the form of both the African-American community itself and the government agencies whose housing plans and other programs were largely responsible for creating the racial migration into East New York in general and Canarsie in particular. They regarded askance any "formal remedies of strangers, including those of the state" when applied to what were perceived as local community affairs, and a major fear seems to have been a loss of the autonomy that two groups had sought in the establishment of their…… [read more]

Slaver Is a Horrible Thing Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (993 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Slaver is a horrible thing and it is the reason why I and my kin have suffered throughout our lives. I lost my wife and my daughters to slavery and the whip marks on my back stand as proof concerning how white people fail to understand the pain they cause as a result of their system.

I found out that the Marbury vs. Madison case rendered a federal law unconstitutional just a few days ago. I don't really understand what the case involved, but I realized that laws are not necessarily set in stone. Would that mean that a Negro can go to court and ask lawmen to eradicate slavery because of its illegal (when considering the declaration of independence's statements) nature?

I read the Independent Chronicle issue of the first of January today and it said that the African slave trade has been prohibited. I am happy to know that Africans are no longer taken from their homes and brought here as slaves. I know that I will never to live to see the day when my peoples will no longer be slaves in the U.S., but I feel that this is actually proof that the world is changing.

A friend of mine who has access to the master's room read a recent newspaper and told me that slavery was abolished in Maine and north of the 36 degrees, 30 minutes north latitude. it's a long way from Missouri to Maine, but how can I not be glad that the government finally expressed interest in freeing slaves. I appreciate Miss Williams' kind nature, but I want to be free and I want to feel that I can actually do everything I want and not be afraid that I am going to have my master control me.

The first issue of the Liberator was published just three days ago. William Lloyd Garrison, the publisher, says "I will not equivocate -- I will not excuse -- I will not retreat a single inch -- and I WILL BE HEARD.." This is truly a courageous man. This enabled me to look at slavery from a different perspective. All the pain it's caused me is nothing compared to the dream of being a free man and to the feelings I experience every night when I go to sleep dreaming about a better society where people would be judged on account of their thinking instead of being categorized on account of the skin color and of the community they were born in.

I can't understand white people. Andrew Jackson went through an assassination attempt on the 30th of January. I can't understand how people can actually go against the most powerful person in the country and actually expect to succeed in their efforts. One would have to be silly to get involved in such a plan, regardless of the motives.

Not all white people want to enslave African-Americans. I recently met an abolitionist coming from the North and I was…… [read more]

Mexican-American Employee: A Growing Labor Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (621 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


" (Blea, 1988).

There have been many laws passed by the federal government of the United States which assists the minorities especially the Chicanos in attaining more opportunities for the more valued jobs such as opportunities in the field of engineering, science and so on. All of this efforts may term to be successful in the short-term but in the longer run it fails to answer many of the crucial questions regarding the education and employment opportunities for the women in the Mexican-American community which are even more vulnerable than their male counterparts in terms of proper education, employment and so on.

It is often deemed that the collaboration between many different business people, social workers and other non-government organizations is necessary in order to help prepare Chicanos for a much more productive line of duty in the longer term. In this sense there have been many well-known as well as less known private and governmental businesses which have assisted the Chicanos in training and education for employment so that they may posses the required knowledge and skills to support themselves as well as their families in the rapidly changing economic environment around them.

Another very important point to note in all of this scenario is related to the public perception that the common Chicano has in the society. It is very common among the white majority in the United States to view the common Chicanos as a non-productive part of the overall society which even tends to be more likely to get involved in criminal activities, this perception needs to change and the media must play its role in creating a more positive image of the Mexican-American community. "Media perception is very critical for any minority community" (Gomez, 1990).


Blea, I. (1988). Toward a Chicano Social Science. New York: Praeger.

Gomez, J. (1990). Chicano Politics. Albuquerque:…… [read more]

Davis and Beauchamp Article Review

Article Review  |  2 pages (636 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Davis proposes instead a "complicity theory" of whistleblowing, in which the act is morally permissible if it is directly related to the individual's work for a corporation and that specific work will result in serious moral wrongdoing. This would render whistleblowing justifiable, while undoing the paradoxes, if the conditions outlined by Davis are met (11).

