Study "Recreation / Leisure / Tourism" Essays 221-275

X Filters 

Bed and Breakfast Business Plan Term Paper

… ).

The third component of the strategy implementation has to be excellent customer service. When people go to a bed and breakfast, they expect a much higher degree of personalized service than people who go to a chain hotel or… [read more]

Eco-Friendly Hotel Industry Trends Climate Change Essay

… Eco-Friendly Hotel Industry Trends

Climate change is no longer a theory to be debated on talk radio and cable TV -- it is a fact of life. Many venues in the hotel industry are using whatever tools and technologies they… [read more]

Globalization of the Hospitality Industry Research Paper

… Globalization of the Hospitality Industry

The phenomenon of globalization has affected every single person in the world, in one-way or another. The opening of markets, of political forums, of social networks, whether through technology or otherwise have all been results… [read more]

Theoretical Insights in the Anderson Essay

… On the nature conservancies in the emote areas, the sustainable tourism photo safari and the hunting safari live side by side, much as they do on the game ranches, but on a much larger scale.

The key difference between the nature conservancy approach and the game ranch approach is its attention to optimizing indigenous well-being in the countries in which they are located. This type of multi-dimensional analysis eschews traditional economic measurements based upon gross domestic product and tries to capture the entire experience by satisfying physical needs but not at the expense of other needs (cultural, traditional, etc.) that allow for a high quality of life. Such people engaged in sustainable tourism in the nature conservancies are generally better off and happier as well because they are living in closer proximity to their original traditions.

This policy option is feasible in lesser populated countries whose governments have committed to the concept of the nature conservancy movement. It would be difficult to monitor and enforce in certain countries with high levels of corruption or where population pressures have reduced the amount of virgin land below a certain threshold. In such countries, poachers (e.g., for elephant ivory) and bush meat hunters would make such a policy difficult to enforce due to money being siphoned off from tourism profits that could pay for increased security patrols. The big downside is that this would not coexist at all with Western style farming, although some wild plants have some economic value and can be harvested by native peoples for commercial use from the nature conservancies.


Both policies have their ups and their downs. They will not work in all countries. Rather governments with higher populations and greater conventional, Western style farming methods will probably find the first option more viable. Lower population countries will likely favor option two. Either of the policies cannot be maximized in any case in countries where there is high corruption. [read more]

Business Plan Proposal: The Ducks Business Plan

… 7 million. Five Oregon Indian Casinos reportedly offer Poker rooms: Wildhorse Resort and Casino in Pendleton; Spirit Mountain Casino in Grande Ronde; Kah-Nee-Ta-High Desert Resort and Casino in Warm Springs; Chinook Winds Casino Resort in Lincoln City; and Seven Feathers Hotel and Casino in Canyonville. Within and around the City of Eugene, a cursory review reveals 5 poker rooms, with the dominant poker room being "Full House Poker," which offers 2 tournaments per day, six days per week, excluding Sundays.

5. The Market Analysis

Eugene is the second largest city in Oregon and the seat of Lane County. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, Eugene has a population of 156,185; this represented an increase of 18,292 since the 2000 Census. Eugene is also the home of the University of Oregon, with a 2010 student enrollment of 23,389. Furthermore, OU's enrollment steadily increased from 2007 through 2010, as the following figure shows:

The Ducks Poker Room intends to target customers from both the general and OU student populations and anticipates capturing a large segment of these populations due to: the small number of Poker rooms within and around Eugene; our product/service offerings, which extend far beyond the minimal offerings of competing Poker rooms within and around Eugene; our Oregon Ducks theme. Based on the average yearly population increase of 1,829 or 1.17% in Eugene's general population between 2000 and 2010, and based on the OU student population growth of 1003 or 4.48% between 2009 and 2010, we anticipate the following yearly increases in these populations for potential customers:

Table: Market Analysis

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Potential Customers



City Residents






























6. Start Up Summary


Start-up Expenses


Stationery etc.




Research and Development

Interior Refit

Expensed Equipment

Air Cond. Upgrade Audio/Lighting

Bar Equipment/Supply

Fees and Permits

Bathroom Upgrades

Initial Marketing

Opening Salaries Deposits







Total Start-up Expenses


Start-up Assets

Cash Assets


Other Current Assets


Long-term Assets


Total Assets


Total Requirements


7. Revenue Forecast

Weekly… [read more]

How Is a Good Life Defined and What Is My Plan to Achieve It? Essay


The concept of the "good life" is defined by several different issues. More specifically, living a good life means fulfilling one's personal needs, those of the members of one's immediate and extended family, and contributing in some way to the wider good of others in the human community. In the near future, that means completing my education, securing a good job in my chosen professional field, finding a person to spend my life with, starting a family, and establishing everything necessary to meet the needs and guarantee the future happiness of my family. Ultimately, I anticipate that working in the hospitality industry will allow me to achieve all of these goals in both the long and short-term.

Educational Success

I recognize that the first important step toward establishing a good life for myself consists on completing my education and achieving good enough grades to compete successfully in a job market that is much tighter than it was before the ongoing current economic recession in the United States. Unfortunately, the recession has affected my future professional industry quite heavily because the hospitality industry obviously provides a nonessential commodity that is, understandably, one of the first areas that many people must cut back on in times of economic instability. Beyond merely achieving the best grades that I possibly can, I am also using my educational opportunity to improve all of my professional skills in general, so that I will be capable of working in other industries as well, should that ever become a necessity.

Professional Aspirations

One of the most important components of a good life is a stable and prosperous profession. While I do not believe that accumulating money or material possessions are especially important in the overall scheme of what it means to live a good life, I also do recognize that economic realities mean that maintaining a comfortable and stable life for my family requires a certain amount of financial resources. That concern is also a significant consideration in connection with establishing the necessary savings for the future educational needs of my children, because both the cost of a college and the relative importance of completing a college degree are ever increasing.

