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Type II Diabetes Prevention in the Adult Population Research Proposal

… Type II Diabetes Prevention

While modern lifestyles and medical care have certainly improved the longevity of humans in the developed world, and contributed to a greater quality of life scenario, those same lifestyles have engendered a number of issues that contribute to disease. Lack of proper diet, fast food, high fat and carbohydrate diets without adequate fruits and vegetables, lack of exercise, smoking and alcohol contribute to an epidemic of obesity which, in turn, contributes to a serious metabolic disorder called Diabetes Mellitus Type 2. While not managed by insulin injections, it is nevertheless quite serious and has a number of progressing symptoms that, if not treated properly, can result in cardiovascular, renal and neurological problems, as well as amputation, ocular issues, and even cognitive…. [read more]

Network Research Encountering -- and Countering Research Paper

… Network Research

Encountering -- and Countering -- Unstructured Attacks: Current Issues in Network Security Monitoring

As technology and information networks continue to grow in complexity and in sheer size, and as they become more prevalent and important to industries and organizations of all sorts, the problems encountered in network security and network security monitoring are themselves growing in number and complexity. Hardware changes, software developments, and an ever-adapting range of purposeful and accidental security threats through unauthorized activity have led to the rapid evolution of network security monitoring in many ways, while at the same time certain basic elements and frameworks for understanding issues remain the same. This juxtaposition of the old and the new in the world of network security monitoring means that basic…. [read more]

Role of Research Problem Research Paper

… Another benefit of quantitative research is that it eliminates bias and favoritism from the responses. The respondents are given specific choices to choose their answers from. Thus, they are bound to answer within the set boundaries or dimensions (Sandelowski & Barroso, 2007).

b. Challenges:

Researchers face a number of challenges when they conduct quantitative research. First of all, they cannot use quantitative research in social science, human psychology, and natural sciences because these fields require more subjective responses rather than simple 'Yes' or 'No' (Rubin & Babbie, 2011). Secondly, facts and figures used in quantitative research cannot be generalized with confidence as compared to qualitative research (Cooper & Schindler, 2013).

2. Role of the Research Problem in Choosing an Appropriate Methodology

The research problem for…. [read more]

Security Issues Creating a Site Using Trend Research Proposal

… security issues creating a site using trend technologies such as PHP and MySQL

My research proposal is about the security issues creating a site using trend technologies such as PHP and mySQL. My research will expand in what are the security threats using such technologies and what are the solutions that these technologies provide as well as what are their future goals to overcome the security issues.

This paper investigates the various security issues that are involved with the creation of various forms of websites. It the subject matter through a review a variety of literature that is dedicated to the security of data and content that is available or exchanged on websites. Our focus is however concentrated on the use of various forms of…. [read more]

Nursing Research and Evidence-Based Practice Essay

… The data collected in routine care is aimed at ensuring the patient receives the highest standard of care. Therefore, principles such as anonymity are not ensured because the data is only meant to be for provision of care. Forms used in routine care often have the patient's name or number and can be easily traced to a particular patient. Secondly, in routine care, interviewer bias is not a concern because the interviewer rarely has an angle since they are only collecting data aimed at ensuring the patient gets the appropriate care. The principle of supplementary data is common in both the routine data collection and in research because the nurse has to be observant about the patient's surrounding. Principles that are new include those of…. [read more]

Concise Analysis of Research Methodologies A-Level Outline Answer

… Lastly, ratio data considers the group of teenagers that undergo rehabilitation and the group that do not.

