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Abraham Lincoln Past President of United States Term Paper

… Abraham Lincoln past president of United States of America, played a significant role during the American Civil War. He was recognized for his leadership and determination by many historians and laymen not only as American President but also the greatest American of all time. He started with little formal education but this never regarded him to be inferior among his fellowmen. His determination and perseverance put him to be a frontier lawyer and held the nation together through the worst crisis in its history (Abraham Lincoln, 2006a). There is no other president in American history faced the kind of problems that Abraham Lincoln faced upon taking his term. Immediately after his election, Southern states seceded from the Union to form the Confederate States of America…. [read more]

Presidents of USA Term Paper

… American Presidents

The United States has had 43 presidents since George Washington took office in 1789. He served until 1797, was married to Martha Washington, and he died in 1799. His vice-president was John Adams for both terms he served. Washington's major contributions were being the first president, and developing a strong sense of foreign policy. He is remembered as "the father of his country" and a Revolutionary war general. Next came John Adams from 1797 to 1801. He was married to Abigail, and he died in 1826. His vice-president was Thomas Jefferson, and his main accomplishments were managing the war between the French and the English without the U.S. becoming involved, building up America's naval defenses, and he is remembered for being the first…. [read more]

Abraham Lincoln Book Review

… As noted before, the political structures in the south did everything possible to surmount the rights that Lincoln's government had given to these people. From an economic perspective, the country as a whole would swiftly progress into industrialization, yet most freed slaves in the South found themselves in similar economic conditions to slavery under the sharecropping system. Even worse, reconstruction would last little more than 10 years. Once the militarization of the south ended, heralding the conclusion of the reconstruction, the lot of African-Americans significantly spiraled to conditions that were virtually akin to slavery with lynchings and transgressions on their newly acquired freedom commonplace in the wake of the advent of groups such as the Ku Klux Klan and the Knights of the White Camelia.…. [read more]

USA as Policeman Thesis

… (B) Three aspects of U.S. history since 1865 that led to the U.S.'s rise as a world super-power policeman would entail an examination of (B-1) the Spanish-American War and the subsequent U.S. annexation of the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and other territories;

(B-2) the establishment of the Cold War balance of power in the latter half of the 20th century, in which America's military and financial clout was used to fight proxy wars with the Soviets in places like Korea, Vietnam, Cuba, Grenada, and Afghanistan; and (B-3) the collapse of the Soviet Union followed rapidly by 9/11 and the War on Terror, in which the Cold War-era military-industrial complex was repurposed for an enemy without a state, and thus a "war" that defies all established 20th…. [read more]

Political Science Abraham Lincoln Introduction Leader Term Paper

… Political Science

Abraham Lincoln

Introduction leader is someone that keeps everyone pressing on, even if it seems hopeless, and never gives up on what is right. The leader I admire is President Abraham Lincoln, who made his mark in history by becoming one of America's most extraordinary presidents, and if given the opportunity, is the one person from the past that I would like to have a conversation with.

Someone to Admire

Scholars "routinely rate the presidency of Abraham Lincoln as the most outstanding in American history. Lincoln is 'so much a part of what it means to be American that for us to know Abraham Lincoln is to know America at its core' wrote one such scholar (Skidmore, 2002)."

When Lincoln took his place…. [read more]

United States Term Paper

… South Carolina did not want to act alone, however, which caused them to move forward somewhat cautiously, and with ample planning.

Before Lincoln could even take office, secession rallies began erupting across the Southern states. Because of their immense supporters, the elected secession delegates of South Carolina decided to move ahead earlier than planned, on December 20, 1860 (451). The following year in February, Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Texas and Louisiana followed suit (451).