Meanwhile, all the money in the world cannot bring happiness if earning it absorbs too much time or requires so much effort that one lacks sufficient energy to enjoy the good life. Toward that end, my professional goal is to work hard enough early in my… [read more]

21st Century, Significant Challenges Confront Essay

… There are only so many islands to visit and harbor facilities that can accommodate ships of the current magnitude. This results in significant demands on existing port facilities to manage multiple ships as well as an overcrowding of port cities and attractions when multiple ships arrive. This can result in decreased tourism as customers may look elsewhere to visit tourist attractions without the throngs of fellow tourists surrounding them. Two steps that could be taken would be to develop new ports of call and to establish some system of organization between cruise ship companies to better manage ship traffic reducing the strain on any one port.

Finally, an issue that has received little attention in the industry is that of environmental impact. The small islands that cruise ships visit are particularly sensitive to environmental degradation in light of the thousands of visitors and the significant demands of the ships themselves in terms of water and waste disposal. Eventually, ports will reach a maximum capacity that will either require further investment or will simply be un-modifiable based on either local politics or environmental reality. Furthermore, the industry has extremely poor environmental self-monitoring. In 1999, Royal Caribbean paid U.S.$18 million in fines for the illegal release of hazardous waste and then lying about it in its records. As nations and states such as Hawaii and Alaska adopt more stringent environmental regulations it will inevitably drive up the operating costs in these markets as well as negatively influence customer perspective of the industry.

In conclusion, the modern cruise ship industry faces significant obstacles that must be overcome in the years ahead to maintain its profitability. Greater competition should be foster to improve product diversification, significant investment to expand port facilities must be found to handle newer massive vessels, newer ports of call and organizational principles should be established to reduce over-crowding of existing destinations and finally environmental standards should be enacted within the industry to protect both destinations as well as the industry's public image. It is only by understanding these issues that the cruise ship industry can take meaningful steps to secure its… [read more]

Four Significant Challenges Confronting the Resort Industry Essay

… Resort industry has been facing a myriad of challenges of late accompanied by the same challenges hitting hard on the tourism industry as well since these two are interdependent and work hand in hand with each other. There are major challenges that the resort industry faces and are as below;

The sustainable hospitality industry and climate change; there has been a trend of many people, mostly those concerned about the global warming looking for the resorts that are environment conscious and are putting efforts towards stopping global warming. Formatting the already existing resorts and hotels to the green hotels is quite a challenge yet there seems to be no option but to ensure that the resort industry complies with the green movement standards in order to encompass the entire clientele as well as to be sustainable.

Labor cost; it is said that in 2005 it is labor expenses that remained to be the largest expense for the hospitality industry. It is estimated that it accounted for 44.6% of the operating costs (Wang Jin Zhoa & Wang Jing, 2009). This labor costs made it hard for the general operation of the resort industry as it dictated almost the cost of everything that the clients would consume hence fear of losing clients among the resort managers. This situation has not gotten any better for the hotel industry as there are set minimum wages that puts the resort managers at a more difficult position that will likely impact on the number of employees as well as the customer experience.

Cross-cultural/Multi cultural issue; with the increasing globalization and the rapid expansion of many resorts across the globe, owning branches among people of varying cultures, the issue of cross cultural management and the challenges that come with it can no longer be ignored in the resort industry. There are multicultural talents that need to be well managed and tapped, and the varying political landscape also affects the hospitality industry. This has then seen many resorts and hotels… [read more]

Plan for the Care and Maintenance of the Facilities Research Proposal

… ¶ … Care and Maintenance of the Facility

In this paper, we are examining how a maintenance and management strategy will be implanted for the Crescent Moon Hotel in Montreux, Switzerland. To do this, we will look at the management… [read more]

Nintendods the Dangers of Playing Essay

… NintendoDS

The Dangers of playing too much Nintendo DS

The modern age of computing has brought forth a tremendous change in the recreational habits of youth. Gone are the days where good fun stemmed solely from sports activities and reading. Now there is an enormous marketplace of cheap, available and effective entertainment in each child's pocket. There are many parents who see the lack of activity in their children's new hobby, and the diminishing of critical social skills that comes along with nonsocial entertainment. I do not agree with these parents, however, and I do believe there is an extraordinary amount of learning to be had on a Nintendo DS device, and parents should rather look more towards filtering their child's DS games in order to limit the amount of senseless violence performed, and maximize the learning potential of the device.

Nintendo DS is a game system filled with educational opportunities, whether it is basic mathematics or mind games, each age from 3 to elderly is well represented in Nintendo DS's catalogue. According to Consumer Reports, on the subject of handheld video games and Nintendo DS in particular, restates the belief that video games "traditionally help with problem solving skills and hand eye coordination." (Consumer Reports, 1) With the enormous possibilities of the Nintendo DS, however, entire ranges of educational skills are available on the device. A good parent will realize the educational opportunity available in such a device, and will direct their child's purchases in this direction.

Nintendo DS also has many more social aspects than any previous handheld device. Game trading, multi-device multiplayer gaming, and game swapping all allow for excellent social opportunities. Friends will be able to not just play together, but actually achieve teamwork goals and challenge objectives. Leadership skills can also be established, particularly in four person games which require group decisions to be made. These opportunities, previously only seen in team sports, are now available and present in a multitude of Nintendo DS games, and the future is bright for worldwide games in the near… [read more]

Disney Cruise Line Disney Business Research Paper

… While reviews of the Dream experience have been overwhelmingly positive, there are nonetheless areas where improvements are needed. According to USA Today reporter Gene Sloan (2011b), the wait to ride the acclaimed AquaDuck was more than 30 minutes at times. Given the popularity of the ride, there is probably little that technology can do to change AquaDuck wait times. However, technology can be used to make the wait less burdensome.

Gartner (2010) reports that one of the strategic technologies for 2011 involves mobile applications and media tablets. Gartner estimates that by the end of 2010, 1.2 billion people will carry handsets that are capable of rich, mobile commerce. The quality of the experience of applications on these devices is superior, with the ability to can apply location, motion and other context in their behavior. While waiting in line for the AquaDuck, each Disney Cruise Line guest should be provided a complimentary tablet, with applications that include such things as media libraries, social media access, gaming and any number of Disney- specific applications to keep guests entertained while they wait. This one technology enhancement will help Disney Cruise Lines eliminate their guests' frustration, and make the Disney Dream experience even more satisfying.

