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1980s Affecting Corporate Finance Article Review

… Gongloff (2010) tried to predict the future of investors' desire for corporate debt by mentioning that a double-dip recession would imply more defaults and scare investors away from corporate bonds. By contrast, economic recovery could lead to higher interest rates and an invigorated stock market, luring investors back into the purchase of stocks and weakening demand for bonds. The latter scenario seems more likely. Despite the huge exodus of money from stocks since the summer of 2010, it may be a good idea to own stocks. Corporate earnings are setting record levels, due to increases in productivity and businesses in foreign markets, and corporate profits increase stock prices. Yet for institutional investors, which have superseded individual investors in stock markets, the only choice is not…. [read more]


Financial Planning Research Paper

… Corporate Financial Planning

A big part of corporate financial planning involves the proper capital structure of a firm and its finances, inclusive of its debt obligations, insurance costs, tax burdens and revenue streams. All of these financial pieces to the puzzle have to be massaged and managed in concert in an effective way so that cash flow is as optimal as it can be while the daily operations of a firm are managed effectively, including marketing, research and development, administration, debt management, accounting and so forth.

Historical Lessons

One academic work consulted for this piece is actually from 1980 but it reads very similarly and evokes much the same questions as one would expect to see in a more recent article given the travails and…. [read more]


Corporate Governance Two Different Research Paper

… Hernon & Nitecki note the many challenges of writing about quality because everyone has it defined differently (2001). Quality has encompassed everything from quality collections, organizational quality, continuous quality improvement, and total quality improvement.

Customers that share information about their expectations create a unique opportunity for small businesses to provide unique services to them. Some small businesses measure because the parent institutions, such as universities, corporations, government agencies and school boards, have made commitment to be accountable to customers and compete for loyalty (Thomas & Robson, 2004 ). Service quality provides a way to improve their ability to meeting their mission of serving users regardless of external pressures. Attention to service quality enables an organization to develop a partnership with its customers while gaining a…. [read more]


Corporate Governance: A Review Essay

… , 2003). Increased need of capital resources to be raised from open markets has also led the importance of corporate governance to increase in recent years. Another aspect of corporate governance culture that has increasingly come to be scrutinized is the value-based governance and bottom line governance. Firms in Europe and specifically in the U.S. market have emphasized that their companies should reengage in value-based corporate governance (Du Plessis, et al., 2010; p. 11)In modern corporations, corporate governance arises through the severance of ownership and management control in the organizations.

Principles of Corporate Governance

Researchers have also identified the essential principles on which the conduct of corporate governance rests. These are:

Discipline

Transparency

Independence

Accountability

Responsibility

Fairness

Social responsibility (Du Plessis, et al., 2010).

Du…. [read more]


Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Research Paper

… The concept of feudalism, for instance, segmented the workers (serfs) from the managers (lords) and kept a fairly stable balance in rural areas during the Middle Ages and Renaissance. However, the industrial revolution of the 17th to 19th centuries changed the conception of sustainability by tapping into fossile fuels, increasing urbanization and segementation of labor, causing an unbalanced agricultural system in which food was not always available for the burgeoning city populations. Similarly, coal was used to power ever evoling engines and later to generate electricity. Society was protected from endemic disease through more technological advances in sanitation. The combination of conditions caused an unprecedented human population explosion and even greater urbanization. This also led to huge industrial, technological and scientific changes that continues to…. [read more]


Corporate Social Responsibility (Sony) Essay

… This implies that the organization is expected to more than just obeying and complying with the law of the land in meeting societal norms even if those norms are not enacted in law.

In most multinational organizations, SONY, for this particular case, this ethical behavior is embedded in the organizations code of conduct. Sony's basic philosophy in regard to corporate social responsibility (CSR) is set forth in the Sony Group Code of Conduct as summarized below.

