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ADHD and How it Relates to Psychology Research Paper

… ADHD and How it Relates to Psychology

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD was known as hyper-kinesis or minimal brain dysfunction in the earlier times. It can be described as "a chronic, neurologically-based syndrome characterized by any or all of three types of behavior: hyperactivity, distractibility, and impulsivity" ("attention deficit hyperactivity disorder"). An individual is considered to act in a hyperactive manner when he demonstrates feelings of agitation, uneasiness or improper movement especially when it is expected of him/her to remain calm. On the other hand, distractibility refers to the sharp disruption by inappropriate and extraneous sights and noise. Distractibility is also the lack of care and lack of ability to perform simple tasks to the finishing point. Lastly, impulsivity can be described as the…. [read more]

Psychology Chapter Essay

… The most important ones involve parents and educators, which need to be trained better in how to address the needs of young people.

Chapter 6 of Abnormal Child Psychology is about Conduct Problems. The beginning of the chapter offers case studies to help the reader understand exactly what conduct problems and conduct disorders are. Some perspectives on conduct problems also provide a social context, such as the economic and social costs. The defining features of conduct disorders, as they are outlined in the DSM, provide the necessary information for diagnostics. Related disorders like antisocial personality disorder are discussed under the rubric of conduct problems. Moreover, the authors discuss related issues such as self-esteem, learning disabilities, verbal deficits, and peer problems. Family and health-related problems are…. [read more]

Meditation Benefit ADHD Meditation Is Primarily Term Paper

… ¶ … Meditation Benefit ADHD

Meditation is primarily a human effort to take control over the mind's network; it can be designed through using mere breath control or the repetition of a word or mantra to calm the nerves and have the mind be one and at peace with everything around the individual. Meditation is effectively used as a treatment measure for patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (Kutz et al., 1985). ADHD is primarily a neurological disorder and results in attention deficits and hyperactivity in individuals (Kutz et al., 1985).

This paper will highlight how meditation helps in relieving the patients' cognition to perform at an enhanced level taking the support of most of the current studies (in particular a study conducted by…. [read more]

ADHD Generation Research Paper

… ADHD Generation


The Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is characterized through the fact that it involves both an insufficiency in attention and in hyperactivity. The first symptoms of ADHD can normally be observed before the individual reaches the age of seven. The disorder has had several names in the past, as it was known as "minimal brain dysfunction" or hyperactivity. There is presently much controversy regarding the malady, since it is difficult to diagnose and because most clinicians have little experience with it.

There are presently numerous individuals suffering from ADHD, thus making it perfectly natural for researchers to pay special attention to the matter. Even though the disorder has been around for many years, physicians have not recognized it as being a common…. [read more]

Exploring Interventions Improving Workplace Behavior in Adults With ADHD Introduction

… ¶ … Interventions That Improve the Workplace Behavior of Adults With ADHD Introductory Chapter

Examination Of Interventions That Improve The Workplace Behavior Of Adults With ADHD

The purpose of the research in this study is to examine interventions that improve the workplace behavior of adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD).

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is reported in the work of Adler, Spencer, Stein, and Newcorn (2008) to be generally viewed as a disorder that is of a pediatric nature with symptoms disappearing in adulthood. It is specifically reported that the percentage of adults in the U.S. with ADHD is approximately (~4%) but those who do have ADHD are not aware of this and the result is that studies involving self-reporting of adults with…. [read more]

Psychology Treatment Thesis

… 29).

A crisis in mental health care funding is approaching rapidly given that the Baby Boomer generation will retire over the next twenty years and expenditures for older Americans with major psychiatric disorders will double. There will also be a serious lack of mental health services, providers and funding. About 20% of all adults over age 55 have major mental illnesses such as depression and dementia, although these are often under-reported and under-diagnosed (Bartels et al., 2010, p. 261). Medicare and Medicaid expenditures for nursing homes, outpatient and inpatient services, pharmacy and emergency room visits always "increase with advancing age" especially for those age 85 and over requiring "acute and long-term care." These expenses increase further for patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, although elderly…. [read more]

