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2006 War Between Israel and Lebanon Term Paper

… Israel & Hezbollah (in Lebanon)

The Conflict Between Israel and Hezbollah - 2006

Key historical issues between Israel and their Arab neighbors living in Palestine and Lebanon: There is a bloody history between Israel and Arabs and hence it is appropriate to review those conflicts at the outset of this paper. Indeed, prior to the war between Israel and Lebanon that began in July, 2006, Israel had engaged in five major wars, or conflicts, with Arab states that border with Israel. It should be noted in terms of perspective that the United Nations authorized a Jewish State in the territory that is now Israel following WWII; the genocidal slaughter of an estimated 3 million Jews in Europe, carried out by the German Nazis, raised the…. [read more]


Lebanon How it Originated Conflicts Civil War Term Paper

… Lebanon, How it Originated, Conflicts, Civil War

The conflict between the Arabian world and Israel began after World War II.

Grand Britain had domination over the Middle East zone. Together with the Jews the British government conceived, under economical and political interests, the creation of a Jewish state. In 1948 the Jews were granted a territory inside an Arabian region, dividing Palestine to build Israel. To this decision many Arabian countries such as Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria and Jordan protested keenly.

The state of Israel was born without clearly stated borders, with all the privileges and a very determined military expansion. A year later 700,000 Palestinians had ran away from the country or had been exiled. They took refuge in provisory camps, established by the…. [read more]


Israel's Military Culture Research Paper

… 1967-1993:

Operation Focus took place in 1967, when the Israeli Air Force bombed the Egyptian airfields that later on expanded to Syria as well as Jordanian and Iraqi airfields.

From 1967-70 another operation took place that is referred to as the War of Attrition. In this war, many operations were involved. These operations include operation Inferno (1968), operation Bulmus 6 (1969), operation Boxer (1969), operation Raviv (1069), operation Priha (1070), operation Rooster 53 (1969) and operation Escort (1969).

In 1973 the Yom Kippur War took place that includes the operation Doogman 5 (1973) and operation Abirey-Halev (1973).

In 1982, the Lebanon War took place that includes operation Peace for Galilee (1982), Battle of Sultan Yacoub, operation Mole Cricket 19, Siege of Beirut, Battle of Jezzine…. [read more]


Israel Internal Security Case Study

… Israel Internal Security Case Study

Nature of the state

Israel is a young nation, developed following WWII, when Britain withdrew from Palestine and the United Nations partitioned a portion of it for the resettlement of displaced Jews following the war. Arab nations in the region and Palestine itself rejected the arrangement, but it was followed through with nonetheless. The arrangement developed into several costly wars in which the Israeli army was successful, with the aide of foreign backing but many deep rooted tensions have not been resolved since. The Israeli government also occupies additional lands, which were acquired through these costly wars, most notably the Gaza strip and a few other regions, though some have been returned to their nation of origin since.

On 25…. [read more]


Israel Defense Tech Israeli Defense Technology: Success Thesis

… Israel Defense Tech

Israeli Defense Technology: Success Against All Odds

When the full extent of the horrors of the Holocaust had become apparent to the global public, the movement for Israeli independence took center-stage. Upon the world's revelation that more than 6 million Jews had been sent to the gas chambers, the campaign to make Israel the Jewish national homeland earned the full sympathy and support of the United Nations, the United States and Great Britain. In 1948, Israel declared itself independent with the backing of the world community and, conversely, the outright condemnation of the Arab nations which surrounded it. Upon its independence, Israel was promptly invaded by its neighbors. Led by its first prime minister, David Ben Gurion, Israel emerged victorious against its…. [read more]


Gaza War Began in 2008 Essay

… Because of Israel's failure to effect any change as a result of the 2006 war against Hezbollah, the state of Israel was eager to demonstrate its capabilities in the new field of Asymmetrical war. [4: Page 5, Cordesman, Anthony. The Gaza War: A Strategic Analysis. Center for Strategic and International Studies, March 3rd, 2009. http://csis.org/files/media/csis/pubs/090202_gaza_war.pdf]

When Hamas reiterated its proclamations that the state of Israel did not have a right to exist in 2008, Israel took it upon itself to launch a pre-emptive strike on Hamas in Gaza, which was characterized by three things. First, the border crossing was overrun by Israeli troops, bringing the economy of Gaza to a standstill. Israel also threatened the cutting off of water and electricity in Gaza. Hamas responded…. [read more]


Arab League and the War Research Paper

… The United States' promotion of democracy in the Arab region did not have much credibility with these governments. They were aware of American support of Arab autocrats, like Saddam Hussein up to 1991, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and the royal Saudi family. One inconsistency had to do with the Palestinian Authority's proposal for new elections for its parliament and president for which American assistance was sought. The United States was unusually reluctant in supporting the proposal, considering its urge for elected governments and the need for Palestinian reform as necessary for the peace process (Gwertzman).