"It is the core corporate responsibility of Sony Group to the society to pursue its corporate value enhancement through innovation and sound business practice. Sony Group recognizes that its business activities have direct and indirect impact on the societies in which it operates, and therefore sound business practice requires…. [read more]


Behavioral Finance Concept v. Efficient Essay

… On the contrary, behavioral finance has developed as a broader social science perspective because of its inclusion of psychology and sociology to an extent that its one of the most important research programs that significantly contradicts efficient markets theory. Consequently, there is a great difference between efficient market hypothesis and behavioral finance theory. Since the development of behavioral finance theory, the focus of academic discussion has moved from econometric evaluations of time series on earnings, dividends, and prices to establishing models of human psychology in relation to financial markets (Shiller, 2003, p. 90).

The main difference between these two concepts is that they are based on varying paradigms. The efficient market hypothesis paradigm based on individual's decision-making that is dependent on rational anticipations, discretionary assumption,…. [read more]


Comprehensive Financial Analysis of Supervalu, Inc Research Paper

… Finance

Financial Assessment of Supervalu

Overview of Supervalu

Supervalu Today

Financial Analysis

Summary of the Statements

Income Statement

Balance Sheet

Cash Flow Statement

Statement of Owners Equity

Ratio Analysis

Liquidity

Asset Management

Debt Management

Profitability

Market Value

Information from Analysis Sites

Forecasting Stock Value

Consolidated Statements of Earnings

Consolidated Balance Sheet

Consolidated Cash Flow Statement

Consolidated Statement of Owners Equity

Investment decisions are never easy; there are many firms whose shares provide suitable investment vehicles. The ultimate aim of an investor is usually to create an acceptable return on investment. While the actual return required may vary between investors, reflecting their personal risk profile, the process of decision making will be relatively similar. The process will include an assessment of the firm and their financial…. [read more]


Corporate Universities Investigation of Their Development Internationally in the Field Sector of Tourism Term Paper

… Corporate universities"-investigation of their development internationally in the field/sector of tourism.

In this paper, it will be discussed how corporate universities function internationally and otherwise. From there, their development process of tourism will be discussed and how it is affecting its organized culture. Going public will be addressed as an option in order to improve the development of tour. Finally, this paper will concluded the development has had many successes despite their slow start but will continue to defeat them.

Corporate universities fall under the direction of motivation by the following example, which helps them with the plans with the sector of tourism. "Corporate universities are created for different purposes. Some are developed to bring fresh life to the old training and development department. Others…. [read more]


Corporate Social Responsibility in High Technology Companies Thesis

… Corporate Social Responsibility in High Technology Companies

Cisco Systems

Cisco Systems is the world leader in the development, design, manufacturing and selling of home, small business and enterprise networking, telecommunications and online security. The company's thousands of products are used for building networks that make the transmission of voice, data and video across offices, campuses, cities and continents possible. Founded in 1984 by a group of computer scientists who worked on the fundamentals of router technologies at Stanford, Cisco grew exponentially during the networking and Internet growth periods of the late 1980s and 1990s. During the 1990s specifically Cisco's Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) Department was responsible for between 40 and 50 acquisitions per year, with only a fraction of them being publicly announced. The company's…. [read more]


Disrupting America's Economic System Term Paper

… The U.S. Treasury, led by Andrew Shaw, subsidized these gold flows by offering to temporarily place public deposits in banks if they imported gold from abroad.

The policy lowered the gold import point by offsetting the interest lost while gold was in transit. Goodhart [1969], however, notes that the gold import point was often low enough to have justified specie inflows without the subsidy. In the fixed exchange rate world of 1906, such large gold outflows were a significant threat to a country's ability to maintain the par value of its currency, which, for the pound sterling, was $4.867.

Faced with its lowest ratio of reserves to deposits since the 1893 crisis, the Bank of England nearly doubled its discount rate, from 3 1/2% on…. [read more]


Behavioral Finance and Human Interaction Term Paper

… Retail sales can serve as a measure of the economy's strength. Low retails sales often mean that the economy is weak, which could cause a drop in the Federal Reserve interest rates.

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the average change in the prices that consumers pay for a fixed amount of goods and services. The Federal Reserve monitors this data and uses it as a key measure if inflationary pressure on the economy. As a general rule, if the CPI's value increases, the money supply will tighten.

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) measures economic activity. It is the output of all goods and services created by labor and property in the United States. GDP provides important information on the current economic climate.

