"Religion / God / Theology" Essays

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Eliezer's Struggle to Keep His Faith in God Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (792 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4

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Elie Wiesel's Portrayal Of God

Elie Wiesel's book "Night" discusses with regard to the experiences that the writer went through as he was taken from his home village of Sighet to several concentration camps including Auschwitz. Although there is controversy concerning the reality of certain facts in the story, it would be absurd to claim that this is a work of fiction, taking into account that it addresses a series of occurrences that were very common for a Jew in Nazi-dominated Europe. The book is largely written from the perspective of a person who, as a survivor of the Holocaust, wants the whole world to understand the process one undergoes as he become more and more distant from God.

The Holocaust is certainly an event who instills theological dilemmas in most individuals familiar with the events that happened in Nazi-controlled death camps. Many people believe that it would be impossible for a true and active God to allow happenings like the Holocaust to occur.

Wiesel started life as an avid supporter of God and as a passionate Jewish believer and he kept his belief to the end of the event as he believed that a higher force would intervene in a biblical fashion and put an end to the injustices committed by the Nazi system. Even with the fact that the camps were liberated as the Second World War was coming to an end, the narrator realized that God failed to act in accordance with some of the most important behaviors that were characteristic to him. This played an important role in changing Wiesel's thinking with regard to religion and with concern to the idea of divinity in general.

Wiesel and his acquaintances in Sighet are initially taken to a ghetto where they start to believe that things are actually looking up for them as they become the members of a community solely formed from Jewish individuals and thus no longer have to deal with discrimination. Most of the individuals in the ghetto are optimistic and rabbis even say "nothing will happen to us, for God needs us." (Legends 124) This further contributes to the idea that most Jewish individuals were unable to realize the situation they were in during the beginning of the Holocaust and some actually believed that they would not suffer as the event progressed.

The narrator proceeds to describe feelings in the…… [read more]


Islam Teaches That Faith Must Come First Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (985 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

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Islam teaches that faith must come first and that it cannot be tailored to fit around secular lives. At the heart of the commitment it demands is the concept of the Pillars of Faith, a concept shared by all branches of the religion. The number of pillars varies among the different Islamic traditions but all of them represent duties incumbent upon every member of the Muslim faith. The pillars are guidelines for leading a good and responsible life according to Allah's teachings. The pillars shape the daily lives of the more than one billion Muslims worldwide. In the wake of September 11, and more recently the bombings at the Boston Marathon, Muslims attracted considerable negative attention. It can be difficult for Americans to remember that the number of radical Muslims is actually quite small. It is difficult because the actions of a relative few have had such devastating consequences. It is thus important for non-Muslims to understand the pillars of faith that bind together those who practice Islam. Nearly a billion people practice Islam in a peaceable way.

For most Muslims, there are five pillars of faith: Shahadah (testimony of faith), Salat (prayer), Zakat (charity), Sawm (fasting) and Hajj (pilgrimage). The five pillars are rituals, the practice of which shows God faith and love (Khan, 2008). Jihad, one of the most controversial and inflammatory terms used in the world's religions, is not one of the pillars of faith. It is, nevertheless, the term that non-Muslims are most familiar with, and it often strikes terror in their hearts. The term Jihad has become associated with violence because, as previously pointed out, a small percentage of Muslims have used their faith as a rationale for brutality.

Jihad refers to both personal and public struggles. In terms of a personal struggle, it refers to one's spiritual struggle against pride and self-sufficiency. According to the teachings of Allah, one must be humble and serve God. One should never be so arrogant as to think he can live a good and responsible life without faith and the structure it provides. Jihad also refers to the struggle against enemies of Islam. Like many other religions, tactics include preaching, teaching and working for social justice (Author, Year). It may also include war, though apologists for Islam have tried to minimize this aspect of the religion. Classical Islamic legal doctrine sees armed Jihad as a defensive struggle against persecution, oppression, and incursions into Muslim lands (Rid, 2010). The important word in this definition is "defensive," meaning that Muslims must protect themselves against aggressors. This classical legal doctrine does not advocate for aggression. As pointed out by Author, "One of the challenges for practitioners of any religion is wrestling with elements in their tradition that have been used to justify war and then bending those elements back toward the good." Practitioners of Islam are not the only ones that have had to do this.

For example, Jews look to the teaching…… [read more]


Aboriginal Religion, Christianity, and Islam Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,677 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

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¶ … Aboriginal Religion, Christianity, and Islam... 500 words per question (total of 1500 words)

Examine the ways in which Aboriginal religion has influenced the beliefs and practices of indigenous people beyond traditional movements.

Aboriginal religion and culture conceives of time and space in a fundamentally different manner than traditional Western culture (Stanner 1968: 33). The past is not separate… [read more]


Sociology of Religion Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,771 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

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Sociology -- Sociology of Religion

Protestant Reformation

The Protestant Reformation significantly contributed to both Capitalism and Secularization in the West. The Reformation eliminated or severely reduced Roman Catholic strengths, replacing the old religious ways of thinking with a "Protestant Ethic" devoted to capitalist ideals of planning, working hard, practicing discipline and self-denial and amassing earthly wealth in order to glorify… [read more]


Religion the Cuban Community Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,164 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

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He also said that there is not much of a boundary between the religions for most people. People burn candles, they go to church, they pray to the Orishas, and they pray to Jesus. There is no conflict of identity or fear that Santeria clashes with Catholicism. The priest might think differently, perhaps, but it could be that Catholicism has… [read more]


Morality Still Exist if God Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,463 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

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As long as a citizen honors his or her civic obligations, he or she is considered 'good' or at very least protected by the laws of the land, regardless of his or her personal beliefs about God.

But although ancient Athens was a democracy, it is interesting that was not the case in Socrates' day, as manifested in his prosecution… [read more]


Economics & Apocalyptic / Theology Experience Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,951 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6

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(USCCB)

All of the guidelines are both beliefs of the Catholic Church and are directly from Biblical teaching. The main component of all is the moral issue because it seems that this portion has been overlooked for too long by the people who control the economy.

It seems to me that the economy has become such a large and imposing thing that the people who are responsible for its management are afraid of it. Instead of the economy supporting the people as it was meant to do from the first teachings of Alexander Hamilton and other forward thinkers, it has become a tool of large governments to control the people. Governments first have to remember the words of Abraham Lincoln that they are by the people and for the people rather than the other way around. This is a moral imperative that cannot be overlooked when opposing political sides begin to wrangle for the votes of the people. The problem with not seeing this as a moral principle is that it then becomes less important in the eyes of the politicians. Showing government that they are obligated by natural law to regard the people's finances as a moral imperative makes it immensely more important.

From all of this study into the economic teachings of the Catholic Church, I come away with a few thoughts. Research has determined that the cause of the economic crisis that has recently depressed the world's economies was caused by missteps within governments. One of the main problems was that these governments became too big and they offered way to many social programs so that they could control every aspect of people's lives. One of the main pieces of legislation that brought down the U.S. economy was that which made it almost mandatory to offer people of simple means to the ability to acquire mortgages that they could not afford. This led to a false inflation of the housing market (a bubble) that was eventually broken and caused much of the mess we have currently. If the government had left the regulation of the economy in the hands of the people, this would not have happened. The economic guidelines of the Catholic Church ad the founding fathers would have prevented much of the economic destruction that has happened.

Works Cited

Bosnich, David A. "The Principle of Subsidiarity." Acton Institute: Religion & Liberty, 2012. Web.

Forest, Jim. "A Biography of Dorothy Day." The Catholic Worker Movement, 1999. Web.

Pelicano, Matthew. Distributism: Economics Built on Revelation. Catholic Online, 2011 4 January. Web.

USCCB. "A Catholic Framework for Economic Life." Economic Justice for…… [read more]


Elaine Graham's Transforming Practice: Pastoral Book Report

Book Report  |  16 pages (4,411 words)
Style: Chicago  |  Bibliography Sources: 1

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Graham also employs three criteria to assess transforming practice: transforming practice must contribute to liberation praxis; transforming practice must give special priority to and make space for women's experience and leadership; norms for transforming practice must emerge reflexively out of particular, local practices embodying new patterns of gender. Transforming practice must contribute to liberation praxis because, though this does not… [read more]


Judaism Is a Religion Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,164 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

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Christianity was the state religion in the Western world from the time of Constantine in the 4th Century AD until the 18th and 19th Centuries. For the Jews, this meant nearly 2,000 years of being ghettoized, persecuted, expelled and exterminated by Christians, with the worst event being the genocide of 1941-45 at the hands of the Nazis. Although the latter claimed to be 'scientific racists' and Social Darwinists rather than Christians, they could draw on a vast and ancient tradition of anti-Semitism that originated in the early Christian era. Moreover, they found many willing perpetrators and accomplices from all over Europe among those who claimed to be Christians, and a Christian majority often very willing to turn its back on the Jews and passively acquiesce in these crimes without protest. This would not have been possible had the ground not been thoroughly prepared by centuries of Christian antagonism toward Judaism, such as the Crusaders who massacred Jewish communities on their way to the wars in the Holy Land, or the medieval monarchs of England, France and Spain who expelled them and stole their property, and the Inquisition that used spies, informers, and torture to discover Jews in hiding, practicing their faith in secret. During those centuries, "the world was mostly Christian, and when it was not, it was the realm of the devil and the Jews," while the official theology of most Christian churches up to the 20th Century held the Jews collectively responsible for deicide -- the murder of Christ (Neusner, p. 263).

Liberal and secular Jews in the 18th and 19th Centuries had supported the French and American Revolutions in hopes that the new governments would liberate them from the ghettos and grant them equal citizenship. Given that Christian states and established churches had always persecuted them, it was "only upon a secular foundation that emancipation was possible" (Neusner, p. 261). In Germany, Moses Mendelssohn advocated assimilation and a new type of Liberal or Reform Judaism for the middle classes in the cities that would shed 'oriental' customs and traditions and become one religion among many in a secular society (Fisher, p. 249). Only with incidents like the Dreyfus case in France, renewed pogroms in Poland and Russia, and the rise of fascism and racial or 'biological' anti-Semitism did Zionists like Theodore Herzl begin to sense that the assimilationist project was going to fail very badly in Europe and the only hope for Jewish survival was a return to Israel. Only the world wars and the Holocaust of 1941-45 made this new Jewish state a reality, however.