National Reconciliation Conference

After a five-day visit to Iraq, Arab League Secretary-General Amr Moussa claimed that he had succeeded in convincing the Kurds and Shi'ite and Sunni Arabs to convene…. [read more]


Israeli Palestinian Conflict and the Middle East Term Paper

… International Politics

The Threat of Terrorism the Context of International Relations between the U.S. And the Middle East

The threat of terrorism in the U.S. is inextricably linked to the events in the Middle East and the perceived role of the U.S. many of those events; especially in the Israeli/Palestinian disputes. The U.S. is a major power and the country has not been afraid to use that power in international relations. It is the way that the power has been used, often for the support of Israel, to the detriment of Arabic nations.

To appreciate this one can look at the way in which the U.S. has supported Israel, this was seen with the 'friendship' formed between Kennedy and David Ben-Gurion (Bass 2). Building ion…. [read more]


Lebanon's Politics Today Term Paper

… The court system is based on the Napoleonic Code, and they do not use juries. There are three levels within the courts, courts of first instance, courts of appeal, and the court of cassation. Finally, there are religious courts that rule over personal matters in communities, like divorce, marriage and other personal matters.

The current election laws were created in 1960, and they are badly outdated. Parliament attempted to overhaul the laws in late 2008, but many of the measures did not pass, including lowering the voting age and allowing emigrants to vote from overseas locations. However, certain laws were passed, such as holding elections all on the same day, but they did not approve allowing Lebanese military members to vote ("Election Guide"). In Lebanon,…. [read more]


Political Chiefs (Zucama) Research Paper

… Iran achieved its greatest success against Israel through Hezbollah in Lebanon. For years, Iran cultivated its organization as its religious, political, and military representative in that country. It transferred hundreds of millions of dollars directly to Hezbollah, and channeled, through Hezbollah, about $100 million a year to Lebanon's Shi'ites for infrastructure, education, and welfare (Cooper & Erlanger, 2011). Thousands of tons of weapons and ammunition were transferred from Iran to Lebanon, principally by air to the international airport in Damascus, from where they made their way through the Syrian Army's checkpoints to Hezbollah's warehouses in the Lebanon Valley, Beirut, and the south of the country (Mazetti & Shanker, 2012). It was Iranian equipment and training that enabled Hezbollah to fight a guerrilla war against the…. [read more]


George W. Bush Administration Policy on Syria Essay

… Syria

An Analysis of the U.S.-Syrian Conflict

This paper will analyze the G.W. Bush Administration's justification for conflict with Syria and show how the disparate reasons of internal organs within the White House and those offered to the public by way of the national press suggest that an ulterior motive much broader in scope and ideological in nature was (and is) actually the basis for justification. In doing so, this paper will utilize Conflict Theory to help bring into perspective the opposing rationales that are presented throughout the analysis.

The Bush Administration had very clear reasons for initiating conflict with Syria, outlined by such neo-conservative think tanks as the Project for the New American Century (PNAC) (members of which were highly placed in the Administration…. [read more]


Long-Term, of the Six Day War Essay

… ¶ … long-term, of the six day war on Israeli politics. At the out set, it is important to note that the war strengthened the misconception of reality, both in the Israeli society and the political institutions. Gazit Shlomo (1985) wrote that certain misconceptions, both about the world at large and the Arabs in particular, previously existed in the social and political hierarchy. The 1967-six day war only amplified those illusions. The major implication of these amplified misconceptions allowed the right-wing religious parties to assert their moral right to commence redemption. This view, motivated by religious beliefs, soon became bipartisan, as left wing political groups soon joined the popular notion of: we are alone and the entire world, particularly the Arabs, is our enemy. This…. [read more]