Tom L. Beauchamp's "Affirmative Action Goals in Hiring and Promotion" argues in favor of preferential treatment of minorities in hiring decisions, finding it "morally justified" within the context of "well-constructed policies with specific, targeted goals." Beauchamp rejects the characterization of affirmative action as "reverse discrimination," noting that such policies are not exclusively geared toward racial minorities, but are also in place toward people with disabilities and Vietnam veterans (195). Beauchamp notes that many corporations, aware of the stigma that attaches to the term "affirmative action," have opted instead to describe these programs in the language of "diversity" (196).

But Beauchamp believes that the effects of discrimination are real and pervasive in our society, even though "blatant forms of employment discrimination against women and minorities have large vanished" (196). He cites data which indicate systematic biases against women and minorities in the workplace, showing that women's salaries and promotion rate lag well behind men's. Women hold 70% of white collar jobs, but only 10% of management positions. He then notes that, in larger economic questions, bias clearly persists -- it is harder for African-Americans to get a mortgage loan, and he cites data showing that college-educated African-Americans have greater difficulty finding a job compared with their white counterparts. Beauchamp notes that this is not necessarily "intentional" discrimination (197). He notes that companies have a moral obligation to implement such policies, which are also in their best interest. He agrees that "preferential treatment on a large scale" would confirm the worst fears of critics of affirmative action, but notes that "specifically targeted"…… [read more]

Martin Luther King's Letter Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (629 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


In fact, the clergymen's argument that King and his group are 'outsiders' is only a mere insult, a questioning of the group's ability to help bring out the Civil Rights Movement. However, King treats this indirect form of skepticism and insult by answering in a matter-of-fact manner that he has had profound experience in dealing with social injustices and prejudice cases among black Americans, stating that he has been "president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization in every Southern state," and is directly involved in the organization of "a nonviolent direct action program... If deemed necessary" (par. 2). This 'intrusion' and involvement of 'outsiders' like King in his protest against racial discrimination can be reflected and is parallel to the present American foreign policy, wherein the American government is involved in helping out poor nations who are currently in strife and in dire need of help because of their own government's oppression, or sometimes, due to a civil war. Take for example the foreign aid America has given to Afghanistan citizens during the war against terrorism between the Taliban regime and American government. The provision of food and other essential needs of the Afghans by the Americans are criticized by other nations as the 'American way' of earning the sympathy and help of the Afghans in tracking down the whereabouts of Osama bin Laden and the Taliban. However, this viewpoint is greatly biased, since an objective person who sees another offering goodwill to others (like King's organization), may view the American help to the Afghans as one of compassion, wherein the American government tries its best, even in small ways, to alleviate the suffering, hunger, and strife of the Afghan people due to the…… [read more]

Martin Luther King Jr.'s "Letter Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,284 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


.. unjust treatment of Negroes in the courts... unsolved bombings of Negro homes and churches... These are the hard, brutal, an unbelievable facts."

In defending his position against the brutality of injustice in Birmingham, King assumes the role of both a moral and political authority in the defense of black American freedom and abolishment of black American slavery and injustice. His persona is divided in the letter: the gentler, more emotional King is used to appeal to his fellow black Americans, while the rational, political and religious activist King is used to defend and argue his position to the white American political and religious community. King's use of emotions to his fellow black American countrymen is used to effectively address the problem of injustice and inequality committed to them: "We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed." This statement resounds of emotion and empathy to the black American society; King uses the element of ethos and pathos to effectively extend his message to his fellowmen. On the other hand, a harsher, more rational tone is used to condemn the injustices the political and religious community of the white American society had done to black Americans: "... I must confess that over the last few years I have been gravely disappointed with the white moderate... who prefers a negative peace which is the absence of tension to a positive peace which is the presence of justice..." And "I have been so greatly disappointed with the white church and its leadership... The contemporary church is so weak, ineffectual voice with an uncertain sound... The arch supporter of the status quo." The preceding statements from King's letter is argued through the use allusions to history, mentioning important events that happened in the world to emphasize his point about freedom, justice, and equality. These allusions to history and references to famous philosophers and well-known individuals in the world give a strong argument to his positions in the letter.