Conclusion

Jewish history could best be summed up as repeated cycles of exile, persecution, enslavement and genocide, but also astonishing endurance. They have suffered at the hands of some of the worst tyrants in history, including Hitler and Stalin, yet they have always survived. Jews were expelled from France, Spain, Germany and most recently the Arab countries, but managed to survive all of it, just as they did the Inquisition and… [read more]


Church of God in Christ Thesis

Thesis  |  23 pages (6,396 words)
Bibliography Sources: 20

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IV. Mason -- Elected Chief Apostle of the Church of God in Christ

Mason was elected the Chief Apostle of the church at this meeting in addition to the Articles of the Religion of the Church being amended with the addition of a 'Pentecostal paragraph'. (Owens, 2002) A belief in sanctification is reported to have been "at the same time… [read more]


Eucharist in Catholicism and Calvinism Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (3,060 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8

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Aquinas answers the objection "whether bread can be converted into the body of Christ" by stating that:

this is done by Divine power in this sacrament; for the whole substance of the bread is changed into the whole substance of Christ's body, and the whole substance of the wine into the whole substance of Christ's blood. Hence this is not… [read more]


God Is Better Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,726 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5

SAMPLE TEXT:

This contributes to the idea that most conflicts, regardless of the rationale backing them, attract opportunists and influence individuals to consider the material gains that they can come across as a result of posing into persons who are actually concerned about other aspects of the respective conflicts.

The crusades and the jihad played essential roles in shaping society and have fueled numerous thoughts throughout time as more and more individuals expressed interest in the two. While they are essentially different and it would be absurd to put them in the same context, the truth is that there are great deals of similarities between ideologies promoted during the crusades and during the jihad. Individuals fighting in these conflicts were motivated by their love for religion, by their need to perform extreme acts, or by their material interests. All things considered, religious extremism can have terrible consequences on society as a whole.

Works cited:

Abate, Mark T., "The Crusades, 1095-1291," (Gale, 2004)

Jones, Robert, "The Crusades: A Brief History (1095-1291)," Retrieved September 28, 2013, from the Sunday School Courses Website: http://www.sundayschoolcourses.com/crusades/crusades.pdf

Laiou, Angeliki E., and Mottahedeh, Roy P., "The Crusades from the Perspective of Byzantium and the Muslim World," (Dumbarton Oaks, 01.01.2001)

Setton, Kenneth M., Hazard, Harry W., and Zacour, Norman P., (Univ of…… [read more]


Russian Orthodox Religion Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,327 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7

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The law "On Freedom of Conscience and Religious Organizations" became official in October, 1990, Knox explains. It totally "contradicted the existing legislation" -- which was Stalin's 1929 degree "On Religious Associations" -- by allowing "far-reaching freedoms for religious communities," Knox continued.

The preamble to the new legislation had four objectives, presented here: a) to guarantee "citizens' right to express their… [read more]


Assembly of God Nursing Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (744 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

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Assembly of God Nursing

It is important as an aspiring health professional to use all my tools and resources to help those who are most in need of healing. One of my greatest assets is my faith in the Lord Jesus Christ and the power and strength this belief system provides. The purpose of this essay is to explain the significance and impact of my faith upon my leadership style and how I intend to use my faith to best serve my future patients. This essay will first describe the tenets of my chosen faith before describing the relevance of those tenets to the art and science of healing.

The Assemblies of God

I am a proud member of the Assemblies of God (AG) church in Victorville, CA which is a Pentecostal Christian organization espousing the workings and teachings of our Lord Jesus Christ the Savior. This denomination of Christianity is very strict and zealous compared to many main stream Christian sects. The General Council of the Assemblies of God proclaim that The Bible is our all-sufficient rule for faith and practice. This Statement of Fundamental Truths

is intended simply as a basis of fellowship among us (i.e., that we all speak the same thing, 1

Corinthians 1:10; Acts 2:42). This statement is not inspired or contended for, but the truth set forth is held to be essential to a full-gospel ministry. No claim is made that it contains all biblical truth, only that it covers our need as to these fundamental doctrines." With other Pentecostals, Assemblies of God believers summed up their unique beliefs with the term "full gospel" (Jesus Christ as Savior, Healer, Baptizer [in the Holy Spirit], and Coming King), which highlighted salvation by grace, divine healing, Spirit baptism (with tongues), and the soon return of Jesus Christ.(McGee 2003).

We at the church believe that there is only one true God and he has embodied the principles of His essence in the Trinity relationship, Father Son and Holy Spirit. Divine healing is treated as a very important principle within the AG and serves as my motivation for becoming a nurse. According to Trask (2007), "Divine healing was provided for in the Atonement. When Jesus died on Calvary, the provision…… [read more]


God: Review of Karen Armstrong Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,901 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Armstrong's theory does not credit Man with original thought and places little value on Man's ability to rationalise or theorise on the concept of God and a life beyond the corporeal that has nothing to do with demanding gratification or continuous proof of existence. Armstrong places little importance on faith but more on interpreting surrounding events with one's own bias.

Another core theme of the book relates Armstrong's less controversial belief that Judaism, Christianity, and Islam possess similar characteristics and have also influenced one another.

In the Roman Empire, Christianity was first seen as a branch of Judaism, but when Christians made it clear that they were no longer members of the synagogue, they were regarded with contempt as a religion of fanatics who had committed the cardinal sin of impiety by breaking with the parent faith (Armstrong, 1994, 91).

The reason behind the influence each major world religion wields over its rivals is due to their strongly competitive nature. Each world religion aspires for world dominance, attempting to recruit as many people as it can to its fold, adopting all means necessary, such as promising more compatibility to people's lifestyles, professing a monopoly on truth and slandering the competition. This interaction undeniably encourages followers to question the validity of their beliefs as well as religions to continuously reflect on their validity to their congregation.

History of God by Karen Armstrong contributes much to the great debate concerning the evolution of Man's perception of God. Although it is flawed in its promotion of the survival of religions dependent on the practical needs of Man, it does present a different perspective on how Man's perception of God has evolved throughout history and how each of the major world religions have influenced the evolution of its rivals through competitive interaction.

Bibliography

Ali, M.M. (February 1993) "Karen Armstrong: A Profile in Literary Diversity," in Washington Report on Middle East Affairs. http://www.washington-report.org/backissues/0293/9302038.htm

Armstrong, Karen. (1993) A History of God: the 4,000-Year Quest of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Ballantine Books, New York.

History of God: the 4,000-Year Quest of Judaism, Christianity and Islam - Review by Alfred A. Knopf. http://www.pinn.net/~sunshine/book-sum/histgod.html

Karen Armstrong - A History of God. http://www.2think.org/hll/shtml

Mason, M.S. (2001) "Tracing three religions, all with one God," in Christian Science Monitor. http://www.csmonitor.com/durable/2001/05/18/p9sl.html

Powell, Ted. (1998) Ms. Karen Armstrong Lecture. http://psg.com/~ted/vaninst/VbArmstrong.html… [read more]


Religion Is Handled Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (2,476 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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' This, too, did not escape Gillespie's attention, "Just what kind of spirit has possessed Frankie? Is it a champion of the truth or a nasty demon who enjoys messing with her" (Gillespie P9)?

The movie is very informative, and reveals the Catholic Church has elements of corruption within at the highest levels. The ancient gospel referred to in the… [read more]


Suffering in the Human Relationship Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,193 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

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This is the idea of disinterested love, suggested by Gutierrez. Disinterested love is completely unconditional, without any expectation from the party being loved. This is the love that God professes to have for human beings. Reciprocally, human beings such as Job then choose disinterested religion, which is also unattached to any rewards for faith. This brings freedom to both God and the human being. Faith is expected unconditionally, as is love from God. This, according to Gutierrez, is the only true faith.

Thus the meaning of suffering can be found neither in temporal retribution, nor in the loss of an otherwise unconditional love. The question that is daily on the lips of millions who suffer innocently remains: why?

When Job receives no help from an apparently silent God, or from his non-suffering friends, he turns to his fellow sufferers, and finds new meaning in his circumstances. The meaning that Job finds is in suffering with others. Although he has previously been kind to the poor and the marginalized, he has not known their circumstances first-hand. His experience however puts him on a new level of understanding with those who suffer alongside him. This realization is born from Job's innocence. When he finds no meaning in temporal retribution, his thoughts turn to the wicked and the reasons for their prosperity. Seeing this as proof that temporal retribution is not applicable to his case, Job finds a better reason for his suffering.

The lesson of suffering serves to bring Job at the same time to the level of God and to the level of the poor. God is on the side of the poor and the suffering. He appoints himself as their caretaker. Through suffering, Job experiences the true empathy that God has for the poor and the suffering. Thus, while suffering with other human beings, Job has the advantage of seeing them from God's point-of-view. This is where a true disinterested relationship with God is beneficial to the believer. The believer is under an obligation to be instruments of God on earth by alleviating the suffering of those less fortunate than themselves. This gives suffering a new meaning, as it did for Job:

The obligation to care for the poor means that the poor are not persons being punished by God (as the doctrine of temporal retribution implicitly asserts), but rather God's friends." (p. 40)

This leads Job to the conclusion that all human beings on earth are equal. His circumstances have forced him to be equal not only to God, but also to the poor and the suffering.

