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Abortion and Women's Rights Research Paper

… Abortion and Women's Rights

One controversy that pans the socio-political and cultural paradigm in the late 20th and early 21st century is that of the overall morality of abortion. The abortion debate, in fact, surrounds the legal and moral status of the fetus, which has not been established from either a medical or a moral viewpoint. Again, from a utilitarian principle, one has to ask if there are ever any moral reasons in which humans should destroy other humans. There is no overall "right" or "wrong" answer; instead, there is a continuum of morality that surrounds abortion. Abortion is the termination of pregnancy through artificial means prior to the date the fetus is viable in the outside world. If an abortion occurs spontaneously it is…. [read more]

Abortion Research Paper

… Twenty states make it mandatory to have the provision of ultrasound by abortion agencies. Seven states make it compulsory that the abortion service centers should conduct ultrasound prior to undergoing abortion and also necessitate the provider to accord scope to the client to view the image. Eleven states also necessitate that a woman should be accorded with the scope to watch an ultrasound image if the service providers conduct the procedure as portion of the preparation for an abortion. Five states necessitate that a women be given with the opportunity to watch the image of ultrasound. (Guttmacher Institute, 2012)

This legal framework necessitate that women thinking of termination of pregnancy must attain an outward ultrasound of the fetus prior to according the consent for the…. [read more]

Abortion and the Significance Research Paper

… 2007). Again, the strength of the study is apparent in its ability to access complete medical information. The study also performed a population study which allowed them to survey all abortion treatments in the country, versus other studies that have suggested a risk between medical abortion and ectopic pregnancy using population-based case patients and controls (Virk et al. 2007).

The strengths of the Virk et al. study are evident in its access to medical records; however, its relatively small sample size contributes to its weaknesses. Among the 11,814 pregnancies in women who had undergone previous first-trimester abortion, 2,710 women had medical abortion and 9,104 women had surgical abortion. The study then compared the first-trimester results of the 11,814 subsequent pregnancies for birth weight, preterm birth,…. [read more]

Abortion Debate Pros and Cons Research Paper

… Studies indicate that "emotional responses to legally induced abortion are largely positive" (Pourezza & Batebi, 2011).

This is not a religious issue, but a woman's issue. It has to do with emotional and physical well-being, and a woman's personal belief in her ability to care fore a child at that particular time (Balogh, 2009).

A man cannot understand the experiences that a woman goes through during pregnancy (Pickering, 2003). The fact is that most legislators are men, and they cannot adequately express what it is for an unprepared woman to endure a pregnancy.

It is better for the child if the mother wants to take a pregnancy full term rather than being forced to carry a child full term.

Women who have been raped, faced…. [read more]

Ethics Abortion. Ethics? What Abortion? Research Paper

… While individuals such as St. Augustine did not have the scientific material that could have enabled him to understand exactly when life started, the contemporary society has solid evidence regarding how life starts at the moment of conception (Alcorn 27). It thus seems absurd for someone to invoke the '40-days from the moment of conception until the start of a new life' idea when trying to lobby in favor of abortion.

Pro-life advocates support the idea that "long before a woman knows she's pregnant there is within her a living, growing human being" (Alcorn 28). These people want the general public to understand that life cannot be judged on account of its appearance. When regarding matters from an objective scientific perspective life begins at the…. [read more]

Abortion: Pro-Choice Research Paper

… It is better if abortion remains legal since it ensures that women can undergo abortions in safe environments.

Abortion is unacceptable in many religious organizations. It is deemed wrong and immoral. Religious organizations have joined in the debate against abortion, and they want the practice eliminated. They do not realize that if this is done it would discriminate against all women and not just women within their religion. A person should not thrust their personal or religious belief unto others. If that happens, then it is wrong and obnoxious. People have a right and free will to decide on whether to bear a child. It is only the woman's morals that should affect and influence the choice she makes.

Public health improvement

Legalization of abortion…. [read more]

Ethical Egoism and Abortion Research Paper

… The formula of universal law seems to offer a method for evaluating maxims of abortion that eschews the contentious question of whether the fetus is a person. This method also appears to render unnecessary the task of locating one duty in relation to which to understand abortion. (Dennis 2007, 547-8)

In other words, the Kantian ethical school -- against which ethical egoism tends to define itself -- is concerned with defining the ethics of abortion in terms of whether or not it would be morally good if the act of abortion were universal. Denis notes that Kantian approaches to finding abortion unethical can be formulated in different ways, and restricts herself to examining two different stances. The first suggests a thought experiment: if one is…. [read more]

Bible and Law Abortion Research Paper

… Bible and Law - Abortion

Bible and Law

Abortion has been defined as an act of voluntarily terminating pregnancy, which leads to the embryo's death. Abortion has become a very controversial topic in most countries because it is becoming more rampant as time goes by. Within the society, there are different opposing and proposing groups. And each of them has different views as to why they oppose or support abortion. Some see abortion as a way of practicing one's freedom in the society, while, others view abortion as an immoral act Davis ( 9)