In conclusion, it is apparent that the elements of pathos and ethos were used in King's letter to argue and defend his position about the black American segregation in America. At the initial part of his letter, King uses ethos, or appeals based on King's character and validity as a defender of the black American cause. This is evident in his use of his position and the name is organization and his use of his position as a political and religious activist to effectively argue and make his point to his three main audience: the white American political and religious community, and the black American society. Pathos, or appeals based on emotions, are used to his argument addressed to his fellow black Americans, and also accompanies his logical arguments (logos) about the black American individual rights, freedom, and the equality of every man/individual. Through these three important elements of rhetoric, King was able to make a passionate, and very argumentative position and refutation… [read more]

Non-Western Societies Tempest Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (692 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


He boldly asserts that in the character of these people, all of "the true, most useful, and natural virtues and properties are alive and vigorous." [2]

Shakespeare however had no such idealized views of the savage natives. Unlike Montaigne, Shakespeare was more fascinated with psychological impact of European influence on the savage man. He firmly maintained that there was no such thing as a Noble savage and through his character, Caliban, he successfully unearthed the negative side of a so-called pure soul. The non-western man of Shakespeare is no saint and neither is he a beast. Shakespeare maintains a completely objective stance on the subject of savagery and therefore presents both sides of non-western society through characters like Caliban and Ariel. The main point was to attack Montaigne's romantic view of the savage and this results in the creation of Caliban. Bartra (1994) writes: "Caliban represents a wildness that threatens Christian civilization from the inside, and, unlike Montaigne's cannibal, Caliban is a dangerous and menacing figure from whom one must be protected, on the one hand, and who must be redeemed, on the other." (p. 176)

While Montaigne's view of the non-western man may not appear biased, it is a little too good to be taken seriously. On the other hand, though Shakespeare's image of the wild man appears to be grounded in racial bigotry, still it is more powerful for it lacks the apparent shallowness of Montaigne's cannibals. In short, the views of the two writers present contrasting images of the wild man and their views on the subject of non-western civilization are anything but similar which made some critics conclude that "wild men" were nothing but "a European invention." (Bartra, 3)


Bartra, Roger (1994) Wild Men in the Looking Glass: The Mythic Origins of European Otherness Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Michael O'Toole, Shakespeare's Natives: Ariel and Caliban in The Tempest

http://www.columbia.edu/itc/lithum/gallo/tempest.html… [read more]

Alternative Assessment for Latino Students Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (343 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


In other words, even if Latino students are given a different type of test to take they will still not have learned everything that they need to if they go through their school days not being able to understand what is being taught to them. This is the reason behind the whole-school approach and the reason behind the need for more than one assessment test for students who have English as a second language.

It would seem that those that come to this country should learn to speak the language, but for some this is very difficult. Even those that apparently speak the language well often do not understand some of the expressions and terms that are uniquely American. This can make it hard for them to take tests so having a different test for those that speak English only as a second language makes sense.… [read more]

Racial Discrimination and Prejudice Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (384 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


" (p.354) Staples's use of such contrasting imagery between timidity and the physical appearance of a "broad six feet two" man further serves to create an impact on his readers, as the contrasting illustrations succeed in arousing reader sympathy. But perhaps, more than anything else, it is Staples's ability to use his illustrations to draw vivid images, in a mild tone, which results in creating the desired impact on his readers. Take, for instance, his comparison of a mugger warbling Vivaldi's Four Seasons with a hiker wearing a cowbell in bear country! A clever, but subtle, dig at the foolish behavior of society!

Though I have never really experienced the horror of being alienated by racial prejudice, my sympathies are entirely with the black people and other stereotyped minorities. Indeed, if I were ever to experience the type of discrimination described by Staples, I would feel both very sad and angry about being treated like an alien or criminal, and never being given even a chance to prove otherwise.

Works Cited

Staples, B. "Black Men and Public Space." The Rinehart Reader. Wyrick, J. ed. Third

Edition. P. 352-355.… [read more]

Hispanic-American Culture' Richard Rodriguez' Article Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (329 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


A person like that understands what being Hispanic-American really means, and this is something that cannot completely be shared by people who are from other cultures. By writing in a friendly and easy style, Rodriguez helps people who are not from this culture see a little more of what it is really like and why it is so important to him.

