Viewing papers 1-23 of 23 for 1973 AND yom AND kippur AND war

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1973 Yom Kippur War Thesis

… Yom Kippur war can be said to have rooted in the death of Nasser in September 1970 which had taken the Middle East by surprise. Equally surprising was the war itself which had come as a complete shock to Israelic intelligence agencies who had succumbed to a general concept that although there "was a possibility that Egypt and Syria would start a war against us [they would] not start a war as long as counterweight to our military advantage" did not exist. Israel's military and political leaders "accepted the concept that the chance of war in October 1973 was low." Anwar Sadat who succeeded Nasser as Egyptian leader was at first not as strong a figure as his predecessor. But his strong personality emerged later…. [read more]

Yom Kippur War Thesis

… Yom Kippur War

The Long-Term Implications of the Yom Kippur War

As forces from Egypt, Syria, Jordan and Iraq massed around Israel's borders in 1967, Israel launched a six-day air campaign which crippled the capacity of its opponents to wage war and which expanded its borders to well beyond the tract originally awarded to Zionists with the independence of 1948. Taking control of the West Bank and the Gaza Strips, Israel now held the fate of the exiled Palestinian people in its hands. In response to this condition, the United Nations Security Council attempted to draft a resolution demanding Israel's immediate withdrawal from its newly occupied territories. Here, the United States introduced that which would epitomize its policy regarding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict by blocking the…. [read more]

1973 and 1979 Oil and Gasoline Crisis Term Paper

… 1970's Oil Crisis

The 1973 and 1979 Oil and Gasoline Crisis

Throughout the 1950's and 1960's, oil supplies had been abundant to the point of glut, and prices were in the basement, however, during this period, the United States began consuming more oil than it could produce from domestic sources, thus, by 1973, oil imports toped 3.4 million barrels per day, or 35% of its supply, with 1 million barrels per day coming from Arab sources (Reid pp). By June, it was estimated that a gasoline supply shortage, ranging from 300,000 to 400,000 barrels per day existed, leading refiner-suppliers to begin putting branded jobbers and dealers on allocation and pulling price protections (Reid pp). Then the Yom Kippur War of October 1973 sent the world…. [read more]

Two Nuclear Incidents During the Yom Kippur War Essay

… Lessons Learned on Yom Kippur

The Soviet Union violated a treaty with the United States when it attacked Israel on October 6, which is the Jewish holy day of Yom Kipper and the conflict in the Middle East nearly became a conflict between the two Superpowers of the United States and the Soviet Union at a very precarious time in history and in the time known as 'The Cold War'. The United States had assumed that the Cold War policy of deterrence would effectively avoid such an event however, as history relates, the policy of deterrence was constructed upon instable assumptions of the rationality of those in positions of leadership.

The Cold War

For those who grew up during the period commonly known as 'The…. [read more]

Impact of Oil Crisis of 1973 on Barbados Term Paper

… ¶ … Oil Crisis of 1973:

Its Impact on Barbados

The oil crisis of 1973 undoubtedly had a strong impact on many countries and a lot of significance for many people. Unfortunately, there has not been that much written about the impact that this crisis had specifically on Barbados. Overall, this paper will discuss the oil crisis of 1973 in general, and then will turn its attention to Barbados and what likely happened to that island based on the oil crisis. Any information about Barbados itself is unfortunately very scarce, but providing insight into how the oil crisis affected the world in general will also provide insight into how it affected Barbados.

For over 25 years there have been many different models that have been…. [read more]

Arab-Israeli Wars Essay

… Arab-Israeli Wars

Palestinian and Arab views on the Middle East conflicts and the Israeli views could not have been more in conflict over the last several decades. As many of the post second world war conflicts have had as cause, the colonial footprint of the "great powers," has left a severe mark on the Middle Eastern region, particularly because of the Israeli-Palestinian issues. The British Empire tried to create a region of stability between the Arabs and the Jews but failed severely as it became perceived as an intrusion in a region that was seeking its own identity and power.