Module 3

Briefly describe the primary role of Literature Review in a "quantitative" research study and the primary role of Literature Review in a "qualitative" research study

Literature review serves key purposes in qualitative research. First, the literature review reveals the underlying assumptions behind the research questions that are fundamental to the research proposal. Second, the literature review offers a manner in which a novice researcher is able to persuade the proposal reviewers that she is well-informed about the associated research and the intellectual customs that support the proposed study. Third, the literature review offers the researcher a chance to ascertain any gap that might exist in the…. [read more]

Statistics in Research and Analysis the Experiments Research Paper

… ¶ … Statistics in Research and Analysis

The experiments, analysis and statistics-5

Uses of statistics in experiments and research-5

Tools of Analysis-7

Experimental Design-9

Common uses in every day life-12


This paper concerns itself with the use of statistics as a means and the important tool in research and analysis -- both in the scientific and social sphere. Statistics can be defined as a study of variability and enumeration. It tries to quantify and enumerate uncertain things in a scientific manner. That is because there is an element of uncertainty in all affairs of research and information processing. For example measurements made by scientists and other people are mostly uncertain in some way. One example cited by Kault…. [read more]

Data Collection Essay

… There are ethical codes of conducts that every researcher should follow when conducting research. There are guidelines established by the American Psychological Association (APA) that govern research in the field of Human Services. The rights of the participants must be protected. Many researchers utilize computer software such as Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) or Microsoft Excel to store and analyze data.

Software's such as Excel or SPSS were designed to store data, compute data, generate charts and tables for data. Researchers rely on this software to store and compute data, because it makes it easier to complete analysis in a timely manner with less human error during calculations. In the past these calculations were done manually, however today technology such as SPSS and Excel…. [read more]

Aviation Fatigue Has Been Recognized Research Paper

… Undoubtedly, night shift can be attributed to worsened job performance and decreased safety levels (Monk and Folkard, 1985). Employee witnessing role stressors around them can also develop an intense form of stressors on their own if they go through disruption in shift rotations. People working in fixed shifts would find a more muted relationship in between stress and role stressors. Hence, our hypothesis is:

H1: People working in fixed shifts would have a weaker relationship between stress and role stressors compared to those working in rotating shifts.

Methodology for the first Hypothesis:

1. Identification of the experimental unit: This study will choose a small sample size (n=50) to carry out the experiment. This is because Saunders et al. (2003) reveals that a smaller sample size…. [read more]

Data Warehousing: A Strategic Weapon Term Paper

… On the basis of information provided by Information Sciences at the University of California-Berkley (1997), there are a number of defining features associated with data warehousing as contrasted with the attributes of operational applications. These include the following:

The data warehouse is oriented around the major subjects of the enterprise, e.g., customer, vendor, product and productivity. Hence it focuses on data modeling and database design exclusively, and it excludes data that is not useful for DSS processing. In contrast, the operational applications are designed around processes and functions, e.g., loans, savings, bank card and trust for a financial institution. Consequently, they are concerned both with database design and process design, and they contain data that satisfies immediate functional/processing requirements.

There are differences in orientation between…. [read more]

concise Analysis of Research Quantitative Report Research Paper

… Hence, there is a need to use more of scientific and psychological research on attendees (non-tourists as well as tourists), for understanding underlying motives. Accommodating these motives may encourage attendees to visit again, thereby increasing festival footfalls over time.

iii. Further studies must focus on the empirical assessment of events' contribution to destination image formation, with particular attention to the impacts an event's positioning and branding strategies have on destination branding policies. Study findings may have particular value for tourism managers, when developing destination brands that support investment and marketing plans, devised carefully to contest with other destinations having similar characteristics (Jose Manuel Hernandez-Mogollon, Jose Antonio, & Paulo Alexandre Oliveira Duarte, 2014).


Athena H.N. Mak, Margaret L, Anita E, & Richard C.Y. Chang. (2016).…. [read more]

Evidence for Association Between Type 2 Diabetes Essay

… ¶ … Type 2 Diabetes

and intake of Fruits and Vegetables

Diabetes Mellitus has become one of the major chronic diseases affecting more than 220 million people around the world. [WHO, 2009] In Australia too the incidence of diabetes is on the rise with current estimates indicating that more than 1.7 million people are affected by the condition. Of these more than 85 to 90% are type 2 diabetes and on an average 275 people are diagnosed with diabetes everyday. [Diabetes Australia, (2010)] What is more alarming is the increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes among younger generation. However, it is believed that healthy eating habits, active lifestyles and effective blood glucose control can help prevent up to 60% of type 2 diabetes cases. [Diabetes…. [read more]

Planning for Data Collection Essay

… Data Collection Method & Plan

The most popular method of research for the scenario is the survey because of the flexibility it provides (Keough V.A. & Tanabe, 2011 Jan). The questionnaire is appropriate because it asks questions that are clear and concise, are measurable, and take the variables into consideration. The questions presented define the expected outcomes and drives the project design.