I believe that abortion is morally wrong based on my understanding of the Bible. Abortion destroys many lives of helpless children, and it is being practiced in many countries amongst them…. [read more]

Abortion One of the Most Contentious Socio-Political Research Proposal

… Abortion

One of the most contentious socio-political issues in the United States today, is that of abortion. There is really no reason why it should be a political issue, but proponents of abortion have averred that there needs to be a constitutional amendment that protects the right to abortion, despite the fact that the precedence for legal abortion was already set up through the Supreme Court's ruling on the case Roe vs. Wade. The issue of abortion has often been used as litmus-test when justices of higher courts in the land are being vetted at Congressional hearings. This essay will explore the issue of abortion in the United States for America, raising the arguments on both side of the issue, and coming out in support…. [read more]

Legality of Abortion Research Proposal

… Most of the time, couples who adopt do so because they cannot on their own because of medical conditions. Other couples adopt because they themselves may have been adopted and want to provide a stable, loving home for another adopted child. The point is, whatever the reasons, there are a great deal of loving couples and existing families that are literally fighting for the opportunities to love and care for a child. Therefore, adoption is another choice, and a legal choice, for undesired pregnancies instead of abortion.

In a world where abortion is universally legal, the penalty for abuse of abortion must depend on the women who do it. Just because a service such as abortion may be made legal, it does not mean that…. [read more]

Abortion in the United States Term Paper

… Abortion in the United States (Pro-Choice)

Abortion has evoked considerable debate and controversy throughout history. In the United States too, it has been a subject of heated debate through most of its history. In recent times, "pro-choice" and "pro-life" movements have taken diametrically opposite positions on the ethical, legal and medical aspects of the issue. Both sides present seemingly valid arguments for their stands and try to refute the counter-arguments of the other side by presenting moral, legal, and medical "facts." Abortion was legalized in the United States in 1973 following the landmark Roe v. Wade decision of the Supreme Court. The decision, however, did not put an end to the controversy and subsequent decisions by the Court have even watered down the Roe decision…. [read more]

Abortion Means the Early Removal Term Paper

… This hard work should be complemented by public policies to decrease the number of unplanned pregnancies. By education and improved access to and use of contraceptives, this can be achieved.

Moral Issues of Abortion

If we concentrate more on the morals of the measures rather than the legitimacy, then America's sour and discordant argument over abortion can become more fruitful. Many pro-abortion advocates have cuddled the idea that it is an ethically unbiased act that should never bring about censure, condemnation or embarrassment in order to safeguard women's abortion rights from legislative or judicial restrictions. There are some arguments that though this method may be diplomatically successful, it is incorrect and doubtfully misleading. Abortion always involves trade-offs and harmonizing, and these involve morals. It is…. [read more]

Abortion Term Paper

… By any norms, this is not only a crime, but the lowest immoral act than one can sink to. If one adds the health risks than women having abortions have and the promiscuity among teenagers that abortion often encourages and there is a complete picture of what abortion is all about.


1. Physical Health Risks of Abortion. Scientific Studies Reveal Significant Risk. On the Internet at

2 H.L. Howe, et al., "Early Abortion and Breast Cancer Risk Among Women Under Age 40," International Journal of Epidemiology, 18(2):300-304 (1989)

3. Sharvy, B. The morality of abortion. A critique. On the Internet at

4. Abortion morality. Letters to the Editor. The Miami Herald. November 2004. On the Internet at

Sharvy, B. The morality…. [read more]

Abortion Both the Pro-Life Term Paper

… S. pro-choice policy):

Both groups use religion as a tool to promote fear and terror as they attempt to dismantle basic human and civil rights. Both groups target feminism as a symbol of Western progress, and ultimately, both groups threaten democracy itself by attempting to force their distorted religious views onto the modern world in an effort to dismantle freedom and civil liberties."

The proliferation of domestic religious terror is similar to the rise of Islamic monistic theocracies and Jihad. In both cases, a truly religious person would never approve of the gross misuse of religion to justify terrorism. Indeed, Islamic and Operation Rescue extremists seem to be just as motivated by political and social factors as they are by religion.

Groups such as Operation…. [read more]

Abortion Is Every Woman A-Level Outline Answer

… B. Pro-life arguments focused on the rights of the fetus.

1. Life begins at conception, argued the pro-life side, not at a subsequent viability date.

2. According to the Constitution, the authorities should ensure that no harm is ever done to any individual

3. Pro-life activists also argue that there is no clear stipulation in the Constitution in favor of (a) right of privacy for the mother or (b) the Federal Government's right to overturn a State legal decision.