Characteristics of…. [read more]


Dropping or Lowering Corporate Taxes Term Paper

… S. business climate. London's Economist Intelligence Unit placed the U.S. second, behind the Netherlands for the 'best place in the world to conduct business' in a recent study" (1). However, coming in second does not have an automatic claim on the highest living standard without it is the best tax climate. In fact, the U.S. tax system is a negative factor in attracting flows of investments. We have a high corporate tax rate and the most complex way to figure federal government taxes placed on corporations in the U.S. These are reasons why the corporate tax rate should be lowered.

Steven M. Fazzari says, "Tax reform that reduces tax rates on capital income, no matter how successful it is in reducing the upper cost of…. [read more]


How Leadership Style and Characteristics Affect Business Success and Failure Term Paper

… ¶ … Leadership Style and Characteristics Affect Business Success and Failure

While the debate over nurture vs. nature continues, it is clear that some people appear to be "natural-born" leaders who are capable of motivating others to achieve far more than others. These leaders seem to possess the right combination of personality, vision and motivational skills and can use them to their maximum advantage in a wide variety of organizational settings. These leaders also have an enormously positive impact on an organization's bottom line, and it is not surprising that an increasing amount of research in recent years has been devoted to identifying what characteristics these leaders share and what they do that is so fundamentally different from ineffectual leaders. The purpose of this study…. [read more]


Asian Financial Crisis and How it Affect the International Monetary System Term Paper

… ¶ … Asian Financial crisis and how it effects the international monetary system

International monetary system or IMS is a structure of rules and principles, which manages international finance. It has major distributive consequences on the authority and the well being of states in the international system. IMS does not maintain a non-aligned status either economically or politically. IMS deals with three technical issues. Liquidity of supply of money to fund business and monetary assets; Fine-tuning of appropriate short-term imbalances and; Bringing back trust in the national currency and avert weakening swing in the currency of the country. Gold standard was the foremost modern global monetary system. In force during the late 19th and 20th century, the gold standard gave for free movement among countries…. [read more]


Role of Private Investment on Economic Development in Iraq Literature Review

… Role of Private Investment on Economic Development in Iraq

Private investment in developing countries

An overview on early Empirical studies

In 1980s, the developing countries encountered some increment in their development behaviours with debt crisis, which affected the formation of capital. Concurrently, the affected countries were transforming from the post-era to a structural reform efforts. In mid 1980s, the developing countries adopted the reform programs within the new paradigms (Serven&Salimano, 1993) & (Jaspersen, Aylward&Sumlinski, 1970). Consequently, this led to the formation of environmental private sector that highly relied on the existing market. The formation and implementation of the new policies affected the availability of response to the private investments. The debt crisis lowered the private investments within the developing countries and this disheartened them. The…. [read more]


Corporate Form of the Business Term Paper

… From the accounting scandals of Enron and Arthur Anderson, to the collapse of WorldCom, the collapse of the mortgage and financial industries, to the outrages of AIG and Bernie Madoff, the headlines are littered with such scandals and failures, and yet, they keep occurring. All of these situations call into question the real purpose of business ethics. Three authors note, "We are not particularly fond of 'business ethics'. Most of what we read under the name business ethics is either sentimental common sense, or a set of excuses for being unpleasant.... business ethics in its present form is at best window dressing and at worst a calculated lie" (Jones, Parker, & ten Bos 2005). These seem like harsh words, but many current business practices seem…. [read more]


Boards of Directors, Corporate Governance and Market Term Paper

… Boards of Directors, Corporate Governance and Market Value of the Firm. Do Shareholder profit from Board Reforms driven by Regulators? Evidence from Switzerland

The concept of firm

The agency problem

Definition of corporate governance

Mechanisms of corporate governance

Literture review - Part II

Board of directors - introduction

Models of boards

One-tier vs. two-tier board model

The case of Switzerland

CEO duality

Outsider directors / board independence

Board size

Board committees

Interlocking directorates

Multiple board appointments

Frequency of board meeting

Board diversity

Regulatory development

The case of Switzerland

Board index

Board impact on firm valuation

Performance measure

Long-term equity return

Current board structure

Potential research problem

Ethical issues of the proposed research

Expected research outcomes

Abstract

The proposed research focuses on a fundamental element of…. [read more]