Lincoln's Presidential Inaugural Address was meant to calm the fears of Southerners, along with smooth over the immediate threats to peace, while buying time in the hopes that a resolution could be worked out (454). He attempted to calm a fear that "seems to exist among the people of the Southern…. [read more]

US Role as "Policeman of the World Term Paper

… " clearly marking the U.S. As a global policeman. Furthermore, he went on to say "Even a limited strike will send a message to Assad that no other nation can deliver." (Federal News Service, 2013)

Another example of the way in which the U.S. intervenes as a global policeman is through diplomatic and political means. The Tunisian situation is relevant in this sense. In 2011, Tunisia was the first country to break away as part of the Arab Spring revolution and, despite the fact that there are reports of the U.S. having supported the previous regime of Ben Ali, the American government was among the first ones to encourage the democratic transition for Tunisia (Shahshahani and Mullin, 2012). This was a result of certain fears…. [read more]

U.S. History Abraham Lincoln Essay

… U.S. History

Abraham Lincoln - Was Lincoln a racist? How should we judge the past?

Reading about Abraham Lincoln's racism always has a shock and awe effect on any student of history. The main accusations against President Abraham Lincoln in terms of racism are that he believed in the inherent superiority of white Caucasian race over the black race (to this end Lincoln's 1858 speech at Charleston Illinois quoted by WB Dubois in his essays on Lincoln is instructive), that he was unwilling to condemn the Southern slave owners for slavery and that he took his time before finally issuing the emancipation proclamation. The whole problem starts in the class room when instructors create the erroneous impression that towering historical figures such as Abraham Lincoln…. [read more]

Abraham Lincoln From the Ridiculous to the Sublime Term Paper

… Abraham Lincoln: From the Ridiculous to the Sublime

Abraham Lincoln has gone down in history as one of the most endearing presidents of the United States. He was Commander in Chief during the country's most trying times, when brother was pitted against brother, and the entire country was divided in civil war. Lincoln is probably best known for the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed African-Americans from slavery.

Lincoln was born February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, Kentucky, and once wrote that his parents were both born in Virginia, "of undistinguished families, second families, perhaps I should say" (Abraham). His family moved from Kentucky to Indiana when he was eight years old, and a couple of years later his mother died (Abraham). Of Indiana, Lincoln wrote, "it…. [read more]

Lincoln Memorial and Social Activism Thesis

… Lincoln Memorial and Social Activism

Mankind has created numerous impressive architectural structures which served as symbols and which people chose to use in order to express a certain state of mind. Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth American president, is remembered through history as one that succeeded in his fight against slavery. He campaigned so that all people would be equal, and that no man would ever enslave another. In addition to the fact that people admire him for his work, a memorial has been built in his honor in the American capital of Washington D.C.

Abraham Lincoln achieved what no other republican had ever achieved when he succeeded in becoming president over the United States. Matters had been bound to change all across the states, as…. [read more]

Lincoln the Political Genius Essay

… The Goodwin article indicates that one of the keys to Lincoln's political self-empowerment was his willingness to achieve compromise with the same figures that had previously obstructed his path to the presidency. As Goodwin notes, upon his victory, the new president "made the unprecedented decision to incorporate his eminent rivals into his political family [making] the cabinet…evidence of a profound self-confidence and a first indication of what would prove to others a most unexpected greatness." (p. 49)

Without question, it would be this unification of divergent political interests that would allow Lincoln to command such critical change on the national landscape. The support and collaborative input of the assembled cabinet of rivals would prove one of Lincoln's masterstrokes, providing his office with the ability to…. [read more]

Lincoln's Reconstructions Plans Essay

… (accessed March 5, 2012)

Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan, Spark Notes, (accessed March 5, 2012)

Kevin Schultz, America Unbound, (Boston, MA: Wadsworth, 2010), 257 -- 258

Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan, Spark Notes, (accessed March 5, 2012)

Kevin Schultz, America Unbound, (Boston, MA: Wadsworth, 2010), 257 -- 258

Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan, Spark Notes, (accessed March 5, 2012)

Kevin Schultz, America Unbound, (Boston, MA: Wadsworth, 2010), 257 -- 258

Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan, Spark Notes, (accessed March 5, 2012)

Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan, Spark Notes, (accessed March 5, 2012)

Mary Norton, a People and Nation, (Boston, MA: Wadsworth, 2012), 426 -- 430.