C. Pro-choice and pro-RW decision arguments focused on the right of the woman/mother.

1. Compulsory motherhood violates the right of women under the Thirteenth Amendment.

2. The State cannot force the woman, under any condition, including prior health-related concerns/risks, to remain pregnant.

III. Debate on the…. [read more]

Abortion Rights Research Paper

… Abortion is by definition a feminist issue because only women can become pregnant. However, abortion is also a human rights issue. All sides of the abortion debate frame abortion in terms of human rights, with anti-choice activists claiming the rights of the fetus trump those of the woman, and pro-choice activists claiming the rights of the woman trump those of the fetus. Because a woman is a human being and a fetus is not yet a human being, it seems that abortion should be a relatively straightforward legal matter, even if not a straightforward ethical one. Religious fanatics and the morally self-righteous can believe whatever they want, but those beliefs cannot and should not impinge upon the law. Unfortunately, the law has become severely tainted…. [read more]

Why Has Abortion Created Serious Debates and Controversies Among the Mainline Christians Research Paper

… ¶ … abortion created serious debates and controversies among the mainline Christians?

Pro-life vs. Pro-choice

The Roman Catholic and the Southern American Baptist Convention

Approaching matters from a historical point-of-view makes it possible for this paper to provide insight regarding Christian attitudes in the contemporary society and how they were shaped through time. Abortion represents one of the most contentious matters in present day society because of the tension that it generated in the Christian world. Although the practice is a part of a more general context concerning pro-life advocates fighting pro-choice activists, it also involved Christians because of the historic aspect that the issue represented for the religion. While many Christians have adopted pro-life positions, others have expressed their approval for abortion because of…. [read more]

Constitution Changing Abortion Guidelines Research Paper

… The level of life protection in America is also less compared to any other country in the Western world. Today in America abortion is much more similar to slavery (Sarah, K. 2010). Abortion has become the central to the lives of many American people, no matter its social cost or the victimization of the citizens who are weak and vulnerable it is time for the Congress and judicial systems to change these laws that are slowly crippling the United States of America


The American people have to understand abortion; this will make them realize that abortion is anti-human, anti-life and that it is anti-woman. It is time the American people go after the minds and hearts that are armed with knowledge and animated by…. [read more]

Ethical Issues Surrounding Abortion Notwithstanding Term Paper

… In Virginia the Republican-dominated legislature earlier this year wrote legislation that requires "women to have a transvaginal ultrasound before they may have an abortion," (Glionna, 2012). The idea behind this legislation is apparently that when a woman sees the picture created by the ultrasound she will see a fetus and perhaps feel so guilty she won't want to carry through with the abortion. Or her moral side will kick in, and she will change her mind. Is it ethical for lawmakers to force a woman to have an ultrasound prior to a legal abortion? That in itself is another questions to be pondered; in the case of Virginia, the governor, Republican Bob McDonnell "ultimately rejected the mandatory transvaginal procedure" (Glionna, p. 1).

In Mississippi, a…. [read more]

Pro-Life Abortion Term Paper

… Abortion (Pro Life)

Not many people disagree when a law is passed that is objective and does not impact religious beliefs and value systems. For example, some individuals protested the speed limit of 55 mph on many federal highways. However, the situation changes significantly when people view the law, or intended law, as acceptable or unacceptable due to different ethical considerations. The abortion issue falls into this second category. Abortion has most likely been the most heated issue in American society for the past half of a century. Relating to all aspects of social, political, philosophical and religious areas of life, the issue has divided the country when it needs most to be united. America was founded on the principals of democracy, or middle ground…. [read more]

Abortion to Poverty Term Paper

… The best instance is the Thornburg Case, which enjoys the privilege of precedence. In the case, court decided that abortions were not to be restricted. A different alternative was more effective, where women were to be informed on abortion and its repercussions, the risks involved in the procedures of inducing abortion, record keeping of all incidences of abortion and rescuing any born children that was initially intended for abortion, but is delivered live.

If the policies are to be critically analyzed, there is the realization that if parenting services are not funded, or the funds subsidized, there is great a chance of adverse effects on the women who are low-income earners, as they will get children who they cannot provide for. Those responsible for making…. [read more]

Abortion Term Paper

… Evaluation and Assessment of the Alternatives

The above mentioned policy alternatives are outlined on the idea that it is the government's responsibility to provide welfare support to the underprivileged groups and that public and socio-economic welfare must be given a priority above political motives. This however does not mean that the views and sentiments of those who deem a practice ethically and morally wrong should be ignored, as that would be in violation of the democratic principles. Thus in order to keep a balance between the two sides, the policy must be designed to take all stakeholders on board.