Geography Israel: Resource Limitations Requiring Specialization Term Paper

… Geography

Israel: Resource Limitations Requiring Specialization

The geography and resource distribution of Israel has a significant impact on the economic and political success of the nation, perhaps as much as its embattled relationship with its neighbors and the Palestinians. Because of Israel's relatively small size -- 8,019 square miles or roughly the size of the state of New Jersey -- the nation has significant limitations placed on its available natural resources (Linge 79). Combined with this resource reality is a compromised geographical position that surrounds the nation with political enemies, a modified Mediterranean climate, and a wide variety of terrains and microclimates. In whole, the economic and political success of Israel is very much dependent on these factors as will be evident from a discussion…. [read more]


How the Current War Affects Economics Term Paper

… War and Effects

The War of Terror is a campaign which was initiated by the U.S. And its Allies to end international terrorism after the deadly September 11 Attacks. The first attack was launched in Afghanistan in October 2001 to oust the Taliban and to find Osama Bin Laden. The U.S. was aided by its allies from various countries. This invasion happened because the U.S. wanted to punish the Taliban government for aiding Al-Qaeda. This was followed by the war in because the U.S. wrongly believed that Saddam Hussein had ties to Al-Qaeda. The U.S. government believed that overthrowing Saddam would lead to democracy in the Middle East and reduce terrorism.

The Iraq War has been the most problematic for the global economy especially the…. [read more]


Assassination of the Former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri Term Paper

… Assination of Rafik Hariri: Extinguishing a Light in the Middle East

Lebanon is an oddity in the Middle East; a diverse cultural mixture that were it not for outside influences vying for power and control of the country might perhaps achieve a culturally and economically successful society. It has on more than one occasion in its war torn history attempted to do that. To become a Singapore of the Middle East; or at least such was the vision held by Lebanon's late former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri (he had resigned in 2004), who was assassinated in February, 2005 (Denoeux and Springborg, 1998, p. 158). "Consciously striving to emulate its putative Phoenician heritage, Lebanon was the only truly cosmopolitan Arab country (Denoeux and Springborg, 1998, p.…. [read more]


Interventionism From the Perspective Case Study

… These studies serve as the foundation for this present analysis.

Other studies have shown that foreign military intervention can easily be conducted even if they are in violation of the United Nations charter and lack authorization of the Security Council (Cassese 1999). This shows that countries can and do act on their own in engaging in interventionism. The motives for doing so are what this study plans to investigate.

A number of Western countries support humanitarian interventionism but they have not yet intervened in Syria. The reality behind humanitarian interventionism is that there are clear political, geopolitical, and economical consequences to every foreign intervention. Intervention is not merely a humanitarian crusade but rather a highly explosive affair that can cripple countries' infrastructures and have global…. [read more]


Arab-Israeli Conflict Research Proposal

… ¶ … establishment of the Israeli State and the long subsequent series Arab-Israeli wars over it has been at the heart of Middle Eastern conflict over six decades. The fundamental conflict between Israel and the Palestines displaced by the first offensive Arab attacks on the nascent Israeli state continues to fuel tensions throughout the entire region. Unlike many other conflicts that eventually reach a peaceful settlement, the intractable conflict over the Palestinian refugee issue has developed into a continuous cycle of violence that is not leading towards any agreement or peace. Complex issues of identities, fulfillment of basic needs, nationalism, religious zeal, and cultural differences have compounded the problem.

The various influences demand an objective analysis and a philosophical approach to laying groundwork for stability…. [read more]


U.S. Foreign Policy and the Middle East Term Paper

… U.S. Foreign Policy and the Middle East

At the time of writing this report, U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East has taken a new twist. Israel has chosen to demolish all norms of the international laws in bombing civilian targets in Lebanon and the U.S. government in its hurry to dismantle the terrorist organizations of the Middle East has chosen to support all Israeli actions. Europe once again fears that support for such gross violation of human rights and international laws will only strengthen terrorism and will be detrimental to the Western interests in the region.