Rodriguez does not so much transition one thought into another, like he would in a story, but instead gives selected bits of information that help to show how the Hispanic-American culture works and the things that are important to people of that culture. By doing this, the article gives a lot more information and insight than it would have otherwise, and his simple ending, asking readers to image what it will be like when the cultures merge and there is no more fighting and disagreement, is very powerful…… [read more]

Coming of Age in Mississippi Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (968 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Being there at that time and place must have been infinitely harder. The woman who declared herself in Moody's article sympathetic to the cause the African-Americans were fighting for probably feared for her own life. For some she looks like a coward, for others, she was probably doing what others like her were doing back then: she knew African-Americans were right, but she did not dare do more. Since most people were ready to kill back then in Mississippi to prevent what they considered the law and order from being broken, there were only w few whites who would go out and join the "Negro." However, Moody is mentioning the few whites who joined them at the counter, showing that nothing was actually "black and white."

The author's inner thoughts come out only towards the end of the article, echoing the parts in her homonymous book where she describes her struggle as a young girl to understand what made the whites better deserving than those who had darker skin. As a young adult, her conclusion to the article shows her finally having understood why the South had been segregated for so long. She talks about the incurable sickness most whites in the South had been suffering from that prevented them from ever being able envision the world as something other than exclusively theirs.

By the end of her true story, Moody recollects being picked up along with the rest of the peaceful protesters, after having been thrown at with food and other objects, and taken to the NAACP headquarters on Lynch Street. This was a predestined name, of course, since today there is a long list of innocent victims today, victims who were humiliated, tortured and killed in lynching actions during the Civil Rights Movements in the American South.

We also know today that racial discrimination is far from being extinct, even in some of the most advanced societies. The law treats people equally in many developed countries, but discrimination on any grounds is always ready to show its ugly face. Human beings are easily inclined to judge by appearance and respond to hatred with hatred.

One needs to try and identify with Moody and take a good look at how one would respond to such acts of violence. Not hating the ones who are trying to put a rope around your neck, throw food at you, take you down from a stool counter in a public place and smash your head against the floor and walls takes superhuman strength. The protesters knew back then that answering violence with violence was only going to damage their cause and make them the vandals. As hard as it is to envision them sitting there, praying and waiting to be lynched, one is at least able to understand that they chose the right path. They succeeded…… [read more]

Racial Identity Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (666 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Yet, they did not fit and were capable of doing many of the same things better than others who are from the majority.

Another situation occurred when I seen an African-American who was good at ice hockey. Many people felt that he should not be playing the sport and needed to play basketball. This angered me, as I felt that each person should have the ability to choose their own destiny and decide for themselves what worked for them.

As a result, my views were transformed by these experiences by realizing that people do not fit into a single category. Instead, it is up to the individual to determine their own lives and what mattered the most to them. When this happened, I began to connect with the person and feel a sense of pride in the process.

What are the implications of this for you as a future counselor?

The implications of these events are that I realized I need to have greater amounts of flexibility in working with clients. This means that I have to understand how these issues will influence racial perceptions and their long-term impacts on the way someone reacts to various events. I feel that once someone takes these attitudes, is the point they can be more effective in understanding how these perceptions will influence their attitudes.

This helps to identify specific areas of resistance and offer support to the individual. When this happen, I can overcome negative beliefs and begin to have a positive impact on the individual. This enables them to have a break through by connecting with someone who understands what they are going through. Once this occurs, is when I can more effectively understand their situation and offer solutions which empower them. This changes their state of mind and it builds a strong bond between the counselor / patient.


Racial / Cultural Identity. (n.d.)

Cripin, C. (2014). Social and Cultural Identity.… [read more]

Renal Failure Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (698 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


One important preventative measure could be education. According to DaVita Healthcare (2014), diabetes creates a high risk factor for developing renal conditions. Since diabetes has been on the increase among Hispanics, it is important to educate this population regarding the link between the two conditions. Especially in persons over 50 years of age, diabetes pose a significant risk and is found to be the number one cause of chronic kidney diseases among the Hispanic population. On the other hand, only one out of three among this population know that they have diabetes, which makes education and testing for each person highly important (DaVita Healthcare, 2014).

As discussed, a major factor in the prevalence of the disease among the Hispanic population is unequitable access to healthcare. One way in which to address this is by providing education regarding not only renal failure, but also about ways in which to prevent and/or mitigate diabetes. According to Banabe and Rios (2004), physicians and nurses working among this population should be highly trained in cultural sensitivity. In this way, such professionals can more effectively head and implement patient education programs to help the population make better decisions about their health and lifestyle.