This finally leads Gutierrez to his conclusion. There are many questions in a world where so many who are innocent suffer unjustly at the hands of the cruel and the wicked, who appear to prosper without any retribution. The faithful need to respond like Job did, and like Gutierrez does:

These are our questions, and this is our challenge. Job shows us a way with his vigorous protest, his discovery of concrete… [read more]


Religion Is Truly a Lived Term Paper

Term Paper  |  12 pages (3,309 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

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But that is where the Haitian Vodou religion actually is more adaptable than many mainstream religions practiced in America. Christianity, Judaism and Catholicism all tie their practitioners down to certain restricting activities: whether it is going to church on Sundays, refusing to eat pork, or other historical cornerstones of the religion.

Vodou simply is like the wind, simply follows the… [read more]


River of God a New Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,232 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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Gregory Riley puts the history of Christianity into a splendidly readable format that has philosophical repercussion for its present and the future.

Riley uses three models to illustrate an understanding of Christianity's ancestry, namely genealogy, a river system, and, from evolutionary theory, punctuated equilibrium. He presents Christianity as a family of organisms represented on a family tree or as a river like system of sources and streams. He explains the multicultural template from which Christianity originates, clearly in its Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Persian, Greek, and Greco-Roman influences. His work serves as the voice for the Greek and Hellenistic background of Jesus' thought. It also takes into account how the Greek tragedy influenced the early church's understanding of a crucified messiah, and the influence of Greek science on the understanding of God. He also provides knowledge on the influence of Persian thought, especially Zoroastrianism influence on Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. His book is a completely Galilean Jesus and with emphasis on multicultural Christianity. Perhaps, this would add to the discussion on Christianity's place in the history of religion and its development in the midst of diverse cultural differences.

The subject matter of this book has been rather argumentative because Riley is of the opinion that Christianity instigated from the remarkable theological variety of Eastern religions because just emphasizing on its origination from Judaism is not enough to understand the religions history thoroughly. He uses the equilibrium and the "river of God" instead of the threefold model of genealogy, to explore Christian origins. He investigates Christianity's genealogy, by carefully taking a deeper look at all the branches of its family tree to find the sources for the concepts such as, the Devil, body and soul, and above all the importance of monotheism. Then he argues his way through to prove his ideology that Christianity evolved by taking up certain ideas that would make sure it survived for a long time and discarded others that suppressed its longevity. Riley uses the river to illustrate the impact of diverse religious traditions that have become a part of Christianity including the numerous traditions that have become a part of Christianity.

Although Riley's book covers many aspects of the Christian religion it somehow is dotted with problems. His subtitle is ambiguous, because he doesn't provide information on the new history of Christian origins, since the religion depended on the religious diversity. Riley also includes some inaccuracies such as, that Plato never associated the Good with God, and Aristotle was an atheist.

Believing in Jesus means many different aspects of faith to many people that it becomes difficult to define the true spirit of Christianity. The differences between a charismatic Baptist hymnal and a high-church Anglican communion, is merely in the different variety of Christian belief. The River of God tells the readers that Christian belief has always been diverse, and it contains many ancient cultural traditions. This is the main point made by Gregory J. Riley, professor of New Testament and Early Christianity at the Claremont School… [read more]


History Medical Studies Have Concluded Term Paper

Term Paper  |  30 pages (14,079 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

religioustolerance.org/god_devel.htm).

"Each religion hold very diverse beliefs about their God. They generally regard their own beliefs about their God to be accurate, and the beliefs of other religions to be partly or completely false (HOW THE CONCEPTS OF GOD DEVELOPED OVER THE AGEShttp://www.religioustolerance.org/god_devel.htm)."

One of the most interesting aspects of comparing the Jewish faith and the Christian faith and their… [read more]


God What Is the Image Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,079 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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When God gave us a creative ability, He certainly gave us one of His own characteristics, therefore contributing to us being "in His image." We also have consciousness, personality, and the ability to think abstractly, all things that God has as well. These are all spiritual characteristics, yet by sharing them with God, we can certainly say that we were "made in His image."

In Hebrew, the word for image is tselem, and this word has a literal interpretation of meaning the nature of immaterial part of something ("Image of God in Man"). Hebrew, of course, is the language of the Jewish culture, and people from this culture wrote the Bible. It becomes even more likely, then, that they really meant that man has a spiritual likeness rather than a physical likeness to God. When it comes right down to it, most churches have teachings along these lines, whether it is explicitly stated or not. Sermons tend to focus on spiritual qualities that God has or that we have and should cultivate rather than actual physical aspects of God and man. The Mormon church is an exception to this, as they believe that God was an exalted man who had flesh and bones like us. However, this belief is well outside the norm. The understanding that we share spiritual characteristics with God and a physical likeness with Christ, through current research and Biblical interpretation, as well as through current human understanding, seems to be the most likely interpretation of this Biblical doctrine.

One thing is clear: Humans are in some way like God ("Humanity"). The Bible is clear on this. Even if we are never to discover the exact nature of our likeness to God, just the simple fact that we are like Him in some way should be comforting and uplifting.

To be like God, the ultimate Creator, the ultimate love, and ultimate power in the universe is an idea both awesome and humbling at the same time. It is awesome in that we have been granted to privilege of sharing a feature with God, that we share in His likeness in some way. It is humbling in that we are now aware that God loves us so much that he deemed us worthy to be made in some way like Himself. Either way, it is an exciting and amazing revelation, something that should give humankind hope and gladness for all time. It should also encourage us to live in a way that will best reflect these spiritual characteristics that we share with God. After all, if our spiritual characteristics are like those of God, we want to use those characteristics in the way in which they were intended. We also should want to be a positive reflection of those characteristics. These are characteristics that we share with God. They are sacred.

References

Dolphin, Lambert. "Made in the Image of God." LDolphin.Org. 2001. http://www.ldolphin.org/Image.html>.

Humanity as the Image of God." Shef.Ac.UK. n.d. http://www.shef.ac.uk/uni/academic/A-C/biblst/DJACcurrres/Postmodern2/Humanity.html

The Image of God in Man."… [read more]


Religion, Neibuhr, and Daly Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,670 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Such theology does not undertake to be the science of God for it knows that the Transcendent Universal is known or acknowledged only in acts of universal loyalty and in transcending confidence (faith), precedent to all inquiry and action. (p. 89)

Neibuhr's declaration is Theo-centric. There is a God, a Transcendent Universal which is above and outside ourselves. We will not find him by radically transmogrifying ourselves into androgynous peoples. We will find him though acts which closely model his revealed character, which was written in an everlasting word, and demonstrated by the ever living Word, Jesus Christ.

Just as it would be impossible to discover new species of deep water fish by excavating in a cave, Daly's pursuit of a statement regarding the nature of God will never be found in a self-centric belief system. Mankind has searched for God outside of ourselves across the planet, in every culture, and by many belief systems. But they all have one thing in common. They strike out to find God as a greater, more powerful being than themselves. Ultimately, the goal of finding God is to gain a greater peace and assurance in life that there is a reason to our existence. This search is not achieved by redefining God into a paradigm that only extends as high as I can reach. God is God, and I am not. The radical monotheism of Neibuhr insisted that by reaching upward to that image of the universal transcendent, that we could establish a relationship with the living Word, and in doing so we would discover who we really are, and find meaning for our lives.

Works Cited

Daly, Mary. 1971, After The Death Of God The Father. Women's Liberation and the transformation of Christian consciousness. [online] Originally published in Commonweal, March 12. [cited 13 Oct. 2003] Available from World Wide Web:
Daly, Mary. 1974. Beyond God the Father. New York: Beacon Press.

Neibuhr, R. 1972. Radical Monotheism. New York: Harper Collins College division.… [read more]


Religion Most of the World Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,219 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Yet, despite his mocking tone, it is clear that most religions strive to avoid murder, and that this is indeed an important concept within religious and spiritual experience.

The Harmony religion will aim to incorporate many of the shared beliefs of many of the world's religions into one religious concept. As such, faithfulness and honesty, a prohibition against murder, compassion and love, and developing good character will be deeply held beliefs within the Harmony religion.

Commandments and Rules

In his comedy routine, George Carlin reflects the feelings of many people when he lampoons many of the commandments as "controlling people." He argues that the first three commandments, which include keeping the Sabbath, not worshiping false Gods, and not taking the name of the Lord in vain, are simple, controlling superstitions not applicable to an intelligent person in the 21st century. Carlin's dislike of commandments that are needlessly controlling is likely reflected in the attitudes of many individuals. As such, the commandments and rules of the Harmony religion will be as simple and nonrestrictive as possible. The commandments of the Harmony language will be: 1) love one another with compassion and honesty, 2) develop good character, and 3) try as hard as possible not to kill or harm anyone.

Beyond the commandments, a list of helpful guidelines will be developed, rather than creating a list of restrictive rules. These may include guidelines for physical health (including medical care), emotional health (including counseling and psychologist services), and spiritual health. These guidelines will be aimed at helping the members of the Harmony religion, as well as others, rather than restricting their lives through rules.

Rituals

Rituals are an important part of almost all religions. While the word ritual often brings up connotations of animistic worship, and even extremes like sacrifice, ritual can be an innocuous event. Perhaps the most familiar and somehow benign example that is the most familiar to North Americans is the ritual of church services on a Sunday.

Rituals bind people together in a common goal and common place. As such, rituals can provide a time and place for individuals and groups to interact. It is this personal interaction that forms the basis of community and a sense of belonging.

Given the importance of ritual in many religions, ritual in the Harmony religion will be aimed a creating community and a sense of belonging. At the same time, ritual will be aimed at allowing individuals to interact with their God. As such, rituals in the Harmony religion will include typical elements like prayer. However, religious leaders will act merely as guides in helping individuals with their own spiritual needs. As such, religious leaders will not assume a position of authority or power in the Harmony religion, and will exist as facilitators. In keeping with this principle, all members of the religion will be encouraged to lead prayers, and make contributions during rituals, including giving readings, leading discussions, and providing counseling.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the Harmony religion outlined here attempts to… [read more]


God Have a Future? Term Paper

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For Armstrong, religion and cultural understanding are indisputably joined. One cannot understand religion without understanding the culture that produced such an understanding of God, and vice versa -- one cannot understand a culture without comprehending the limits of its philosophical and theological underpinnings.