Different Preferences in Learning Between American and French Learners in a Multinational Corporate Setting Dissertation

… ¶ … Preferences in Learning between American and French Learners in a Multinational Corporate Setting

The way training is delivered in a corporate environment has a tremendous effect on results. This study investigates the role of culture in the learning styles of adult French and American students enrolled in online training programs at an international university. Using Kolb's learning style inventory, the learning style preferences of respondents in both cultural groups will be classified as divergers, convergers, accommodators, and assimilators, reflecting their general tendencies toward learning environments as conceptualized by Kolb (1985). The assumption is that Americans prefer to learn from action-oriented methods and are more comfortable learning from activities that are not job related, such as role plays and games, than do their French…. [read more]


Origins, History of the IMF Term Paper

… SRF: Supplemental Reserve Facility loans are to be repaid within a year and a half, and there is a substantial surcharge of 3-5 percentage points.

CCL: This is under the same repayment criteria as SRF, but the surcharge is less (1.5 to 3.5 percentage points).

CFF: This type of loan was designed to help a country experiencing a very sudden "shortfall" in export earnings (caused by world commodity fluctuations), and the financial terms match those of the SBA (except CCF loans have no surcharge).

In the event of a nation suffering a natural disaster like an earthquake, flood, typhoon, or other calamities, or for a country just emerging from war, the IMF provides "Emergency Assistance" loans. They are subject to the basic rate of charge,…. [read more]


Inflation Unemployment and Phillips Curve in China Dissertation

… Inflation, Unemployment and Phillips Curve in China

Research particularities

Inflation, unemployment and their definitions

The problem of inflation

The definition of inflation

Measures of inflation

How inflation is measured

Global values of inflation

Types of inflation

Issues raised by inflation

The problem of unemployment

The definition of unemployment

Measures of unemployment

How unemployment is measured

Global values of inflation

Issues of unemployment

The Phillips curve

Defining the Phillips curve

The original Phillips curve

Mathematics behind the original Phillips curve

The modified Phillips curve

Mathematics behind the modified Phillips curve

Two Phillips curves

The Phillips curve in China

General information about China

People's Republic of China interest rates

Phillips curves in China

Relationship between inflation and unemployment in short-term and long-term

The real estate bubble in…. [read more]


Self-Serving Actions That Management Essay

… ¶ … self-Serving actions that management may take to decrease the risk to their personal portfolios.

Essentially, this is about the paradigm of risk management, and ways to mitigate such within a template of managerial personal portfolio; another term is, of course, portfolio management. While risk management can be a multi-stage process, there are at least five actions that managers can take to decrease the risks to their own, personal profiles. First, though, we must understand that any risk management philosophy operates off a two-stage template: 1) what risks exist in an investment or grouping of investments and, 2) what are ways that are suited to manage these risks within the paradigm of your own personal objectives. The five steps recommended by most investment professionals…. [read more]


Contrarian Investment Strategies Thesis

… Contrarian Investment Strategies

Over the last several decades a number of different investment strategies have evolved. All of them were designed to help investors be able to successfully time the up and down moves, that occur on the world equity markets. However, the overall results have varied dramatically as investors, traders and analysts argue about which theory is the best one to achieve this objective. At the heart of this argument, is the belief that the markets will overshoot in both directions. Where, some will claim that the markets reflect all expectations and available information in the price of the stock (commonly called the Random Walk Theory). This makes it impossible to determine if the markets will move up or down-based past market conditions. While,…. [read more]


Comprehensive Study of Offshore Financial Centers and Their Effects on Global Economy Dissertation

… ¶ … Offshore Financial Centres and Their Effects on Global Economy

The past 3 decades or so have witnessed the proliferation of offshore financial centres that have drawn both criticism and praise for their cumulative effect on the global economy. These offshore financial networks included 36 jurisdictions by the end of the 1970s that involved three main types of geographical locations, inland enclave states, coastal enclave states and island states. The enclave states have established a global pattern of so-called satellite clusters that are compatible with four main business time zones with linkages to the major global and regional capital markets. The Western Hemisphere is generally served through the New York epicenter by the Caribbean and the Central American Basin; European enclaves, coastal enclaves and…. [read more]


Profit Through Investing on Stock Dissertation

… Author discusses various matters in this research and covers the topic of risk, diversification and income investing. Here the main focus is on the financial strategies that can pay off big and highlights the financial structure (Greenblatt, 2006).