In conclusion, the Hispanic population faces a greater challenge than the general population in the United States in terms of chronic kidney disease and renal failure. By addressing not only the fact that they have unequitable access to healthcare, but also the fact that they need education regarding behaviors and conditions that put them at risk of renal failure. As a community nurse, the researcher must ensure the highest level of cultural sensitivity and work with other professionals to create prevention and education programs for the population.


Benabe, J.E. And Rios, E.V. (2004, Jun.). Kidney disease in the Hispanic Population: facing the growing challenge. Journal of the National Medical Association, 96(6). Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2568348/

DaVita Healthcare (2014). Risks for CKD in Hispanic-Americans. Retrieved from: http://www.davita.com/education/article.cfm?educationMainFolder=causes-of-kidney-disease&category=assessing-your-risk&articleTitle=risks-for-ckd-in -- hispanic-americans&articleID=5009… [read more]

Ethnocentric Ethnocentrism Research Paper

Research Paper  |  1 pages (388 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


I would also escalate this. The senior managers want what is best for the company, which means hiring the most qualified people. When a manager is not doing this, and is in the process exposing the company to legal action under the Civil Rights Act, senior management needs to be aware of this.

I actually do have experiences in this area, with a Jamaican. I had a boss who took essentially this same approach with a Jamaican girl who was the most qualified candidate. The smokescreen that time was that the customers would not respond well to a Jamaican voice on the phone, and it was a phone marketing job. This was probably true, knowing the customer base, and we had other good candidates, so I did nothing. But at the end of the day, that lady did not get a fair shake at the job, and I still remember that incident whenever the subject comes up, because I know the whole thing went down wrong.


Cherry, K. (2014). What is ethnocentrism? About.com. Retrieved May 6, 2014 from http://psychology.about.com/od/eindex/fl/What-Is-Ethnocentrism.htm… [read more]

Hispanic Students in the US Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (645 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


In addition to teachers having to adopt new attitudes that would help Hispanic students integrate, school environments in general would have to change in order for these students to be able to progress. The main idea is that learning environments need to change rather than students having to. Schools would have to change the way they operate so that they would no longer alienate Hispanic students. These students would eventually be drawn to school and would acknowledge the significance of being educated. A school environment would have to encourage students to continue to attend classes.

3. Several suggestions were given in the article to help with Hispanic students' success. If we know there are techniques and strategies to improve the classroom for students, why are they not being implemented?

The lack of proper funding and the fact that the authorities seem unconcerned about the matter in general are among the principal reason why Hispanic children in the U.S. are not provided with the support they need in order to integrate the social order. With teachers being unprepared to address their needs and with the Department of Education only acknowledging the existence of the problem without actually intervening, Hispanic students continue to experience hardship as they struggle to integrate.

Educational institutes fail to make Hispanic students feel that they belong and they thus encourage these individuals to believe that it would only be right for them to drop-out.

The fact that there are some successful programs means that a solution exists and that educational institutes would have to concentrate on finding the most effective method to progress. There is no universal solution for all institutes in the U.S. And this means that each educational institute would have to come up with its own strategy in the conflict.… [read more]

Cesar Chavez v. Ted Cruz Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (731 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Bush Administration as a domestic policy advisor (Gale Biography in Context). He was elected to the U.S. Senate in 2012 by aligning himself with the ultra-conservative Tea Party.

Cruz has voted against legislation to protect the National Endowment for Oceans, a bill that had no funding connected to it (Water Resources Development Act) but was opposed by the Tea Party. Cruz has voted against gun safety legislation, including the bill that would require buyer checks at gun shows (95% of the American public supported it). Cruz, a Latino, opposes the legislation that would give undocumented immigrants a chance (over five years) to earn their way to U.S. citizenship. Cruz wants to raise the retirement age so senior citizens can't receive social security benefits at age 65.

In short, Cruz has positioned himself on the far right, in line with the Tea Party, and basically votes against -- and speaks out against -- any progressive legislation that would help people that are struggling. He has voted to abandon the Affordable Care Act, which is insuring 8+ million people that did not have insurance before the act became law.

In conclusion, Cesar Chavez has had a far more positive influence on society, and in particular the Hispanic population, than Cruz has even attempted to offer. Chavez has fought for the rights of the farm worker and has helped form a union that raised the pay of workers and gave them health care and better working conditions. He has stood up to the big corporations and never backed down when challenged. He is a national hero to the Hispanic people, and has a national holiday in his name in eight states, including California. His stature is so far above anything that Cruz has done or even attempted, there is no context in which the two could even be compared in any fair way.