Another technology enhancement that Disney Cruise line could implement would be the use of RFID tags with GPS monitoring to track children. Parents could then monitor their children's whereabouts remotely at all times, while enjoying their own entertainment and activities. Such tracking could even include live video feed showing their children, with upload capability to Facebook or YouTube. These are just two technology improvements that Disney Cruise Lines could make.

Works Cited

Bloomberg Businessweek. (2011). Magical Cruise Company Limited. Retrieved September 29, 2011 from:

Disney Cruise Line. (2011). Ships. Retrieved September 29, 2011 from: / Path: Disney Dream; Disney Fantasy

Gartner. (2010). Gartner identifies the top 10 strategic technologies for 2011. Gartner Newsroom. Retrieved September 29, 2011 from:

Independent Traveler. (2011). Disney Dream review. Retrieved September 29, 2011 from: Path: Cabins; Itineraries; Activities.

Sloan, G. (2011). Why so long between ships? A Disney honcho explains. USA Today. Retrieved September 29, 2011 from:

Sloan, G. (2011b). Father, daughter review Disney Dream cruise ship. USA Today. Retrieved September 29, 2011 from:… [read more]

Examine the Affect of Technology in Lodging Operations Research Paper

… Internet and the Lodging Industry

In the recent past, a hotel has been described as a 'home away from home'. This brings out the images of a cozy, comfortable room set in a friendly, hospitable environment. Like many households which… [read more]

Management Three Case Studies Event Case Study

… The city of Ha'il is in Saudi Arabia, and the festival relates to the unique and rich history that the city presents, and which it could demonstrate to the country. In order to plan this festival, example from Australia, Tunisia,… [read more]

Service Quality in Chain Hotels Book Report

… ¶ … Guest Reviews

Although the international hotel industry is enormously competitive, brands such as Sofitel are able to charge a premium based on their consistent provision of high-quality services, accommodations and amenities. Maintaining these levels of high-quality services, though,… [read more]

Internet Gambling: Consumers, Industry Dissertation

… The current revenues of $26 billion are expected to rise to $36 billion by 2012, continuing a trajectory of 13% growth from the past several years (The Economist, 2010). This is significantly faster than the growth in the remainder of… [read more]

Strategic Alliances in Hospitality Sector Research Proposal

… Strategic Alliances in the Hospitality Sector

The proposed study will be guided by the following research question: "How can strategic alliances provide a competitive advantage, improved performance and profitability for companies competing in the hospitality sector today?" To this end,… [read more]

Violence in Video Games Research Paper

… Participants: A purposive sampling approach will be used to identify and recruit 20-30 eligible participants for this study. Participants will include children aged 10-14 recruited through local social services agencies that provide extracurricular activities and various opportunities to all children… [read more]

Strategic Management in Any Competitive Industry Essay

… Strategic Management

In any competitive industry, companies are required to continually innovate their product and reposition themselves in order to remain competitive. This is perhaps particularly so in the cruise ship industry, where competition is increasing to provide customers with… [read more]

Greek Islands Symi and Nisyros Web Content

… Symi:

Virtually untouched by modern developments commonly found on other islands, Symi's Neo-Classical facade hides many tourist attractions. There are many ways of getting to and around on Symi including travel by ferry, catamaran, hydrofoil, or you can jump on… [read more]

Strategic Management Analysis Term Paper

… Expedia is a holding company that operates a number of travel-related Internet properties, including and global variants,, TripAdvisor and others. Expedia began as a unit of Microsoft, conducting travel bookings, but has since expanded beyond that narrow mandate… [read more]

Travel Agency Business Proposal Business Proposal

… Cost Analyses (10.24.2010-on going): The estimated cost for promotional literature is $2,500. In the beginning a home office would be efficient as the company plan to provide online service. Therefore, the cost would be less than an actual office. Office furniture would be around $4,500. This office setting would allow the costumer visits by appointment. The salary for two people would be around $50K per year. However, the income will be mainly the commissions from the trip.


Future Work

There are remaining items to be completed to start the company. For example, the IRS forms have not been completed yet. The meeting with SBA will give a shape for the future of the company along with the travel surveys.

The surveys need to be sent during following three weeks as the holiday season has arrived. Most people would not want to spend time on a survey while they are preparing for the holiday season.


The project is coming along well, despite the loss of several weeks of activity because of computer system problems and the absence of SBA local contact person. On the other hand, Jamaica is a very new region, since it was very challenging to gather accurate information and documentation about the country. Therefore, most of the time was spent to get familiar with area, Jamaican life style, cultural and ethical rituals.

The second part of the project would be much faster as most of the preparations were completed. The only challenge expected would be the costs and the loan options.

Why is ethics important in performing research, especially primary research? Who is responsible for the ethics of a research effort? Do ethics apply to the overall project as well?

Ethics are not only very important for research but also for business. Integrity, honesty, loyalty and originality of the research and research materials define the quality of the research ethics. First of all the person doing the research should be mindful about the ethics rules of the society. However, the research officer is the person who makes sure the ethics rules are followed. The ethics is applied to the overall project as the norms, such as the honest research, original travel idea, are the implications of ethics. [read more]

Starwood Hotel Chain Today, Businesses Grow Research Proposal

… Starwood Hotel Chain

Today, businesses grow by means of expansion. When companies grow large enough, they expand from the local environment to the national sphere, and from their they expand internationally. International expansion has a certain set of considerations that… [read more]

Information Skills Essay

… ¶ … Skills Project

Location of Resources

Evaluation of Resources

Being assigned for five months to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia is both invigorating and intimidating at the same time. The culture of Malaysia is known for being strongly religious and respectful… [read more]

Hospitality Industry Role of Hospitality IT Systems Essay

… ¶ … Hospitality Industry

Role of Hospitality IT Systems

The rapidly changing needs and expectations of global travelers are a primary catalyst in the continual improvement and innovation of hospitality information technologies and systems. Having a 360-degree view of the guest is just the beginning to becoming the trusted advisor to travelers over time (Jain, Jain, 2005). While hospitality IT systems have progressed from the basic functionality of being able to track reservations and manage inventory, greater focus on each customer-facing process is necessary (Mathies, 2010). The rapid adoption of Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) applications including Amadeus Hotel Platform (Baker, 2007) is being driven by the urgency to streamline and make more customer-centered these processes in the hospitality industry.