However, the plurality and diversity of religions points-of-view in the world does not render the concept of 'God' absurd, rather it is a testimony to humanity's diverse needs in conceptualizing the divine. God has a future because the concept of God can change with time and with the needs of humanity, rather than remain static. Similarly, over the course of an individual's own life, one's relationship with God and the religious institutions one was brought up with, may change, depending on where one is and one's location in the journey…… [read more]


Amish Religion Women Term Paper

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Their role in society as dictated by their religion is to get married and produce offspring for their husbands, and their roles adequately reflect this (Olshan & Schmidt, 224). Women are not expected to contribute financially to the family, but rather their role as caretaker and mother is established from the time of birth Olshan & Schmidt, 153). Women are… [read more]


Gaia and God Rosemary Term Paper

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Ultimately, Ruether argues that human relationships with both each other and the environment itself need to be fundamentally changed. She notes, "Only by understanding how the web of life works can we also learn to sustain it rather than destroy it. This is not simply a task of intellectual understanding, but of metanoia, in the fullest sense of the word: of conversion of our spirit and culture, of our technology and social relations, so that the human species exists within nature in a life-sustaining way."

Ruether is specific in many of her suggestions for change. These are varied and include both wide-sweeping suggestions for societal changes, and smaller, more personal changes in behavior. Ruether argues for eating less meat, creating towns where work and services are within walking distance, developing agriculture and industry that is self-sufficient, and rejecting the patriarchal world view and adopting a commitment to earth healing.

Ruether's thesis, the ensuing ethical implications and their implications for human behavior are somewhat problematic. Specifically, her argument that earth healing "is only possible through recognition and transformation of the way in which Western culture, enshrined in part in Christianity, has justified such domination" (1) brings up some interesting issues. Many countries that do not share a Christian tradition share many of the patriarchal traditions and environmental and societal injustices that Ruether attributes to being rooted in Christianity. Clearly, a better understanding of the recognition and understanding of how Western culture (and Christianity) have justified domination will be of relatively little value to these societies.

In addition, this brings up a further problem with Ruether's thesis: domination and environmental degradation occur commonly outside the realm of Christian influence. Today, Buddhist countries often have poor environmental records, and social, political, and economic injustices. Similarly, many animistic societies, as well as societies based on Hinduism (like India), and have shown a clear pattern of patriarchal dominance. This is largely inconsistent with Ruether's assertion that the Christian concept of sin lies at the root of patriarchal dominance of the earth and its peoples.

Overall, despite these problems, the behaviors and actions that are a natural outgrowth of Ruether's thesis should become public policy. The actions that result from her thesis are largely positive, and will likely go a great way to resolve many inequalities and injustices among humans, and protect the environment.

However, Ruether's thesis and suggestions may prove difficult to adopt worldwide. Patriarchal world traditions are deeply entrenched, and difficult to change. In addition, the applicability of her Christian-based thesis to the non-Christian world is debatable.

In conclusion, Rosemary Ruether's Gaia and God is a valuable addition to the environmentalist feminist literature. She marries an understanding of Christian theology with an analysis of environmentalism in a way that ultimately produces a number of workable, helpful suggestions for better human interactions with each other and the environment.

Works Cited

Ruether, Rosemary R. 1994. Gaia and God: An Ecofeminist Theology of Earth…… [read more]


John Mcneill's Book Term Paper

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.. there is no healthy way to reverse or change sexual orientation once it is established." As such, McNeill notes that the rejection of a homosexual orientation would be the rejection of God's plan for an individual.

One of the main arguments that support this central thesis is that both tradition and scripture support relationships between people of the same… [read more]


Religion Term Paper

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Arabian physician and philosopher Ar-Razi (865-925) was the supporter of Aristotle's practical wisdom. He made a huge research in te sphere of medicine.

The founder of Kalam school-asharism, was a theologist Abu-el- Al Ashari, he considered the priority of mind and reason higher than religious traditions and rejected blind following of religious authorities.

Suphism - one of the most spread trends in Islam. One of the first well-known suphi was al-Hasan al-Basri (842-928). The philosophical basics of suphi teaching about the man are the concepts that a man is a being that reinterprets in the miniatures all the construction of the word and space. A man achieves Truth, when he makes his belonging to God and experiences unity with Him.

The founder of the moderate trend in suphism was Persian al-Juneid (died in 910), he considered suphism to the heart of the Islamic religious teaching, and suphies to be the followers and keepers of Mohammed's traditions.

Ibn Sina or Avicenna (980-1037) continued the work of ar-Razi. He wrote "canon of medical sciences" which synthesized the works of Greek and Arabian physicians. He also formulated the fundamentals of Islam from the perspective of Plato's methophysics and Aristotle's logic

Ibn Rushd or Averroes is known by his commentaries to the works of Plato and Aristotle. He had influence of the outlook of Thomas Aquinas and up to the 18th century the term "averroism" meant Western scholastics.

A good example of rationalist explanation of Koran is the fundamental work of Mohammed Abdo "Interpretation of Koran."

Rich culture of Arabian world had a direct influence on the western European culture as well. And the religion of Arabians as well as of those who took Islam later directed the development of the society in those countries on the norms of Islamic ethics of obedience and following of Koran, which resulted in the modern concept of Eastern civilization or civilization…… [read more]


Confucianism: A Religion Research Paper

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The relationship of mutual obligations a ruler has with his subjects or a parent has with his child parallels the relationship heaven has with humanity. To turn one's self into an educated person embodying virtues via what we might think as a secular associated (such as honoring the Emperor or raising one's children well) is not dissociated from connecting with the divine. The concept of 'animism' or non-living beings having a spiritual life is also present in many of the East Asian traditions: rather than idolatry, this is actually a way of conceptualizing the cycle of life, as one's ancestors or a spiritual, non-rational mode of existence are manifest in aspects of nature in a hidden form.

This suggests that rather than viewing Confucianism as a non-religion in an ethnocentric fashion, we must accept that 'religion' takes on a different meaning in different social contexts. Confucianism is not simply an ethical system such as utilitarianism in the West as it is tied to higher moral values, familial relationships and traditions, and permeates all of society in terms of its rituals and moral ethos. However, it cannot be confined by the definitions of religion we are won't to make in the west. The 'problem' of understanding Confucianism for Westerners really highlights the need to define what is a religion in a society only after studying the culture that produced it on its own terms, not our terms.

Works Cited

Prothero, Stephen. God is…… [read more]


Is God in Christianity Personal? Term Paper

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God and Human Relations

God was clearly involved in His people's lives. He reveals himself in many important ways throughout the scripture to his people. We will list a number of ways in which God revealed himself to His people and showed that he was personal. First, with a general belief in the gospels, we accept our Lord's teachings that… [read more]


Existence of God Essay

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Existence of God

God's existence is not provable, but one can just believe in it.

Believe of God's existence depends on understanding and source of information that individual has on this subject.

Believing and having faith in God can help people understand His existence as no one can prove it.

Faith is what it calls to believe and thus if… [read more]


Philosophy of Religion Podcast Response Essay

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Philosophy of Religion

Philosophy Talk: (All-)Confirming God

While it is likely that some Americans are still pondering the problem of evil and other immediate questions about our human relationship with the divine, it is striking how thoroughly the verifiability of God and the basis of belief in a largely secular world have eclipsed other aspects of the philosophy of religion. Programs like this, produced for a relatively engaged mass audience, demonstrate the extent to which contemporary people have become concerned with justifying their antecedant inclinations in a social climate where such positions have become relatively fractious.

Instead of rehearsing the historical arguments for or against the existence of God, many of the callers seem far more interested in interpreting scientific or scientifically derived observations to support their existing position. Only a relative few situate their claims directly in a context of personal religious experience, much less a "leap of faith" in direct opposition to the prevailing sciento-secular point-of-view. None cited historical revelation as convincing. I found these appeals to science as the basis of faith interesting because this strategy, to me, re-situates the debate from the incommensurable tension between faith and logic as two irreducible spheres of human experience to a situation where religion and science now draw from the same source.

This is not surprising in an environment in which competing polemics from, on the one hand, the "intelligent design" community and, on the other, "pure scientists" like Richard Dawkins have struggled to interpret the same data (Darwin, natural selection, relativistic cosmology) to serve widely divergent worldviews. However, by competing with the prevalent secular teleology on its own terms, "religion" risks either being aestheticized or otherwise reduced to an optional interpretative overlay on that teleology, or else absorbing science into its own framework. This in itself…… [read more]


Warren Buffet, Reason and God Essay

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Warren Buffet, Reason and God

Certainly, Warren Buffet is an atheist. One can see this from a fellow atheist, Austin Cline who is proud of Buffet's type of charity. He brings down a quote from Roger Lowenstein's biography of Buffet when he quotes '" He did not subscribe to his family's religion. Even at a young age he was too mathematical, too logical, to make the leap of faith. He adopted his father's ethical underpinnings, but not his belief in an unseen divinity (Cline 2006)."

Further on, Cline notes that Buffet "isn't giving it to any religious foundations and he isn't even giving to secular groups, like the United Way (ibid)." In other words, he sought out charities like the Gates Foundation to promote causes that atheists espouse, like Planned Parenthood. His issues with his family religion were based upon what he saw as a conflict between faith and reason.