Even our staunchest ally in Europe, United Kingdom, is finding it hard to defend the U.S. support for Israeli actions. Most of our European allies appear to be…. [read more]


Nations and Nationalism Since 1780? For E.J Essay

… Nations and Nationalism since 1780? For E.J. Hobsbawm

Analysis of Israel as Potential Destination for Conducting Business

Based on the opportunities created by globalization and market liberalization, more and more economic agents cross boundaries to geographically expand their businesses. The Middle East is generally a controversial territory, one in which contrasts are obvious between the few rich ones directly involved in the oil business and the poor majority, which finds it difficult to get skilled jobs or conduct agricultural activities to increase their food sustainability. Despite its location in this land, Israel is fairly different from its neighbors through elements such as reduced oil supplies or economic and industrial diversification. The aim of this report is to critically assess the country and offer a solid…. [read more]


Economic Strategies in the Middle East What Emerging Strategy Is Winning Term Paper

… Economic Strategies in the Middle East: What Emerging Strategy Is Winning?

This paper analyzes the drivers of economic growth in five Middle Eastern countries: Israel, Qatar, Dubai, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Despite the disparate nature of their economic and political strategies, all five countries are enjoying significant growth.

The strategies for growth are analyzed according to a set of indicators which indicate the future trajectory of these countries' growth rates, and the sources for this economic growth.

The paper concludes that four of the five countries will continue to enjoy significant growth rates. Saudi Arabia, however, will continue to struggle despite high demand and high prices for its primary extractive resources.

As knowledge-based industries and political stability grow in the other four countries, they should…. [read more]


Middle East -- a Region of Ancient Term Paper

… Middle East -- a region of ancient conflicts and changing American policies

The Middle East has always been an important region in the modern diplomatic history of the United States. But "if the chief natural resource of the Middle East were bananas, the region would not have attracted the attention of U.S. policymakers as it has for decades." (Richman, 1991) Economically, the Middle East is a critical source of oil, the fuel that propels the productivity of America and the entire industrialized world. But the availability of oil is not merely a matter of dollars and cents for the U.S. The nations that control the sources of these vital fossil fuels have additional political power, in comparison to their neighbors, as well as economic capital.…. [read more]


Muhammad Ali in Egypt Thesis

… But they took away, for five centuries, the possibility of an independent Arab-dom, and Arab nationalists bore them considerable ill-will for it[footnoteRef:13]. The only 'Arab' state conquered by the Turks which was not in irremediable decay, was the Mamluk state of Egypt and Syria[footnoteRef:14]. The Mamluks themselves were a dynasty of Turkish slaves; and in any case they afterwards succeeded, as did all the North African provinces, in enjoying internal autonomy under Ottoman suzerainty. The claim that the caliphate had been transmitted to the Ottoman sultans was made only late in the history of the Empire. It was as Turkish rulers that they held their power, and only secondarily (if at all) as vice-regents of the Prophet. They preserved and even sharpened the distinction between…. [read more]


Hamas and Fatah: Palestinian Territories Term Paper

… ¶ … Politics [Foreign Policy Questions and Answers

Both Hamas and Fatah continue in their struggle for political control of the Palestinian Territories and economic control of the support that comes from outside. This has led to open fighting along factional lines. What impact do you think this will have on the region and on the efforts to find peace with Israel?

The present Hamas vs. Fatah political and other factionalism in Palestine clearly will not and cannot help the peace process. Palestinians must be united and sincere in a desire for peace; and (at least in my own opinion) this has not ever happened and is clearly not happening now. There has been much more (albeit always-evaporated, at least so far) hope for peace…. [read more]


Iran Intelligence Essay

… There are Directorates for Iraq; Lebanon, Palestine, and Jordan; Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India; Turkey and the Arabian Peninsula; Asian countries of the former Soviet Union, Western nations (Europe and North America), and North Africa."[footnoteRef:9] This depth of influence should not be easily discounted. Many of those in these areas have problems with Israeli-American propaganda. There is a growing body of evidence shows Iran's ties to weapons transportation and distribution.[footnoteRef:10] And it is this capacity that reinforces how well a nation like Iran can still present itself as being bigger in reality than it may be in truth as a war power. [8: Global Security. Qods (Jerusalem) Force, Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC - Pasdaran-e Inqilab) GlobalSecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/intell/world/iran/qods.htm. (Accessed December 14, 2011).] [9: A. Cordesman, Iran's…. [read more]


Arafat's Images Examined Arafat's Origins and Early Essay

… Arafat's Images Examined

Arafat's Origins and Early Life

Oslo

Clinton Camp David Summit and the "Clinton Parameters"

Arafat's Death and Legacy

Yasser Arafat has been described throughout his career, both by many detractors and supporters, as the "father of the Palestinian people." The view in Colin Shindler's A History of Modern Israel provides a more pro-Israel approach and accurately describes Arafat in all of his duplicitous glory. In this essay, the author strives to provide additional support with other portrayals of Yasser Arafat in an attempt to enhance Shindler's portrayal of the deceased leader of the PLO, Fatah and the Palestinian Authority (PA).

