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Movement All Good Things Essay

… Ultimately, however, the May 4th Movement was an important movement for the Left in China, and presented a counter-argument to the present problems that had prompted the beginning of the May 4th Movement in the first place. The removal of traditional Chinese culture had a big impact on the country, but Communism has taken shape as a culture promoter now, and the two ways of life are being made to work more seamlessly. The rejection of Confucian values was a parting from thousands of years of history for China, and many Chinese still believe in his virtues even if it is against the better nature of the state apparatus on Mainland China.

The Great Depression, which would engulf the rest of the world, had a…. [read more]

Abolition Movement Research Proposal

… ¶ … abolitionist movement in American and when did it take place? For many Americans who are only vaguely knowledgeable about the abolitionist movement before and around the time of the Civil War, they may believe that is was a few Caucasians who offered hiding places for runaway slaves. In part, that is true. But according to Pulitzer-Prize-winning historian Steven Hahn, "The abolitionist movement was made chiefly of people of African descent"

(Hahn, 2009). The fact is that in the 1830s and 1840s in the Northern states, such as Wisconsin, Minnesota, New York State, Pennsylvania and elsewhere, blacks were often welcomed into the "public sphere of politics," Hahn states. Conventions and public meetings were often organized by blacks who were former slaves -- and at…. [read more]

Abolitionist Movement Term Paper

… Abolitionist movement played a crucial role in destroying slavery from the United States and the European countries where the practice was legal and an acceptable institution. Right from the 1808 Atlantic slave trade act to the passage of the 1964 civil rights act, the abolitionist movement was instrumental in transforming America into a nation of equal rights for all, irrespective of race, sex, religion or nationality. Though this political achievement marked a big constitutional victory, the social reform, which had to follow, took a very long time.

The abolitionist movement was active in the eighteenth and the nineteenth centuries. From a purely a black resistance movement against their masters in the 16th century, the abolitionist movement gained strength and found active involvement from the white…. [read more]

Civil Rights Movement in America the Struggle Term Paper

… Civil Rights Movement in America

The struggle for the Civil Rights of the African-Americans have their roots in the slave trade era and the resulting pressure to let go the slaves in the southern states increasing every passing year during the emancipation of slaves period. The movement can be traced to as early as 1800 when Absalom Jones and several other blacks living in Philadelphia petitioned Congress against the notion of enslavement and slave trade and challenging the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793.

The heat for recognition of civil rights took centre stage with the Court ruling that the Civil Rights Act of 1875 which sought to give "all full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of inns, public conveyances on…. [read more]

Bury the Chains Term Paper

… Abolition of Slavery

Abolition of European Empires' Slaves

From sixteenth to early nineteenth century, European imperial powers practiced slavery as if it was a normal way of running business. The institution of slavery for many powerful entities in Europe was essential for maintaining their positions of political and economic power. Slavery helped Europeans to enrich themselves and increase their military power, gaining military edge over their rivals, and played a significant role in strengthening Europe's overall position in world affairs. While Europeans enslaved many people around the world, the crucial to Europe was the Atlantic slave trade and sugar plantations in the Caribbean. And whereas slave owners and slave traders often received the blessings of their political as well as religious leaders, many people increasingly…. [read more]

Historical Social Movement Abolition and Woman Suffrage Essay

… ¶ … Social Movement -Abolition & Woman Suffage

Abolition Questions:

Stewart and Truth both managed to instill intense feelings in their audiences primarily because of their courage and because they were well-acquainted with the fact that they needed to have people emotionally involved in their stories in order to be listened properly. These women provided audiences with unquestionable arguments and made it possible for people to understand that things were going to change in the future.

By claiming that "white men will be in a fix pretty soon" (Truth 26), Truth demonstrated that she was well-acquainted with the fact that reform was around the corner. Similarly, Stewart emphasizes that suffering does not happen in vain and that future communities are going to learn from all…. [read more]

Abolitionist Movement Black Africans Helped Research Paper

… However, in 1830 black leaders differed on the best strategies that they were to use in struggling against slavery and discrimination after they started meeting frequently in national conventions. A section like Henry Highland Garnet and David Walker were for the idea of slaves to revolt and overthrow their masters while Paul Cuffe and Russwurm were for the idea that a major modern black within Africa. But through the support of the white American Colonization Society in 1822, black Americans were able to establish Liberia in West Africa, (Morgan, Edmund, 2003). But as time passed by black leaders considered themselves as American and they had a feeling that their problems could be solved through more struggle while they were at home.

When slavery was extended…. [read more]

Women's Rights Movement in American History Term Paper

… ¶ … Women's Rights Movement - Annotated Bibliography

Mezey, Susan Gluck. Elusive Equality: Women's Rights, Public Policy and the Law.

Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2003. 340 pages ISBN 158826176X.

This highly-authoritative work examines how United States government entities and institutions, being the executive branch, the U.S. Congress and state legislatures and the federal courts, have affected the legal status of women, both past and present. By examining relevant judicial and public policy issues, Susan Gluck Mezey explores the legal parameters of gender equality and inequality, beginning roughly with the abolition movement prior to the American Civil War and up to the early 20th century when women fought hard battles for suffrage equality. The text is divided into nine chapters and contains a complete bibliography…. [read more]

Secularism as Political Movement and Cultural Formation Essay

… Secularism as Political Movement and Cultural Formation

French Revolution

The Pre-Revolution Iran and secularism

Secularism as political movement and cultural formation

Revolutions in France, America, and Iran are the contemporary instances where revolution was used as a tool to further the secularist perspective, in culture and national institutions. These instances have also strengthened the notion that these must be coherent effort to secularize the societies where religion had gripped not only the state institutions but also the society. Secularism as a social and institutional idea has long been struggling within the western society, from France to the U.S. Secularist movements have helped further the national agendas and nationalism in the west and French revolution is an appropriate case whereby the control of monarchy was challenged.…. [read more]

Consequences of the Abolition of Slavery on Blacks Term Paper

… Consequences of Abolition on Ex-Slaves

Drawbacks of the 13th Amendment

Most people view the abolition of slavery in a positive light. The 13th amendment is credited with ending slavery and involuntary servitude "except as punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted" (NPS, 1997). Though the emancipation of slaves was at first viewed as a triumphant success for the people it affected, there were many drawbacks. Most of the slaves that were freed did not embark on a life filled with the pursuit of happiness and freedom.

Instead many slaves actually struggled to survive and make ends meat in a society that still looked upon ex-slaves as 'second class citizens.' The notion of ex- slaves as second class citizens the many hardships…. [read more]

Slavery in the Caribbean: Effects Research Paper

… These movement mobilised groups to resist the slavery rule by boycotting duties and calling for better treatment by their masters. They acted as an inspiration to the people who followed their example to fight for their rights and bring to an end the slavery. Women also played a major role in the fight against slavery and slave rule. They resisted using various means, which contributed in the fight against slavery. These forms included refusal to work, this was a bold step since their labour, productivity capacity was significant to their masters, and refusal to perform duties had an impact on the production capacity. The resistance by the women was collective and was for the interest of their future off springs not to go through the…. [read more]

John Brown's Harper's Ferry Raid Essay

… Given that Southerners had threatened to secede if a Republican was elected President, Lincoln's assessment of John Brown's raid was clearly shaped by self-interest. Calling Brown's efforts "peculiar," Lincoln characterized the raid as "an attempt by white men to get up a revolt among slaves, in which the slaves refused to participate" (as quoted in Abraham Lincoln Online). Lincoln's remarks were disingenuous because the slaves' failure to participate in the raid was due to the likelihood of failure because of John Brown's military ineptitude; it was not due to slaves wanting to continue to be slaves. The fact that white men led the revolt should not have been construed as interference on their part, as Lincoln's remark suggested. The involvement of black leaders, including Frederick…. [read more]

Black Women Contribute Term Paper

… Of course, all women were seen as the same as well -- similarly in need of male protection. ("The Influence of Prominent Abolitionists: The African-American Mosaic," The Black Mosaic Library of Congress Website 2005)

Analogies between black struggles and female oppression were unpopular in churches, as God had decreed a difference between males and female. Even in non-affiliated venues, the image of females as the weaker of the sexes was accepted, and supported by escaped female slaves who used their hard labor and separation from their children as evidence of the lack of gentleness and dignity inherent in slavery for women.

In fact, the domestic ideology, as expressed by Harriet Beecher Stowe in her landmark novel Uncle Tom's Cabin, made use of the differences between…. [read more]

Religion and Slavery Term Paper

… He then described many other instances of cruelty towards slaves including the killing of a slave named Demby," who was shot in cold blood by a ruthless and cruel slave master. (Douglass, Chapter 4)

It was not until Douglass was moved to Baltimore that he first mentions the Good Lord. He had been transferred to family named the Aulds, relatives of his former master, and when he saw the pleasant conditions he would be experiencing, he was overjoyed. Douglass interpreted this new life "as a special interposition of divine Providence in my favor." And "This good spirit was from God, and to him I offer thanksgiving and praise." (Douglass, Chapter 5)

But Douglass would learn that even the kindest and more religious people can turn…. [read more]

Since 1500 a History of World Societies Term Paper

… ¶ … 1500 History of World Societies

European average income per person began to rise in comparison with the rest of the world beginning in about Answer:

1450 b. 1650 c. 1750 d. 1850

All of the following statements characterize world economic development in the 19th century except:

industrialization generated global inequity in wealth and power.

railroads drastically reduced transportation costs.

the opening of the Suez and Panama canals facilitated trade.

the world's leader in importing foreign goods was America.