The variables used for the survey include patient wait time, staff friendliness, treatment delivery, and if the participant would recommend the service to others. A comment section was added at the end of the questionnaire to provide the participant opportunity for more input and suggestions as well as ensure the seriousness of wanting their input. For the first three variables, three specific questions…. [read more]

Travel Agents Analysis Term Paper

… Travel Agents Analysis

The following pages will focus on providing an outlook on the situation of the U.K. tourism in general, and of travel agents in particular. The main aspects brought under discussion by this research paper regard the differences between traditional travel agents, on the one hand, and of e-tourism, on the other hand. Also, future trends in the field are presented, together with recommendations designed for improving travel agents' activity.

The introduction presents the importance of the problem and its implications. Also, the introduction provides a brief presentation of the research methodology used in this paper.

The following section focuses on establishing the hypotheses and the objectives of the research, as the starting point of any research. This is a very important section…. [read more]

Data Centers Research Paper

… ¶ … centre can be described as a "…computer system's most important and vulnerable component" (What is a Data Center?). In simple terms, a data center is a physical area which houses and contains the computer networks and critical data systems. These can also include, among others, backup power supplies, air conditioning, and security applications, as well as large amounts of valuable data (What is a Data Center?).

A more comprehensive definition of a data center is as follows: "A data center (sometimes spelled datacenter) is a centralized repository, either physical or virtual, for the storage, management, and dissemination of data and information organized around a particular body of knowledge or pertaining to a particular business" ( Data Center).

An obvious example of a data…. [read more]

Statistical Analysis of Restaurant Patrons Term Paper

… Statistical Analysis of Restaurant Patrons

What type of research question (ie: descriptive, comparative, relationship) is being asked by the researchers?

The research question being asked by the researchers is that of comparing the expression on a patrons' face in a restaurant being a predictor of the percentage of tip given to their waiter or waitress. The researchers are using a comparative model to see if there are statistically significant differences between those groups that do not exhibit a happy face, as designated by the variable name NHF (No Happy Face) versus those patrons who exhibit a happy face (HF). The intent of this analysis is to see if there is a significant difference between the control group in this analysis (which is the NHF group)…. [read more]

United States Term Paper

… The reasoning behind 100 is also because it's easier to split it into percentages and that amount will provide enough variety over time to satisfy my research question. I need to know just how effectively specific legal restrictions and punishments can affect the decline of substance abuse; this takes time and takes a fairly large number of people to sample.

To identify the variables, or factors, that will determine the success of legal punishments in curbing substance abuse can be selected through research of methods of punishment and the success rate over time. If, for instance, probation with drug testing proves successful over time with 100 people sampled, (i.e. went through drug testing during probation), then that can be a variable that will determine the…. [read more]

Demographic Perception Survey of Patients Research Proposal

… " (Isaac, 2000) Issac (2005) additionally states that women with "an intermediate-probability profile, who are able to exercise and how have a normal resting ECG, should undergo ECG testing with Duke Treadmill Score (DTS)." (Isaac, 2005)

Isaac stress imaging studies should be performed "in the case of non-diagnostic ECG stress testing or in the presence of baseline ECG abnormalities." (2000) In addition it is reported that "pharmacologic stress using nuclear or echocardiographic techniques can be performed where the patient cannot exercise adequately." (Isaac, 2000) Finally, Isaac (2000) reports that women with a high probability of CAD should "undergo stress testing with DTS or coronary angiography, depending on the severity and stability of symptoms." (Isaac, 2000)

Features of Atypical Chest Pain include those as follows:

(1)…. [read more]

Role of Research in Social Essay

… 8. Were the conclusions consistent with the findings? Are the findings generalizable beyond the study? Why or why not?