Interventions That Improve the Workplace Literature Review

… ¶ … Interventions that Improve the Workplace Behavior of Adults with ADHD

ADHD & the Symptoms of ADHD

The work of Robinson and McNamara (nd) reports that Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder has only been recognized recently as persisting into the adulthood of many people. It is reported that public awareness began to develop "when the New England Journal of Medicine published a research article." (nd, p.3) Robinson and McNamara report that differences between child and adult ADHD is not within the "symptoms themselves but in the manifestations of such symptoms. Symptoms for both are much the same: lack of attention to details, difficulty sustaining attention, apparent failure to listen, difficulty in following through with instructions, difficulty with organization, failing to "keep up" with task-associated materials,…. [read more]

Educational Psychology Essay

… 210)

One of the problems that Wolf cites in both the theory and praxis of applied behavioral analysis (and its close cousin cognitive behavioral therapy) that has remained an issue in the intervening decades is that because this technique is focused on the observable, there is no way for either a clinician or a researcher to make an accurate assessment of the internal state of a subject.

Behavioral researchers have reported many examples of a lack of correspondence between client-reported data and observer-obtained data. Patterson (personal communication, 1974) for example, described discrepancies between parental reports of improvements in the child's behavior, while objective data obtained by observers did not support these claims. Conrad and Wincze (1976) reported that clients undergoing orgasmic reconditioning verbally reported favorable…. [read more]

Depression and Addictive Behavior Thesis

… Depression and Addictive Behavior

Double Cruel Hand

Comobid Conditions

Contemporary, Challenging Concerns Worldwide

Derangement of the Volition 7 Contemporary Addictions



Role of Cocaine Use in Depression

Clinical Techniques of Helping



Tried and True" Techniques


Points for Treatment Consideration

Clients' Reported Med Use When Admitted to Substance Abuse Clinics

Personal Growth and Maintenance (adapted from Daley, 2007)

"To Do" Recommendations

Physical and Lifestyle Areas Meriting Focus in Recovery

Emotional Areas Meriting Focus in Recovery from Addiction and Depression



Addiction and depression are common comorbid conditions." (Daley, 2007)

Double Cruel Hand

Comorbid," the term Daley (2007) purports in this study's introductory quote, denotes addiction and depression. According to Webster's New Millennium ™ Dictionary of English, comorbid, an…. [read more]

ADHD and Reading Difficulty Learning Article Critique

… Using the cross-legged model, a child was more likely to develop reading problems after expressing ADHD symptoms (X2 = 58.80, p < 0.001). Even though the heritability scores for each trait was strong in middle childhood, the heritability of both traits together was modest. This result indicates that shared genetics only accounted for 1/3 of each trait individually; however, when both traits occurred in the same child, 85% of the co-occurrence can be attributed to genetics. A similar result was found for the early adolescence age group.

An important question addressed in this study was whether the genetic and environmental influences on individual traits were stable across time. The authors found that between 51-84% of these influences were different between middle childhood and early adolescence…. [read more]

ADHD and Achievement: Meta-Analysis Article Review

… The homogeneity statistic has a chi-square distribution with k-1 df, where k is the number of contributing effect sizes. Thus, homogeneity evaluates whether the observed effect sizes are likely to result from the sampling of one population" (Fraizer et al. 2007).

In the second study, CARE had been externally validated through multiple previous studies and "the three factor-based scores from the SRI [student response inventory] and the two factor-based scores from the PRI [parent response inventory] were supported through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses with independent replications" in comparing the criteria for ADHD with the current DSM definition (Fraizer et al. 2007).


The meta-analysis of existing studies found a strong correlation between ADHD and problems with academics across all variables. "Standardized achievement tests-particularly reading…. [read more]

Mindful vs. Traditional Martial Arts Thesis

… , 2001). As the existing research is largely limited to teenagers who are beyond the prime window of opportunity for prevention or early intervention efforts, this study will focus on children age 8-12, where early connections may inoculate at-risk students and set them on a more favorable trajectory. Terrence Webster-Doyle (personal communication, July 1, 2011) illuminates that by effectively challenging the self-imposed limits of each child, students will quickly realize that they can accomplish much more than they ever thought possible. Essentially, this parallels the old adage that we are each our own worst enemy -- the biggest fight for each of us, regardless of age, is within.