The Changing role of IT in the Hospitality Industry

The entire value chain of the hospitality industry continues to go through a major disruption due to the Internet and the continually increasing expectations of guests. Of the many areas of this industry's value chain being the most impacted by these factors are the reseller networks, distribution channels, multi-channel selling, and service strategies (DiPietro, Wang, 2010). In conjunction with these changes to the distribution channels, guests now can get impartial, often brutally honest reviews on sites including as to what a hotel experience really is like, beyond the claims on hotel websites. All of these factors are influencing hospitality IT in a very direct and urgent way. First, the need for more agility and flexibility in applications' design and structure so the interfaces can be matched to how people work is critical (Mathies, 2010). Studies of the success factors behind hospitality IT systems' adoption indicate that those systems that allow for the greatest amount of customization and tailoring to how associates choose to work have the greatest levels of effectiveness over time (Mathies, 2010).

In addition to agility of an application, the ability to quickly get the application deployed across a board number of locations is also key. While applications including the Amadeus Hotel Platform were initially delivered as on-premise or server-based application originally, software developers including those selling the Amadeus Hotel Platform have adopted SaaS as a means to get the applications deployed quickly across entire hotel chains (Baker,… [read more]

Marriott and Hilton Term Paper

… Marriot and Hilton

The world of hospitality and leisure has become an area that has been increasingly brought to forefront. Part of the reason for this, is because of the larger number of competitors that are reaching out to the unique demographics of travelers. Two companies that are at the forefront of the industry are: the Marriot and Hilton hotels. Where, both are competing for the same demographics of business. As a result, this has caused each company to develop its own unique brand and products. To fully understand the role that each company plays within the industry requires: examining the various products / services, when the company was established and what account firm it uses for its audited financial statements. Together, these different elements will provide the greatest insights, as to the overall role that both companies play within the hospitality industry.

What is the product or service of each company?

Marriot is owned by the parent company Host Marriot. They specialize in offering: franchise hotels and corporate housing properties. They provide these different services through one of the many brands that they own such as: JW Marriot, Marriot and Renaissance Hotels just to name a few. ("Marriot International," 2010) Hilton follows a similar strategy, by specializing in offering leisure and casual travelers, a unique experience at any one of the different hotels or brands that they offer. To include: the Waldorf Astoria, Embassy Suites, Doubletree and the Hampton Inn just to name a few. This is significant, because it shows the role that both companies are playing in the hospitality industry, as their different brands are designed to provide specific segments (the high to middle end travel segment) with a variety of services / amenities that they demand. ("About U.S.," 2010)

When was the company established?

Host Marriot International was established in 1971 and is headquartered out of Bethesda, Maryland. While Hilton Hotels was: established in 1919, by Conrad Hilton in Cisco, Texas. This information is important, because the age of both hotel chains, shows how the industry evolved. With Hilton making a major impact early during the 20th century, then as the industry evolved more players would continue to emerge, as… [read more]

Video Games and Violence in Children Research Paper

… Video Games and Violence in Children

The Merriam-Webster online dictionary defines a video game as an electronic game that is played on a video screen and often emphasizes fast action ("Video games"). Computer games are also referred to as video… [read more]

Decision Making Essay

… Decision making is one of the most critical steps in resolution of a possible conflict or problem at work. In organizational management and operations, one would need to make small or big decisions regularly and sometimes we make those decisions without paying attention to the process of critical thinking involved. It has been rightly pointed out that,

"Decision making is the study of identifying and choosing alternatives based on the values and preferences of the decision maker. Making a decision implies that there are alternative choices to be considered, and in such a case we want not only to identify as many of these alternatives as possible but to choose the one that best fits with our goals, objectives, desires, values, and so on." (Harris, (1980))

Decision needs to be taken when one than one possible answers or routes are available. In the case of Nik, we notice that his firm needs to make a decision in Kava because they have multiple possibilities to explore. They would want to invest in Kava in a manner that would be most beneficial to the people of Kava while it would also help the company propel its profits and its image as a socially responsible firm. While decisions can be made in a variety of manners, usually a T-chart method can be adopted when in doubt. This method allows firms to build a pros and cons chart and see how their decisions would affect their organization and others in the short and long run. But when more complex issues are involved, it is critical to use one of the more comprehensive decisions making techniques such as Six Hats.

"Six thinking Hats" method was first proposed by Edward De Bono. He believed that this system helps a firm look at a problem from various angles and then reach a suitable solution. It is a powerful… [read more]

History of the Virgin Islands Book Report

… History of the Virgin Islands ?

Virgin Islands

Map of the U.S. Virgin Islands

Flag of the U.S. Virgin Islands

Resources and Industry

Famous People from the Islands

Sports and Pastimes

For the Landlubber



Virgin Islands are located at 18 Deg 20 minutes N, 64 Deg 50 minutes W. The three principal islands are St. Croix, St. John and St. Thomas. There are a number of smaller islands around the three major islands. The lowest point on the islands is sea-level, the highest point is Crown Mountain on St. Thomas at 475 meters. Puerto Rico lies to the west, and the British Virgin Islands to the east. The population is estimated at 109, 8251

in the spring of 2009. The climate is subtropical, tempered by the easterly trade winds, there is little seasonal variation in temperature, with the rainy season from September to November.

The Ciboneys arrived on the islands during what is considered the Pre-Ceramic Culture. Later the Arawaks arrived around 100 AD, followed by the savage Caribs and the more peaceful Tainos.