All of the following technological innovations were crucial to European imperialist expansion in the late nineteenth century except:

the machine gun.

the telegraph.

c. quinine.

The airplane.

Causes of the so-called new imperialism (1880-1914) include all of the following except:


a. economic competition in…. [read more]

Abolitionist's Proposals and Methods Essay

… These ideological grounds would eventually lead to legislative change.

Other ideologies that opposed the institution of chattel slavery during abolitionism pertained directly to religion. As previously noted, Quakers had opposed slavery on moral grounds. This same sentiment intensified during the period of abolition, and, by aggregating sentiment based on Enlightenment philosophies, resulted in concrete legal change. Many states passed laws that either ended slavery or that significantly freed a percentage of the slave population 4. It is important to note that virtually all of the slaves to do so were located in the north of the country. Attempts were made to liberate slavery in parts of the south (some of which enjoyed limited success), but the agricultural-based economy was used to justify the tolerance of…. [read more]

Chattel Slavery and Race Relations Term Paper

… Slavery and Race Relations

Slavery was inconsistent with the ideals incorporated in the Constitution and yet it was allowed by the founding fathers because they wanted to preserve the Union at all costs. We must here understand that it is absolutely impossible for a country or any institution to operate with conflicting values. Slavery was an abominable practice, which should have been abolished immediately after the formation of United States Constitution because it clashed with the ideals of freedom and liberty for all. However while North had some reasons to oppose it, South had numerous others to maintain this oppressive institution.

It is important to bear in mind the arguments that were given against and in favor of slave trade and this will help us…. [read more]

Women's History the Passing Term Paper

… Although they were spaced a century apart, the American Revolutionary War and the American Civil War shared similar implications, as both helped a new nation define itself in theory and geographically. The first forged a new nation, independent of Great Britain; the other preserved the political and geographic integrity of that new nation. Both had wide-reaching social, political, and economic implications for all Americans. However, women were classified as second-class citizens during and after both wars. The Civil War freed the slaves but did not offer women the right to vote. Although women served their cause in many ways: from assuming the business duties of their husbands in combat to dressing like men and taking up arms, "few people seemed to appreciate women's efforts," (201).…. [read more]

Slavery Term Paper

… As Civil war began, the population of slave trade had increased by 4 million. Even though the basis of the slavery was racism, white owners and black women were widely engaged in sexual relations, basing their argument from the simple words in the Declaration of Independence "all men are created equal" the undid Aristotle's ancient formula of Thomas Jefferson, used in governing human affairs until 1776: "From the hour of their birth, some men are marked out for subjection, others for rule." Jefferson's original draft of the declaration, soaring, damning fiery prose, Jefferson describes slave trade to be execrable commerce and assemblage of horrors, he continue to describe it as a cruel war against human nature itself that violates its most sacred rights of life…. [read more]

Garvey the Duality of Garveyism Research Paper

… Garvey

The Duality of Garveyism in the Civil Rights Era

Marcus Garvey served as the template for the two most prominent archetypes of the American Civil Rights Era, with his bold Pan-Africanism providing the framework for the radical nationalist ideologies of Malcolm X and his dignified statesmanship and political objectivity providing the model for Martin Luther King.

At the time of his death, Marcus Garvey had already commanded an enormous influence over the identify of black Americans. With the stroke that claimed his life in 1940, Garvey would leave behind him a substantial legacy through his insertion into the public consciousness of ideas and actions precipitated upon the ambition to help free the United States from the deeply unequal system that had evolved in slavery's…. [read more]

Douglass Garrison Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Research Proposal

… Douglass Garrison

Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison and Abolition

The economic, social and ideological underpinnings of the American southland during the nation's formative decades were provided by the myriad assumptions which enabled the 'peculiar institution' of slavery. A functionality and permissiveness to the system that predisposed the nation's transplanted African population to servitude and obsequiousness was based not simply on the brutal enforcement of labor and inferiority, but even more fundamentally on the fostering of a sophisticated psychological conditioning centered on a drastic deviation from natural conceptions of that which defines a man and his inherent humanity. To create a reality in which the ownership of one many by another many could serve to promote a relative harmony for white dominance, it was incumbent upon…. [read more]

Women's Rights After the Civil War Term Paper

… Women's Rights After The Civil War

Given the overlap between the abolitionist and women's rights movements, one might have expected to see a significant change in women's rights at the end of the Civil War, following the end of slavery. After all, the two movements had been so closely intertwined, with advocates in both movements comparing their plights to one another's, that an increase in rights for those who had previously been slaves would have seemed to be naturally linked to an increase in rights for those who were treated as subordinate because of their gender. However, the reality was that abolition did not lead to an increase in women's rights. On the contrary, the women's rights movement seemed to lose some steam after the…. [read more]