Alex Axelrod, Ace Your Mid Terms, (New York, NY: McGraw Hill, 1999), 188.

Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan, Spark Notes,…. [read more]

Thomas Jefferson and the Declaration Term Paper

… The Southern colonies which depended on slavery for agriculture were unwilling to take part in founding a new country which would endanger their economy and so slavery was set aside to be dealt with at a later date. If it were not, then the southern delegates refused to vote in favor of independence, in which case there would have not been enough favorable votes. It was a harsh blow to those who saw the unfairness of slavery and the hypocrisy of declaring all men equal when they were creating a country where not all human beings would be treated equally. Although Thomas Jefferson was angered by this omission, he understood that freedom was of the greatest importance and that this needed to be achieved first…. [read more]

Habeas Corpus and the War on Terror Research Paper

… S. military, although it provided a convenient figleaf for Chief Justice Roberts to sanction the government's actions by referring to Guantanamo itself as a "jurisdictionally quirky outpost" (Roberts 2008), thus applying an adjective to a gulag that is more frequently associated with Zooey Deschanel. Moreover, the extension of suspended habeas corpus rights into the targeted killings of U.S. citizens while abroad and suspected of terrorism -- like the drone strikes ordered against Anwar Al-Awlaki and his son -- look like a slow creep into a horrifying unconstitutional lawlessness. As David Cole (Georgetown University professor of Constitutional law) noted in a published comment on the Al-Awlaki killing:

The late senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan once said that if he had to choose between a country with the…. [read more]

Gettysburg Address President Abraham Lincoln Essay

… We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

Each of these sentences is simple and clear, and they link to each other with the same grammatical subject: "We." (Admittedly the final sentence buries the "we" in a dependent clause, but this only reinforces the conscious design.) Lincoln does not mention who won at Gettysburg -- he only notes that it is a "great battle-field." By eliding details, Lincoln turns Gettysburg into more than just a specific battlefield -- he makes it into a symbol of…. [read more]

Cold War, the President Term Paper

… He remains remembered for this and for instituting the Hawley-Smoot tariff, which severely restricted imports and exports. By pursuing a protectionist tariff, he is thought to have exacerbated the effects of the Great Depression, which hit its lowest point at the conclusion of his presidency in 1932.

Despite his popularity among a group of voters known as the 'Roosevelt Coalition' of Democrats, labor, and urban areas, Franklin Delano Roosevelt remains one of the most controversial Presidents of the 20th century. Among his first actions as President were to declare a bank holiday and to lift liquor restrictions. Although the latter was seen as almost an inevitability, the former required powers that were not formerly vested in the executive by the Constitution and required an act…. [read more]

Social Impact of Cold War Essay

… Innocent civilians are often at extreme risk in the battles for gathering information or in the battles run by remote. In an interesting way, it might also be seen that this kind of distance campaign strategy is like the way some see the U.S. As contributing to the near collapse of the world economy. The U.S.'s lax financial rules and regulations pulled in other countries and set them up for many of the challenges they now face -- many of which are bringing about social and cultural unrest. It clearly would not be difficult for terrorists or even other nations to see this as an extension of the type of attitude that America picked up when it did its victory dance after the melting of…. [read more]

Pardon Power of the President Term Paper

… ¶ … pardoning powers of the United States president. The writer explores the general powers to pardon that are given to the president and the controversies that have come up with regard to that power over the years.

Pardon Power of the President

When the authors of the United States Constitution put the document together they provided a clause that allows a U.S. president to grant specific pardons to people who are incarcerated.