The first European settler was Christopher Columbus on his second voyage of 1493, when he sailed into the Salt River. He named the island Santa Cruz, which is now the island of St. Croix. He then sailed north and discovered the chain of islands he named 'Las Once Mil Virgenes' (11,000 virgins).

During the 17th century, the archipelago was divided into two territorial units, one English and the other Danish. Sugarcane, produced by imported slave labor, drove the islands' economy during the 18th and 19th centuries.

After the freeing of slaves and the discovery of sugar beet, agriculture in the islands declined. The industrial revolution ended the need for the islands as a shipping port, thus changing the economic environment. Little was heard of the islands until World War I, when the United States realized their strategic position and negotiated the purchase of the islands from Denmark for $25 million in gold. Although the islands were purchased in 1917, it wasn't until 1927 that citizenship was granted to Virgin Islanders.

Resources and Industry

The islands have few natural resources. Much of the level land is too… [read more]

Buyer Behavior Book Report

… Consumer Behavior

The transition of viewing travel marketing from a traditional marketing standpoint to one dominated by psychographics and its implications on managing expectations is revolutionizing this industry. This analysis interviewed three travelers with significantly different expectations, need and preferences,… [read more]

Video Game Violence and Restrictive Regulation Term Paper

… Video Game Violence and Restrictive Regulation for Minors

During the early development of modern electronic entertainment media, there was comparatively less concern for the effect of exposing children to violent imagery. Until the last two decades of the 20th century,… [read more]

Politics in Video Gaming Do Video Games Side With Certain British Political Ideologies Dissertation

… Video games have for a long time been associated with the passage of certain ideologies. The concept of video games has therefore been instrumental in the process of passing certain social and political ideologies. This paper seeks to explore the… [read more]

Memorandum to the Investment Committee Business Proposal

… Hilton should open a hotel in Phnom Penh. The market, compared with the major Southeast Asian cities, is low in competitive intensity, particularly among established Western names. Although Cambodia remains a frontier country, it is modernizing rapidly and with this… [read more]

Bed and Breakfast Project Management Thesis

… B&B Project

Watch Hill, RI Bed and Breakfast Conversion: A Project Management Outline and Proposal

The Windridge estate in Watch Hill, Rhode Island, contains a large and historic nines-bedroom and five-bathroom house with extensive grounds and ocean views, making it… [read more]

Marketing Situation, SWOT, and 4 P's on Kingbilli Country Estate Accommodation SWOT

… Kingbilli Country Estate

A Current Marketing Situation

Kingbilli Country Estate is located in Victoria, to the northeast of Melbourne by about two hours. The estate promotes tourism based on the natural beauty and serenity of the area. The estate is… [read more]

Hotels Going Green Thesis

… Hotels Going Green

In 2007, studies have shown that "only one-third of corporate travel policies promote sustainable tourism"

, which translates into the fact that sustainability is not necessarily among the first preferences of a client when he picks a hotel. While sustainability and being green is certainly a nice moral and ethical incentive, it will never take precedence over such concrete issues as price, location or service availability.

However, the sustainability trend has been increasing in the last couple of years. Sustainability in the hotel industry is not necessarily a new concept. Since the 1980s, hotels began to implement different measures by which they wished to include the guests in a broad sustainable policy. One such measure, for example, was to ask the guests whether they wanted the linens and towels changed everyday or whether these could be reused. Hotels motivated that important amounts of water and electricity could thus be saved. The effects however went beyond the hotel receiving a "green hotel" notice. These measures also meant important savings for hotels, some estimating as much as $6.50 for all those involved in the washing process

. If this is multiplied by the number of guests per day in a hotel, the result is compelling in terms of the financial gain hotels are able to make through a sustainable policy.

On the other hand, state and central authorities have also begun to encourage hotels going green and sustainability in the hotel industry and this trend is most likely going to continue in the future as well. In Florida, for example, since 2008, hotels receive a palm tree logo to acknowledge the fact that their sustainable, green strategy is recognized by the state authorities. The standards that the hotels need to reach in order to receive such an award are numerous, but the consequence is obvious: the prestige of the hotel or motel is increased as its sustainable policies are recognized by the state in which the hotel operates.

The trend,… [read more]

Gambling/Poker and Culture Term Paper

… You are nothing if you do not have money, and if you suddenly come into money, such as by playing poker, you are suddenly a rock star. The people sitting around the poker table do represent the worst part of… [read more]

Competitive Skiing Market Research Proposal

… Web-Based Coaching: The Ski Market

The population of the current ski market is estimated at 65-70 million worldwide, totaling 7 billion in U.S. dollars (Skiing in China today, 2006, Beijing Ski Club). These figures encompass everyone from occasional and leisure-time skiers to competitive athletes. There are about 55 million downhill skiers. The rest are primarily cross-country skiers, reflecting the greater age of this segment of the population and its preference for a less dangerous sport (Hudson 2000, p.26). U.S. ski resorts make 3 billion dollars annually on average alone (Hudson 2000, p.28).

Skiing is an expensive pastime, regardless of the level at which an individual competes. The equipment needed to perform it safely is expensive. Skiers also need many hours of instruction, first to become familiar with the basics, and later to perfect various techniques and tricks. Thus web-based coaching offers a potentially effective solution to the often prohibitive costs of skiing.


Europe is the largest market for skiers and skiing. Each year approximately 200 million skier 'days' are purchased. The industry keeps track of the amount of money spent on skiing in terms of ski days. One day of downhill skiing with a ski pass is counted as a ski day (the Alpine World Market, 2007, SkiStar). Germany leads Europe with its population of 5.5 million self-identified skiers. France and Scandinavia follow at around 5 millions. Austria and Italy have 3 million skiers; Switzerland has 2 million skiers, the United Kingdom has 700, 000. The official membership of the ski club of Great Britain peaked during the mid-1990s, and has hovered around the 13,000-14,000 mark: 62% male, 51% female (Hudson 2000, pp. 26-27; 23).