This admirable study faithfully retells Israel's national story, Shindler mostly concentrates on how the Jewish Commonwealth has been historically unable to fulfill…. [read more]


European Colonialism in the Middle East History Essay

… European Colonialism in the Middle East

History reveals how the European powers carved out their own colonies in the Middle East, partly for the sheer power of ownership and domination, and partly due to Europe's need for the valuable resources that the Middle East could provide. These power grabs have had a profound effect on the lives of the people in those nations. This paper will review and critique two countries in the Middle East that came under the colonial authority of European nations -- Iran and Egypt.

The Literature on Impacts of European Colonial Activity: David Seddon describes colonialism as the "process and later the system" through which the powers in Europe "intervened in, occupied, settled and defined as 'colonies'" (Seddon, 2004). Moreover, some…. [read more]


Christian Missionary Work in Iraq Today Research Paper

… Family. Pursuant to mixture of shari'a law and civil law, men are the heads of the household and of Iraqi society.

Some indication of the composition of contemporary Iraqi families can be discerned from the breakdown of the current Iraqi population provided in Table 2 and depicted graphically in a population pyramid in Figure 2 below.

Table 2

Demographic Breakdown of Iraqi Society Today

Age Group

Percentage of Population

Males

Females

0-14 years

37.2%

6,029,869

5,818,752

15-24 years

19.6%

3,175,754

3,082,880

25-54 years

35.8%

5,823,608

5,585,217

55-64 years

4.2%

637,889

698,691

65 years and over

3.2%

467,858

537,963

Source: CIA World Factbook at https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/

Figure 2. Population Pyramid for Iraq: 2014

Source: CIA World Factbook at https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/

A Survey of Mission Work

History of Mission…. [read more]


Military Development of Hezbollah Dissertation

… Terrorists, politicians, social reformers, paramilitary, liberators; Hezbollah has worn many hats. The most striking feature of this organization though is the incredible evolution the world has witnessed since its inception in 1982 (Kalibi, 1988). Initially, Hezbollah emerged as a liberation minded militia following the Israeli occupation of Lebanon. Though the organization merely hundreds strong flew under a banner of peace and rightful restoration of national sovereignty in fact it was Hezbollah which first utilized suicide bombers as strategic military ordinances in an effort to affect the outcome sought. This initial violence and bloodshed though begot a multifaceted organization which has actually taken a stand not against militia action against "imperialist or Zionist" forces per se but against the unnecessary loss of civilian life (Ajami, 1986).…. [read more]


Iran Instability Thesis

… ]

Rise in occurrences of terrorism

It was back in 1979 when Islamic Revolution was complete and since then Iran has grown consistently to be among those countries that actively support terrorism and terrorist cells across the world. Tehran is one the major states in Iran that is reputed to have equipped, educated, monetarily supported, stimulated, prepared, and otherwise encouraged a large number of terrorist groups through the years. Iran has been known to support not just terrorist cells in the Persian Gulf region, but have also been known to support additional terrorist cells and groups in the regions of Lebanon, Palestine, Bosnia and Philippines amongst other places. This encouragement and backup has sustained to stay strong in recent times as well: the U.S. administration…. [read more]


al-Assad: Religious Minority Rule in Syria Research Paper

… al-Assad family has ruled Syria with an iron fist for the past 40 years, and the fallout from the recent uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa have also affected the Syrian people. The purpose of this research is to explore how the al-Assad family, members of a religious minority, came to power in Syria, and what that has meant for the Syrian people. To this end, this study examines how the Alawi sect came to power in Syria from a historiographic and religious studies perspective, and what the implications of the recent revolutions in neighboring countries might be for the ruling elite in Syria. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the study's conclusion.



How a…. [read more]

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