Analogous to the spectrum of economics, a lucid person is considered as the instigation of the comprehending phase which endeavors to explicate the functionalities of a marketplace in the behavioral finances. A substitutive methodology has been projected by sociological studies which comprises of the comprehension of a wider communal, organizational, and philosophical persuasive elements at the marketplace. To the preceding sociologists like Weber (2000a; 2000b), the procedures prevalent in the marketplace were of immense significance to them, and this significance can also be tracked effortlessly in the…. [read more]


Banking Fees and Morality Integrating Term Paper

… According to Cavico and Mutjaba, utilitarianism refers to a systematic theory of moral philosophy developed by the British philosopher Jeremy Bentham and elaborated and defined by John Stuart Mill. (Cavico and Mutjaba, 2005). Utilitarianism determines morality by focusing on the consequences of the actions. (Cavico and Mutjaba, 2005). Actions are not good or bad in them, but are determined to be right or wrong solely by the consequences that they bring about. (Cavico and Mutjaba, 2005). Utilitarianism is systematic in its approach and it takes into account the factors affected and the consequences to those people as a result of the actions. (Cavico and Mutjaba, 2005). Utilitarianism measure and weigh the good with the bad, in determining morality. (Cavico and Mutjaba, 2005). In other words,…. [read more]


Securitization and Bank Liquidity Term Paper

… Securitization and Bank Liquidity

The objective of this work is to examine securitization and how it is currently used in the banking industry with a focus on real estate and the current problems banks are facing recently regarding mortgages and how that banks lend easy money to anyone and then are unable to recover the money. This work seeks to examine what the future holds for mortgage markets and banks.

Securitization: A process of creating new financial instruments by pooling the cash flows from a number of similar assets such as mortgages or credit card accounts, and putting them into a separate entity often with some explicit guarantee or extra collateral. (Loutskina, 2004; 7)

Liquidity: According to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), liquidity is…. [read more]


Security Manager Essay

… " (Lewis 2) Furthermore, the media encourages these people by making their stories public and providing them with the impression that they are not at all responsible for the situation they are in.

Business managers and executives as some of the individuals most likely to get involved in performing white-collar crime

By focusing on these people as being among the most important communities committing white-collar crime, the present paper does not attempt to claim that the upper class is not capable of committing other types of crimes or that lower class individuals are unlikely to commit financial crimes.

The standard view of white-collar criminals is that they are normally law-abiding persons and that they manage to stay hidden from radars for most of their lives,…. [read more]


Strategic Management Human Resources and Finance Research Proposal

… De Beers Case Study

Conduct a value chain analysis for De Beers, including the new activities of jewelry making and retailing through its joint venture with LVMH.

In assessing the value chain analysis of De Beers, the transition of their business model from being a cartel with monopolistic pricing and demand management strategies to being more market-driven is evident. As is evident from the value chain analysis below, De Beers dominates the Inbound Logistics processes of the industry by controlling nearly all mined diamonds, and domination the Operations and Outbound Logistics functions of the industry value chain. Figure 1 illustrates the De Beers value chain, capturing the transition from being monopolistic in process and pricing to being more market driven.

Figure 1: De Beer's Value…. [read more]


My Internship in SCFB Term Paper

… Internship at SCFB

I worked in the Standard Chartered First Bank in Seoul, Korea. At the bank's headquarters, I worked in the Risk Finance Department. The Standard Chartered first Bank began its existence in the year 1929 as Chosun Savings Bank. In 1930, it introduced the first installment deposit product in Korea. In 1950, the bank changed its name to Korea Savings Bank, and four years later it inherited the operations, branches and staff of the Korean Shiksan Bank. In 1958, the bank changed its name to Korea First Bank, and began transaction of foreign exchange business in 1962. In 1978, the bank opened a branch in London, while establishing a local corporation body in Hong Kon during 1980. The next significant development during this…. [read more]

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