The conclusion of the research study is consistent with the findings of the experiment as illustrated by the author. In the conclusion of the experiment, the researcher notes on the explicable variation of the forces affecting the growth and development of the children in the context of gay and lesbian marriages. Some of the factors in line with the findings of the experiment include lack of social support, stress exposure thus persistent stigma, and absence of the legal security for the parental and relationship statuses. These are representative of the findings of the research. It is also essential to note on the concept of generalization of…. [read more]

Healthcare Environment, Palese Research Paper

… For example, the study uses the SPSS for the analysis to enhance accuracy of data. The study also uses both inferential and descriptive statistical method to enhance accuracy of the data analysis.

b. The descriptive statistics used are the means, percentages, and standard deviations frequencies.

c. The inferential statistics reported "examined the relations between the variables of interest, using correlation and regression analysis." (Palese, et al. 2011 345).

d. Yes, the inferential statistics used in the study is appropriate for the research questions.

e. The study report a level of significant, which is < 0.05.

f. No, the study does not report the reliability.

9. Analysis of Findings and Discussions

a. Yes, the findings support the research questions. For example, the study provides findings on…. [read more]

Relationship Between Different Personality Types and Addiction to Drugs and Alcohol Term Paper

… Personality Type as a Predictor of Addictions

Evidence linking substance abuse, either alcohol or other substances, to an increased incidence of personality disorders. This study expands on previous studies and explores the link between happiness and depression stemming from a number of personality disorders. The hypothesis postulates that a link correlation will be found between a higher incidence of depression as a result of personality disorder and alcoholism. Those that experience happiness as a result of their personality disorder are expected to be less likely to become involved in substance abuse. The study will use MCMI to assess the presence of personality disorder and happiness or depression in the participant. It will take place at a local residential substance abuse treatment program.


The ability…. [read more]

To Wood and Haber ) Research Paper

… Sample

88 wards from 34 general hospitals were included in this sample size. Through statistical analysis, the researchers decided to set the sample size at 223 patients. For the experiment however, 1971 questionnaires were distributed to surgical patients admitted in the hospital. 1659 of the samples were returned and of these 1565 were eligible for further processing. The sampling procedures in this experiment are appropriate for the aims of the research. The sample is large enough and varied enough to create an ideal situation for data analysis. By all discernable means, it appears that no one's rights were violated in this study.

Data Collection

The data for this experiment was collected in the Fall of 2009 where each admitted patient for planned or urgent surgery…. [read more]

Online Consumer Behaviors Research Paper

… However, there is room for further research to provide insights into exactly what relationships might be present regarding these factors.

Research was conducted through a self-given online questionnaire. Data was collected concerning the scale items of attitude, motivations and searches of information. The group consisted of students in three different age categories. The first grouping consisted of individuals between the ages of 15 and 24, the second group was between 25-34 years old, and the last group fell between the ages of 35 and 44. The 35- to 44-year-old group was rated as first in Internet buying. The 25- to 30-year-olds were next, followed by the younger group. Further data was also collected through email and administered questionnaires. A sample of two hundred students was…. [read more]

Concise Analysis of Final Mini Methods Paper Research Paper

… In particular, Louisiana incarcerates more of its people, per head, in comparison to any of its counterparts in the United States. The state has approximately 38,000 people in prison, a rate of 816 per 100,000 (Chang, 2012). This makes the state a suitable location for the study.