In Scandinavia, skiing is increasing in popularity. Sales of SkiPasses in Sweden increased by 13.6% during the winter of 2007-08 and the number of skier days increased from 6.2 million to 6.7 million. In Norway, total sales of SkiPasses increased by a total of 19.0% during that same winter and in Finland the number of skier days increased from 2.4 million to 2.6 million (the Alpine world market, 2007, SkiStar).

East and Southeast Asia

Japan has an estimated 14 million skiers (Hudson 2000, p.26). Japan represents 19% of world ski activity, but the hyper-consumerist society is responsible for 24% of ski equipment purchases, and 29% of the world value of downhill skill purchases (Hudson 2000, 32; 26-27; 32). It is also a society that is highly adaptive and open to new technology, thus a web-based coaching business would likely be of great interest to Japanese skiers wishing to take their sport to 'the next level.' Also, Japan's… [read more]

Happy Yet? The Happy Consumer Thesis

… ¶ … happy yet?

The happy consumer is a familiar advertising image, according to Alan Thien Durning's essay "Are we happy yet?" Television advertising is seductive because it promises the viewer that with the right clothing, car, or toothpaste, he or she can be happy. This easy promise contributes to the culture of consumerism that leaves Americans feeling unfulfilled and unhappy. Their hysteria of purchasing does not yield true emotional and spiritual dividends. The harms done by a culture of consumerism are not simply to the individual, who spends him or herself deeper and deeper in debt. The prosperity of some in the developed world is made at the expense of others in the developing world. And a sense of a true authentic self is lost in a hyper-capitalist culture, as who we are becomes equated with our material possessions. However, as the economic crisis has taught all too many Americans, economic prosperity can be very easily taken away.

To save the planet, we must overcome our addiction to consumption, and we must change our culture of greed. We must realize that what we buy is mostly packaging, packaging that harms the earth, and results in waste for ourselves. The waste that is generated fills landfills, and also fills… [read more]

Business International Marketing -- the Barriers Dissertation

… Business

International Marketing -- the Barriers that must be overcome in a World of Trade with no Boundaries

The database that I chose to use was that of EBSCOhost. I chose this because it is a database that is used for scholarly research and information needs. It can be used to explore collection of academic and professional journals. I used to the following key words in order to do my research: International, marketing, and barriers. Before beginning my research I took the tutorial that was available for EBSCOhost. In this tutorial I learned how to do limited searches as well as how to save searches and alerts.

In looking at the thesaurus on the database in regards to my search topic, it was suggested that I might also search for international trade, economic development, tourism, barriers to entry (industrial organization), capitalists & financiers. These suggestions could be used to expand the search range in order to come up with more material.

Boolean logic is a system that uses logical operators. Involves variables with two values, using and, or, and NOT. Doing a search using international and marketing would bring back results containing both of the words. A search using international or marketing would return a result of articles containing either of the words. A search done using international NOT marketing would return results that contain international but not results that contained international and marketing.

Boolean logic could be used to restrict my search by using the and, or and NOT operators in my searches to try and get the results that I desire.

In order to increase my database skills my exploring the database in order to learn about all the functions that it has to offer. There are a lot of interesting tools that can be used while searching. For example, one can limit searches to bring back only articles that contain full text, along with articles that are peer reviewed.

In the research that I did there were a… [read more]

Ecotourism Essay

… Ecotourism

The objective of this project was to develop a sustainable tourism initiative that would bring extra income into the community. At the outset, Pangayacu was a community in the Ecuadorian Amazon.

The people were already engaged in cash crop agriculture. However, the nature of such agriculture meant that there was a risk further damage to the ecosystem could be done if the community does not find alternate sources of income. Another consideration is that Ecuador is a regional center for ecotourism. This has brought visitors to Pangayacu in the past. The community did not have control over these visitors and has felt that their presence was negative. If the community had control, tourism could prove to be positive.

The biggest concern with respect to this project was that it would further damage the way of life in Pangayacu. If the community loses its uniqueness as a result of the ecotourism business, the ecotourism business will dry up. It may be replaced with garden-variety tourism, but even that is not a given when the location of Pangayacu is taken into consideration.

Thus, we decided to try to run an ecotourism project. The first decision was whether or not to find expert help. Such help could ensure that we had better results, but involving outside help would divert some of the project's income away from the community. It was decided that we would run the project ourselves. This would also make it easier to end the project if the community was not satisfied with the results. From there we needed to decide whether or not to include the entire community in the process or have a small organizing group. Having a smaller group was deemed best for a couple of reasons. One is to keep decision-making simple and the other is because the ecotourism experience depends on authenticity - we want the others to work in the fields because it not only enhances the experience but it also continues the community's other income streams.

We decided to have people sleep in huts. Ecotourism is at this point only a supplement - the community is not in the tourist business and at this point it does not want to be. By keeping the experience rustic, we will limit the influx of tourists to an amount we can manage. We decided to put on a traditional cultural program. This is more interesting to tourists and keeps our traditions alive. At this point, we decided to keep tourist visits to their current levels - there is little buy-in from the community to support more tourism.

Since the community is bent on overhunting and clearing forest for cash crops, we are doomed to lose our culture and our economy. Still, if we invest in… [read more]

Martin Luther King/The Hospitality Industry Diversity Thesis

… Martin Luther King/The Hospitality Industry

Diversity in the Hospitality Industry:

Applying the Philosophy of Diversity-Blindness Offered by Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King is not remembered as a great hospitality manager, but instead as a Civil Rights leader, but his… [read more]

Hospitality Management in the Church Research Proposal

… Hospitality Management in the Church

Hospitality is a very important aspect of the church in fulfilling the church mission and as well represents a large portion of the hospitality market each year. The purpose of this study is to examine… [read more]

Individual Decisions for How Much One Works Research Paper

… ¶ … individual decisions for how much one works (referred to as individual work supplies). One of the models the author presents is the work-leisure model. According to this model, the work supply decision is determined within the model framework that uses two variables: leisure and work. In other words, the time an individual has within his daily 24 hours can be divided into either work or leisure, the individual decision regarding this being reflected in the work supply.