Works Cited

Cruz, Ted. "Early Life and Career." Gale Biography in Context. 2012.

On The Issues. "Texas Senator Ted Cruz." Retrieved October 25, 2014, from http://www.ontheissues.org. 2013

Skallerup, Nellie Eve. "Chavez, Cesar: "Yes, it can be done!" Retrieved October…… [read more]

Monsters Lurking in the Dark Human Psyche Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,008 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Racial Discrimination

An action started in 1864 and concluded by the end of 1865 marked the first step the U.S. had taken in their short but eventful and complex history, on the road to treat everyone as equal human beings. The Secretary of State of the U.S. declared the adoption of the Thirteen Amendment to the United States Constitution thus picking the first ripe fruit of the American Civil War: the abolition of slavery. It was one of the fruits of a long and bloody battle. A hundred years later, the U.S. decided it was time for another major action towards the eradication of prejudices: the Civil Rights Act became law. It took this nation a hundred years to recognize the necessity of such an act. Now, more than half a century later, the U.S. is still fighting racial prejudice. African-Americans are "legally" beaten and even killed in cold blood by those that are supposed to defend them in the first place. Double standards arise too often when it comes to opportunities, choices or privileges given to African-Americans compared to those their Caucasian counterparts are getting.

The U.S. As most countries on the face of the earth, is still massively dealing with racial prejudice. Once, a freeborn man was kidnapped at the age of thirty and then sold to a slave owner. In1854 he was rescued after twelve years of slavery and survived to tell his story to the world. In 2008 a 22-year-old African-American unarmed and handcuffed man was shut in the back and killed by a police officer while held face down on the pavement of a metro station. It happened in front of dozens of witnesses and it was videotaped. The respective police officer was convicted for "involuntary manslaughter." A book and a film tell the stories of these respective men. The public sympathizes with them, most of those who read the book "Twelve years a Salve" or watch the film "Fruitvalley" condemn the villains that treated human beings like lowlifes, placing them even lower than a pet in their esteem. Yet, many of those who cried their eyes out while reading about Solomon Northup's misfortunes or watching the tragic story of young Oscar Grant go back to their lives and involuntarily pass judgments based on social categorization. It is "us" against "them."

Interestingly enough, there are some tests performed by child psychologists that show infants as young as several months taking sides with other persons who expressed similar interests for the same toy, for example. The same infants have previously showed they disagreed with the same persons who apparently committed an unjust act. As soon as those persons showed similar interests as themselves, they changed gears and took sides. Scientists are still a long way from reaching conclusive theories based on such tests, but it still sais a lot about human nature. Society is getting the best as well as the worst form us.

Most of us want to fit in and in order to do… [read more]

How to Understand Islam Today Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (636 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Islam has been called a religion of violence in the popular Western media, but there are many branches of Islam and they are very different, from the Shia and Sunni branches to the Wahhabi branch, which is the main root of ultra-radical extremist Islam today (supporting groups like al-Qaeda and ISIS). Islam has also been called a religion of peace by advocates of the religion. Political factors and cultural factors play a part in this dispute. The politics of the Middle East have long been simmering and there is a great distrust between their politics and those of the West as the West has invaded Iraq without justification after 9/11 (Froese, Mencken, 2009) and misunderstandings about why the U.S. intervened in Iraq have added to the overall bitterness of the situation. Some view Islam as the enemy while others view that sect supported by Western agencies (essentially the Wahhabi branch, which began as the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, was sent to Saudi Arabia and then to Afghanistan with the help of the CIA) as the main responsible party for Islamic violence.

Islam began as a fundamentally Arabic religion, centered on the Koran as the word of God. It grew from the time of Mohammed, had its own renaissance when great works of architecture were built and manuscripts by Romans and Greeks were preserved.

Islam, indeed, incorporated Roman-Greco-Judeo-Christian values into its culture: for example, Islam built on the foundations of science that the Greeks and Romans had established (and, like Byzantium, made records of many works of antiquity that would otherwise have been lost); its religion was an offshoot from Christianity; and many Christian architects from the West found employment under Islamic leaders like Harun-al-Rashid (Aaron the Just), whose fondness for culture rivaled that of the leaders of Byzantium.

However, the religions of Islam and of Christian Byzantium were diametrically opposed to one another, and wars over Holy Lands…… [read more]