The recruitment of participants for the study will largely be aided by a local support agency that works in tandem with families experiencing problems associated with incarceration. Accessing children and adolescents whose parents have been incarcerated can be a daunting task. Making use of the local agency, therefore, will ease the process of locating and recruiting participants. Handouts, leaflets and posters with detailed information will be posted in and around the selected agency to familiarise the general population…. [read more]

Online Purchases? Research Paper

… Table 1

Measurement categories for online consumer behaviors








< 21 years

21-29 years

30-39 years

40-49 years

>50 years

This breakdown is congruent with the approach used by Shergill and Chen (2005) in their study of online consumer behaviors. These data will be presented in tabular form and depicted graphically as shown in Table 1 above. This approach is consistent with the guidance provided by Chaudron who recommends that, "Whenever creating surveys, decide how to analyze, chart and graph the data before subjects complete them. This approach avoids bias when there is no set procedure for analysis, and reduces last-minute panic when the data comes flooding in" (p. 6).The two-part proforma survey instrument is set forth in Table…. [read more]

concise Analysis of a Qualitative Study Research Paper

… Every statistic in the report forms part of the report's text. While the report isn't redundant, comprehensive information on analyses conducted has not been presented.

9. State the findings on Page 242 in words, including information about mean and p-value.

P-values in the report are utilized to compare the community cluster with the intervention cluster. Significant values have been obtained for the following variables: 'Parenting Sense of Competence' and 'Maternal Confidence' (p<0.05). Mean values are found to significantly vary between the community cluster and the intervention cluster.

10. Explain what the OR and CI information means regarding the prediction of post-intervention settling time.

'CI' or confidence interval denotes the uncertainty linked to a sampling technique. If an identical sampling technique was employed for choosing samples…. [read more]

Rick Houser's Book Counseling Questionnaire

… They are men who have improved and consummated their physical, mental, spiritual, and psychic organizations to the extreme conceivable degree. With the vision they have picked up, have contemplated, and recorded the accurate Science of the Universe. In fact, present-day science tries to get closer and closer to this Knowledge. However, that Knowledge as of recently exists. It gave us a chance to recall that that this aged Knowledge can never show signs of change any more than immaculate math can change, in any event for our present earth-cycle. Current science must be judged with all considerations of Theosophy and not the other way round because science changes with time while Theosophy like everlasting truth is constant.

What is of true worth to us is…. [read more]

Online Consumerism Internet Usage Research Paper

… The students were divided into three categories from the ages of 15-44. The first group was between the ages of 15-44, second group was 25-34 and the last group was between ages 35-44. The latter group ranked first in internet usage followed by the second group and lastly the younger group. The sample population included 200 students who were surveyed in person and 300 students who filled the email survey but 406 responded while the remaining did not participate. Data analysis used quantitative approach. Reliability analysis was formulated and used to test the obtained data. Howard (2004) argues that, "Canonical analysis was also used to help understand the data and build a framework around online consumer behavior" (p. 55).

The survey displayed that the survey…. [read more]

Influence of Branding on Consumer Purchasing Behavior Research Proposal

… Branding Strategies

Assessing the Influence of branding on consumer purchase behavior is begins with an analysis of how the accumulated effects of marketing strategies contribute to the permanency of branding and their accumulative effects on consumers. The impact of Web 2.0 technologies (Bernoff, Li, is re-ordering the dynamics of branding on a global scale based on social networking. Broader still is the cultural assimilation of branding on a global scale. Learning and cultural assimilation is actually becoming more pervasive as a result of more effective branding strategies that are being implemented. This cultural assimilation and focus isn't at the expense of cultural richness and identity at a local level however. Research completed in this dissertation shows that branding and messaging is interpreted and synthesized…. [read more]

Virtual Training in Corporate Research Paper

… Organization Selection Part A -- We identified 15 organizations that met the above criteria and contacted their HR Manager or Head of Training. From the 15 organizations, we were able to set up 30 minute interviews with 3; A -- Manufacturing, B- Travel Services, C- Construction. In addition, we mailed out 126 one-page questionnaires (See Appendix A), and received 48 viable and completed returns (38%)


Quantitative - 48 viable questionnaires were returned. All of the 48 organizations had been using virtual training for 12 months and all had either a dedicated training department or a dedicated training manager. Each organization also exclusively now used virtual training for new-employee orientation, regardless of the location, largely to ensure that each employee had access to exactly the…. [read more]

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