Theoretical and Conceptual Framework

Mindfulness psychotherapies are considered the third wave of behavior therapy, preceded by cognitive…. [read more]

Dually Diagnosed African-American and Latino Adolescents Term Paper

… Dually Diagnosed African-American and Latino adolescents


Abuse of substances on the part of adolescents has grown to be a national concern in the United States and has sparked many studies in this area in the last decade. Great challenges are presented for the clinician and the substance abuse treatment system in developing and applying appropriate and effective treatment for these adolescents. Studies have shown that of the adolescents who have substance abuse disorders, many of them also have mental health illness a combination of which is termed 'dual diagnoses or co-occurring disorders. The combination of these two disorders often have devastating impacts on the adolescent, their family and…. [read more]

Forensic Psychology Is a 'Practical Discussion Chapter

… ¶ … forensic psychology is a 'practical,' not a theoretical discipline, research is required to justify the approaches used to discover information about crime and the prescriptions offered to policymakers about how to deal with crime There are three basic research designs used in forensic psychology: descriptive, correlational, and experimental. Descriptive research is often a preliminary investigation of a particular phenomenon. There is no formal hypothesis: the intention is fact-finding. "Descriptive research often involves collecting information through data review, surveys, interviews, or observation. This type of research best describes the way things are" (Kravitz 2013). For example, a survey might be used to determine the demographic features of juvenile delinquents who commit specific types of offenses. Descriptive research has great use during the beginning phases…. [read more]

Psychological Theories as Applied to Gerontology Research Paper

… Marketing Mix

Gerontology and psychology: Approaches to mitigating the negative aspects of aging

Youth is a temporary state: most human beings will eventually become old. Yet psychology has traditionally devoted relatively little analysis to the inevitable challenges of aging, and instead chosen to focus on childhood and adolescent development. This has changed in recent years, given the widespread aging of the worldwide population. "The number of Americans age 65 and older is projected to comprise about 20% of the nation's population by the year 2030. With a growing elderly population, greater attention has been devoted to the lives of seniors and toward ensuring the physical and mental health of individuals as they move toward later life" (Facts sheet on aging, 2001, AABT, p.1). Cognitive behavioral…. [read more]

Learning How to Identify and Deal With Emotional Disturbances Annotated Bibliography

… ¶ … individual's power to change self-defeating patterns and emotional reactions.

you largely feel the way you think

*cognitive psychology contends you can change

*emotionally disturbed people retain irrational beliefs (IB's)

*humans have goals and if thwarted, then they may act constructively or deconstructively

*in REBT, clients must do work on own to change their own thinking/therapist can only do so much

How we create our own feelings

*Emotion is a life process

*emotion consists of: (1) perceiving, (2) moving, and (3) thinking

*emotions have no single cause or result

you can think yourself out of an emotional disturbance

*people CREATE unhealthy emotions

*if you change your thinking and follow it up with effective action, then you can change unhealthy emotions

*however, feelings of great…. [read more]

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Review Essay

… Therefore, the therapeutic technique is not the same as one would expect in a different type of treatment-focused intervention, because its goal is generally to prevent relapse.

However, it is also important to keep in mind that mindfulness is a very popular self-help technique. MBCT is considered a way to help people achieve a greater degree of happiness and success in their lives, even if those people do not actually suffer from a disorder. This is an important concept to keep in mind for the practitioner who may be more comfortable with treating a disease, rather than treating an individual. MBCT can help even those people without a disorder or a diagnosis achieve a greater degree of personal satisfaction in their lives, so that treatment…. [read more]

ADHD, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Term Paper

… Students not only showed improved ability to complete tasks on time, they also exhibited reduced negative behavior. When students recognize that they can succeed at school-related tasks, they develop a better sense of self-

Overview of ADHD worth, feel reassured and are motivated to do better. Such a technique of positive reinforcement could be used to develop positive outcomes.