Changes 1868-1968 Life Term Paper

… Women had already become legal voters in 1920 while blacks gained that right fairly for the first time in 1960s with Lyndon in power. Civil rights occupied the most pivotal position in the history of blacks after abolition of slavery because restricted access to civil rights as an American citizen gave birth to numerous problems and obstacles for blacks. For one, they were serious discriminated against in employment areas as Norgren and Hill wrote in their book, 'Toward Fair Employment' (1964) wrote:

Though discrimination in employment is now somewhat less frequent and certainly less overt than it was ten or twenty years ago, it still persists. At one extreme are the employers who do not hire Negroes in any capacity and take few pains to…. [read more]

Abraham Lincoln Past President of United States Term Paper

… Abraham Lincoln past president of United States of America, played a significant role during the American Civil War. He was recognized for his leadership and determination by many historians and laymen not only as American President but also the greatest American of all time. He started with little formal education but this never regarded him to be inferior among his fellowmen. His determination and perseverance put him to be a frontier lawyer and held the nation together through the worst crisis in its history (Abraham Lincoln, 2006a). There is no other president in American history faced the kind of problems that Abraham Lincoln faced upon taking his term. Immediately after his election, Southern states seceded from the Union to form the Confederate States of America…. [read more]

Political, Social, and Economic Reforms in Great Term Paper

… Political, Social, & Economic Reforms in Great Britain Through 1850

Between 1831 and 1850, Great Britain experienced numerous economical, political and social problems that threatened to literally tear the country apart. For many of those associated with the English government, especially the men that sat in the House of Lords and the House of Commons, it was clear that after the disastrous war with the American Colonies that England must somehow reform its laws and statutes that mostly affected the middle and lower classes. Thus, many new bills and acts were passed that in essence served as the dynamic process for change in Great Britain. The Industrial Revolution, which had vastly altered the social and economic face of England between 1750 and 1850, brought about…. [read more]

Dr. Martin Luther King Term Paper

… After publishing his poignant autobiography, Frederick Douglass went to England and Ireland to learn from the already established antislavery movement there. A few English friends bought Douglass his official freedom, and hence he would embark on a more active career as abolitionist, independent of Garrison.

Before, during, and after the Civil War, Douglass fought for blacks' rights and freedoms, including suffrage. He even allied himself with feminists and adopted the women's suffrage movement as part of his political agenda. After supporting Lincoln's campaign for presidency, Douglass became a friend and advisor to the president. Douglass encouraged Lincoln to take a more aggressive stance on the issue of slavery during the Civil War.

Lincoln's assassination and Johnson's presidency offered more challenges for Douglass and the outspoken…. [read more]

Women and Iran Term Paper

… It stated that "the women's education and training should be restricted to raising children, home economics and preserving the honor of the family." (A brief history of women's movements in Iran - II) Following the decree, on 20th January 1907, a large scale meeting was held by women in Tehran. This meeting called for the adoption of ten resolutions which included setting up a girls' school. A bolder resolution called for the abolition of the dowry system so as to allow that money to be spent on further education process that was aimed at helping women across the nation. (A brief history of women's movements in Iran - II)

In 1907 following the meeting, Bibi Vazirof opened the 'Madresseh Doushizegan' which was a school for…. [read more]

Hannah More Like Many Abolitionists Term Paper

… Therefore, liberty and abolition represent the true Christian doctrine, one based on humility, kindness, and liberty. More further denounces the professed spirituality of slave owners in the following stanza: "Thy followers only have effac'd the shame / Inscrib'd by SLAVERY on the Christian name," (249-250). Slavery has marred the name of Christianity because plantation owners avidly profess their connections to God. More tries to address the effacing of true Christianity in her poetry by employing religious imagery in connection with her discussion of libery. She sums up her abolitionist argument in the final three stanzas of "The Slave Trade." As her diction and tone become more passionate and evangelical, Hannah More lauds the power of Liberty as a quality of spiritual truth and as an…. [read more]

Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Term Paper

… Labor and Union Studies

The Great Railroad Strike of 1877

In 1873 a depression gripped the country. There were layoffs, wage cuts, breadlines, and evictions. Thousands and thousands of people suffered during the winter. In 1874, the unions tried to organize workers, demanding higher wages and shorter workdays but had little success in doing this. By 1877, just about three million people were out of work. This was an astonishing twenty seven percent of the working population. Those who were able to keep a job worked six months a year and their wages were cut by about forty five percent. They were essentially working for one dollar a day. A rigged political election plunged the country further into despair. Rutherford B. Hayes, a Republican, was…. [read more]

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