Keeping this in view, there are two basic alternatives that are proposed above. One, either the government should support Planned Parenthood programs for the poor aiming…. [read more]

Abortion Post-Abortion Emotional Distress the Abortion Debate Term Paper

… Abortion

Post-abortion emotional distress

The abortion debate

Divergent opinions

Extreme Ideologies

Research on post-abortion emotional distress

Driven by Ideology

Consensus is most emotional responses are moderate

Post-abortion emotional intervention

Environment of abortion and Treatment should be as with any other life stressor

Unique opportunity to access

The issue of abortion is a hotly debated topic in many social, political and religious circles. The issue is complicated and controverter as it is in some people's eyes, a right to choose and in other's eyes an intentional death of human life. The only thing that both camps agree in with regard to abortion is that there should be less abortions performed.

Bullough 16)

Ponnuru NP)

Irwin 23) the issue gets even more complicated when looked at from…. [read more]

Abortion in This Day Term Paper

… A woman knows that she is pregnant and therefore capable of producing and sustaining life. This is powerful, even for the woman who has not planned the pregnancy. For women who have been impregnated though rape or forcible sexual intercourse, it would likely seem the them that out of a horrible and violent act, something good has happened - the creation of a new life. The woman who feels that abortion is the most acceptable choice, perhaps because she simply wants to be done with the pregnancy and never think about it again, will soon find that this pregnancy and this choice will stay with her for the rest of her life. The woman who has an abortion is always the mother of the terminated…. [read more]

Abortion and Frozen Fertilized Human Eggs Term Paper

… Abortion and Frozen Fertilized Human Eggs

Fertilized human eggs, such as those which are frozen and stored in fertility clinics, are believed by some people to already be a human child in essence. To many religious groups that oppose abortion and claim to be "pro-life," these zygotes should have the same rights as a human infant brought to term. According to these religious groups, God grants the child an immortal soul at the time of conception, not at the time of birth. This is actually a belief that has been held by many cultures throughout history, and some Asian cultures actually celebrate the conception day rather than the birth day of the child to mark age. These religious groups do not believe it is moral…. [read more]

Abortion Throughout History Term Paper

… Abortion

Throughout history, abortion has been the subject of a lot of controversy, with it having both people supporting it and rejecting it. Even though it did not get sufficient attention until the last few centuries, the act has been practiced from the early ages, when people used various devices to terminate pregnancies. Whether it is discussed by the general public because of politics, or whether people have simply started to pay more interest to it, abortion is certainly a contentious topic.

While abortion is considered to be perfectly normal in some countries, it is punished by law in others, not to mention the fact that most religions (if not all) regard the performance as being equal to murder. In the present day, civilization has…. [read more]

Abortion it Is Not Unreasonable to Expect Thesis

… Abortion

It is not unreasonable to expect that states with a high proportion of democrats will also have a reasonably higher number of abortions performed than those states with a high proportion of republican or conservative voters. The liberal democratic vote has always been supportive of women's right to choose for their selves how to best manage their body and their lives in a way consistent with planned-parenthood choices. Just as most conservative voters favor limiting a woman's ability to have access to abortion services; although they do not advocate complete prohibition to that service.

This essay is a brief study of the two philosophies on abortion, and the women in the communities that it affects. Who are the women receiving abortions today, and what…. [read more]

Canadian Abortion Term Paper

… Legal Abortion in Canada

Unlike the U.S. where feminism has been defending a woman's right to a legal abortion since the 1980s, the Canadian movement has made some significant gains. Abortion was decriminalized and abortion clinics were established in Canada as a result of directly challenging federal and provincial governments. Pro-choice groups worked towards legalization for six years. On January 28, 1988, the Supreme Court of Canada declared Section 251 of the Criminal Code unconstitutional. Section 251 restricted conditions under which abortions could be performed and not be considered an indictable offense. The procedure had to be performed in an accredited hospital and could only be done with the written consent of a therapeutic abortion committee. The committee was composed of at least three doctors,…. [read more]

Reducing Abortion and Protecting Contraception Research Paper

… Reducing Abortion and Protecting Contraception

Policy Issue Paper

Policy Issue Paper: Reducing Elective Abortions and Protecting Access to Contraception

Policy Issue Paper: Reducing Elective Abortions and Protecting Access to Contraception

On February 12, 2013, U.S. District Judge Neil Wake ruled unconstitutional an Arizona law that prohibited any health care provider who offers abortions services from receiving Medicaid reimbursements (Rau, 2013). The intended goal of this law was to make it difficult for abortion providers caring for Medicaid beneficiaries to stay in business, even if the care provided were unrelated to abortion or abortion-related services. With nearly 17.7% of the U.S. population enrolled in Medicaid (Mackun and Wilson, 2011; Klees, Wolfe, and Curtis, 2012) and Medicaid expenditures representing 33% of all federal dollars spent on health…. [read more]

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