As Peter Calvocoressi presents, the 1937 Peel Commission enforced a separation of those territories in three equal parts: an Arab, a Hebrew and a British…. [read more]

Arab-Israeli Conflict the Year 1973 Term Paper

… Arab-Israeli Conflict

The year 1973 marked the first time Arab nations publicly acknowledged the existence of the state of Israel and ended a period of conflict that had begun with the establishment of the Jewish state in 1948. The years between 1948 and 1973 were marked with an almost constant struggle between Israel and its Arab neighbors in which Israel consolidated, and even expanded its territory. However, this expansion was challenged in 1973 in a surprise attack by Egypt, Syria, and Jordan. Although caught off guard and almost overwhelmed, Israel tenaciously fought on and eventually defeated its Arab enemies. This conflict precipitated a number of changes on both sides which allowed for peace negotiations to begin. The 1973 Yom Kippur War ultimately cemented Israel's existence…. [read more]

Israel's Military Culture Research Paper

… 1967-1993:

Operation Focus took place in 1967, when the Israeli Air Force bombed the Egyptian airfields that later on expanded to Syria as well as Jordanian and Iraqi airfields.

From 1967-70 another operation took place that is referred to as the War of Attrition. In this war, many operations were involved. These operations include operation Inferno (1968), operation Bulmus 6 (1969), operation Boxer (1969), operation Raviv (1069), operation Priha (1070), operation Rooster 53 (1969) and operation Escort (1969).

In 1973 the Yom Kippur War took place that includes the operation Doogman 5 (1973) and operation Abirey-Halev (1973).

In 1982, the Lebanon War took place that includes operation Peace for Galilee (1982), Battle of Sultan Yacoub, operation Mole Cricket 19, Siege of Beirut, Battle of Jezzine…. [read more]

Israeli Palestinian Conflict and the Middle East Term Paper

… International Politics

The Threat of Terrorism the Context of International Relations between the U.S. And the Middle East

The threat of terrorism in the U.S. is inextricably linked to the events in the Middle East and the perceived role of the U.S. many of those events; especially in the Israeli/Palestinian disputes. The U.S. is a major power and the country has not been afraid to use that power in international relations. It is the way that the power has been used, often for the support of Israel, to the detriment of Arabic nations.

To appreciate this one can look at the way in which the U.S. has supported Israel, this was seen with the 'friendship' formed between Kennedy and David Ben-Gurion (Bass 2). Building ion…. [read more]

Israeli Expansion 1948-1973 Essay

… Israeli Expansion 1948-1973

In the period beginning with the creation of the state of Israel in 1948 until 1973 a series of conflicts erupted between the Jewish nation and its Arab neighbors. In their attempt to destroy the Jewish state the Arabs continually lost territory to Israel; which expanded and consolidated its borders. As the situation Israel faced transformed over time, its military policy changed in response to the circumstances the nation faced; forcing it to impose compulsory military duty, a doctrine of retaliation against attacks, and an alliance with the United States. Israel's expansion into formerly Arab territories also brought about a response from the international community; mainly calls for Israel to withdraw. In response to international pressure, Israel used the occupied territories as…. [read more]

Arab-Israeli Conflict and the Peace Process Term Paper

… ¶ … Arab-Israeli Conflict. Specifically it will discuss diplomacy regarding the Arab-Israeli conflict during the period December 1968 - September 1973. The Arab-Israeli Conflict has been an ongoing dispute regarding the creation of the Israeli state after World War II in 1948, but it really began much before that occurrence. In reality, the Arab-Israeli Conflict began with an upsurge of Jewish immigrants to Palestine in the early 20th century, and there have been tensions betweens Arabs and Israelis in the region since then. There were many attempts at diplomacy in the years between the Six-Day War and the Yom Kippur War, but both sides had their own very strict agendas, and ultimately, even participation by the world's superpowers, Russia and the United States, could not…. [read more]