While this sounds like a reasonable power to give to someone overseeing the most power nation in the world it has come under scrutiny and fire many times throughout the years. One of the issues opponents of that pardoning power have with the provision is that presidents who are on their way…. [read more]

United States Is the Diversity Assessment

… ¶ … United States is the diversity of its landscape, its biomes, and the incredible amount of natural resources available. Because it was resettled by Europeans relatively late in the historical span of human culture, much of those resources remained fresh and pristine much later. However, with the advent of western expansion in the 1800s, the building of a transcontinental railway, and increased mining, large scale farming and ranching, and industrialization, those pristine areas have often been at risk. Since 1872, the United State National Park System has grown from a small, single-park managerial service to one of the less political visible, but nevertheless important, trustees of American natural resources. From Yellowstone National Park to over 450 natural, historical, recreational, and cultural treasures, the National…. [read more]

Unsuccessful Presidents Identified- 1865-1940 Andrew Term Paper

… Between 12 to 14 million Americans were unemployed before the end of Hoover's term.

John Maynard Keynes, the British economist, proposed that high unemployment, being a result of insufficient consumer spending, could be relieved by government-sponsored programs. He also advocated deficit spending by governments to stimulate economic activity. His methodology has been referred to as Keynesian economics. All four of these unsuccessful Presidents did not participate in a deficit spending program to relieve the depression.

It was Roosevelt who achieved the actual implantation of what had been in many instances little more than abstract concepts formulated by earlier progressives, added to them - however unwittingly - Keynesian economics, and encased the whole package within a framework of "pluralist" or interest-group liberalism. And it was Roosevelt…. [read more]

American Civil War Term Paper

… ¶ … United States Civil War was a difficult and trying time for many Americans. At the time, many states had seceded from the Union. This happened during the aftermath of the 1860 election. Numerous Southerners felt it the "final straw" when Abraham Lincoln took office. In total, eleven states chose to secede. Four of those, North Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas, and Virginia, only seceded after April 12, 1861, the time of the Battle of Fort Sumter. Difficult and permanent changes took place once the civil war began and the first of which was the formation of West Virginia on October 24, 1861 when only the western part of Virginia wanted to break away from Virginia instead of secede. Along with the many casualties of the…. [read more]

Jury System Term Paper

… In some aspects it has greater unity than other metropolitan areas. The total system lies within one state and only five counties. The economic aspects and environmental systems however operate more on a regional scale, and this is gradually being recognized by the people and the public policy makers. The entire region has more than 170 municipalities and more than 1,000 other specialized units for local government. Large areas within the region are now governed by groups of small municipalities. These units think of themselves only as "niche players" in trying to get the maximum possible benefits but do not historically cooperate on matters within the jurisdiction of each other. This leads to some economic and environmental issues being dealt on the total regional basis,…. [read more]

American Political Thought Slavery Term Paper

… American Political Thought-Slavery

This report is a combination book review, autobiographical evaluation and political and social review. That is because the work will compare and contrast two very great men in American history: W.E.B. DuBois and Abraham Lincoln. Each of these historical figures left their mark on our society questioning dogma and by speaking against what they felt was wrong. Their views were highly critical of the accepted norms of their days and therefore they each suffered public criticisms and hatred related turmoil. DuBois personal philosophies got him labeled as a socialist (a nice way of calling someone a communist in the past) and of course, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated because of his views. This report tries to first get a feel for the Dubois…. [read more]

People and Events in Pennsylvania Term Paper

… ¶ … People & Events in Pennsylvania

The history of how America was founded all starts in the land of Pennsylvania, where famous events such as the creation of the Declaration of Independence was written, the creation and signing of the United States Constitution, and a host of famous people contributed to the beginnings of our great nation. Before the discovery of the "New World," the Pennsylvania area was occupied by a number of Native American tribes, most of whom perished when the first settlers from Europe came to America (History, 1). Specific tribes included the Delawares, the Susquehannocks, the Shawnees, and different Iroquois tribes known as the Five Nations which actually expanded past Pennsylvania territory to present day New York (History, 1). It is…. [read more]

Government Changes Post-Revolution War Thesis

… Many changes in laws did occur within the federal government that had not been able to gain passage while the Southern States remained in Congress. However, but for the secession, slavery would have lasted longer and internal divisions within society would have increased. An interesting perspective is to imagine "what if?" And have the North perhaps expelling the South or arming slaves and sending advisors to instigate and guide revolts.