Bridging from previously taught concepts to new concepts. Students with ADHD, burdened with learning disabilities, need help with processing the material that is being taught. "By providing opportunities for students to look for connections between what they have learned and what they are now studying, students are better able to expand on the ideas that they are learning (Howell, Fox, & Morehead, 1993)."

Providing opportunities for…. [read more]

ADHD the Growing Incidence of ADHD Attention Term Paper


The Growing Incidence of ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), a neurological condition characterized by inattention, restlessness and impulsivity, is commonly diagnosed in early childhood and affects between 3 and 5% of American children, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. "In a classroom of 25 to 30 children, it is likely that at least one of them will have ADHD" (Ramer, p. 4). Studies that have been done in the area of ADHD, and many school teachers, say these numbers are conservative estimates. There is a growing belief that ADHD is growing in incidence. The thesis of this paper is that Attention deficit disorder and Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased in incidence during a ten-year span for school-aged children.

Public perception often…. [read more]

Vision and Goals Research Paper

… My vision is to be able to understand these children from their point-of-view and help them address the challenges that they face.


My first goal is to complete my Masters degree in three years. In the context of completing this degree my goal is to learn as much as possible though a scholarly understanding of counseling, psychotherapy, coaching, and assisting individuals deal with all of their challenges.

While obtaining my degree my goal is to learn as much as possible about applying the principles of counseling and coaching to ADHD children and their families. In order to do this I will need to become familiar with the empirical research regarding treatment of ADHD, counseling and coaching approaches and techniques that are effective for specific…. [read more]

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD Term Paper

… Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Theories of child development and guidelines for parents are not cast in stone.

They are constantly changing and adapting to new information and new pressures.

There is no "right" way, just as there are no magic incantations that will always painlessly resolve a child's problems."

Lawrence Kutner (20th century) (Columbia, 1996)

Students Like C.J.

Something has to be done. C.J. cannot sit still.... His constant roaming around in the classroom disrupts the other students." Parents of ADHD students like C.J. frequently hear teachers' accounts similar to the one introducing this study. Student's like C.J. traditionally experience problems in school as rules, regulations and…. [read more]

Bipolar Disorder Symptoms Research Paper

… Besides this, due to the CYP450 drug interactions, carbamazapine in combination with sodium divalproex are not suggested for use in combination (Kowatch & Delbello, 2005). Researchers have said about a reduction in manic or depressed symptoms in studies evaluating monotherapy with lithium (only or in comparison to divalproex sodium at the periods of 20 months, then 14 weeks and finally 6 weeks) that these specific mood stabilizers could not uphold over the longer period of time and a second medication was defensible to get reduction in symptoms in some studies (Calabrese et al. 2005; Findling et al., 2005a and 2005b; Geller, Williams, et al., 1998).

In addition to this, for managing a short-term and severe bipolar disorder in children, the use of risperidone, olanzapine as…. [read more]

Depression a Person Essay

… These drugs seem to work by reducing the manic symptoms but have a myriad of side-effects such as tremor, nausea, cognitive problems, allergic reactions, and overdose. Often the side-effects are so severe that the person stops the drug (the case with many psychotropic medicines).

Anxiety Disorder

There are several different anxiety disorders and all share the experience of an increased state of arousal and a sense of fear. There are many psychological theories of anxiety:

(1.) Psychoanalytic theories - internal conflicts between forbidden urges and reality.

(2.) Behavioral theories - learning through either classical or operant methods.

(3.) Cognitive theories - they way people interpret and think about events.

(4.) Humanistic theories - being too concerned with expectations and values from others.

(5.) Biopsychosocial models…. [read more]

Using Statistical Information in Hospital Setting Essay

… We count the number of patients who come through intake each day, as well as the number of times they have been admitted or committed for care, in order to record trends in their individual behavior, as well as to track intake in comparison to the facility's capacity. Finally, the administration of pills and other medication is carefully recorded using nominal measurements.