The various combination of work (represented by the product of work, real income) and leisure (its effect, satisfaction) form the indifference curve. Several of the properties of the work-leisure indifference curve include the fact that it has a negative slope (the leisure and real income are interconnected and one gives up on leisure time to work and produce more; the same way, extra leisure time means less work and less money); it is also convex (because of the marginal rate of substitution); it reflects different work-leisure preferences, forming an indifference map with all the indifference curves.

On the other hand, the two variables mentioned are often working with a third one: the budgetary constraint which impacts the final decision. Work is not necessarily a voluntary activity that the individual can just decide whether to do it or not and in what quantity. It is generally imposed by the individual's necessity to have a monthly income and budget, which can help him cover his financial obligations. By intersecting the indifference curve with the budgetary… [read more]

Sociology of Gambling Term Paper

… Sociology - Gambling


The Decisive Moment of the Gamble:

It is difficult to accept the argument that compulsive or addictive gambling qualifies, in principle, as a disease when gambling is psychologically indistinguishable from other compulsions and… [read more]

Career Counseling and Job Satisfaction Term Paper

… Work and Career Counseling

Pearson, Q.M. (2008) Role Overload, Job Satisfaction, Leisure Satisfaction, and Psychological Health Among Employed Women." Journal of Counseling and Development: 86(1):57-64.


The theorized contribution of work and leisure to life satisfaction has been found in a number of empirical studies. Recent definitions of career and career counseling have stressed the importance of non-work variables, such as leisure and other life roles Recognizing this theorized possibility of leisure to balance both negative employment experiences and inadequate positive opportunities associated with work Bloland and Edwards (1981) developed a career counseling model that consisted of work and leisure. This model emphasizes the potential of combining work and leisure activities to meet clients' needs and enhance overall life satisfaction.

Researchers cautioned against generalizing such results for women, because for women one of the most critical factors impacting the relationship between work, leisure, and psychological health involves multiple roles. Some say that compared with men, women continue to bear far greater responsibility for household tasks. Trying to handle multiple roles could lead to role overload and subsequent strain and mental illness. However, closely aligned with this perspective is the role enhancement hypothesis of Marks (1977), which emphasizes that multiple roles can be energizing and provide opportunities for meaningful involvement. By contrast, the role scarcity perspective assumes that limits to time and energy are exhausted and overtaxed when role demands increase (Goode, 1960). Recent studies argue that the perception of roles, particularly role conflict and overload, is related to women's psychological health and overall well-being. Tiedje and Wortman (1990) found women who experienced high role conflict were more depressed and less satisfied as mothers, regardless of perceptions of enhancement. Likewise, a study of employed married women by Hecht (2001) found that even though the role conflict between working and being a mother was significantly related to lower levels of psychological health, role overload was not significant.

These studies focused on specific groups of employed women and used limited measures of psychological health and well-being. Work-related measures varied considerably, and combined factors of work and leisure were rarely considered. This study examined the relationship between role overload, job satisfaction, leisure satisfaction, and psychological health (using a comprehensive measure of well-being and distress) for women employed in a variety of occupations.

This study addressed:

1. What are the bivariate relationships between role overload, job satisfaction, leisure satisfaction, and psychological health?

2. What are the multivariate relationships between role overload, job satisfaction, leisure satisfaction, and psychological health?

3. To what extent do role overload, job satisfaction, and leisure satisfaction predict psychological health?


In this quantitative, correlative study, the first research question addressed the bivariate relationships between role overload, job satisfaction, leisure satisfaction, and psychological health. Scatter diagrams showed the relationships between these variables to be linear in nature. The second question addressed multivariate relationships between key variables and degree to which role overload, job satisfaction,… [read more]

Internationalization in the Hospitality Industry Term Paper

… Internationalization Within the Hospitality Industry

The objective of this work is to choose one foreign market entry option for internalization within the hospitality industry and to critically evaluate this option in terms of its feasibility. This evaluation will be supported… [read more]

Travel Agency Organization Term Paper

… Travel Agents Service

Customization and quality of service are essential for a successful travel agency. With all the competition available in this field, both by traditional means and through online organizations, satisfaction consists of providing the exact service required at a competitive price and with high efficiency. As studies show, even the ease of online travel service has its challenges, and one of them is traditional travel agents.

Travel agencies offer services that mostly consist of processing activities: First, promotional information is given to customers during pre-transaction services. Then the customers provide personal information and make payments for the transactions. Next, the information and payment is checked and processed and sent to third-party transportation and hospitality providers. Finally, during post-transaction services, the travel agents provide last-minute information and after-sales assistance to customers. The web is an ideal medium for such activities (Adamic et. al, 2001).

However, regardless that the web can be such a perfect medium, satisfaction is not guaranteed. In fact, according to a recent J.D. Power and Associates 2007 Independent Travel Web Site Satisfaction Study (CNN), the travel industry as a whole slipped in the rankings from a score of 810 out of 1000 down to 802. Six factors were examined to measure customer satisfaction: competitiveness of price, ease of booking, usefulness of the information, availability of booking options/travel packages, appearance/design of the website, and ease of navigation. Although 95% of reservations made online were error free compared to a year prior, this was apparently not good enough for travelers. Also, consumers thought that travel websites were some of the worst designed sites online. In other words, consumers expect an even better experience than travel sites can presently provide. Their expectations are growing more quickly than the industry can develop online services. Online travel agents are spending so much on advertising and product, they are not progressing technically at the speed as before.

Two research studies published this year show that consumers will buy travel how they want to, not how some website wants them to. The University of Michigan's American Customer Satisfaction Index report on e-commerce earlier this year, in a poll of 5,000 consumers that ranks online retailers, auctions, brokerages and travel companies, likewise showed that travel was the only category that slipped when it came to customer satisfaction in online booking (Fornell, 2007). On the other hand, every other… [read more]

Exploring the Philippines Term Paper

… Philippines Trip

Transportation by Air:

As of November 9, 2007, the airfare for round trip travel for one person from Los

Angeles (LAX) to Manila (MNL) vary from $1,000.00 ($800.00 ticket plus $205.00 in taxes and fees) to slightly more than $2,400.00 (total). Typical flight itineraries require a flight change in Taipei, Taiwan, with a total travel time of approximately 22:00 hours, as represented below. More than 200 other flights are available at (using airport codes LAX and MNL.