Israel 1948 A2 Coursework

… ¶ … Israel 1948 was one of the key turning points in the political development of the contemporary Middle East. From 1948 on, Israel was an independent state ruled by their own government which brought Israeli organizations together under one rule, liberated from foreign influence. After the creation of the State of Israel, frequent wars in opposition to its existence broke out due to the tremendous antagonism felt towards a Zionist state (e.g. The Arab-Israeli war 1948, the 1956 Suez War, 1967 Six Day War, 1967-1970 War of Attrition and Yom Kippur 1973). It was wars such as these that forced Israel to bolster its own military defense, increase diplomatic ties with the West, and attempt to become a self-sufficient "island" surrounded by enemies. Israel,…. [read more]

Golda Meir's Multinational Upbringing Essay

… Golda Meir's multinational upbringing, along with her visionary spirit, made her one of the most influential leaders in the twentieth century.

To explore this amazing woman's life, this paper will look at:

Biographical overview of Meir's early life

Meir's political life iii. A comparison of Meir and other historical female leaders

The contrast Meir served against the repressive Arab culture towards women

Biographical Overview of Golda Meir's Early Life

Childhood growing up with oppression and discrimination in Russia developed strength and coping mechanisms for adversity

Threat of attacks from the soldiers of the czar

Immigration to the United States

Early leader for social causes and involvement in Zionist movement

Immigration to Palestine

Beginnings of political involvement via the kibbutz

Meir's Political Life

A. Meir's involvement…. [read more]

Oil and the Affects of Increased Consumption by Competing Economies Term Paper

… Oil and the Affects of Increased Consumption by Competing Economies

Crude oil is an important commodity in the world of today where it provides the major source of energy for keeping economies running. This has seen very high swings in terms of price when there are shortages or excess supply. This price cycle may last over several years as the demand in spread over OPEC supply and non-OPEC supply. (Oil Price History and Analysis) the entire petroleum market is very highly controlled in terms of marketing, and all of the seven companies which control the international market, either directly or in collaboration with other companies, sell all the petroleum products through different subsidiaries and affiliates in all the important markets of the world. (the International…. [read more]

American Foreign Policy Towards the Persian Gulf Research Proposal

… American Foreign Policy Towards the Persian Gulf

Between 1988 and 2010, American foreign policy in the Persian Gulf was focused on achieving a number of different objectives. As, there was an emphasis on maintaining stability in the region by: supporting regimes and governments that were friendly towards U.S. interests. Part of the reason for this, was because there was a focus on ensuring that the continuous flow of oil remained in place. This is based on the fact, that this natural resource was a vital commodity that the West and the United States needed to continuously receive to maintain economic growth. Otherwise, the odds increased that there was a possibility that there could be some kind of major recession. Some good examples of this can…. [read more]

Gasoline Prices -- Oil Issues Essay

… Gasoline Prices -- Oil Issues

What was Peyton Feltus referring to (in the article by Elizabeth Souder) when he said the word "shortage" conjures up "images for us older folks of the old days of the 70s…"?

What Feltus was alluding to was the 1973 Arab oil embargo -- carried out by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) -- that had a profound impact on transportation in the U.S. And caused sharp political responses from the United States toward the Arab states. The embargo was basically a political tactic by the Muslim states to punish the U.S. And other Western countries (including the Netherlands) that were supporting Israel in the Yom Kippur War of October 1973.

To understand the background for the OPEC Oil…. [read more]

Arab-Israeli Conflict Has Been Going Term Paper

… ¶ … Arab-Israeli conflict has been going on for decades, ever since the state of Israel has been born, with religion differences as a main motive. Allegedly, religion is only one of the latest reasons, as the war had been lasting for centuries, with several other reasons for the divergences between Israeli and several Arab states.