Ordinal: The use of satisfaction surveys is essential in assessing the quality of care and comfort our patients have experienced, and this technique relies upon ordinal measurement. For example, every patient who is checking out after an extended stay at College Hospital is asked to provide answers about their experience using a basic 1-10 scale, with questions about interaction with staff, symptom treatment,…. [read more]

Hypothetical Dieting Term Paper

… Thus, the first thing X needs to understand is that she is most likely basing her decision that her will power may not be sufficient to maintain her planned eating program is some type of cognitive defense strategy.

The Cognitive Continuum Theory is an adaptive theory of human judgment and it posits that the continuum of cognitive modes is anchored by a foundation of intuition and analysis. The use of some variant of the cognitive-behavioral therapy therefore may help in the treatment for X's kind of defense strategy. The process could enable her to develop more health-promoting ways of thinking and also help identify why this behavior pattern has been so prevalent in her life. In a sense, the cognitive continuum behavioral therapy could help…. [read more]

Eating Disorder Is Characterized Research Paper

… The client comes into the counseling system either by voluntarily enrolling themselves in counseling, through a friend or family referral or expert advice at a health facility. For typical patients, there may be a history of visiting other systems of care since it is likely that the patient will seek other forms of medical treatment before visiting a counselor.

Role of social worker

As a social worker, the role played will be in the long-term care segment of continuum of care since treatment of the eating disorder falls under rehabilitative care. This is because CBT aims at reforming the individual's cognitive and behavioral issues in order to achieve the goals of treatment.

The social worker is quite different from other practitioners since the social worker…. [read more]

Mental Illness: What's in a Label? Term Paper

… Mental Illness: What's in a Label?

In a civil society, everyone is expected to adhere to certain set of "norms." Those that do not adhere to the prescribed norms are labeled and abnormal. Public knowledge about mental illness is at a level never before experienced in any society. The mass media promotes societal norms, that may not be considered all that normal to some (Wahl, 2003, 1595). Television shows, such as Dr. Phil have brought the mental health profession to the general public. Although this awareness has brought increased levels of awareness to the general public, it has also led to a trend towards labeling. This research examines the practice of "labeling" someone as mentally ill and the effects that is has on their lives…. [read more]

Treatments of Bulimia Nervosa Research Paper

… Results showed on significant benefit from the combined treatment on depression symptoms. A significant advantage was computed for impairment in the short-term of 12 weeks only. The combination, therefore, was found to produce limited advantage due to the varied sampling and methodology. Future research should focus on predictors of response and clinical components (Dubicka et al.). This is level-1 evidence, which can be generalized.

8. A single-site study, conducted by Riggs and her team (2007) aimed at comparing the effect of fluoxetine hydrochride against that of placebo in treating depression and related disorders in adolescents. They performed a randomized controlled trial from May 2001 to August 2004 on 126 adolescent volunteers, aged 13-19, from the community and according to the requirements of DSMMD for 16…. [read more]

Self-Harm Treatment Thesis

… Self-Harm Treatment

Self-harm: Classification and treatment issues in adolescents

Despite the frequent reportage on adolescent self-harm in the popular media, achieving a consensus on how to treat this difficult problem continues to vex the psychiatric community. One of the first problems is how to define deliberative self-harm (DSH). Some therapists contend that DSH is best classified as an anxiety disorder, and self-harm is a way for the adolescent to self-medicate feelings of panic and a sense of a lack of control about the future. The adolescent retaliates against the world by inflicting harm upon the self rather than dealing with unpleasant thoughts. Others view it as a subset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), given the repetitive and compulsive nature of the acts. A contrary view of…. [read more]

Psychology Wisc-Iv: Wechsler Intelligence Scale Term Paper

… Finally, the scores for the four parts are combined to provide a score representing overall intelligence. The combination of the three levels of testing allows an overview of the child, as well as a more details look at the source of the problem. For example, consider a child who scores around the average level for overall intelligence. This score would not indicate a learning disorder. The second level of scores might then show that the child scored high for three of the four categories, but scored low on verbal comprehension. This would indicate that the child has the potential for high overall intelligence, but has one weak area limiting their ability. This is likely to indicate the need for action to correct this weak area.…. [read more]

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