However, one also has to look at his good qualities. How can anyone be influenced to a position as a believer unless they are dealt with in this way? D.L. Moody put it succinctly: "Blessed are the money-raisers, for in heaven they shall stand next to the martyrs (Ahonen 2010 3) ." What else could be done for charity if we had more fund raisers and givers? For all of his bad issues, Buffet is an example of thrift, drive and the ability to pull himself up to a high position without the help of anyone else. Would anyone rather that he should be a burden on society, as so many individuals are, lacking the drive to make them selves better? It is unfortunate that he has not spent more time being close to and with his family rather making…… [read more]


Attributes of God Essay

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¶ … Immutability

Attributes of God

The study of God is a vast and broad subject. When one reads the Bible's descriptions of God, those descriptions may seem different than descriptions, which are described in systematic theologies concerning God. Many people, in fact, have different perceptions of God and take different meanings from not only the Bible, but how they are expected to honor their God. In discussing God, there are also many attributes of God, which people study. Some people list 10 or 12 attributes of God, whereas others list as many as 20 or 30. The most common attributes of God that are talked about are:

Eternal

Faithfulness

Immutable

Infinite

Love

In this essay, we'll discuss the attribute of immutability and what it means. We'll also discuss whether or not immutability is speaking the truth. Immutability refers to the idea that God will never change, is invariable in His nature and His character; God is absolutely without change. Kuiper said, "to deny the immutability of God is to deny that He is God." In contrast to that, Tozer says, "The immutability of God appears in its most perfect beauty when viewed against the mutability of men. In God, no change is possible; in men, change is impossible to escape."

This attribute is easily argued and questioned. The assumption that God is perfect isn't entirely realistic, because the world we live in is not perfect and either are we, as humans, perfect. If God molded humans after himself, it stands to reason that He Himself is also imperfect. The idea that the world exists at some point in time if, and only if, God chooses or wills it to, is hard for most people to grasp. It is hard for people to imagine a time when the world did not exist or the idea that God would have created the…… [read more]


Was Confucianism a Religion or Philosophy? Research Paper

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Confucianism

Was Confucianism a religion or philosophy

Confucianism is commonly referred to as a moral, ethical and political system of thought or as a 'religious philosophy'. This is unclear and seemingly ambiguous and the question that will be addressed in this paper is whether Confucianism is a religion or a philosophy. This question takes into account the complex and often… [read more]


Religion and Science Term Paper

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SCIENCE

Two Spires, One Cathedral: The Science-Religion Divide

Even though the cultural split between aggressively theistic and anti-theistic viewpoints has widened in recent years, it seems unfair to attribute this antagonism to any intrinsic conflict between religion and science. Religion and science are not incompatible. In fact, some of the most expansive and theoretically rich approaches to the problem struggle… [read more]


Karl Marx's Critique of Religion Essay

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Karl Marx Critique of Religion

An interesting role is played by religion in the Sociology world because it is an integral threaded and deep seeded that binds the disparate components of the society together. It can be perceived as a belief system that is unified and practices which are comparative to the beliefs and sacred things. The people are given… [read more]


Evil and God Term Paper

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Problem of Evil

God, Evil, and the Endless Debate

The problem of evil has bedeviled theists and atheists alike for thousands of years, leaving both sides at what appears to be a perpetual impasse. Atheistic thinkers generally argue that a conventionally defined God (omnipotent, omniscient, and benevolent) is logically incompatible with an apparently flawed creation in order to disprove religious… [read more]


Judaism and Buddihsm Dow Defined Religion Term Paper

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Judaism and Buddihsm

Dow defined religion as a human activity which is easily accepted, but within the framework of reality that it creates for itself. By accepting the existence of whatever myth, god, spirit or supernatural force that is proposed by a particular religion, one is able to see the logic of all that follows. The basis of religious thought,… [read more]


Augustine's City of God Against the Pagans: Comparisons Essay

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Augustine the City of God Against the Pagans Comparisions of the Two Cities

Saint Augustine's book "The City of God Against the Pagans" deals with the controversy involving Rome and how its fall was associated with the fact that Christianity concomitantly experienced a rise in influence. He wanted to inform people concerning the difference between the concept of Christianity and the concept of man-made society present in Rome. The book came as a response to the persecutions encountered by Christians in Rome and to the fact that many people were blaming Christianity for the fall of Rome. Saint Augustine wants the masses to understand that the city of God does not concern politics and that its connection with people is actually spiritual. The city of humans dealt with material matters and had its members dedicated to experiencing physical pleasures whereas the city of God was a place where people abandoned such practices in favor of embracing religion and God.

The "divine authority" (p. 1) in the city of god is one of the principal elements that differentiates it from other cities. From Saint Augustine's perspective, another important difference between the two cities stands in their creation, as Rome was created "by the love of self, even to the contempt of God" while the actual city of God "was created by 283 the love of God, even to the contempt of self" (p. 2). People living in the earthly city are consumed by their interest in material matters. In contrast, those who dwell in the city of god are unimpressed by earthly advantages, as it is actually their indifference toward such things that assists them in tolerating their suffering with greater ease.

Every individual is born out of sin, similar to Cain and Abel. However, a person can choose whether he or she will inhabit the city of god or the earthly city. Every citizen in the city of god initially had to choose, thus meaning that these people were not initially righteous, as they were the ones who wanted to take on a pious mission. Everyone…… [read more]


Religion and Science Essay

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Science and Religion

The debate between Darwinism and creationism has been a part of religions life for a long time. This is especially so for Christianity. The debate has been made so often that it now even appears in the classroom in schools. On the other hand, many religious leaders and scientific professionals who are also Christians have found that they could quite happily believe in both Darwinism and their faith. On the other hand, it is also true that these people cannot talk to everyone about this. It was therefore quite surprising to me to learn that, in Darwin's day, many writers were open to the idea of incorporating Darwin's findings into the Christian views of the time (McGrath, 1999). Perhaps one of the reasons for this can be that science was young when Darwin made his discoveries.

When Darwin wrote his book, science was young and not yet seen as a threat to religion. Instead, science was seen as a road to discovery. From a Christian viewpoint, science was also considered a way of learning more about creation. Hence, discovery and religion were partners in the minds of both religious people and scientists.

Another factor is the similarity of religion in Darwin's world. Most people at the time were Christian, although some, like Darwin, became agnostic for certain reasons. People therefore believed that creation and evolution were simply part of each other.

In general then, the main reason for the attitude of most intellectuals during Darwin's day was the fact that Darwin, like many other scientists, did not offer a rival to religion. Instead, he simply offered observation and fact as reasons for his findings.

Gradually, however, the Western world moved towards a separation between religion and science, and more specifically between creationism and Darwinism.

One of the reasons for this can be the religious fundamentalism created by the colonization, especially in countries…… [read more]


Hoodoo vs. Other Religion Creative Writing

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Hoodoo vs. other religion

Hoodoo and Zora Neale Hurston

The contemporary society is filled with customs and traditions coming from a variety of sources, given that globalization has made it possible for cultures to clash and generate a series of mixed practices. There is much controversy regarding the origins of hoodoo, especially given that it consists of a variety of… [read more]


Theology History Book Review

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Christian Theology: An Introduction

The Main Themes Presented by Alister E. McGrath

Christian Theology is one of the more complex philosophies that one can endeavor to understand. To fully comprehend the true nature of Christian Theology is to fully grasp the nature of mankind with all of his faults, excesses, accomplishments-to realize with complete assent, the capabilities of man to… [read more]


Kabbalah Religion and Beliefs Research Paper

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¶ … Religion [...] Kabbalah and its origins, symbolism, and practice. Kabbalah has its origins in the Jewish faith, but today, it welcomes people of all faiths and cultures to study its principles. The study of Kabbalah is over 4,000 years old, but it is still practiced today, and it still exists roughly in the way it did 2,000 years ago.

Kabbalah's history goes back 4,000 years. The first written record of the practice is the Book of Formation, which is over 4,000 years old. It tries to make sense out of our lives and the universe. About 2,000 years ago, it was modified. The editors of a Kabbalah Web site note, "However, two thousand years ago, the main body of the teachings of Kabbalah, called the Zohar or the Book of Splendor, was revealed and manifested in Israel by mystic Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai" (Kabbalah.com). This Zohar literally translates the Jewish Torah (their Bible) chapter by chapter, explaining what the chapters mean and how they translate to people and the universe. Initially, the Zohar was written in the ancient language of Aramaic, and later translated into Hebrew. It was not until the 20th century that it was translated into English. "It was later brought to the public light in Spain by Rav Moses de Leon over seven hundred years ago, and further revealed through the Safed kabbalists and the Lurianic system of Kabbalah just over four hundred years ago" (Kabbalah.com). Today, the two groups still exist, and there are subtle differences between the two systems.

For many centuries, the only people that could study Kabbalah were Jewish scholars who were more than forty years old. Another writer notes, "There lived also Isaac Luria, the mystic philosopher who constructed a theosophic system based on the Kabbala. The Lurianic Kabbala invaded Poland in the seventeenth century; Polish rabbis and Kabbalists became its chief disseminators and interpreters" (Dawidowicz 9). This changed in 1968 when "Rav Berg (Rav is simply another way of saying Teacher) first became director of the Kabbalah Center. At that time, he and his wife insisted on opening the wisdom of Kabbalah to everyone, regardless of race, gender, or religious belief" (Kabbalah.com). It took time to change old habits, but today, the Center has twenty-five centers around the world, with over four million students. The Center defines Kabbalah this way. "The word Kabbalah means many different things to many different people. In a nutshell, it is an ancient wisdom that reveals how the universe and life work. On a literal level, the word Kabbalah means 'receiving.' it's the study of how to receive fulfillment in our lives" (Kaballah.com). That is why the study is now open to anyone who wants to learn more about improving their own lives.

There is much symbolism in Kabbalah. A major symbol is Israel. Another writer notes, "The redemption of the Shekhina in the Kabbala means, first and foremost, the redemption of Israel, its symbol" (Liebes 137). Another writer talks of the sexual symbolism… [read more]


Compare and Contrast the Religions of Christians and Muslims Around 700 Ace Term Paper

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¶ … Religions of Christians and Muslims around 700 a.C.E.

Islam vs. Christianity around 700 a.D.