Israelis have considered themselves imperiled by their neighbors, regarding them as enemies, superior in both size and numbers. The state has leaded numerous wars against its supposed aggressors, in a safe approach, attempting to move the battle front to enemy territory. The state of Israel has also been notorious for running nuclear programs to facilitate help in overcoming their military forces deficiency and also holding an advantage over traditional…. [read more]

Government Economic and Business in the Middle East Term Paper

… ¶ … government, economics, and business in the Middle East. Specifically it will discuss the economic interaction between Iran and Israel from 1975 until 1985 and how the Islamic Revolution in 1979 has influenced the economy during this time until today. With the formation of Israel in 1948, tensions in the Middle East increased, and battle lines were drawn. However, Iran was one of the first countries to formally recognize Israel as a viable state in the Middle East, which led to relatively cordial relationships between the two countries, at first. However, today, all relationships between the two countries have dissolved, and Israel threatens to attack Iran if they further develop their nuclear capabilities. This animosity was not always the case, as Israel and Iran…. [read more]

Arab-Israeli Conflict 1949-1982 Thesis

… Arab Israeli


As James L. Gelvin points out, for half a century following the end of World War II in 1945, the Western world "viewed the Middle East as a geographical area steeped in conflict between the people of Israel and their Arab neighbors," but in more recent times, a number of important events, such as "the emergence of a theocratically-based government in Iran and Iraq's attempt to seize control of Kuwait" 1 in the early 1990's, have added additional perspectives to this earlier view on the Middle East and with the invasion of Iraq by the United States in 2003, the on-going situation usually referred to as the Arab-Israeli conflict has become a penultimate example on how two radically…. [read more]

Contemporary Issues in International Relations Term Paper

… ¶ … Israel

Unlike the historical state of Israel, the modern state of Israel owes credit for its creation to a series of secular actions, despite the religious nature of the country. In order to understand its creation, it is important to look at historic events immediately preceding the creation of Israel, the wars that followed the creation of Israel, and current Israeli occupation of lands that were initially outside of Israeli control. Many people attribute the creation of Israel to Hitler's actions during World War II, and assume that the League of Nations created Israel as a way of making amends to the victims of the Holocaust. However, that explanation, while partially accurate, is overly simplistic, and ignores the larger political influences that led…. [read more]

Drones, Unmanned Aerial Systems (Uav), and Violation of Citizens' Privacy Constitutional Rights Thesis

… Drones unmanned Aerial Systems (UAVs) and violation of citizen's privacy constitutional rights

Drones or Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAVS) 3-9

History of the Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAVS) Technology 4-5

Current Trends in the Usage of Drones 5-6

Classification of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) 6-9

Benefits Associated With the Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) 9-12

Drones and Domestic Security 9-10

Drones and Terrorism 10-11

History of the Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAVS) Technology 11-12

Issues Associated With the Usage of the Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) 12-15

Drones and Privacy 12-13

Drones and Excessive Collateral Damage

Drones and Psychological Impact on the Operators 13-14

Drones and Psychological Impacts on the Civilians 14-15

Research Methodology & #8230; 15-19

Theoretical Framework 16-18

Research Design 18-19

Literature Review 19-27

Current Trends in…. [read more]

Exogenous Effects of Oil Price Shocks Thesis

… Exogenous Effects of Oil Price Shocks

The destabilizing effects of Oil price hikes in the trade balance of both developed and developing oil-importing economies is very clear. Even for the OPEC nations, the initial gains in their national revenues would be offset by the depressive effects of inflation in the oil importing countries. Sub-Saharan African countries having the lowest per capita income and highest external debts are the worst prepared to absorb the Oil price shocks. Over the next decade energy diversification would be the key strategic focus for countries that are struggling to manage the ever-increasing demands with the limited sources and striving to reduce their dependence on oil.


Global economic performance is clearly dependent on the price of Oil. Oil prices affect…. [read more]

Detente Essay

… 3. Nixon's "Southern Strategy" -- he strenuously courted Southerners for votes by placating both Whites and Blacks in that region. He talked about "law and order" to Whites and offered busing instead of arguing against Civil Rights. It was a diplomatic strategy that worked and led to the 'conservative resurgence' of his party where Republican candidates began winning due to their Southern Strategy.

In the Election of 1972, Nixon won by a landslide due to his many liberal policies. Wallace, Nixon's opponent, had been unable to run and Nixon's success in the South succeeded in boosting the Republican Party. Anti-war candidate George McGovern had been nominated by the Democratic Party; whilst he played his liberal views loudly, Nixon demonstrated a more moderate stance which pleased…. [read more]

NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.