The bitterness that accompanied the end of the Civil War differs from the feelings of achievement following the Revolutionary War. While slavery was abolished and a stronger central government emerged, the Civil War can only be viewed as tragic in terms of death and destruction. One would be foolish to ignore the lessons, as Lincoln…. [read more]

Second Reconstructions Term Paper

… This was much less than the $35 billion cost of "an unjust, evil war in Vietnam," which King wanted to end (King 1967). Yet he also opposed violence and insisted that the riots in Watts in 1965 and in Detroit and Newark two years later accomplished nothing for civil rights or the improvement of economic conditions. Nor did he believe that a violent revolution would ever succeed in the United States, given that even the majority of blacks opposed it.

Blacks still live in segregated ghettos with high levels of unemployment and gang violence, while black poverty and unemployment are still at least double the levels of whites, as they always have been. Nor is there any longer a bipartisan consensus in favor of civil…. [read more]

Antebellum America the Continental Setting Essay

… Cotton was 39% of American exports in 1820 and nearly 60% by 1840. Of course, cotton planters also produced corn, tobacco, hogs and livestock for market as well, as a hedge against the fluctuation price of cotton on the international market.

At the same time as the cotton boom in the Old Southwest, a Great Migration from New England, the Middle States and the Upper South was occurring in the Old Northwest states of Ohio, Illinois and Indiana. Abraham Lincoln's family migrated from Kentucky at this time, mainly because they thought opportunities for poor whites were too limited in the slave states. This is certainly what Abraham Lincoln believed all his life and why he consistently opposed the expansion of slavery to the West, even…. [read more]

Slavery in America African-American Essay

… While others view functionalism as the theory that best addresses the aforementioned recommendations. Functionalism suggests that instead of stratification based on race and ethnic lines there should be functionalism to keep society from being divided. Functionalism further suggests that ethnic and racial stratification are not considered useful but is rather a product of ethnic pride and ethnocentricism; seen as a negative through the contextual framework of the Whites who developed the theory to begin with. The burden to change, however, with the functionalist view is with the minority and not the majority who created the stratified circumstances in the first place (Barnard, 2000).

We have not come as far as we think we have on so many levels. Cultural consciousness as a methodology and cultural…. [read more]

Johnson's Impeachment Andrew Essay

… A Brief Overview of Johnson's Impeachment
Andrew Johnson's presidency is one of the most poorly received by
historians, who rank his tenure as one of the worst on record. Certainly,
this impression is strongly supported by the fact that he was the first-and
until Bill Clinton over a century later, the only-U.S. president to see the
articles of impeachment brought before him. In consideration of this
impeachment and trial from a fully objective standpoint, though, we find
that it serves less as a window into the failures of his presidency and
more into the politicization which stimulated the invocation of his
Certainly, the challenges of division were heavily incumbent upon
Johnson, who came into office under the worst of circumstances. Upon the
armistice ending…. [read more]

Civil War Term Paper

… Maine, another new state, brought the two oppositional parties the chance to settle for compromise: they accepted Missouri as a slave state, while declaring Maine as a free state in 1820. The settlement also "stipulated that all the Louisiana Purchase territory north of the southern boundary of Missouri, except Missouri, would be free, and the territory below that line would be slave" (

The new working classes were beginning to ask for reforms and new rights, radically changing the relationship between employer and employee through the formation of labor unions.

The United Stated developed new improved relationships with the other nations and at the same time new means of keeping internal affairs away form the involvement of foreign powers. The Monroe Doctrine, in 1823, drawn…. [read more]

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