Christianity and Islam generated much controversy in seventh century's world, as savages in particular had not been acquainted with the concept of religion and thus had difficulty understanding the benefits and the disadvantages they would gain from following a certain religion. Christianity had experienced… [read more]


Problem of Evil Against the Existence of God Assessment

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Existence of God

Evaluation of the "Problem of Evil" Argument

The existence of evil in the world has long been used in arguments that God does not exist. This "Problem of Evil" argument can take many forms, but it is nearly always centered on the idea that God and evil are mutually exclusive. The strengths and weaknesses of these arguments depend on assumptions made about both the nature of God and the nature of evil. As an example, we'll examine the following argument:

Premise: Many reptiles perished during the fire in the park.

Premise: The animals suffered terribly.

Therefore, God does not exist.

In order to analyze this argument properly, we must first unpack the implied premises and sub-arguments of the deduction. The argument is actually a combination of two sub-arguments. The first sub-argument concerns the nature of God, and begins with the premise that God is perfect and good. This premise is followed by the premise that God is all-knowing and all-powerful. Since the allowance of evil violates God's good and perfect nature, and since his omniscience and omnipotence necessitate his control over the existence of evil, the conclusion must be as follows:

Sub-Premise: If God exists, he is perfect and good.

Sub-Premise: If God exists, he is all-knowing and all-powerful.

Sub-Premise: Evil is a violation of God's goodness and perfection.

Sub-Conclusion: If God exists, he does not allow evil to exist.

The second sub-argument concerns the existence of evil, and incorporates some elements of the initial argument:

Sub-Premise: Many reptiles perished during the fire in the park.

Sub-Premise:

The animals suffered terribly.

Sub-Premise:

The suffering of animals is evil.

Sub-Conclusion: Evil exists.

The conclusion of the initial argument is actually the conclusion that follows the premises of the two sub-conclusions:

Premise (Sub-Conclusion 1): If God exists, he does not allow evil to exist.

Premise (Sub-Conclusion 2): Evil exists.

Conclusion: Therefore, God does not exist.

Logically, both the sub-arguments and the overall argument are valid. Whether or not the argument succeeds depends on one's attitude towards the truth of some of the premises. Several of the premises in the sub-arguments are open to disagreement.

In the first sub-argument, it MAY be possible to argue with the truth of the first two premises -- that God is good, all-knowing, and all-powerful -- but since those are rather standard attributes of God, one would essentially be arguing with a definition. The third premises, however -- that evil is a violation of goodness and perfection -- is much more open…… [read more]


Effects of Religion Term Paper

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Organized Religion

Jared Diamond, in his book Guns, Germs and Steel, notes the flurry of anthropological evidence suggesting that it was until the transition from mere tribes to chiefdoms that brought organized, socially-relevant religion into existence. As evidence Diamond notes that it was at this time that massive tributes, statutes, shrines and temples began to be erected in the name of the varying gods and organized by the society and cheiftan. Of course, personal religion existed beforehand, but it lacked social significance. Thus, it was organized religion that first made the collective and cooperative peaceful existence of large number of people possible (Diamond, 1997).

Although organized religion presented the above-mentioned ancient societies with the ability to coalesce in peaceful tribute, more recent examples show that organized religion has also created the necessary atmosphere for massive societal strife and violence. Religious Wars and the spread of disease are just two of the myriad effects that organized religion has had on society.

Religious wars have been fought from the days of the Roman Empire, and have effected mixed results on society. During the Crusades, Christian soldiers killed their way to the holy lands in the name of the Catholic Church and the fight for eternal salvation. From 1096 to 1270 the Catholic Church ordered eight major crusades and two children's crusades for the purpose of liberating the Holy Land from the Muslims (History World Int., 2007). Throughout the long history of the Crusades, thousands of knights, soldiers, merchants, and peasants died on the march or in battle. The effects of the crusades were two-fold; they created deep-rooted animosity between Christians and Muslims but also…… [read more]


Theoretical and Personal Analysis of Sexuality Sex Therapy and Religion Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  7 pages (1,993 words)
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Christian Sex: A Personal and Theoretical Analysis of Sexuality, Sex Therapy, and Religion

Initial Personal Thoughts on the Proposal

My mother is a very religious person, and raised me with a solid Christian perspective as well. This is one of the reasons that the topic of religion, sexuality, and sex therapy interested me so much; as a devout Christian I… [read more]


World Religions Report Research Paper

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World Religions Report

Introduction to Buddhism

Buddhism is a religion which originated in Northeast India and follows the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama. He became famous as "the Buddha," a term which means "the enlightened one." Buddhism has two major divisions -- the Theravada and the Mahayana. Theravada gained popularity over Southeastern Asia and Sri Lanka. Buddhists in India, Nepal, Mongolia,… [read more]


Religion and Spirituality's Influence on Health Term Paper

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Religion and Spiritualitys Influence on Health

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the influence that religion and spirituality may have upon the individual's health. If health is to be considered from a scientific point-of-view, it is easy to understand how the connection stated above may be seen as controversial. However, research studies show that a great deal of… [read more]


Dimension of Religions Essay

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SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Religion and Religious Belief

Modern and Pre-modern Concepts of Religious Belief

In ancient times, it was perfectly understandable that man would imagine "gods" because so much of the environment around primitive communities was completely impossible to understand. Lightning bolts from the sky that ignited whatever they touched and torrential downpours that devastated manmade structures would have seemed to… [read more]


Religion -- Pros and Cons Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (589 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

SAMPLE TEXT:

Religion -- Pros and Cons of Religion in Society

Some form of religion is common to all known human societies and there is evidence of prehistoric religious beliefs and ceremonies practically everywhere that ancient human remains and anthropological artifacts are found. To a great extent, religious values have played a role even in shaping some of the secular laws of many societies. In some respects, religion may provide valuable benefits to society; however, it is hard to deny that religious differences have been the single most significant source of the antagonism that has inspired armed conflicts among nations and peoples. Organized religion has been directly responsible for tremendous human suffering throughout the world. On the other hand, millions of people derive confidence and moral guidance from religious teachings. While the issue is often framed in terms of a choice between whether or not religion is beneficial, it may be better described as an effort to identify the best and worst aspects of organized religion and to understand how to apply the beneficial principles of religion and minimize the destructive principles of religion.

The Argument for Religion as a Necessary Institution in Human Societies

Religion provides essential moral principles and encourages a spirit of unity and communal benefit. Regardless of who actually wrote the Ten Commandments (i.e. whether it was a "God" or merely a man), the simple rules expressed on the tablets revealed by Moses to the Israelites have been the basis of human moral values for two millennia. In contemporary times, churches, synagogues, mosques, and other institutions of religious worship have become fully integrated into modern communities; generally, they are the principal source of communal goodwill and charitable services in their communities.

The Argument against Religion as a Necessary Institution in Human Societies…… [read more]


Spirituality Discovering a Sense of Your Own Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,693 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Spirituality

Discovering a Sense of Your Own Spirituality:

Who Am I?

In considering one's own sense of self and spirituality, it is important to consider humanity's history. While modern culture promotes the individual, the individual self is just a concept. We are a part of something much greater. We 'individuals' are but small parts of a bigger world… [read more]


Religion and Politics Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  4 pages (1,251 words)
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SAMPLE TEXT:

Religion and Politics are issues that are often correlated with one another. Throughout history this correlation can be seen and felt. The purpose of this discussion is to demonstrate an understanding of religious tolerance from 1517 throughout the mid 17th century. The research will focus on instances where both tolerance and intolerance were demonstrated. The research will also explain how religion and politics become intertwined as specific nations attempt to increase their power. There will also be a discussion of three times in history when Machiavellian like leaders create alliances that demonstrate political-religious connections. The research will also discuss how modern Europe is born after the period of the French wars for religion.

Religion and Politics

The year 1517 was an important time as it pertained to religious reformation. There was a great deal of debate amongst different Christian denominations including Calvinists, Lutherans, Anabaptists, Humanists and Catholics. Starting in 1517 each of these denominations underwent ideological transformations that forever changed the manner in which such religions are practiced.

The year also marked the publishing of Martin Luther's Ninety-Five Theses which basically attempted to expose some of the practices of Catholicism he believed to be inaccurate. Through the Ninety-Five Theses Luther wanted to encourage his catholic brethren to trust God's mercy and to have a sense of true contrition for sin ("Luther's Ninety-Five Theses"). Luther's Theses was particularly jolting because he boldly questioned some of the practices associated with Catholicism.

Religious Tolerance and Intolerance

From 1517 and the mid 17th century there was a great deal of religious tolerance and intolerance. Religious intolerance was most evident in Great Britain as it pertained specifically to the various monarchs during the aforementioned time period. Great Britain is also a prime example of how religion and politics can become intertwined in a society. The monarchs were both Catholic and protestant and there was a great deal of tension between these denominations during this time. The primary conflict was which religion would have dominance in society. During this time period the religion of the monarch dictated the dominant religion in society. That is, if a King or Queen was Protestant all of the religious leanings in the kingdom would be Protestant including education. Citizens that chose to practice Catholicism instead tended to be shunned and even killed. Many who were put to death were victims of heresy executions. These executions took place between 1520-1565 (Grell & Scribner, 2002). In this way monarchs in Great Britain used their political power to dictate the religious leanings of an entire society.