Sat, Mar

Malaysia Airlines




Los Angeles, CA (LAX)

Taipei, Taiwan (TPE)

Change Airline. Time between flights: 4hr 50 min

Philippine Airlines 897





Taipei, Taiwan (TPE)

Manila, Philippines (MNL)

(Total Duration: 21:50) This flight arrives two days later.



Wed, Mar

Philippine Airlines 896





Manila, Philippines (MNL)

Taipei, Taiwan (TPE)

Change Airline. Time between flights: 6hr 0 min

Malaysia Airlines 94





Taipei, Taiwan (TPE)

Los Angeles, CA (LAX)

Manila -- Four Star Hotel Accommodations and Activities:

Renaissance Makati City Hotel Manila
















Richmonde Hotel


















Intercontinental Manila


















Discovery Suites


















Manila is a very busy city with many recreational options. Clickable links to detailed information is provided below.


Fort Santiago.

Rizal Park or Luneta Park

National Museum of the Philippines


Malacanang Palace

Manila Baywalk

Manila Bay Sunset

Shopping in Manila

Paco Park

Manila American Cemetery & Memorial

Quipo Church

Manila Cathedral

San Agustin Church

San Agustin Museum

Greenbelt Park

Coconut Palace

Manila… [read more]

Epic of Gilgamesh, Considered a "Hero-King Term Paper

… ¶ … Epic of Gilgamesh, considered a "hero-king" of ancient Mesopotamia (Kovacs, 1989). This story like many in ancient texts, often considered mythology, includes encounters and tails of Gilgamesh's experiences with creatures not human and human alike. The story contains many themes that are central truths one might hold standard today. These truths revolve around the nature of human relationships and the way people interact with each other, and subsequently feel (Kovacs, 1989). Some of the emotions explored common to contemporary man include the concepts of "friendship, loss, loneliness, revenge, fear, regret and fear of the unknown or afterlife" (Kovacs, 2).

Gilgamesh is often not a subject of consideration among philosophers as it is not as easily read as other ancient texts including those of the Odyssey (Kovacs, 2). The original story dates back to roughly the seventh century B.C., only coming to the contemporary world recently. Based on the hero Gilgamesh's encounters, the work is said to have been written by the epic hero, thus many likely considered these tales to be true during the era in which they were written. Gilgamesh discusses human existence in a way that suggests a portion of the population is "divine" and the other "human" with both demonstrating characteristics of "strength and beauty" (Kovacs, 3). There are also suggestions that Gilgamesh became enraptured with women and often engaged in wanton lustful acts, something common to humans living in contemporary times, a subject human relationship experts often ponder. There is ample information leading to the conclusion that Gilgamesh was indeed a real person that ruled in Uruk during roughly 2700-2500 B.C. (Kovacs, 4). There are many tales of the authentic or true Gilgamesh engaging in battle, often represented during these times as a great Lord, many of whom considered God-like in nature. Many of the people living during this time honored Gilgamesh in an almost "cult" like manner, which is similar… [read more]

Hospitality Industry Training the Hospitality Industry Requires Term Paper

… Hospitality Industry Training

The hospitality industry requires a steady stream of employees and often faces a situation of high turnover. What is really desired is a well-trained workforce that will stay with a job for a period of time, for… [read more]

Technology -- Blessing or Curse? Building Term Paper

… Technology -- blessing or curse?

Building a better mousetrap, or using technology to solve the world's problems has become reduced to even a more absurd exercise through what Siva Vaidhyanathan calls in his 2007 introduction to Rewiring the Nation: The Place of Technology in American Studies "techno-fundamentalism." This is the idea the problems created by past machines can be fixed by future machines. For example, the lack of world security generated by nuclear technology can be solved by Star Wars rather than a conscientious effort to reduce nuclear proliferation. This belief in progress as inevitable and good is misguided, says the author. Technology is only as great as the morality and spirit of the society that wields the technology.

Video technology, when put into the hands of individualistic Americans is turned as a way of expressing the self rather than turning one's eye upon the world. The Panama Canal, the Cotton Gin (and the slave system this technology sustained), and the ability of GPS technology to track individual's movements, are all examples of how technology has had a questionable impact on modern life. Technology is blamed rather than human error and a failure of compassion, in the inability to respond to or track the progress of Hurricane Katrina. The manipulation of the human body through the technology of plastic surgery has resulted in the compulsion of many individuals to abuse their bodies, and feel pressured to achieve… [read more]

Develop and Implement Operational Plan Term Paper

… ¶ … Operational Plan

Development and Implementation of Operational Plan

Just a few years ago, hotel restaurants were generally nothing to brag about, but things have changed in substantive ways in recent years. Today, the competition is fierce among hoteliers… [read more]

Opportunities to Succeed as an Independent Hotel in Competition With Chain Hotels Term Paper

… Opportunities to Succeed as an Independent Hotel in Competition With Chain Hotels

Hotel Augustin, Bergen Norway

Overview of Hotel Augustin

The Augustin Hotel located in Bergen Norway is the oldest family-run hotel in Bergen. The Augustin "...combine[s] old world charm… [read more]

Negotiation Project Sanibel Island Term Paper

… Sanibel

Situation and facts

My investors and I are in the process of developing a three-story beachfront hotel on Sanibel Island, a popular tourist destination off the western coast of Florida. Aside from beautiful weather and access to the Gulf… [read more]

Video Gaming Term Paper

… Video Gaming: History, Advances, Concerns and Future

The objective of this work is to research the history, advances, concerns and future of video gaming and to cite at least 10 scholarly sources in the research.

At the time video-gaming entered… [read more]

NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.