Although intolerance was present during this time there was also a great deal of tolerance. According to a book entitled Tolerance and Intolerance in the European Reformation, Spain had an "alternative tradition" that consisted of toleration and dissent. Although Spin did display some intolerance and persecuted protestants, compared to many other European countries the period of intolerance was much shorter. Figures such as John Locke, attempted to illustrate to Europe how it could be abandon religious wars.… [read more]


Politics and Propaganda of Theocracies and Atheocracies Thesis

Thesis  |  10 pages (3,220 words)
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SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … religion of atheism, communism as a secular theocracy: Religious iconography and practice in the Soviet Union

The Soviet regime has often been called totalitarian regime, in the sense of the philosopher Hannah Arendt's definition of a government and ideology that exerts 'total' control over the populace. However, long before the communists came to power, the Russian government was… [read more]


Role of Religion: Beowulf, Crime and Punishment Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (708 words)
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SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … role of religion: Beowulf, Crime and Punishment, and the Canterbury Tales

Religious traditions influence the themes and construction of literary narratives and religious texts themselves can function as literature. For example, the early English epic poem Beowulf manifests a blend of Christian and pagan influences, suggesting that the poem was a pagan epic that eventually became Christianized over generations of oral transmission. Its central hero Beowulf is a great king, possessing almost godlike strength. However, although the poem is set in pre-Christian times, Christian themes of redemption and resurrection recur throughout the work. Beowulf is a chosen son -- only he can kill Grendel. Beowulf must lie alone in the darkness of the Great Hall, willing to sacrifice himself for the sins of humanity, like Jesus waiting in the garden of Gethsemane. Beowulf kills Grendel, but must 'die' once again, as he must next face Grendel's mother. Finally, after dying in a heroic battle with the most demonic force of all, a dragon, Beowulf is mortally wounded. He is mourned by his people, who feel they do not fundamentally understand him, and he leaves no son. No one like him, we are told, will ever come again.

The solemnity with which religion is regarded, and religion's ability to be transposed into secular life is also shown in Crime and Punishment. Rather than a single, Christ-like figure, Dostoevsky portrays the sorts of people Christ came to earth to save -- prostitutes, drunkards, and murderers. The hero Raskolnikov is tormented, at least in part, because of his inability to believe in God. In contrast, the common prostitute Sofia is able to find comfort in her faith, even though she is forced to sell her body so her family can survive. Religion is her only solace in the wake of her daily humiliation. When asked to talk about what is most meaningful in her life by Raskolnikov, the normally shy Sofia becomes inflamed by the passion she feels for her religion. Raskolnikov is impressed by her faith, even though at that point in the novel he is not a believer.

By observing Sofia's sacrifice for…… [read more]


Historical Jesus Thesis

Thesis  |  13 pages (4,187 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Jesus

A Glimpse of the Historical Jesus

Jesus is well-known as a religious figure, but what do we know of his real existence within a historical context? Unfortunately, ancient sources outside the context of canonical literature prove scarce and ambiguous. Yet, there is viable Roman and Jewish sources that can be used to verify a picture of the… [read more]


Question of Evil Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  6 pages (1,702 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

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¶ … Question of Evil

One of the most challenging questions that faces Christian -- theologians, clergy, and the laity -- is why does God permit there to be evil in the world. If God is both omnipotent and benevolent, then why does He permit evil to persist and often even to flourish and triumph? A related and equally important… [read more]


City of God by E.L. Doctorow Individual and Society Thesis

Thesis  |  8 pages (2,490 words)
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SAMPLE TEXT:

City of God by E.L.Doctorow - Individual and Society

City of God is a very interesting novel written by the American author E. L Dotorow. What makes the book interesting is not just the unusual manner in which it is written (the technique), but also the approached themes. The reader can enjoy a various range of literary pieces such as… [read more]


What Role Should Religion Play in Education Thesis

Thesis  |  8 pages (2,595 words)
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SAMPLE TEXT:

Role of Religion

What is the Role of Religion in Education

This is a guideline and template. Please do not use as a final turn-in paper.

What is the Role of Religion in Education?

In Illinois, a federal judge ruled against a state law requiring public school students to observe a moment of silence meant for prayer or personal reflection… [read more]


End of Days in Religion Thesis

Thesis  |  8 pages (2,575 words)
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End times is a less sensational phrase than apocalypse and is used to refer to a religiously forecasted end of the world. It is often a controversial subject in the study of religions, and sometimes makes for a fascinating sociological and psychological study of a religion's adherents. In academic theology, the end times falls under the rubric of eschatology. Eschatology… [read more]


Hinduism Is the Largest Religion in India Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (757 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

Hinduism is the largest religion in India, with approximately ninety percent of all Indians being devoted to it. Unlike most religions, it does not have a founder, as it is formed out of a great number of traditions. Its foundation is not just the only thing different about Hinduism, with people faithful to this religion having an unusual conception of God. While people in most religions believe that God is a universal all powerful being that they have to fear, Hindus believe that their God is more personal, and that it has to be loved instead of being feared.

Hindus do not consider their God to have a specific shape or form, as he is an attributeless being. Even with that, the Hindu God occasionally takes forms that people are able to recognize and becomes a God with good attributes. Generally, the Hindus consider their God to be just one, in spite of the fact that it can materialize under innumerable forms.

While most people around the world that believe in a supreme divine power also believe that there is an evil power constantly working against it, the Hindus are certain that there is only a single power having control over the world. Hinduism considers that people can undergo good or bad experiences depending on their living styles. The elements that influence life in a good way are called the devas, and, the ones that influence it in a bad way are the asuras. In spite of their apparent character, the devas are not perfect, nor are the asuras completely evil.

The Hindus do not consider God as being a divine power living in a far-off heaven that people meet after their death. God is present everywhere in Hinduism, in every particle, and at every moment, with all that people have to do is to struggle to meet the Supreme Being during their lives. The Hindu God does not have a gender, nor does it have a specific race, as it can be anything.

It is not enough for the Hindus to be aware of the existence of God, as they have to discover it through intense efforts that involve philosophical thinking and the learning of Hindu history. The Puranas provide important information relating to divine beings talking…… [read more]


World Religions the World's Great Essay

Essay  |  9 pages (2,918 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5

SAMPLE TEXT:

World Religions

The World's Great Religions

The world is filled with a wide variety of different religions and philosophical belief systems. Many of these practices are from an ancient era, well before the age of Christ. Dominated today by Christianity and Islam, all of these practices still have things in common, such as the belief in living a good and… [read more]


Religion and Politics Religion Today the Average Thesis

Thesis  |  6 pages (1,783 words)
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Religion and Politics

Religion Today

The average day of most individuals is that of waking up early, rushing to work to give 110% of themselves and their efforts and then rushing back home to give another 100% to the family chores. In this dynamic and stressful environment, a question is being posed relative to the role of religion. While some… [read more]


Science and Religion Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (633 words)
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This also represents the non-confrontational model, because it shows the interdependence and reliance on outside elements to make a cohesive whole. This is the exact opposite of the confrontational model, which believes that science and religion are at odds with another, and do not support each other. Newton's model depends on support from all the other elements, indicating that science and religion can get along side by side.

In fact, Newton's discoveries led to many other discoveries in science, but they led to a wider Christian view (Deism), that many people started to write about and discuss long after Newton's death. It led to critical thinking about how the world coexists, the planets coexist, and everything works so well together, and it led to more religious study and understanding. This also represents the non-confrontational model, because his work led to spiritual and scientific discussion and debate, which helps both sides understand each other and accept each other for what they are. Constructive debate is always helpful for understand and acceptance, and Newton's work created that debate and a whole new way of looking at science and spirituality together.

In conclusion, Newton's discoveries about gravity and the planets were revolutionary at the time, and they sparked controversy. However, they help prove that religion and science can get along, and in fact, they can even support each other. This non-confrontational model of religion helps show that Newton's discoveries changed the way people look at science, and they helped form a whole new type of spiritual thought and acceptance. Science and religion can get along -- they do not have to be confrontational and negative. They also show that science can influence religion in many more ways than people may have first thought.

References

McGrath, A.E. (1999). Science and religion: An introduction. Malden, MA: Blackwell…… [read more]


Role of Religion in Same Sex Marriage With Emphasis on California's Proposition Essay

Essay  |  10 pages (3,186 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 6

SAMPLE TEXT:

Role of Religion in Same-Sex Marriage

Homosexuality and gay rights have always been controversial issues, particularly in the more conservative states of America. This is clear in legislative guidelines that make marriage between same-sex partners illegal. The most recent case of this is Proposition 8 in California. Claimed reasons to justify such legislation range from general morality and aesthetics to… [read more]


Person Within the Christian Worldview Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (5,434 words)
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SAMPLE TEXT:

I do believe that medical treatments can help people keep from suffering from terrible diseases, too, and that they are necessary for the well-being of everyone.

I do not believe, however, that all types of medical intervention are acceptable. I do not believe in genetic intervention, because I believe that is taking medicine too far, and doctors and researchers are… [read more]


Christianity Buddhism and Islam Thesis

Thesis  |  4 pages (1,427 words)
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SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Religions

Similarities and Differences Among Three Major Religions

Although conflict and even wars have been started because of religious differences, many of the world's religions are the same. In fact, many religions share views regarding humans' role on earth and morality. Regardless of these differences, however, each religion presents its own version of truth, and it is these… [read more]


Epistle of Jude Thesis

Thesis  |  10 pages (3,417 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

SAMPLE TEXT:

Epistle of Jude is one of the less-frequently studied books of the Bible, probably because it concentrates so heavily on the end of days, a topic that many Christians choose to ignore or minimize. However, it plays a critical role in defining and shaping the rest of the New Testament and in the formation of many modern Christian churches, especially… [read more]


Religion There Can Be Many Paths Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (580 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

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¶ … Religion

There can be many paths to religions because there are so many religions. If there is one true Holy Spirit, God, or Almighty One being that governs all, it is entirely possible that this being meets cultures where they are and presents him or herself to them in such a way that is appealing to them. We are all different and many cultures respond to faith in different ways. Because we are so diverse, we need different forms of religion for all to have a chance to attain salvation. Culture, behavior, and the nature of God should be taken into consideration when we begin to believe in only on true religion.

When considering the entire world and all of it inhabitants, we must look at different cultures and how long what they believe has been around. For example, Islam is a religion that has been in practice for thousands of years and it would not be fair to say that just because these people were not exposed to another religion, such as Christianity, are not living a life or practicing a faith that leads to salvation. In fact, it would be extremely narrow-minded to think this way. These people are just as good, pray just as much as others do, and believe as sincerely as anyone else.

In addition to culture influencing individuals, we must also look at a person's behavior. No one individual can decide if a Jewish person does not attain salvation if he or she has lived a good life, studied the law, prayed to God for salvation, and believed that he or she received that salvation. It would be just as ludicrous to deny that a Christian that has prayed for salvation through…… [read more]


Religion Discuss the Death of Socates Thesis

Thesis  |  6 pages (2,000 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Religion

Discuss the death of Socates. What is different about Socrates' attitude towards death and why? Do you feel that people who have a strong sense of God and afterlife have an eaier time accepting death?

After Socrates conviction, though he stresses the fact that the application of the law is unjust, the law itself is not and… [read more]


Sikhism Is Sikhism a Religion That Began Thesis

Thesis  |  4 pages (1,411 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5

SAMPLE TEXT:

Sikhism

Is Sikhism a religion that began separately, as adherents claim, with Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji in the 17th century? or, is it a faith that arose as a new sect from Hinduism and Islam as a number of scholars report? Regardless of the origin, Sikhism clearly developed with its unique religious philosophy as seen by today's sizeable Sikh… [read more]


Compare and Contrast Judaism, Amish, and Islam Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (918 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Religions

Judaism began, according to tradition, with the Covenant between God and Abraham, from whom the Jews are said to descend. God rewarded Abraham for his faith, and promised him many children, who would become the Jewish people. God also promised Abraham would have a homeland called Israel. After some time, Moses led the Israelites from Egypt. Once in Israel, the culture evolved.

At the core of Judaism is the belief in one God, and adherence to the Torah, which encompasses a history of the people and sets of laws. The laws in the Torah are believed to have come directly from God, an omniscient being the Jews believe created the universe. The religion centers around God, under the belief that we as people have a relationship with God. A person's direct, one-on-one relationship with God is central to the faith. God maintains an active interest in the goings-on of the universe, highlighting the value of this personal relationship. This relationship is explored through prayer, which is undertaken both on a daily basis on one's own, and at weekly services in the temple. Much of the rest of the faith concerns observance of laws found in the two holy books, the Tanakh and the Talmud.

The Tanakh, roughly approximate to the Old Testament, consists of three main parts. These are the Torah ("teaching"), Ketuvim ("writings") and Nevi'im ("prophets"). The Tanakh's sections outline the history of the people, the laws by which people should live, and contains ample advice and wisdom. The Talmud is a record of rabbinical discussions about many of these topics - in particular law, customs, history, teachings and ethics. The Talmud consists of several parts, and is the basis for discussion and debate. Self-questioning is a cultural trait of the Jewish people, dating back to Moses and his sons.

Today, there are approximately 13.2 million Jews. 41% of them live in Israel, the rest being spread throughout the world in a vast diaspora.

In contrast, Islam is one of the world's largest religions by population, with over 1 billion adherents. Islam is the third major Abrahamic religion, after Judaism and Christianity. Muslims believe, however, that the holy books of those religions have been tainted by men, whereas their holy book, the Quran, was delivered by God directly to Mohammed.

Muslims believe that Muhammed was God's final prophet, and recognize Abraham, Moses, Jesus and others are earlier prophets. At the core of the faith are what are known as the "five pillars" of Islam. These are that there is only one God and that Mohammed is the messenger of God; prayer, five times a day; alms-giving; fasting during the month of Ramadan; and the hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca, which must be undertaken once in…… [read more]


Forbidden Religion to Hegemon of the World Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  7 pages (2,650 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 6

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … forbidden religion to hegemon of the world's belief systems, Christianity came to define each aspect of the middle ages, from the spiritual side of life and death to economic matters and matters of state. During the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church was the one and only spiritual center. Although the word "Catholic" was used by prominent Christians such… [read more]


Comparing Two Characters Maheo and God in Two Different Stories Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  3 pages (1,082 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … God of the King James Bible and Maheo, of the Cheyenne Myth "How the World Was Made"

The King James Bible's version of the Genesis myth of creation and the Cheyenne myth "How the World Was Made" as retold by Alice Marriott and Carol C. Rachlin are both origin myths that detail how the world began from nothing. The stories chronicle the beginning of the earth, the animals, and humanity. They also detail humanity's relationship with the divine, creating force. Their plots are fairly similar, in that they explain how the world and humanity came to be, even though the relationship between the creator god and humanity is very different. Maheo of Cheyenne legend is a very human, very anthropomorphic god. This stands in primary contrast to the God of the Hebrew Bible of Genesis who has very little emotional resemblance to Adam or Eve, even though he created humanity in his image. Secondly, Maheo is a much emotionally needier god. Maheo is not all-powerful, and all-seeing like the confident God of Genesis. And unlike the God of Genesis, Maheo is capable of changing his mind, of taking advice, and learning, while the God of Genesis has no need to learn from the world that has been created solely as a result of his efforts.

The God of the King James Bible precedes all other things in the world, and thus is super-human. The Bible begins with the phrase "in the beginning God created the heavens" (163). What came before is unknowable. God is the beginning force behind all things. The Cheyenne myth seems to begin with a similar sense of nothingness, described as a "void" (11). However, the description of Maheo's emotional experience void is far more resonant with human experience, as if Maheo had an emotional life that preceded the creation of the world. The void is not simply nothing, but sounds more like a lonely room. "He looked around but there was nothing to see. He listened, but there was nothing to hear. There was only Maheo, alone in nothingness" (11). Of course, a reader might protest that the creation of Eve arises from God's apprehension of loneliness: "And the Lord God said, 'it is not good that man should be alone, I will make him a helpmeet'" (165). But God does not feel lonely, he only sense Adam's loneliness. God is not even described as being angry at Man's disobedience, although he punishes Adam and Eve. He merely says that the man "is become as one of us" and drives the couple from Eden (167). In contrast, Maheo is filled with human emotions as he creates the world: "How beautiful it all is, Maheo thought in his heart," as he created (11).

The omnipotence of the God of Genesis is conveyed by his stated approval "it was good," noting his creation of the light (163). However, this goodness is self-evident, it is never in question that a good God is making good things, and… [read more]


Religion Give a Justification for Expressing Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (329 words)
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Religion

Give a justification for expressing the invisible God in a visible, painted form (as with art).

Expressing the invisible God in a visible, painted form represents an expression of one's vision of what God looks like. With a painting, God is no longer an abstract image felt only in one's heart, but rather, a concrete image. The motivation of creating a tangible form is not just self-expression; the purpose is also to share an image with others to stimulate their thoughts and emotions in a similar way that God stimulates one's own feelings. The ultimate hope of this shared passion is to promote the universal acceptance of God.

What is the problem with saying Jesus took on the punishment due to humanity?

It's difficult to understand that Jesus took on the punishment due to humanity for many reasons. First, and foremost, God created humanity with all its good and bad. Would it not then be fair to say that Jesus took on the…… [read more]


God Creation and Evil Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,420 words)
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SAMPLE TEXT:

Solaris, God and Ineffability

The film "Solaris" concerns a psychiatrist, Chris Kelvin, who is sent to a space station where the crew appears to be experiencing a collective mental breakdown. Chris is to provide his superiors with a report on the mental state of the crew, which will be used in deciding the fate of the station. The issues addressed… [read more]


Buddhism Dukkha Christianity Sin Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,909 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5

SAMPLE TEXT:

Buddhism_Christianity

Christianity is the most followed religion in the world. Islam is second and several other religions bring up the rear. Buddhism is followed by probably the fewest number of people all over the world. Jainism and Sikhism, two religions that are primarily followed in India are possibly rarer. Indeed, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism originated in India, though strictly speaking,… [read more]


Mormon Religion and Families Affects on the Family Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (862 words)
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SAMPLE TEXT:

Mormon Religion: Effects on the Family

The members of the modern Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints, commonly known as the Mormon Church, have experienced their fair share of hardships since their founding by Joseph Smith in 1847. Although church members were driven from one place to another out of fear and in some cases envy, the Mormons found a home in Salt Lake City, Utah, where there headquarters remains today. It would seem that much of the controversy concerning the Mormon Church relates to a number of popular misconceptions, but there is no little or no debate concerning the positive influence that the Mormon religion has on its family members in some ways, with many church members outscoring the rest of the American population in terms of longevity and health. To see how they do it, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature to determine the effects of the Mormon religion on family members, followed by a summary of the research in the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Much confusion still surrounds the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints among some mainstream Americans who may believe that church members still practice polygamy and while the practice was abandoned long ago, such misperceptions linger on. This virtual ostracization by the rest of American society may have contributed to the clannish appearance of Mormon families as they seek out the comfort and companionship of those who understand them rather than those who do not. As one authority points out, "Whatever the theological differences between Mormonism and mainstream Protestant and Catholic denominations, Latter Day Saints otherness appears to have been defined around specific points of cultural negotiation and contention. Mormons have been simultaneously feared and envied on the basis of a perceived sense of group cohesion extending to the point of tribal and even conspiratorial tightness" (Wollheim, 2006, p. 26). Amid such perceptions, Mormon families can perhaps be forgiven even if they are close to this point, but it is clear that the church's dogma contributes to the moral and physical well-being of its younger members. For example, as Howard and Powell (2004) point out, "Family structure influences contraceptive decisions in that women raised by both parents from birth to age 14 are likely to use more effective methods of contraception. Additionally, any family structure that is unchanging has this effect implying it is the stability of the structure rather than of whom it consists that created the effect" (p. 3). In addition, Mormon adolescents are also less likely to smoke tobacco than their non-religious counterparts (Weaver,…… [read more]


Psychological Benefits of Faith and Religion Term Paper

Term Paper  |  18 pages (4,512 words)
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SAMPLE TEXT:

Spirituality and religious faith have been challenged almost continually since cultures of differing religions have come into contact with one another, a point on the proverbial human timeline that is actually impossible to locate. In other words the debate regarding the specifics of faith is eternal.

The relationship between religion and health care has cycled between cooperation and antagonism throughout… [read more]

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